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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

NORMANDY PARK APARTMENTS
TEMPLE TERRACE, HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA


CONCLUSIONS

Based on the information currently available, we classify this site as a public health hazard in the past, but no apparent public health hazard in the present. This judgement is made on the basis that areas of high lead concentration (the southern courtyard) are covered by either concrete, asphalt, or wood decking. Areas of lower lead concentration (the middle and northern courtyard) have grass or mulch covering most of the area. Provided the mulch and grass cover, concrete and decking remain in place and there is no digging in the soil, the site is unlikely to be a future public health hazard. Specific reasons for our classification are:

  1. In the past, apartment residents were exposed to lead on battery chips and contaminated soils. Young children (0-6 years), in particular, were exposed as they played and dug in and around the old playground area. Residents were exposed via incidental ingestion and dust inhalation.


  2. Current exposures are not likely to cause health effects because levels of contaminants are relatively low and access to the contaminated soil has been restricted by vegetation, concrete and decking. As long as site conditions remain unaltered, we do not expect exposure to surface soil and dust will present a health threat.


  3. In the future, workers or residents have the potential to be exposed to contaminants found in deeper soils if the dirt is dug up or the concrete or decking is removed. Future exposure is possible through gardening/planting activities as well if soil is disturbed at depths greater than six inches. Additional information may be needed in order to determine if vegetables or fruits can be safely grown at the site.


  4. During one site visit, FDOH staff observed particles that might have been shredded battery casings in the vacant lot west of the site. Because of its proximity to the site, there may be site-related contaminants in the soils. There is insufficient information to evaluate this lot.


  5. Movement of contamination from the site into the deeper drinking water aquifer does not appear likely. The shallow ground water aquifer beneath the site, though contaminated, does not pose a health threat because it is not used as a potable water supply or for irrigation purposes.


  6. There is some evidence Gulf Coast Lead gave away battery casings from the site for construction uses, and may have given away lead-contaminated soil. At least two residences on the Hillsborough River reportedly have buried battery casings on their property. This suggests that contamination from the old battery recycling activities may not be confined to the site.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Cease/Reduce Exposure Recommendations

  1. Consider permanently remediating the contaminated soil (under the decking) to reduce the possibility of exposure.


  2. Maintain grass cover, concrete pads, asphalt and wooden decking to prevent exposure to contaminated soils.


  3. Inform apartment residents about the health effects of lead and how to reduce exposure to it. Parents should only allow their children to dig in the sandbox, which is constructed to prevent contact with contaminated soils. Apartment residents should remove their shoes before entering their apartment to reduce the amount of dust brought into the apartment. Residents should also wash their hands and faces after working on the apartment grounds, especially before eating. Parents should frequently wash toys and pacifiers.


  4. Encourage residents not to dig up on-site soils deeper than six inches, and not to grow vegetables or fruits in the on-site soils.


  5. Develop and implement a dust control and air monitoring plan during remediation of the site. Prevent access to deep subsurface soils and solid waste.


  6. Periodically check the fence around the storm water pond on the south lot to ensure it remains in good repair.

Biological Monitoring

  1. Normandy Park Apartment residents with small children (12 months to 24 months of age) should consult with their pediatricians about blood lead testing.

Site Characterization Recommendations

  1. Conduct a comprehensive study of all heavy metals in the soil to evaluate the potential health effects from exposure if future site cleanup efforts disturb the soil, or if the present ground cover changes.


  2. Collect surface soil in the vacant lot west of the site and analyze for lead. If lead is present at levels of concern, the site should be fully characterized and remediated if necessary.


  3. Investigate the allegation that there is widespread contamination related to the former lead recycling facility. This is especially true for the vacant lot west of the site.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

  1. The purpose of a Public Health Action Plan is to ensure that any existing health hazards are reduced and any future health hazards are prevented. FDOH and ATSDR agree to review new information as it becomes available regarding site remediation.


  2. There should be a continual public education program for residents at the apartment complex. Apartment residents need to be informed concerning contaminants found at the site and the possible health risks from lead exposure and how to prevent exposure. This is especially important to new residents, parents of young children, and pregnant women. FDOH will work with GCR to provide educational materials to the residents.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Carolyn E. Voyles, M.S.
Environmental Specialist
Bureau of Environmental Toxicology
Florida Department of Health

Andy Brastad, R.S.
Environmental Specialist
Bureau of Environmental Toxicology
Florida Department of Health

ATSDR Technical Project Officers:

Roberta Erlwein
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Paul Jones
Division of Health Studies

Teresa Nastoff
Division of Health Education and Promotion

ATSDR Regional Representative:

Bob Safay
Regional Services
Office of the Assistant Administrator


CERTIFICATION

This Normandy Park Apartments Public Health Assessment was prepared by the Florida Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

 

Roberta Erlwein, MPH
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
ATSDR


The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment, and concurs with its findings.

 

Richard Gillig
Section Chief, SPS, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR


REFERENCES

ATE. 1996a. Letter (April 3) from Jonathan Hull to Gulf Coast Recycling with groundwater quality investigation. Atlanta Testing and Engineering, Clearwater, FL.

ATE. 1996b. Letter (May 22) from Jonathan Hull to Gulf Coast Recycling concerning the revised dust sampling plan procedures. Atlanta Testing and Engineering, Clearwater, FL.

ATE. 1996c. Letter (August 13) from Jonathan Hull to Gulf Coast Recycling with soil sampling and analysis results. Atlanta Testing and Engineering, Clearwater, FL.

ATE. 1997a. Letter (April 21) from Jonathan Hull to Gulf Coast Recycling with dust sampling and analysis results. Atlanta Testing and Engineering, Clearwater, FL.

ATE. 1997b. Letter (June 12) from Jonathan Hull to Carolyn Voyles concerning miniblind replacement. Atlanta Testing and Engineering, Clearwater, FL.

ATSDR. 1990. Toxicological Profile for Copper (December). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-90/08.

ATSDR. 1992a. ATSDR Record of Activity: Health Consultation (February 27) for Normandy Park Apartments. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA.

ATSDR. 1992b. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual (March). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. 1992c. Health Consultation (April 6): Gulf Coast Recycling (4009) (aka Normandy Park Apartments), Hillsborough County, Temple Terrace, FL. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. 1992d. Toxicological Profile for Aluminum (July). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-91/01.

ATSDR. 1992e. Toxicological Profile for Barium (July). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-91/03.

ATSDR. 1992f. Toxicological Profile for Vanadium (July). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-91/29.

ATSDR. 1992g. Toxicological Profile for Antimony (September). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-91/02.

ATSDR. 1992h. Toxicological Profile for Tin (September). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-91/27.

ATSDR. 1993a. Public Health Assessment Training Manual. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. 1993b. Update Toxicological Profile for Arsenic (April). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-92/02.

ATSDR. 1993c. Update Toxicological Profile for Cadmium (April). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-92/06.

ATSDR. 1993d. Update Toxicological Profile for Chromium (April). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-92/08.

ATSDR. 1993e. Update Toxicological Profile for Lead (April). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-92/12.

ATSDR. 1995. Update Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) (August). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. 1996. Comparison Value Tables for Drinking Water, Soil, and Health Guidelines (Expiring 09/30/96). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. 1997b. E-mail (March 18) from Allan Susten to Carolyn Voyles (FDOH) concerning screening values for manganese in soil and water. U.S. Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA.

Beach. 1992. Special Purpose Survey (October 30) of the North Complex of Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, FL. John R. Beach and Associates, Land Surveyors, Oldsmar, FL.

BOC. 1992. 1990 Census Data Files. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

CDC. 1991. Preventing Lead Poisoning in Young Children; A Statement by the Centers for Disease Control - October 1991. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control.

Clayton GD and Clayton FE. 1981. Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology - 3rd ed. Vol 2A.- Toxicology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1682.

CPSC. 1996. CPSC FAX-On-Demand (June 25) concerning lead in dust from imported vinyl miniblinds. US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, D.C.

Eagle. 199[1]. Letter (November 22) from George Townsend to William Taylor (Macfarlane, Ferguson, Allison, and Kelly - GCR attorney) with attached soil sample results. (The letter is dated 1992, but from date stamps of the recipients and its citation in subsequent reports, it is evident the letter date should be 1991.) Eagle Remediation Services, Inc., Tampa, FL.

EEC. 1994a. Letter (May 20) from Richard Bowman to Mary Yeargon (sic) (DER-SW District) concerning Gulf Coast Recycling, soil sample results for permit #MS292243303, Specific Condition #1. Environmental Engineering Consultants, Inc., Tampa, FL.

EEC. 1994b. Letter [September 1994] from Richard Bowman to Richard Garrity (DER-SW District) concerning Gulf Coast Recycling, additional soil sample results for permit #MS292243303. Environmental Engineering Consultants, Inc., Tampa, FL.

EPA. 1990a. Exposure Factors Handbook (March). Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA/600/8-89-043.

EPA. 1990b. Hazardous Substances in Our Environment; A Citizen's Guide to Understanding Health Risks and Reducing Exposure (September). Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA/230/09/90/081.

EPA. 1992a. News Release (March 16); EPA to Continue Investigation of Lead Contamination at the Normandy Park Apartments in Temple Terrace, Florida. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1992b. Soil and ground water sampling results collected on 03/31-04/02/92. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1992c. Administrative Order On Consent (June 3) in the matter of Normandy Park Apartments Site, Temple Terrace, Florida with Gulf Coast Recycling, Inc. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1992d. Memo (October 31) from Mike Wasko, Chemist to Wade Knight (EPA-RIV) with attached soil sampling results collected on 09/21-22/92. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1992e. Superfund: Progress at National Priorities List Sites (December); Florida 1992 Update. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA/540/R-93/009, 109-110.

EPA. 1993a. Fact Sheet (January) on Normandy Park Apartments Site, 11110 N. 56th Street, Temple Terrace, Hillsborough County, Florida. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1993b. Draft Baseline Risk Assessment (December 13) for the Wingate Site, Fort Lauderdale, FLorida. Fairfax, VA: ICF Kaiser Engineers, Inc., 33-35, 64-68.

EPA. 1994. Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model software (v. 0.99d) for estimating blood lead levels in young children exposed to lead from multiple sources. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

EPA. 1995a. Cover memo (July 31) and the Hazard Ranking System Package, dated January 25, for Normandy Park Apartments, Region 4. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

EPA. 1995b. Environmental News (November 29), Initial Hazardous Waste Cleanup Completed at the Normandy Park Apartments Site in Temple Terrace, Florida. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1996. Cover letter (January 19) from Samantha Urquhart-Foster to Carolyn Voyles (FHRS) concerning the January 9 information request for missing EPA data. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

EPA. 1998. Cover letter (July 17) from Bill Denman concerning the distribution of the Streamlined Remedial Investigation/Focused Feasibility Study Workplan for the Normandy Apartments. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.

ESSI. 1992. Letter (January 13) from Robert Stephens to William Taylor (Macfarlane, Ferguson, Allison, and Kelly - GCR attorney) with soil and ground water results. Environmental Solutions and Services, Inc., Longwood, FL.

Fechter M. 1992a. Lead Found in Dirt at Playground. Tampa Tribune: January 23. Tampa, FL.

Fechter M. 1992b. Excessive Lead Found in Kids Living Near Former Battery Plant. Tampa Tribune: January 29. Tampa, FL.

FDEP. 1993a. Handwritten notes (June 25) to the Normandy Park file from Mary Yeargan. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Southwest District Office, Tampa, FL.

FDEP. 1993b. Memo (July 9) from David Rhodes to Early Sorenson (FDEP-SW District) concerning Normandy Park Apts. A.K.A. Gulf Coast Recycling Review of GPR Data for Proposed Stormwater Retention Pond. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Southwest District Office, Tampa, FL.

FDEP. 1993c. Letter (July 14) from Early Sorenson to Denis Ewing (OHM) concerning the storm water permit application. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Southwest District Office, Tampa, FL.

FDEP. 1994a. Memo (December 14) from Mary Yeargan to Greg Colianni (FDEP-SW District) concerning Stormwater Management Permit #MS292243303. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Southwest District Office, Tampa, FL.

FDEP. 1996. CERCLIS Sites in Florida (c. September). Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL.

FDER. 1992a. Memo (January 30) from Diane Trommer (SW District) to Eric Nuzie (FDER Tallahassee) requesting EPA assistance in addressing health issues and emergency response actions at the Normandy Park Apartments site. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Southwest District Office, Tampa, FL.

FDER. 1992b. Letter (February 5) from Eric Nuzie (Tallahassee) to Dorothy Rayfield (EPA-RIV) requesting EPA assistance in addressing health issues and emergency response actions at the Normandy Park Apartments site. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Headquarters Office, Tallahassee, FL.

FDER. 1992c. FDER Potable Water System database records (February 26), using a latitude/longitude search. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Headquarters Office, Tallahassee, FL.

FDER. 1992d. Conversation Record (March 2) between Craig Feeny and William Miller (City of Temple Terrace, Water and Sewer Superintendent) concerning operation of municipal supply wells. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Headquarters Office, Tallahassee, FL.

FDER. 1992e. Conversation Record (March 5) between Craig Feeny and Steve Sultau (City of Temple Terrace, Chief Water Plant Operator) concerning the use and location of wells close to Normandy Park Apartments. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Headquarters Office, Tallahassee, FL.

FDER. 1992f. Preliminary Assessment (March 9), Normandy Park Apartments, Hillsborough County, Florida, FLD984229773. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, Headquarters Office.

FDOH. 1997a. Record of Telephone Conversation (March 13) between Carolyn Voyles and Pam Scully (EPA) concerning EPA's future activities at the Normandy Park Apartments. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Toxicology, Tallahassee, FL.

FDOH. 1997b. Record of Telephone Conversation (March 25) between Carolyn Voyles and Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerning dust sampling, irrigation well use at the Normandy Park Apartments. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Toxicology, Tallahassee, FL.

FDOH. 1997c. Record of Conversation (March 26) between Carolyn Voyles and Bruce Tuovila (FDOH) concerning vegetative ground cover and battery casing pieces at the Normandy Park Apartments. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Toxicology, Tallahassee, FL.

FDOH. 1997d. Record of Telephone Conversation (March 27) between Carolyn Voyles and Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerning dust sampling, resident demographics, and the playground's remediation at the Normandy Park Apartments. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Toxicology, Tallahassee, FL.

FDOH. 1998a. Record of Telephone Conversation (May 4) between Carolyn Voyles and Bill Denman (EPA RIV) concerning the site's cleanup status. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Toxicology, Tallahassee, FL.

FDOH. 1998b. Site Visit Form (November3) for Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, Florida. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FDOH. 1998c. Record of Telephone Conversation (December 18) between Andy Brastad and Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerningsampling on vacant lot west of apartments, current information on children exhibiting pica behavior residing at the apartments. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Toxicology, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1991. Radon data files of special facilities in zip code 33617. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Radon Program, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1992a. Confidential data files of blood lead results (January-April). Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1992b. Site Visit Form (April 9) for Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, Florida. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1993. Photographs from site visit Notes (February 11) at Normandy Park Apartments. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1995a. Record of Conversation (April 3) between Carolyn Voyles and Joseph McGarrity (FDEP-Tallahasee) concerning residential use of old battery casings from the Normandy Park site. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1995b. Record of Telephone Conversation (July 18) between Carolyn Voyles and Mary Yeargan (FDEP-SW District) concerning background information and site history. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1995c. Record of Conversation (August 10) between Carolyn Voyles and Bruce Tuovila (FHRS) concerning previous public meetings and site visits. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1995d. Record of Telephone Conversation (August 14) between Carolyn Voyles and Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerning background information and site history. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1995e. Site Visit Notes (August 23) for Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, Florida. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1995f. Memo (September 10) from Ningyi Huang to Carolyn Voyles (FHRS) concerning the cancer incidence around the Normandy Park Apartments. Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Headquarters Office, Environmental Epidemiology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996a. Record of Telephone Conversation (January 2) between Carolyn Voyles and Dan Leigh (OHM-Clermont, FL) concerning surface soil depths used in the April 8, 1992 OHM report. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996b. Record of Telephone Conversation (January 16) between Carolyn Voyles and George Townsend (GCR) concerning surface soil depths used in the October 20, 1992 OHM report. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996c. Record of Conversation (February 5) between Carolyn Voyles and Joe Sekerke (FHRS Lead Program Manager) concerning lead studies and indoor-dust sampling recommendations. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996d. Record of Telephone Conversation (February 5) between Carolyn Voyles and Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerning background information on the Normandy Park Apartments site. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996e. Record of Telephone Conversation (March 19) between Carolyn Voyles and Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerning the map of the old Gulf Coast Lead facility shown in the draft Public Health Assessment. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996f. Record of Telephone Conversation (April 25) between Carolyn Voyles and Gulf Coast Recycling representatives concerning their comments on the draft Public Health Assessment. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996g. Record of Telephone Conversation (July 3) between Carolyn Voyles and Gulf Coast Recycling representatives concerning the lead in vinyl miniblinds issue and revising the proposed dust sampling plan. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996h. Site Visit Notes (August 14) for Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, Florida. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

FHRS. 1996i. Site Visit Notes (December 11) for Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, Florida. Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Environmental Toxicology Section, Tallahassee, FL.

GCR. 1992a. Letter (no date, c. April) from George Townsend to Charles H. McPherson (EPA-RIV) with attachments. Gulf Coast Recycling, Inc., Tampa, FL.

GCR. 1992b. Letter (October 20) from George Townsend to Charles H. McPherson (EPA-RIV) with attached comments and attached Removal Action Plan (October 20). The removal Action Plan was developed for GCR by OHM, no city. Gulf Coast Recycling, Inc., Tampa, FL.

GCR. 1995a. Letter (July 18) from George Townsend to Samantha Urquhart-Foster (EPA-RIV) with attached attached Removal Action Work Plan (June 26). Gulf Coast Recycling, Inc., Tampa, FL.

GCR. 1995b. Lead information acknowledgment form (no date; received July 24) that Normandy Park residents sign concerning lead in the apartment soils. Gulf Coast Recycling, Inc., Tampa, FL.

GCR. 1998. Letter (December 22) commenting on draft Normandy Park Aprartments Public Health Assessment. Gulf Coast Recycling, Inc., Tampa, FL.

HCEPC. 1991a. Conversation Record (August 27) between Carl Heintz and Jim Bailey (Fire Chief, Temple Terrace) concerning a complaint about battery casings at the Normandy Park Apartments and Gulf Coast Lead. Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa, FL.

HCEPC. 1991b. Letter (October 7) from Paul Schipfer to Joyce Morales-Caramella (GCR) concerning a complaint investigation for Normandy Park Apartments. Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa, FL.

HCEPC. 1992. Letter (October 26) from Hooshang Boostani to Joseph Franzmathes (EPA-RIV) concerning EPA's policy on past residential use of lead-acid battery casings as construction fill material. Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa, FL.

HCEPC. 1993a. Memo (February 23) from Paul Schipfer to Diane Trommer (FDER-SW District) concerning the surface water management plan for the Normandy Park Apartments, 11110 North 56th Street, Temple Terrace, Florida (December 23, 1992). Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa, FL.

HCEPC. 1993b. Letter (April 13) from Hooshang Boostani to Dorothy Rayfield (EPA-RIV) concerning EPC complaint #30135 referral to the USEPA Superfund Site Assessment Program, requesting addition of two lead-acid battery casing burial sites to the CERCLIS database. Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa, FL.

HCEPC. 1993c. Memo (April 13) from Chuck Heintz to Diane Trommer (FDER-SW District) concerning past residential use of lead-acid automotive battery casings as construction and/or fill material. Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa, FL.

HSWMR. 1991. Focused Assessment of Human Health Risks and Development of Target Concentration Limit (TCL) Values for Lead in Soils at the Normandy Park Apartments, Temple Terrace, FL (December). Prepared for Macfarlane, Ferguson, Allison, and Kelly (GCR attorneys) and Gulf Coast Recycling. (The HSWMR report is attached to a letter (January 13) from Christopher Teaf to William Taylor (Macfarlane, Ferguson, Allison, and Kelly - GCR attorney). Hazardous Substance and Waste Management Research, Inc., Tallahassee, FL.

HUD. 1995. Guidelines (June) for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 7-33.

Huggins J. 1992. Testing continues for Lead at Terrace Playground. Temple Terrace News: January 29. Temple Terrace, FL.

IRIS. 1995. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Software. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Kamrin MA. 1988. Toxicology - A Primer on Toxicology Principles and Applications. Chelsea MI: Lewis Publishers, 11-12, 36-37.

Lammers D. 1992a. Environmental Officials Approve Cleanup Plan. Tampa Tribune: September 9. Tampa, FL.

Lammers D. 1992b. Testing of Soil to Start. Tampa Tribune: September 20. Tampa, FL.

NJDEP. 1990. Improving Dialogue with Communities. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Science and Research, Trenton, NJ, 69.

OHM. 1992a. Preliminary Soil and Groundwater Investigation (February 11), Normandy Park Apartments, 11110 North 56th Street, Temple Terrace, Florida. Report prepared for Gulf Coast Recycling. Clermont, FL: OHM Remediation Services Corp.

OHM. 1992b. Phase II Preliminary Soil Quality Investigation Report (April 8), Normandy Park Apartment Complex, Temple Terrace, Florida. Report prepared for Gulf Coast Recycling. Clermont, FL: OHM Remediation Services Corp.

OHM. 1992c. Preliminary Site Investigation Summary (June), Normandy Park Apartment Site, Temple Terrace, Florida. Report prepared for Gulf Coast Recycling. Clermont, FL: OHM Remediation Services Corp.

OHM. 1992d. Letter (October 20) from Denis Ewing to Samantha Clements (EPA-RIV) concerning final analytical results of north courtyard complex soil sampling, Normandy Park Apartment Complex, Temple Terrace, Florida, with attached sample data collected 09/21-22/92. OHM Remediation Services Corp., Norcross, GA.

OHM. 1993. Letter (March 3) from Richard Lott to George Craciun (FDER-SW District) concerning analytical results for the south lot where the storm water pond is to be located. Normandy Park Apartments, Application #MS292243303. OHM Remediation Services Corp., Clermont, FL.

Risk*Assistant. 1995. Risk*Assistantâ„¢ software. Hampshire Research Institute, Alexandria, VA.

Tampa Tribune. 1992. Testing the Soil (no author). Tampa Tribune: September 23. Tampa, FL.

Taylor. 1996. Letter (April 19) from William Taylor (attorney for GCR) to Carolyn Voyles (FHRS) with comments on the draft Public Health Assessment. Macfarlane, Ausley, Ferguson, and McMullen, Tampa, FL.

TRI. 1995. Toxics Release Inventory Database. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Weston. 1992. Soil sampling results collected on 2/25-26/92 by Roy F. Weston for EPA. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, GA.


APPENDICES

Location in Hillsborough County, Florida
Figure 1. Location in Hillsborough County, Florida

Location in Temple Terrace, Florida
Figure 2. Location in Temple Terrace, Florida

Site Layout
Figure 3. Site Layout

Concrete Pads in the Northern Complex
Figure 4. Concrete Pads in the Northern Complex

Covered Areas in the Southern Courtyard
Figure 5. Covered Areas in the Southern Courtyard

Nearby Land Use and Property Bought for the Storm Water Pond
Figure 6. Nearby Land Use and Property Bought for the Storm Water Pond

On-Site Area
Figure 7. On-Site Area (Shaded)

On-Site Surface Soil (0-3” Deep) Sample Locations
Figure 8. On-Site Surface Soil (0-3” Deep) Sample Locations

On-Site Shallow Subsurface Soil (0-6” Deep) Sample Locations
Figure 9. On-Site Shallow Subsurface Soil (0-6” Deep) Sample Locations

On-Site Deep Subsurface Soil (<6” Deep) Sample Locations
Figure 10. On-Site Deep Subsurface Soil (<6” Deep) Sample Locations

On-Site Shallow Well Sample Locations
Figure 11. On-Site Shallow Well Sample Locations

On-Site Deep Well Sample Locations
Figure 12. On-Site Deep Well Sample Locations

Census Tracts Examined in the FCDS Evaluation
Figure 13. Census Tracts Examined in the FCDS Evaluation


Appendices B through G were not available in electronic format for conversion to HTML at the time of preparation of this document. To obtain a hard copy of the document, please contact:

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Attn: Chief, Program Evaluation, Records, and Information Services Branch E-56
1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30333

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  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #