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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

US DOE PORTSMOUTH GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANT
PIKETON, PIKE COUNTY, OHIO
EPA FACILITY ID: OH7890008983

November 20, 1996

Prepared by:

Energy Section
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

SUMMARY

BACKGROUND

COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND OTHER HAZARDS

PATHWAYS ANALYSIS

PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

PREPARERS OF REPORT

REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX A: NON-HEALTH RELATED COMMUNITY CONCERNS FOR THE PORTSMOUTH GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANT (PORTS)

APPENDIX B: COMMENTS TO PUBLIC COMMENT RELEASE


LIST OF TABLES

Socioeconomic Data by County
Socioeconomic Data by Census Tract
Population Data by County
Population Data by Census Tract
On-Site Soil Contamination
On-Site Groundwater Contamination
Toxic Release Inventory (tons) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant
Toxic Release Inventory (tons) Other Manufacturers in Pike County, Ohio
Highest Weekly Average Fluoride Concentrations (as HF) in Ambient Air for the Years 1986 through 1992
Completed Exposure Pathways
Age-Adjusted Mortality Rates by County for the Years 1979 to 1991
Cancer Mortality Rates for Ohio Counties 1986 - 1988 (per 100,000)
Frequency of Selected Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Humans


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1. Location of PORTS
Figure 2. PORTS Site Map
Figure 3. Surface Water Drainage to Off-Site
Figure 4. Census Tracts Around PORTS
Figure 5. Population Density Around PORTS (1990 US Census)
Figure 6. On-Site Air Monitoring Stations
Figure 7. Off-Site Air Monitoring Stations


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
BW Body Weight
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980
CLP Contract Laboratory Program
CNS Central Nervous System
Cr Chromium
CREG Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide
CSF Cancer Slope Factor
DHS Division of Health Studies

dl

deciliter
DOE Department of Energy
dpm Disintegrations per minute
ED Exposure Dose
EF Exposure Factor
EMEG Environmental Media Evaluation Guide
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
FFS Focused Feasibility Study

FS

Feasibility Study
FY Fiscal Year
HARP Health Activities Recommendation Panel
HF Hydrogen Fluoride
131I Iodine radioisotope with atomic weight 131
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
IQ Intelligence Quotient
IRIS Integrated Risk Information System

kg

kilogram
L Liter
LFI Limited Field Study
m meter
m3 cubic meter
MCL Maximum Contaminant Level
mg milligram
mg/kg milligram per kilogram

µg

microgram
µg/dl microgram per deciliter
MRL Minimal Risk Level
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health
NPL National Priorities List
NTP National Toxicology Program
ODH Ohio Department of Health
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration

234Pa

Protactinium radioisotope with atomic weight 234
PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyls
PHAP Public Health Action Plan
PMCL Proposed Maximum Contaminant Level
PORTS Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
RAC Reasonably Assumed a Carcinogen

RCRA

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RfC Reference Concentration
RfD Reference Dose
RI Remedial Investigation
RMEG Reference Dose (or Concentration) Media Evaluation Guide
ROD Record of Decision
SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act
TAL Target Analyte List (inorganic chemicals)
99Tc Technetium radioisotope with atomic weight 99
TCE Trichloroethylene
TCL Target Compound List (organic chemicals)
230Th Thorium radioisotope with atomic weight 230
232Th Thorium radioisotope with atomic weight 232
234Th Thorium radioisotope with atomic weight 234
TRI Toxic (Chemical) Release Inventory
235U Uranium isotope with atomic weight 235
238U Uranium isotope with atomic weight 238


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