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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE
FAIRBORN, GREENE COUNTY, OHIO
EPA FACILITY ID: OH7571724312

November 12, 1999

Prepared by:

Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

SUMMARY

BACKGROUND

    Site Description and History
    Remedial and Regulatory History
    ATSDR Involvement
    Demographics and Land Use
    Quality Assurance and Quality Control

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND POTENTIAL EXPOSURE PATHWAYS

    Concern: Exposure to Contaminated Media at OU1 (Landfills 8 and 10)
    Concern: Exposure to Groundwater Contamination
    Concern: Potential Impacts to the Mad River and On-Base Lakes

COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS

ATSDR CHILD HEALTH INITIATIVE

CONCLUSIONS

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

    Completed Actions
    Ongoing and Planned Actions
    Recommended Actions

REFERENCES

TABLES

FIGURES

APPENDICES

    APPENDIX A: Comparison Value Evaluation Method
    APPENDIX B: TEF Approach
    APPENDIX C: Exposure Evaluation
    APPENDIX D: Glossary
    APPENDIX E: Responses to Public Comments

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1. Evaluation of Potential Public Health Hazards at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

Table 2. Potential Exposure Pathways at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

Table 3. Summary of Ambient Air Data that Exceed Comparison Values at OU1 (Landfills 8 and 10)

Table 4. Summary of Surface Soil Data that Exceed Comparison Values at OU1 (Landfills 8 and 10)

Table 5. Summary of Surface Water and Sediment Data that Exceed Comparison Values at OU1 (Landfills 8 and 10)

Table 6. Summary of Private Well Data that Exceed Comparison Values at OU1 (Landfills 8 and 10)

Table 7. Summary of Wright-Patterson AFB Well Data that Exceed Comparison Values

Table 8. Summary of Surface Water, Sediment, and Fish Tissue Data that Exceed Comparison Values


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1. Site Map

Figure 2. Patterson Field (Areas A and C) and OU Designations

Figure 3. Wright Field (Area B) and OU Designations

Figure 4. ATSDR's Exposure Evaluation Process


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AOC area of concern
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
bgs below ground surface
BHC hexachlorocyclohexane
BMP Basewide Monitoring Program
BTEX benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes
BUSTR Bureau of Underground Storage Tank Removals
CPF cancer potency factor
CREG cancer risk evaluation guide
CV comparison value
1,1-DCA 1,1-dichloroethane
cis-1,2-DCE cis-1,2-dichloroethene
DDE dichlorodiphenylchloroethane
DRMO Defense Reutilization Marketing Office
EE/CA engineering evaluation/cost analysis
EMEG environmental media evaluation guide
EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
FFA Federal Facilities Agreement
FS feasibility study
IRP Installation Restoration Program
J data qualifier, indicates that the reported concentration is estimated
JP-4 jet petroleum number 4
LOAEL lowest-observed-adverse-effects-level
LNAPL light non-aqueous phase liquid
LTHA lifetime health advisory
MCL maximum contaminant level
ug/m3 microgram per cubic meter
mg/kg/day milligram contaminant per kilogram body weight per day
MRL minimal risk level
N data qualifier, indicates that the analyte was tentatively identified
NAPL non-aqueous phase liquid
NOAEL no-observed-adverse-effects-level
NPDES National Pollution Discharge Elimination System
NPL National Priorities List
ODH Ohio Department of Health
OEPA Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OU operable unit
PA preliminary assessment
PAH polyaromatic hydrocarbon
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PCE tetrachloroethylene
PHA public health assessment
PHAP public health action plan
POL petroleum, oil, and lubricants
POTW publicly owned treatment works
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
ppt parts per trillion
RBC risk-based concentrations
RCRA Resource Conservation Recovery Act
RfD reference dose
RI remedial investigation
RMEG reference dose media evaluation guide
ROD record of decision
SI site investigation
SSL soil screening level
SVOC semivolatile organic compound
TCE trichloroethylene
TEF toxicity equivalency factor
TEQ toxicity equivalents
TPH total petroleum hydrocarbons
USAF United States Air Force
USGS United States Geological Survey
UST underground storage tank
VOC volatile organic compound
WPAFB Wright-Patterson Air Force Base


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