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HEALTH CONSULTATION

RIDGEFIELD PRIVATE WELL SURVEY
(a/k/a PACIFIC WOOD TREATING CORPORATION)
RIDGEFIELD, CLARK COUNTY, WASHINGTON
EPA FACILITY ID: WAD009422411

September 30, 2003

Prepared by:

Washington State Department of Health
Under a Cooperative Agreement with the
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


TABLE OF CONTENTS

GLOSSARY

BACKGROUND AND STATEMENT OF ISSUES

DISCUSSION

CHILD HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS/ACTION PLAN

PREPARER OF REPORT

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A: LETTER AND WELL SURVEY

APPENDIX B: EXPOSURE CALCULATIONS

CERTIFICATION


GLOSSARY

Acute:
Occurring over a short time (compare with chronic).


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR):
The principal federal public health agency involved with hazardous waste issues, responsible for preventing or reducing the harmful effects that exposure to hazardous substances has on human health and quality of life. ATSDR is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


Aquifer:
An underground formation consisting of materials such as sand, soil, or gravel that can store and/or supply groundwater to wells and springs.


Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG):
The concentration of a chemical in air, soil, or water that is expected to cause no more than one excess cancer case in a million persons exposed over a lifetime. The CREG is a comparison value used to select contaminants of potential health concern and is based on the cancer slope factor.


Cancer Slope Factor (CSF):
A number assigned to a cancer-causing chemical that estimates its potential to cause cancer in humans.


Carcinogen:
Any substance that causes cancer.


Chronic:
Occurring over a long time (more than 1 year) (compare with acute).


Comparison value:
Calculated concentration of a substance in air, water, food, or soil that is unlikely to cause harmful (adverse) health effects in exposed persons. The CV is used as a screening level during the public health assessment process. Substances found in amounts greater than their CVs might be selected for further evaluation in the public health assessment process.


Contaminant:
A substance that is present either in an environment where it does not belong or at levels that might cause harmful (adverse) health effects.


Dose (for chemicals that are not radioactive):
The amount of a substance to which a person is exposed over a given time period. Dose is a measurement of exposure. Dose is often expressed as milligrams (amount) of a substance encountered or consumed per kilogram (a measure of body weight) per day (a measure of time). In general, the greater the dose, the greater the likelihood of an effect. An "exposure dose" is how much of a substance is encountered in the environment. An "absorbed dose" is the amount of a substance that actually got into the body through the eyes, skin, stomach, intestines, or lungs.


Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG):
A concentration in air, soil, or water below which adverse non-cancer health effects are not expected to occur. The EMEG is a comparison value used to select contaminants of potential health concern and is based on ATSDR's minimal risk level (MRL).


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):
The federal agency that develops and enforces environmental laws to protect the environment and the public's health.


Exposure:
Contact with a substance through swallowing, breathing, or touching (skin or eyes). Exposure may be short-term (acute exposure), of intermediate duration, or long-term (chronic exposure).


Groundwater:
Water beneath the earth's surface in the spaces between soil particles and between rock surfaces (compare with surface water).


Ingestion:
The act of absorbing something by eating, drinking, or mouthing. A hazardous substance can enter the body this way (see route of exposure).


Ingestion rate:
The amount of an environmental medium that could typically be ingested on a daily basis. Units for IR are usually liters/day for water and milligrams/day for soil.


Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL):
The lowest tested dose of a substance that has been reported to cause harmful (adverse) health effects in persons or animals.


Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL):
A drinking water regulation established by the federal Safe Drinking Water Act. It is the maximum permissible concentration of a contaminant in water that can be delivered to the free flowing outlet of the ultimate user of a public water system. MCLs are enforceable standards.


Minimal Risk Level (MRL):
An ATSDR estimate of daily human exposure to a hazardous substance at or below which that substance is unlikely to pose a measurable risk of harmful (adverse), noncancerous effects. MRLs are calculated for a route of exposure (inhalation or oral) over a specified time period (acute, intermediate, or chronic). MRLs should not be used as predictors of harmful (adverse) health effects (see reference dose).


Monitoring wells:
Special wells drilled at locations on or off a hazardous waste site so that water can be sampled at selected depths and studied to determine the movement of groundwater and the amount, distribution, and type of contaminant.


No apparent public health hazard:
A category used in ATSDR's public health assessments for sites at which human exposure to contaminated media might be occurring, might have occurred in the past, or might occur in the future, but at which the exposure is not expected to cause any harmful health effects.


No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL):
The highest tested dose of a substance that has been reported to have no harmful (adverse) health effects on persons or animals.


No public health hazard:
A category used in ATSDR's public health assessment documents for sites at which persons have never and will never come into contact with harmful amounts of site-related substances.


Oral Reference Dose (RfD):
An amount of chemical ingested into the body (i.e., dose) below which health effects are not expected to occur. EPA publishes RfDs.


Parts per billion (ppb)/Parts per million (ppm):
Units commonly used to express low concentrations of contaminants. For example, 1 ounce of trichloroethylene (TCE) in 1 million ounces of water is 1 ppm. 1 ounce of TCE in 1 billion ounces of water is 1 ppb. If one drop of TCE is mixed in a competition-size swimming pool, the water will contain about 1 ppb of TCE.


Plume:
The volume of a substance that moves from its source to places away from the source. Plumes can be described by the volume of air or water they occupy and the direction they move. For example, a plume can be a column of smoke from a chimney or a substance moving with groundwater.


Remedial investigation:
The CERCLA process for determining the type and extent of hazardous material contamination at a site.


Route of exposure:
The way persons come into contact with hazardous substances. Three routes of exposure are breathing [inhalation], eating or drinking [ingestion], and contact with the skin [dermal contact].


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