(a/k/a THERMAL REDUCTION LANDFILL)
FERNDALE, WHATCOM COUNTY, WASHINGTON
EPA FACILITY ID: WAD078207362
December 12, 2001
Washington State Department of Health
Under a Cooperative Agreement with the
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR):
- The principal federal public health agency involved with hazardous waste issues, responsible for preventing or reducing the harmful effects of exposure to hazardous substances on human health and quality of life. ATSDR is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- Comparison value:
- A concentration of a chemical in soil, air or water that, if exceeded, requires further evaluation as a contaminant of potential health concern. The terms comparison value and screening level are often used synonymously.
- Any chemical that exists in the environment or living organisms that is not normally found there.
- Contact with a chemical by swallowing, by breathing, or by direct contact (such as through the skin or eyes). Exposure may be short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic).
- Water found underground that fills pores between materials such as sand, soil, or gravel. In aquifers, groundwater often occurs in quantities where it can be used for drinking water, irrigation, and other purposes.
- Hazardous substance:
- Any material that poses a threat to public health and/or the environment. Typical hazardous substances are materials that are toxic, corrosive, ignitable, explosive, or chemically reactive.
- Indeterminate public health hazard:
- Sites for which no conclusions about public health hazard can be made because data are lacking.
- Soil, water, air, plants, animals, or any other part of the environment that can contain contaminants.
- Monitoring wells:
- Special wells drilled at locations on or off a hazardous waste site so water can be sampled at selected depths and studied to determine the movement of groundwater and the amount, distribution, and type of contaminant.
- No apparent public health hazard:
- Sites where human exposure to contaminated media is occurring or has occurred in the past, but the exposure is below a level of health hazard.
- An area of contaminants in a specific media such as groundwater.
- The probability that something will cause injury, linked with the potential severity of that injury. Risk is usually indicated by how many extra cancers may appear in a group of people who are exposed to a particular substance at a given concentration, in a particular pathway, and for a specified period of time. For example, a 1%, or 1 in 100 risk indicates that for 100 people who may be exposed, 1 person may experience cancer as a result of the exposure.