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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT
CHEMET COMPANY
MOSCOW, FAYETTE COUNTY, TENNESSEE

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Lovyst Luker
Environmental Health Scientist
ATSDR
Superfund Site Assessment Branch
Section B

Concurrence:

Lisa Hayes
Section Chief
Superfund Site Assessment Branch
ATSDR

ATSDR Regional Representative:

Robert Safay
Senior Regional Representative
Region IV
Office of Regional Operations

REFERENCES

  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. August 23, 1999

  2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. May 24, 1994.

  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. January 27, 1994.

  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. January 24, 1994.

  5. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. November 10, 1993.

  6. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. November 4, 1993.

  7. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. October 27, 1993.

  8. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. October 13, 1993.

  9. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. September 29, 1993.

  10. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. September 29, 1993.

  11. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Activity. Chemet Company Site. September 28, 1993.

  12. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Record of Telephone Communication. Chemet Company Site. January 14, 2000.

  13. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Site Review and Update: Chemet Company, Moscow, Fayette County, Tennessee. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services. January 19, 1995.

  14. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Health Consultation. Chemet Company, Moscow, Fayette County, Tennessee. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services. May 9, 1995.

  15. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Health Consultation: Chemet Company, Moscow, Fayette County, Tennessee. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services. October 18, 1993.

  16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV. Request for ATSDR Consultation Review from Remedial Project Manager. October 29, 1993.

  17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV. National Priorities List fact sheet. January 1994.

  18. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV. Notice of intent to delete Chemet Company Superfund Site, Fayette County, Tennessee, from the National Priorities List. July 1996.

GLOSSARY

ATSDR: The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR is a federal health agency in Atlanta, Georgia that deals with hazardous substance and waste site issues. ATSDR gives people information about harmful chemicals in their environment and tells people how to protect themselves from coming into contact with chemicals.

Cancer: A group of diseases which occur when cells in the body become abnormal and grow, or multiply, out of control

CERCLA: See Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA):CERCLA was put into place in 1980. It is also known as Superfund. This act concerns releases of hazardous substances into the environment, and the cleanup of these substances and hazardous waste sites. ATSDR was created by this act and is responsible for looking into the health issues related to hazardous waste sites.

Concern: A belief or worry that chemicals in the environment might cause harm to people.

Concentration: How much or the amount of a substance present in a certain amount of soil, water, air, or food.

Contaminant: See Environmental Contaminant.

Environmental Contaminant: A substance (chemical) that gets into a system (person, animal, or the environment) in amounts higher than that found in Background Level, or what would be expected.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): The federal agency that develops and enforces environmental laws to protect the environment and the public's health.

Exposure: Coming into contact with a chemical substance by swallowing, breathing, or skin/eye contact. May be short term (acute) or long term (chronic).

Exposure Pathway: A description of the way that a chemical moves from its source (where it began) to where and how people can come into contact with (or get exposed to) the chemical.

ATSDR defines an exposure pathway as having 5 parts:
Source of Contamination,
Environmental Media and Transport Mechanism,
Point of Exposure,
Route of Exposure, and
Receptor Population.

When all 5 parts of an exposure pathway are present, it is called a Completed Exposure Pathway. Each of these 5 terms is defined in this Glossary.

Hazardous Waste: Substances that have been released or thrown away into the environment and, under certain conditions, could be harmful to people who come into contact with them.

Health Effect: A change in body function or the structures of cells that can lead to disease or health problems.

Hemotoxic: Causing blood poisoning.

Migration: The progressive movement of physical matter from one location to another.

NPL: The National Priorities List. (Which is part of Superfund.) A list kept by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the most serious, uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites in the country. An NPL site needs to be cleaned up or is being looked at to see if people can be exposed to chemicals from the site.

Neurotoxic: Poisonous to nervous substance.

No Public Health Hazard: The category is used in ATSDR's Public Health Assessment documents for sites where there is evidence of an absence of exposure to site-related chemicals.

PHA: Public Health Assessment. A report or document that looks at chemicals at a hazardous waste site and tells if people could be harmed from coming into contact with those chemicals. The PHA also tells if possible further public health actions are needed.

Registry: A confidential database with names, addresses, and phone numbers of individuals diagnosed with long term illnesses (i.e. cancer registries). The database is used by public health organizations to assess and track occurrences of illness.

Remedial: An action or means of exhibiting correction (i.e. environmental clean-up).

Superfund Site: See NPL.



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