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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

LORING AIR FORCE BASE
LIMESTONE, AROOSTOOK COUNTY, MAINE
CERCLIS NO. ME9570024522

March 2, 1999

Prepared by:

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Atlanta, Georgia


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND GLOSSARY

SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION, EXPOSURE PATHWAYS, AND THE PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS

    I. NO APPARENT PUBLIC HEALTH HAZARD
      A. Catching Fish from Waters Affected by Base-Associated Contaminants
                Conclusions and Public Health Action Plan
      B. Drinking Water from On-Site or Off-Site Water Wells
                Conclusions and Public Health Action Plan
      C. Wading and Swimming in On-Site Waterways
                Conclusions and Public Health Action Plan

    II. NO PUBLIC HEALTH HAZARD

      A. Possible Hazards Associated with Future Use of Former Loring Air ForceBase Property Parcels by New Occupants, Prevention Needed
                Conclusion and Public Health Action Plan
      B. Possible Migration of On-Base Contaminants to Limestone Stream to Yield Concentrations in Water of Public Health Concern.
      C. Air Quality on Base

COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS EVALUATION AND HEALTH OUTCOME DATA

AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY (ATSDR) CHILD HEALTHINITIATIVE

PREPARERS OF REPORT

REFERENCES

DOCUMENTS REVIEWED

APPENDICES


LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1. No Apparent Public Health Hazard Situation: Fish in Waters Affected by Base-Associated Contaminants

TABLE 2. No Apparent Public Health Hazard Situation: Drinking Water from On-Site or Off-Site Water Wells

TABLE 3. No Apparent Public Health Hazard Situation: Wading and Swimming in On-Site Waterways


LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1. Map of Loring Air Force Base

FIGURE 2. Location of the Fish Advisory for the Little Madawaska River and Tributaries

FIGURE 3. Operable Unit 13 Study Areas for Surface Water on and near the Loring Facility

FIGURE 4. Site Disposal Parceling Map for Loring Air Force Base Property


LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX A: ATSDR Public Health Assessment Hazard Categories

APPENDIX B: Site Status for Loring Air Force Base Installation Restoration Program - May 1998

APPENDIX C: Risk Calculations for Ingesting Fish from Waters on or near Loring AFB

APPENDIX D: Addendum to the Health Consultation for Loring Air Force Base - February 1993



ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND GLOSSARY

ACM Asbestos Containing Materials
   
adverse health effects negative or unwanted effects on the health of an individual; for example, effects may include a specific illness or a general decrease in the overall health of a person
   
AFBCA Air Force Base Conversion Agency
   
aquifer a geologic formation through which groundwater moves and that is capable of producing water in sufficient quantities for a well
   
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
   
BB Butterfield Brook
   
BCT BRAC Cleanup Team (AFBCA/DB LORING, MEDEP, and USEPA)
   
bioaccumulation the process by which plants or animals retain chemical pollutants in their tissues at levels greater than in the environment in which they live
   
BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
   
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (Superfund Legislation)
   
conduit

a natural or artificial channel through which materials such as fluids are transported; for example, a water well

   
conservative the term used when values for risk parameters are selected in the presence of uncertainty to overestimate risk and thus be protective of public health
   
DDT, DDD, DDE DDT is a chlorinated pesticide used widely in agriculture in former years and now banned in the United States, and its two major decomposition products are DDE and DDD.
   
DOD Department of Defense
   
EBGB East Branch, Greenlaw Brook
   
EBS Environmental Baseline Survey
   
EDC Economic Development Conveyance
   
EOD Explosives Ordnance Discharge
   
FDA Food and Drug Administration
   
flow field (FF) areas of groundwater flow defined by grouping areas of concern according to potential contaminant flow pathway and likely discharge zone
   
FLDD Flight Line Drainage Ditch
   
FOSL Finding of Suitability to Lease
   
FOST Finding of Suitability to Transfer
   
groundwater water beneath the earth's surface in the spaces between soil particles and in rock
   
ingestion eating and drinking; for example, children taking in environmental media such as surface water, soil, or sediment by mouth
   
IRP Installation Restoration Program (Department of Defense)
   
LAFB Loring Air Force Base
   
LCC Loring Commerce Centre
   
LDA Loring Development Authority
   
LMR Little Madawaska River
   
LS Limestone Stream
   
MDHS Maine Department of Human Services
   
MEDEP Maine Department of Environmental Protection
   
NPL National Priorities List (of Superfund sites)
   
OU Operable Unit
   
PAHs polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
   
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
   
PHA public health assessment
   
ppbv parts per billion by volume
   
Remedial Investigation (RI) the CERCLA process of determining the type and extent of hazardous material contamination at a site
   
risk drivers those contaminants responsible for nearly all of the risk for a given exposure situation
   
RME reasonable maximum exposure
   
SCF spill containment facility
   
surface water water flowing in ditches, creeks, and rivers as well as water standing in lakes and ponds
   
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
   
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
   
UST Underground Storage Tank
   
USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service
   
VOCs volatile organic compounds
   
WBGB West Branch, Greenlaw Brook


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