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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

ROCKWOOL INDUSTRIES
BELTON, BELL COUNTY, TEXAS
EPA FACILITY ID: TXD066379645

August 3, 1999

Prepared by:

The Texas Department of Health
Under Cooperative Agreement with the
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) was established under themandate of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act(CERCLA) of 1980. This act, also known as the "Superfund" law, authorized the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to conduct clean-up activities at hazardous waste sites. EPA was directed to compile a list of sites considered hazardous to public health. This list is termedthe National Priorities List (NPL). The 1986 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act(SARA) directed ATSDR to prepare a Public Health Assessment (PHA) for each NPL site (Note:Appendix A provides a listing of abbreviations and acronyms used in this report.).

In conducting the PHA, three types of information are used: environmental data, community healthconcerns and health outcome data. The environmental data are reviewed to determine whetherpeople in the community might be exposed to hazardous materials from the NPL facility. If peopleare being exposed to these chemicals, ATSDR will determine whether the exposure is at levelswhich might cause harm. Community health concerns are collected to determine whether healthconcerns expressed by community members could be related to exposure to chemicals released fromthe NPL facility. If the community raises concerns about specific diseases in the community, healthoutcome data (information from state and local databases or health care providers) can be used toaddress the community concerns. Also, if ATSDR finds that harmful exposures have occurred,health outcome data can be used to determine if illnesses are occurring which could be associated with the hazardous chemicals released from the NPL facility.

In accordance with the Interagency Cooperative Agreement between ATSDR and the TexasDepartment of Health (TDH), ATSDR and TDH have prepared this PHA for the RockwoolIndustries, Inc. NPL site. This PHA presents conclusions about whether exposures are occurring,and whether a health threat is present. In some cases, it is possible to determine whether exposuresoccurred in the past; however, often a lack of appropriate historical data makes it difficult toquantify past exposures. If it is found that a threat to public health exists, recommendations are made to stop or reduce the threat to public health.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUMMARY

BACKGROUND

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND OTHER HAZARDS

PATHWAYS ANALYSIS

COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS/HEALTH OUTCOME DATA

CHILD HEALTH INITIATIVE

CONCLUSIONS

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

REFERENCES

APPENDICES



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