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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

FORT DIX (LANDFILL SITE)
WRIGHTSTOWN, BURLINGTON COUNTY, NEW JERSEY


CONCLUSIONS

ATSDR has drawn the following conclusions from current environmental data and information on Fort Dix:

  • The surficial aquifer at Fort Dix — the Kirkwood-Cohansey Aquifer — is contaminated with VOCs, SVOCs, and metals. Potable drinking water at Fort Dix is supplied from a combination of surface water and groundwater from deeper aquifers. No known major water supplies are drawn from the Kirkwood-Cohansey Aquifer in the vicinity of Fort Dix. Two private off-site drinking water wells that draw from the Kirkwood-Cohansey Aquifer were identified during the remedial investigation; these wells are not expected to be affected by groundwater contamination at Fort Dix. Because no exposure pathway exists, contaminants in groundwater pose no public health hazards.
  • Due to the potential exposure pathway involving dermal contact with and inhalation of radiologically-contaminated soil, ATSDR will investigate the Air Force's BOMARC site in a separate document.
  • On the basis of information available on air emissions from the Fort Dix solid waste incinerator, ATSDR concludes that past contaminant emissions pose no apparent health hazard.
  • The Army should ensure either that UXO is located and retrieved or that areas where removal is prohibited are made inaccessible.
  • On the basis of information available on contaminants in groundwater, soil, surface water, and sediment, ATSDR concludes that Fort Dix poses no apparent public health hazard.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) for Fort Dix contains a description of actions taken by ATSDR and other agencies at and near Fort Dix; it also describes the actions ATSDR and these agencies plan to take after the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards, but also provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. The public health actions that are completed, being implemented, or planned are as follows:

Completed/Ongoing Actions

  • The Fort Dix Sanitary Landfill (Site FTDX-10) is undergoing long-term monitoring.
  • Several sites have been remediated or are currently undergoing remedial investigation.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Emilio Gonzalez
Environmental Engineer
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Gary Campbell, Ph.D.
Environmental Health Scientist
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation


REFERENCES

ABB. 1997a. ABB Environmental Services, Inc. Remedial investigation/feasibility study, Fort Dix U.S. Army Installation, Fort Dix, New Jersey: Final remedial investigation report, MAG-1 Area, Data Item A009. Contract No. DAAA15-91-D-0008, Task Order 0007. Prepared for U.S. Army Environmental Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. Volume I. April 1997.

ABB. 1997b. ABB Environmental Services, Inc. Remedial investigation/feasibility study, Fort Dix U.S. Army Installation, Fort Dix, New Jersey: Draft remedial investigation report, ARDC Test Facility, Data Item A009. Contract No. DACA 31-96-D-0024. Volume I. Prepared for KEMRON Environmental Services, Inc. August 1997.

ATSDR. 1991. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Site summary for Fort Dix Landfill, Pemberton Township, New Jersey. Site visit occurred May 30 and 31, 1991.

ATSDR. 1989. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public Health Assessment for Reich Farms, Dover Township, New Jersey. Final release April 20, 1999.

Camp Dresser. 1986. Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc. Draft remedial investigation/feasibility study for Fort Dix Sanitary Landfill, Pemberton Township, New Jersey: Proposed response. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Philadelphia District. July 1986.

Camp Dresser. 1987. Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc. Remedial investigation/feasibility study for Fort Dix Sanitary Landfill, Pemberton Township, New Jersey: Proposed response, Addendum 1. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Philadelphia District. January 1987.

Army. 1997a. U.S. Department of the Army. Final Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) letter report for Fort Dix, New Jersey. Environmental/Natural Resources Division. March 6, 1997.

Army. 1997b. U.S. Department of the Army. Final Supplemental Final Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) letter report for Fort Dix, New Jersey. Environmental/Natural Resources Division. March 6, 1997.

Army. 1999. U.S. Department of the Army. Engineering and Evironmental Division, Fort Dix. Stack emission testing results from the solid waste incinerator. Data collected December 1997 and March 1998. Sent April 1999.

EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc. 1997. 1997 Sampling and analysis report for ground water, surface water, and sediment for the Fort Dix Sanitary Landfill. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District. February 1998.

EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc. 1998. Draft air monitoring report: 1997 annual summary, Landfill Gas Venting System, U.S. Army Fort Dix, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Air Pollution Control Permit Log # 01-93-4497. Submitted to New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of New Source Review. February 1998.

EPA. 1997. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA National Priorities List: Fort Dix Landfill. Site description and NPL listing history. http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfun/-site_sum/0201164c.htm. Last revised: June 2, 1997.

ICF Kaiser. 1994. ICF Kaiser Engineers, Inc. Fort Dix community relations plan. Task Order No. 7, Total Environmental Program Support Contract Number DAAA15-91-D-0014. April 1994.

ICF Kaiser. 1997. ICF Kaiser Engineers, Inc. Fort Dix environmental investigation report: Final document. Delivery Order No. 7, Total Environmental Program Support Contract Number DAAA15-91-D-0014. Volume I, Parts A and B. May 1997.

KEMRON. 1997a. KEMRON Environmental Services, Inc. Draft remedial investigation report (ELIN A009): ANC-9 Landfill, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Environmental Services Program Support Contract No. DACA 31-96-D-0024, Delivery Order No. 1. Prepared for U.S. Army Environmental Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. April 1997.

KEMRON. 1997b. KEMRON Environmental Services, Inc. Draft remedial investigation report (ELIN A009): Boiler Blowdown Area, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Environmental Services Program Support Contract No. DACA 31-96-D-0024, Delivery Order No. 5. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Baltimore District. April 1997.

KEMRON. 1997c. KEMRON Environmental Services, Inc. Draft remedial investigation report: Fire Training Tanks Area, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Environmental Services Program Support Contract No. DACA 31-96-D-0024, Delivery Order No. 4. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District. August 1997.

New Jersey Department of Environmetal Protection (NJDEP), Bureau of Air Quality Engineering. 1999. Stack emission testing results from the Fort Dix solid waste incinerator. Data collected November 1988 and April 1995. September 1999.

Ogden. 1997. Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Co. Inc. Conclusions and Recommendations for UXO Hazards. April 1997.

Pacific Western Technologies, Ltd. 1997. Final remedial investigation report: Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the Golf Course Sites, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Contract No. DAAM01-94-0018, Delivery Order No. 0001. Prepared for U.S. Army Environmental Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. Volume I. October 20, 1997.

Woodward-Clyde. 1997a. Woodward-Clyde Federal Services. U.S. Army Base Realignment and Closure 95 Program: Environmental baseline survey report, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District. March 3, 1997.

Woodward-Clyde. 1997b. Woodward-Clyde Federal Services. U.S. Army Base Realignment and Closure 95 Program: Supplemental environmental baseline survey report, Fort Dix, New Jersey. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District. February 24, 1997.

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