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HEALTH CONSULTATION

FOR GROUNDWATER

STAMINA MILLS, INCORPORATED
NORTH SMITHFIELD, PROVIDENCE COUNTY, RHODE ISLAND


BACKGROUND AND STATEMENT OF ISSUES

In September 1993, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) recommended that a health consultation be conducted at the Stamina Mills site, Rhode Island, to review new, environmental, media data obtained during the predesign of the groundwater extraction system (1, 2).

The Stamina Mills Inc. occupies approximately 50 acres in a residential/industrial area of the village of Forestdale, North Smithfield, Providence, Rhode Island. The facility began operations as a textile mill in 1824. Between 1930 and 1938, the eastern portion of the mill burned down. The burned-out foundation was then used as an on-site landfill. In 1969, a scouring system, which used trichloroethylene (TCE), was installed to clean fabric. Shortly thereafter, approximately 100 to 300 gallons of TCE spilled onto the ground. In 1977, a fire destroyed the facility and the mill was abandoned.

In November 1992, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) initiated groundwater sampling activities at the site as part of a quarterly monitoring requirement identified in the Administrative Consent Order of June 1991. The results of the quarterly groundwater monitoring are to be used to establish a baseline of information prior to the design and construction of the groundwater extraction and treatment system.

This health consultation is ATSDR's opinion about the public health significance of environmental data collected, during the predesign activities and groundwater sampling, between 1993 and 1996.



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