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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

LORING AIR FORCE BASE
LIMESTONE, AROOSTOOK COUNTY, MAINE


ATSDR CHILD HEALTH INITIATIVE

ATSDR's Child Health Initiative recognizes that the unique vulnerabilities of infants and children demand special emphasis in communities faced with contamination of their water, soil, air, or food. Children are at greater risk than adults from certain kinds of exposures to hazardous substances emitted from waste sites and emergency events. They are more likely to be exposed because they play outdoors and they often bring food into contaminated areas. They are shorter than adults, which means they breathe dust, soil, and heavy vapors close to the ground. Children are also smaller, resulting in higher doses of chemical exposure per body weight. The developing body systems of children can sustain permanent damage if toxic exposures occur during critical growth stages. Most importantly, children depend completely on adults for risk identification and management decisions, housing decisions, and access to medical care.41

ATSDR evaluated the likelihood for children living on-base or in the nearby communities, while LAFB was active, to be exposed to base contaminants at levels of health concern. ATSDR did not identify any situations in the past in which children were likely to have been exposed to chemical contaminants at LAFB at concentrations that could cause health effects.

ATSDR did not identify any current exposure situations for children at LAFB. The base is closed, and the small residential area on base is far from the few unacceptably contaminated areas remaining on what is currently Loring Development Authority property. No exposure pathways were identified for children living on the former LAFB property or in the nearby, sparsely populated, off-installation communities.

ATSDR identified no situations expected to occur in the future where children might be exposed to concentrations of chemical contaminants on or from the former LAFB property that would result in health effects.


PREPARERS OF REPORT

Fred C. Churchill, Ph. D.
Environmental Health Scientist
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Atlanta, Georgia


Advisor

Susan Moore, M.S.
Toxicologist
Petitions Response Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Reviewers

Diane Jackson
Environmental Engineer
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Carole D. Hossom
Environmental Health Scientist
Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation


ATSDR Regional Representative

Susanne Simon
Regional Representative
ATSDR Office of Regional Operations, Region I


REFERENCES

  1. Air Force Base Conversion Agency/Division B, April 1996, Record of Decision for the Disposal of Loring Air Force Base, Maine.

  2. Census of Population and Housing, 1990: Summary Tape File 1A (Maine), U. S. Bureau of the Census, Washington DC 1991.

  3. Loring Commerce Centre, Supplement to The Bangor Daily News, Bangor, Maine, June 24, 1997.

  4. WPI, Inc., May 1995, Community Relations Plan for Loring Air Force Base - Final, Cambridge, MA, p. 20.

  5. Memorandum from Peter Forbes, Air Force Base Conversion Agency/Division B to Naji Akladiss, Maine Division of Environmental Protection, with attached March 13, 1996 meeting notes and fish advisory map, dated April 17, 1996.

  6. ATSDR, 1998, Records of Communication, Michael Nalipinski, Region 1 Representative, USEPA, March 18, 1998 and March 30, 1998.

  7. United States Food and Drug Administration, 1998, Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Control Guide, 2nd edition, Docket No. 93N-0195, Dockets Management Branch, Rockville, MD, Table 9-1.

  8. Duggan RE, Corneliussen PE, Duggan MB, et al. 1983, Pesticide Residue Levels in Foods in the United States from July 1, 1969 to June 30, 1976. Washington DC: Food and Drug Administration, Division of Chemical Technology, p. 240.

  9. United States Food and Drug Administration, 1998, Fish and Fisheries Products Hazards and Control Guide, 2nd edition, Docket No. 93N-0195, Dockets Management Branch, Rockville, MD, p. 99.

  10. CH2M HILL, Installation Restoration Program Records Search for Loring Air Force Base, Maine, January 1984 and other well inventories and maps.

  11. ATSDR, 1997, Record of Communication, Jim Marquis, Water Department (Woodard and Curran, Contractor), Loring Commerce Centre.

  12. Embry, P., 1987, USEPA HRS Ranking Process for Loring Air Force Base to assess for NPL Listing, November 1987.

  13. ABB Environmental Services Inc., April 1997, Basewide Groundwater Operable Unit (OU12) Remedial Investigation Report - Draft Final, Volume I, pp. ES-33, 5-42 to 5-47.

  14. ATSDR, 1993, Addendum to the Health Consultation for LAFB, February 17, 1993.

  15. Letter from Captain Peter Breed, LAFB, to Susan Moore, ATSDR, dated October 4, 1993.

  16. ATSDR, 1997, Document "atsdrque" from Denis St. Peter, AFBCA/DB Loring, December 18, 1997, p. 2.

  17. ABB Environmental Services Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Final, Volumes I to XI.

  18. ABB Environmental Services Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Final, Volume Ia, Section 6; Volume X, Appendix W.

  19. ATSDR, 1997, Health Consultation for Loring Air Force Base, January 8, 1997.

  20. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Final, Volume X, Appendix W, Table W-2-10.

  21. Bechtel Environmental, Inc., February 1998, Remediation of Basewide Surface Water/Sediment (OU13) and Removal at Base Exchange Service Station Wetland (OU5), Remedial Action Interim Report for 1997 Construction Season - Draft Final pp. 8-11.

  22. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., May 1997, Operable Unit 13 (OU13) Record of Decision-Final.

  23. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Final, Volume Ib, p. 9-81.

  24. Ibid., pp. 9-85 to 9-174.

  25. Ibid. pp. 10-1 to 10-46.

  26. Ibid. p. 11-2

  27. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Final, Volume II, Tables 31, 35 to 48.

  28. Bechtel Environmental, Inc., February 1998, Remediation of Basewide Surface Water/Sediment (OU13) and Removal at Base Exchange Service Station Wetland (OU5), Remedial Action Interim Report for 1997 Construction Season - Draft Final p. 9.

  29. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Draft Final, Volume X, Appendix W.

  30. ATSDR, 1997, Record of Communication, Mark Sweeney, Wildlife Biologist, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, October 21, 1997

  31. ATSDR, 1994, Loring Air Force Base Statement of Issues, September 1994, p. 2.

  32. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report - Draft Final, Volume X, Table W-7-29.

  33. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Groundwater Operable Unit (OU12) Remedial Investigation Report - Draft Final, Volumes I to IX.

  34. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Groundwater Operable Unit (OU12) Remedial Investigation Report - Draft Final, Volume I, pp 5-39, 5-45, 5-47.

  35. ABB Environmental Services, Inc., April 1997, Basewide Groundwater Operable Unit (OU12) Remedial Investigation Report - Draft Final, Volume I, p. 5-432.

  36. ATSDR, 1997, Document "atsdrque" from Denis St. Peter, Environmental Engineer, Air Force Base Conversion Agency/Division B Loring, December 18, 1997, p. 3.

  37. Air Force Base Conversion Agency, Air Monitoring Program Technical Memorandum, Operable Unit 13, Project No. 7658-11, Loring Air Force Base, Limestone, Maine, January 1996.

  38. ATSDR, Toxicological Profile for Benzene, TP - 92/03, April 1993, p. 115.

  39. Doll, R. and Peto, R., The Causes of Cancer, Oxford University Press, 1981.

  40. ATSDR, Public Comment Letter on the Loring Air Force Base Public Health Assessment - Public Comment Release, from Fred E. Corey, Environmental Health Director, Aroostook Band of MicMacs, dated August 8, 1998.

  41. ATSDR, 1997, ATSDR Child Health Initiative: Healthy Children - Toxic Environment (Report of the Child Health Workgroup, Board of Scientific Counselors) pp, 3-7.

DOCUMENTS REVIEWED

  • WPI, Inc., Cambridge MA, Community Relations Plan for Loring Air Force Base, Final, May 1995.
  • Air Force Base Conversion Agency/Division B, Record of Decision for Disposal of Loring Air Force Base, Maine, April 1996.
  • ABB Environmental Services, Inc., Portland, Maine, Basewide Groundwater Operable Unit (OU12) Remedial Investigation Report for Loring Air Force Base, Maine (Draft Final) for AFBCA/DB Loring, April 1997, Volumes I, IX.
  • ABB Environmental Services, Inc., Portland, Maine, Basewide Surface Water/Sediment Operable Unit (OU13) Remedial Investigation Report for Loring Air Force Base, Maine (Final) for AFBCA/DB Loring, April 1997, Volumes Ia, Ib, X.
  • ABB Environmental Services, Inc., Portland, Maine, Operable Unit 13 (OU13) Record of Decision for AFBCA/DB Loring, May 1997.
  • ABB Environmental Services, Inc., Portland, Maine, Landfills 2 and 3 Soil/Source Control Operable Unit (OU2) Record of Decision, Loring Air Force Base, Maine for AFBCA/DB Loring, September 1994.
  • ABB Environmental Services, Inc., Portland, Maine, Operable Unit 4 (OU4) Record of Decision, Loring Air Force Base, Maine for AFBCA/DB Loring, September 1996.
  • ABB Environmental Services, Inc., Portland, Maine, Post Closure Plan Operable Units 2 and 4 (OUs 2 and 4), Loring Air Force Base, Maine (Final) for AFBCA/DB Loring, February 1997.


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