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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

STOUGHTON CITY LANDFILL
STOUGHTON, DANE COUNTY, WISCONSIN
EPA FACILITY ID: WID980901219

January 19, 1994

Prepared by:

Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services
Under a Cooperative Agreement With The
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


PREFACE: THE PURPOSE OF PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENTS

The federal "Superfund" law requires the U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) to conduct a health assessment of all toxic waste sites that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposes for inclusion on the list of the nation's most hazardous waste sites. This list formally is called the National Priorities List. The Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services works with ATSDR to prepare assessments. The purposes of health assessments are:

  1. To evaluate whether contaminants at the site pose a current or future threat to public health;


  2. To recommend any steps needed to protect the public from exposure to toxic substances; and


  3. To recommend long-term health studies, when appropriate.

For each assessment health professionals look at the types of contamination present, including each chemical's toxicity; ability to move through soil, water or air; persistence in the environment; and ability to accumulate in the food chain. They look at ways that people could be exposed to contaminants such as eating breathing, or touching the chemicals. Investigators check relevant health records when appropriate to see if there may be increases in health effects related to public exposure to contaminants from the site. Finally, an assessment identifies the health hazards that a site may pose and recommends action to protect public health now and in the future.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUMMARY

BACKGROUND

COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND OTHER HAZARDS

PATHWAYS ANALYSES

PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS

CONCLUSIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

REFERENCES

LIST OF APPENDICES


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