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HEALTH CONSULTATION

STEPHENSON BENNETT MINE
ORGAN, DONA ANA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO


BACKGROUND AND STATEMENT OF ISSUES

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region 6 asked ATSDRto review environmental data collected at the Stephenson-BennettMine Site and determine if contamination poses a public healthhazard.

The Stephenson Bennett Mine is an inactive silver mine located10 miles northeast of Las Cruces, New Mexico. Mining wastes nearthe mine contain concentrations of lead in excess of 10,000 partsper million (ppm). These wastes have washed down an arroyo intonearby residential areas.

In March - June of 1997, the EPA collected surface soil samples(0-6 inches) from residential lots and analyzed them for lead,arsenic, cadmium, and zinc. The EPA also collected house dustsamples and analyzed them for lead, arsenic, and cadmium. Theconcentrations of metals detected in 208 soil samples and 121house dust samples are listed in the table below:

 

Table 1.

Minimum and maximum concentrations of metals detected in soil and house dust samples (in ppm)
  Soil Dust
  min max min max
Lead 400 32,200 36.7 7647.1
Arsenic 15.6 860 0.2 310.2
Cadmium 0.2 83.9 0.5 73.9
Zinc 228 24,200 NA NA

NA - not analyzed

Ambient air particulate samples were collected over an 8-hourperiod and analyzed for lead, arsenic, and cadmium. No cadmiumwas detected in the air particulates, and lead was detected in 17of 163 (10 percent) of samples at a maximum concentration of0.421 µg/m3. Arsenic was detected in air particulates at amaximum concentration of 7.57 µg/m3 and was detected in 51 of 163 (30 percent) of samples at a concentration in excess of 1 µg/m3.



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