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PETITIONED PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

HAWTHORNE MUNICIPAL WELLS
HAWTHORNE, PASSAIC COUNTY, NEW JERSEY


CONCLUSIONS

  1. People using the Borough of Hawthorne Municipal Water Supply (BHMWS) before the air stripping towers were installed in August 1988 were exposed to volatile organic compounds (VOCs). However, the past levels of VOCs detected in the municipal water are not expected to cause adverse health effects.


  2. Drinking water samples from the Borough of Hawthorne Municipal Water Supply show no evidence of chemical contamination at levels of health concern after the air strippers were installed in 1988.


  3. No plausible link was established between leukemia incidence in Hawthorne, New Jersey and the chemicals detected in the Borough of Hawthorne Municipal Water Supply.

ATSDR uses one of five conclusion categories to summarize our findings of the site. These categories are: 1) Urgent Public Health Hazard, 2) Public Health Hazard, 3) Indeterminate Health Hazard, 4) No Apparent Public Health Hazard, and 5) No Public Health Hazard. A category is selected from site specific conditions such as the degree of public health hazard based on the presence and duration of human exposure, contaminant concentration, the nature of toxic effects associated with site related contaminants, presence of physical hazards, and community health concerns. Based on these criteria, ATSDR categorized the Borough of Hawthorne Municipal Water Supply as a No Apparent Public Health Hazard based on the levels of contaminants detected in drinking water.


RECOMMENDATION

ATSDR recommends that the following actions be implemented as a measure of protecting public health and obtaining additional site-characterization information.

  1. Maintain the air stripper in place at BHMWS.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) contains a description of actions to be taken by ATSDR and/or other governmental agencies (e.g., EPA, NJDHSS, NJDEP, etc.) in the community. The purpose of the PHAP is to identify a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects in the present and future.

Actions Undertaken:

  • ATSDR reviewed the NJDHSS analysis of leukemia incidence data from 1979 to 1995.


  • ATSDR reviewed all environmental sampling data pertaining to BHMWS.

Actions Planned:

  • ATSDR is requesting that the location and use of all private/domestic water wells be determined. ATSDR is also recommending that water samples from wells identified as potable wells be collected and analyzed for VOCs, SVOCs, and metals if public health necessitates the need to prevent or mitigate environmental exposure. ATSDR will review and evaluate these sampling data as they become available,.


  • ATSDR will evaluate additional environmental data if site conditions change.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Kimberly K. Chapman, MSEH
Environmental Health Scientist
Exposure Investigations and Consultation Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

David S. Sutton, PhD
Environmental Engineer
Exposure Investigations and Consultation Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Robert Williams, PhD
Toxicologist
Exposure Investigations and Consultation Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Technical Assist:

Adele M. Childress, PhD, MPH
Environmental Health Scientist
Exposure Investigations and Consultation Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

ATSDR Regional Representative:

Arthur Block
Senior Regional Representative
Region II
Office of Regional Operations

Review and approval of this public health assessment for the Borough of Hawthorne Municipal Water System

Concurrence:

Environmental Health Scientist, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Section Chief, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Branch Chief, EICB, DHAC


REFERENCES

  1. Letter. From Petitioner. To Centers for Disease Control, Attn: Barry Johnson, Assistant. September 8, 1988.


  2. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Water Supply Element, Bureau of Water Allocation, Tenton, New Jersey. Well Records for Fair Lawn, Glen Rock, Haledon, Hawthorne, North Haledon, Paterson City, and Prospect Park. February 9, 1995.


  3. Personal communication with Mr. Ronald Tatham, Water Superintendent for the Borough of Hawthorne Department of Public Works. July 22, 1991.


  4. Letter. From Robert Plumb, Northern Bureau of Regional Enforcement, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources. To Hank Jecker, Plant Manager, Calgon Corporation. September 9, 1986.


  5. Letter. From Robert Plumb, Northern Bureau of Regional Enforcement, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources. To Augustus Gagis, Plant Manager, BASF Corporation. September 9, 1986.


  6. Letter. From Diana Eichfeld, Environmental Specialist -- Valore, McAllister, Westmoreland, Vesper, and Schwartz. To Harry Kachroo, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection -- Division of Water Resources. June 14, 1988.


  7. Letter. From Michael Berry, Research Scientist, New Jersey Department of Health--Environmental Health Service Section. To Antonio Quiñones-Rivera, ATSDR. October 21, 1993.


  8. U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1991. Census of Population and Housing, 1990: Summary Tape File 1B Extract on CD-Rom (New Jersey). Washington D.C.


  9. U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1991. 1990 TIGER/Line Census Files (New Jersey). Washington D.C.


  10. U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1996. 1992 TIGER/Line Census Files update (New Jersey). Washington D.C.


  11. Letter. From Frank T. Lembo, Supervisor of Public Works, Borough of Hawthorne Department of Public Works. To New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources. January 15, 1982.


  12. Computer Spreadsheet Listing of VOC Levels from Ronald Tatham, Water Superintendent, Borough of Hawthorne Department of Public Works, Hawthorne, New Jersey. November 23, 1999.


  13. Letter. From Raymond Barg, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Potable Water. To Ralph Synder, Hawthorne Water Department, New Jersey. September 25, 1985.


  14. Hackensack Water Company Laboratory. Volatile Organic Analysis-Sample Report. New Jersey State Certification Number 02074. Analyses of October 27, November 4, and November 7, 1981.


  15. Nytest Environmental, Inc. Report of tests for Borough of Hawthorne Water Department. March 18, 1986.


  16. Letter. From Steven Nieswand, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Safe Drinking Water. To Ralph Synder, Hawthorne Water Department, New Jersey. March 13, 1986.


  17. Letter. From Frank T. Lembo, Supervisor of Public Works, Borough of Hawthorne Department of Public Works. To New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources. January 15, 1982.


  18. Letter. From Ronnie Tatham, Borough of Hawthorne Department of Public Works. To Vincent Monaco, Bureau of Potable Water. June 29, 1982.


  19. Industrial Corrosion Management Inc. Volatile Organic Analysis by Purge and Trap Gas Chromatography. State Certified Drinking Water/Wastewater Laboratory Number 14116. Analysis of January 12, 1982.


  20. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources--Bureau of Potable Water. Water Analyses Report. Collection Date of Samples: February 5, 1985. Memo No.: 85-20.


  21. Computer Spreadsheet Listing of VOC levels in the Borough of Hawthorne Municipal Water Supply. Date of Analysis: June 11, 1985.


  22. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources--Bureau of Potable Water. Water Analyses Report. Collection Date of Samples: December 9, 1985. Memo No.: S.W.T.


  23. Nytest Environmental, Inc. Report of tests for New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Water Resources--Enforcement Element/Northern Region. November 25, 1985.


  24. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Environmental Laboratories. Quantitative Results and Quality Assurance Data--A280 Volatiles. Analyses of April 11, 1986.


  25. ATSDR Record of Activity. Phone call from Antonio Quiñones-Rivera, ATSDR. To Ronald Tatham, Water Superintendent, Borough of Hawthorne Department of Public Works, Hawthorne, New Jersey. July 26, 1991.


  26. ATSDR. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Lewis Publishers. 1992.


  27. Mausner, JS and SK Kramer. Epidemiology-an introductory text. WB Sauders, Inc., Philadelphia. 1985.


  28. ATSDR. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Lewis Publishers. 1992.


  29. ATSDR's Toxicological Profile for Trichloroethylene (Update) September 1997.


  30. ATSDR's Toxicological Profile for Nitrobenzene December 1990.


  31. Mausner, JS and SK Kramer. Epidemiology-an introductory text. WB Sauders, Inc., Philadelphia. 1985.


  32. Inhalation Exposures in Indoor Air to Trichloroethylene From Shower Water, Julian B. Andelman, Amy Couch, and William W. Thurston, Environmental Epidemiology, F.C. Kopfler and G.C. Craun, Eds., Lewins Publishers, Inc., Chelsea, MI, 1986.


  33. Ingestion, Inhalation, and Dermal Exposures to Chloroform and Trichloroethene From Tap Water, Clifford P. Weisel, and Wan-Kuen Jo, Environmental Perspectives, Vol. 104, No. 1, January 1996.


  34. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part A), Office of Emergency and Remedial Response U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20450.

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