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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

MID-AMERICA TANNING COMPANY
SERGEANT BLUFF, WOODBURY COUNTY, IOWA


CONCLUSIONS

ATSDR and IDPH have concluded, based on the information reviewed, that the site currently poses no public health hazard.


RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Consider institutional controls to prevent the installation of new water supply wells within the contaminated aquifer.

  2. Maintain and enforce restricted site access.

  3. Address groundwater contamination as needed.

  4. Proceed to the operation and maintenance stage, which will include activities such as inspection and maintenance of the floating cover, capped soil areas, and fences.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The Public Health Action Plan for the Mid-America Tanning site contains a description of actions to be taken by IDPH and ATSDR regarding the site subsequent to the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of the Public Health Action Plan is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. The public health actions to be implemented by IDPH and ATSDR are as follows:

A. Actions Undertaken

Physical hazards have been removed from the site.

Remedial actions have removed contaminated soils and surface water from the site.

B. Actions Planned

New environmental data will be reviewed that may become available to determine if other public health actions are indicated.

IDPH and ATSDR are available to address any community concerns that may arise during remedial activities at the site.


PREPARER OF THE REPORT

Charles Barton, Ph.D.
State Toxicologist
Chief, Hazardous Waste Site Health Assessment Program
Iowa Department of Public Health


CERTIFICATION

The Mid-America Tanning, Inc., Public Health Assessment has been prepared by the Iowa Department of Public Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was initiated.

Roberta Erlwein
Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment and concurs with its findings.

Richard Gillig
Chief, SPS, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR


REFERENCES

  1. Remedial Investigation Report, Mid-America Tanning Co., Sergeant Bluff, Iowa; Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc., Lenexa, Kansas, July 1991.

  2. Preliminary Health Assessment for Mid-America Tanning Co., Sergeant Bluff, Iowa; Iowa Department of Public Health, June 8, 1990.

  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. Atlanta: March 1989. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-88/08.

  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Draft Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. Atlanta: October 1991.

  5. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Barium. Atlanta: July 1992. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-91/03.

  6. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. Atlanta: March 1989. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-88/08.

  7. Kjellstrom, et. al., Cadmium and Health: A Toxicological and Epidemiological Appraisal, Volume II, Effects and Response, CRC Press, Inc., 1986.

  8. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Draft Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. Atlanta: October 1991.

  9. Rom, Environmental and Occupational Medicine. Little, Brown and Company, 1983, pg. 433-507.

  10. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Lead. Atlanta: June 1990. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-88/17.

  11. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Draft Toxicological Profile for Lead. Atlanta: October 1991.

  12. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Impact of Lead-Contaminated Soil on Public Health. Atlanta: May 1992.

  13. Centers for Disease Control. Preventing Lead Poisoning in Young Children. Atlanta: October 1991.

  14. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Manganese. Atlanta: July 1992. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-91/19.

  15. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Mercury. Atlanta: December 1989. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-89/l6.

  16. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Nickel. Atlanta: December 1988. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-88/19.

  17. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Draft Toxicological Profile for Nickel. Atlanta: October 1991.

  18. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Vanadium. Atlanta: July 1992. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-91/29.

  19. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological Profile for Zinc. Atlanta: December 1989. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-89/25.

  20. National Research Council, Drinking Water and Health, Vol.1, Washington, D.C. National Academy of Sciences, 1977.

  21. Klaassen, CD, Amdur, MO, & Doull, J, eds. Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. 4th Edition, Pergamon Press, N.Y., 1991.

  22. NIOSH: Criteria for a Recommended Standard-Occupational Exposure to Hydrogen Sulfide. DHEW Pub. No. NIOSH 77-158, 1977.

  23. ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values & Biological Exposure Indices, 5th Edition, Cincinnati, 1986.

  24. Field Sampling Trip Report for the Mid-America Tanning Site. Bruce A. Morrison, RPM, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region VII, November 10-12, 1992.

  25. Record of Decision, Mid-America Tanning Co. Site, Sergeant Bluff, IA., United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region VII, Kansas City, KS., September 1991.

FIGURES

Site Location Map 1
Figure 1. Site Location Map 1

Site Location Map 2
Figure 2. Site Location Map 2

Total Chromium Migration
Figure 3. Total Chromium Migration

Off-site Surface Water Recreational Areas
Figure 4. Off-site Surface Water Recreational Areas

Soil Sampling Grids
Figure 5. Soil Sampling Grids

Soil Sampling Locations
Figure 6. Soil Sampling Locations

On-site Surface Water Sampling Locations
Figure 7. On-site Surface Water Sampling Locations

On-site and Off-site Well Locations
Figure 8. On-site and Off-site Well Locations

On-site/Off-site Monitoring and Private Well Locations
Figure 9. On-site/Off-site Monitoring and Private Well Locations

On-site RI Monitoring Well Locations
Figure 10. On-site RI Monitoring Well Locations

On-site/Off-site RI and TAT Well Locations
Figure 11. On-site/Off-site RI and TAT Well Locations

Groundwater Flow Patterns
Figure 12. Groundwater Flow Patterns



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