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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

FORT DEVENS
AYER, MIDDLESEX COUNTY, MASSACHUSETTS
EPA FACILITY ID: MA7210025154

July 12, 2000

Prepared by:

Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

SUMMARY

BACKGROUND

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND HUMAN EXPOSURE PATHWAYS

COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS

ATSDR CHILD HEALTH INITIATIVE

CONCLUSIONS

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

PREPARERS OF REPORT

REFERENCES

TABLES

FIGURES

APPENDIX A: List of Comparison Values

APPENDIX B: Glossary

APPENDIX C: Estimated Exposures and Health Effects

APPENDIX D: Responses to Public Comments


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Evaluation of Potential Public Health Hazards Associated with Major Study Areas and Areas of Contamination at Fort Devens

Table 2: Local Public Water Supplies

Table 3: Exposure Pathways

Table 4: Summary of Contaminants in the On-Site Groundwater

Table 5: Summary of Contaminants in Grove Pond and Plow Shop Pond Surface Water

Table 6: Summary of Contaminants in Grove Pond and Plow Shop Pond Sediment

Table 7: Summary of Contaminants in Grove Pond Fish

Table 8: Summary of Contaminants in Plow Shop Pond Fish

Table 9: Summary of Contaminants in Mirror Lake Fish


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Site Map

Figure 2: Demographics Within a 1-Mile Buffer of Fort Devens

Figure 3: ATSDR's Exposure Evaluation Process

Figure 4: Grove Pond Wells

Figure 5: Grove Pond and Plow Shop Pond


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
ABS absorption factor
AF adherence factor
AOC area of contamination
AT averaging time
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
BRAC Base Realignment and Closure
BW body weight
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
CF conversion factor
CPF cancer potency factor
CREG ATSDR's cancer risk evaluation guide
CV comparison value
DDD 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane
DDE 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene
EF exposure frequency
ED exposure duration
EMEG ATSDR's environmental media evaluation guide
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FI fraction ingested
IR ingestion rate
IRP Installation Restoration Program
kg kilogram
LTHA EPA's Lifetime Health Advisory for Drinking Water
MADEP Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
MDPH Massachusetts Department of Public Health
MCL EPA's maximum contaminant level
MRL ATSDR's minimal risk level
mg/kg milligrams of contaminants per kilogram
mg/kg/day milligrams of contaminant per kilogram per day
NPL National Priorities List
PAHs polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
PCE tetrachloroethylene
PHAP Public Health Action Plan
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
RAB Restoration Advisory Board
RD/RA remedial design and remedial action
RfD EPA's reference dose
RMEG ATSDR's reference dose media evaluation guide
ROD record of decision
SA surface area
TPHC total petroleum hydrocarbon
UST underground storage tank
VOCs volatile organic compounds
WW II World War II


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