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EXPOSURE INVESTIGATION

VOGEL PAINT AND WAX COMPANY
MAURICE, SIOUX COUNTY, IOWA


CONCLUSIONS

Based on the information reviewed, ATSDR concludes that:

  1. Airborne contaminant emissions from site operations pose a potential public health hazard for on-site workers/visitors and off-site populations.
  2. The frequency of the perimeter sampling to date is not sufficient to determine if emissions from site operations are representative of off-site emissions.
  3. Insufficient data for the air stripper air emissions are available to determine if off-site populations are being impacted.
  4. Particulate monitoring or time-weighted air sampling has not been conducted. This sampling is needed to determine if site-related metals are present at levels of occupational or public health concern.
  5. Real-time air monitoring readings detected in the cab of the backhoe indicate a possible occupational health concern.
  6. Periodic review of groundwater data is needed to ensure that water usage is not of public health concern.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Conduct routine time-weighted sampling at the downwind perimeter during site operations. Consider full VOC analyses.
  2. Implement realtime monitoring and periodic sampling for particulates and metals, respectively.
  3. Conduct stack sampling for site VOCs during air stripper operations for use in modeling the air contaminant concentrations at off-site fallout locations.
  4. Determine if the backhoe operator (and other enclosed cab vehicle/equipment operators) is in an appropriate level of respiratory protection. Continuous realtime OVA monitoring inside the cab is recommended while the operator is excavating, spreading, etc., contaminated soils.
  5. Provide ATSDR with analytical results of the nearby agricultural wells for review.

If additional clarification is necessary or if information becomes available for review please do not hesitate to contact this office at (404) 639-0616.

                          Lynn C. Wilder, CIH
                          Environmental Health Scientist

REFERENCES

  1. Record of Decision for the Vogel Paint and Wax Company Site, Maurice, Iowa. Prepared by: Iowa Department of Natural Resources, September 14, 1989.

  2. Letter from Thomas J. Chap, Project Coordinator, Geotek, to Robert Drustrup, IDNR, February 11, 1992. Subject: Vogel Paint and Wax Co. National Priorities List Hazardous Waste Site near Maurice, Iowa--Expansion of Soil Treatment Area.

  3. Air Monitoring Plan, Remedial Action, Vogel Paint and Wax Company, Maurice, Iowa. October 1990, HDR Engineering, Inc.

  4. Letter from Thomas J. Chap, Project Coordinator, Geotek, to Robert Drustrup, IDNR, July 30, 1993. Subject: Vogel Paint and Wax Co. National Priorities List Hazardous Waste Site near Maurice, Iowa--Air Emissions Monitoring Summary.

  5. Endangerment Assessment Report, Vogel Paint and Wax Co., Inc.,, Orange City, Iowa. July 1989, HDR Engineering, Inc.

  6. Vogel Paint and Wax Co. National Priorities List Hazardous Waste Site, 1995 Air Emissions Monitoring Summary. Geotek #91-400.

  7. Volumes 1-3--Final Analytical Report, Vogel Paint and Wax Site, Maurice, Iowa. January 21, 1997, Roy F. Weston/REAC.

  8. Toxicological Profile for Xylenes (Update), ATSDR, August 1995.

  9. Toxicological Profile for Toluene (Update), ATSDR, TP-93/14, May 1994.

  10. Toxicological Profile for Ethylbenzene, ATSDR, TP-90-15, December 1990.

  11. Toxicological Profile for 2-Butanone, ATSDR, TP-91/08, July 1992.

  12. Letter from Thomas J. Chap, Project Coordinator, Geotek, to Robert Drustrup, IDNR, January 18, 1994. Subject: Vogel Paint and Wax Co. National Priorities List Hazardous Waste Site--1993 Air Emissions Monitoring Summary.

  13. Letter from Thomas J. Chap, Project Coordinator, Geotek, to Robert Drustrup, IDNR, January 19, 1994. Subject: Vogel Paint and Wax Co. National Priorities List Hazardous Waste Site--1994 Air Emissions Monitoring Summary.

  14. Draft Toxicological Profile for Benzene (update), ATSDR, August 1995.


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