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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORY (U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY)
[a/k/a IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY (USDOE)]
IDAHO FALLS, BUTTE, CLARK, JEFFERSON AND BIN COUNTIES, IDAHO
EPA FACILITY ID: ID4890008952

March 29, 2004

Prepared by:

Energy Section
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

SUMMARY

BACKGROUND

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND OTHER HAZARDS

PATHWAYS ANALYSIS

PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

PREPARERS OF REPORT

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A. TABLES

APPENDIX B. DEMOGRAPHIC MAPS

APPENDIX C. INEEL WASTE AREA GROUPS

APPENDIX D. DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

APPENDIX E. COMPARISON VALUES

APPENDIX F. GLOSSARY OF TERMS

APPENDIX G. RADIATION AND RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

APPENDIX H. PUBLIC COMMENTS


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1. Waste Area Groups at INEEL

Table 2. INEEL Regional Demography

Table 3. Maximum Concentrations of Non-Radiological Contaminants in Drinking Water Supply

Table 4. Maximum Concentrations of Radionuclides in Drinking Water Supply Wells

Table 5. Exposure Pathways Evaluation Table

Table A-1. Maximum Concentration of Non-Radiological Contaminants in On-Site Groundwater Monitoring Wells

Table A-2. Maximum Concentration of Radionuclides in On-Site Groundwater Monitoring Wells

Table A-3. Maximum Concentration of Non-Radiological Contaminants in On-Site Surface Soil

Table A-4. Maximum Radionuclide Concentrations in On-Site Surface Soil

Table A-5. Geometric Mean Concentration of Select Radionuclides in On-Site Surface Soil

Table A-6. Maximum Concentration of Non-Radiological Contaminants in On-Site Air


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1. INEEL Site Location

Figure 2. Location of INEEL and Selected Facilities

Figure 3. ATSDR's Exposure Evaluation Process

Figure 4. Pit 9 Aerial View

Figure B-1. Demographic Variables in 1, 5, and 10 Mile Increments From Facility Buildings

Figure B-2. Demographic Variables in 5, 10, 25, and 50 Mile Increments From INEEL Boundaries


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
AEC Atomic Energy Commission
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
ANL-W Argonne National Laboratory-West
ARA Auxiliary Reactor Area
ATR Advanced Test Reactor
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Bq becquerel(s), one decay per second, or 2.703 × 10-11 Ci, or 27.03 pCi
Bq/g becquerel(s) per gram
Bq/kg becquerel(s) per kilogram
Bq/L becquerel(s) per liter
BW Body weight
CEL Cancer effect level
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980
CFA Central Facilities Area
Ci curie(s) (1 Ci is equal to 1012 pCi)
CI Confidence interval
CLL Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML Chronic myeloid leukemia
Cr Chromium
CREG ATSDR’s Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide
CSF Cancer slope factor
CTF Contained Test Facility
CV Comparison Value
CVSHP Idaho Department of Health and Welfare’s Center for Vital Statistics and Health Policy
DCG DOE’s derived concentration guide
Dev Deviation
DNAPL Dense non-aqueous phase liquid
DOE US Department of Energy
DOE-CH DOE’s Chicago Operations Office
DOE-ID DOE’s Idaho Operations Office
DWP Drinking Water Program
EBR-1 Experimental Breeder Reactor Number 1
EBR-2 Experimental Breeder Reactor Number 2
ED Exposure duration
EF Exposure frequency
EFS Experimental Field Station
EMEG Environmental Media Evaluation Guide
EPA US Environmental Protection Agency
FY fiscal year
g gram(s)
IBO Idaho Branch Office of Pittsburgh Naval Reactors
ICPP Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (now INTEC)
ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection
INEEL Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory
INTEC Idaho Nuclear Technology Engineering Center (formerly known as ICPP)
kg kilogram(s)
L liter(s)
LMAES Lockheed Martin Advanced Environmental Systems
LMITCO Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
LOAEL Lowest-observed-adverse-effect level
m meter(s)
m3 Cubic meter(s)
MCL EPA’s maximum contaminant level
mg milligram(s)
mg/kg milligram(s) per kilogram
mg/kg/day milligram(s) per kilogram of body weight per day
mi2 Square mile
M&O Management and operating
µg microgram(s)
µg/m3 microgram(s) per cubic meter
mR milliroentgen(s)
mrem millirem(s)
MRL ATSDR’s minimal risk level
mSv millisievert(s)
NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NO Nitrogen oxide
NO2 Nitrogen dioxide
NOAEL No-observed-adverse-effect level
NPL National Priorities List
NRF Naval Reactors Facility
OER Observed to expected ratio
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OU Operable unit
PBF Power Burst Facility
PCB Polychlorinated biphenyl
pCi picocurie(s) (1 pCi is equal to 10-12 Ci)
pCi/g picocurie(s) per gram
pCi/L picocurie(s) per liter
pCi/mL picocurie(s) per milliliter
PHAP Public Health Action Plan
PM10 Particulate matter (particles less than or equal to 10 microns in diameter)
ppb Part(s) per billion
ppm Part(s) per million
RBC Risk-based concentration
RfC EPA’s reference concentration
RfD EPA’s reference dose
RMEG ATSDR’s Reference Dose (or Concentration) Media Evaluation Guide
RWMC Radioactive Waste Management Complex
SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act
SDA Subsurface Disposal Area
SEER Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results
SESP Site Environmental Surveillance Program
SIR Standardized incidence ratio
SL-1 Stationary Low-Power Reactor No. 1
SMC Specific Manufacturing Capability
SMR Standardized mortality ratio
SO2 Sulfur dioxide
SRPA Snake River Plain Aquifer
SSL EPA’s soil screening level
SVOC Semivolatile organic compound
SWMU Solid waste management unit
TAN Test Area North
1,1,1-TCA 1,1,1-trichloroethane
TCE Trichloroethylene
TLD Thermoluminescent dosimeter
TRA Test Reactor Area
TSA Transuranic Storage Area
TSF Technical Support Facility
USGS US Geological Survey
VOC Volatile organic compound
WAG Waste Area Group
WEC Westinghouse Electric Corporation
WIPP Waste Isolation Pilot Plant
WMSP Waste Management Surveillance Program
WRRTF Water Reactor Research Test Facility


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