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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

CARROLL & DUBIES SEWAGE DISPOSAL
PORT JERVIS, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK

CONCLUSIONS

  1. There are no past or current exposures to site-related chemicals at levels that are a publichealth concern; therefore, based on ATSDR's present public health hazard category classification(see Appendix E), the site is categorized as no apparent public health hazard as long as the site isproperly remediated. Volatile organic compounds and lead are present in on-site groundwater atlevels which could cause adverse health effects if the site is not remediated and the affectedaquifer is developed as a source of drinking water. In addition, organic compounds and metalsare present in on-site surface and subsurface soils and sludges at levels which could causeadverse health effects if the site is not remediated and the site is developed for residential use.

  2. On-site subsurface soil, lagoon surface water and sediments, and groundwater arecontaminated with volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds and metals. Contamination ofthese media have not resulted in significant human exposures to date; however, contamination inthe soil and lagoon water and sediments are a continuing source of contaminants to on-sitegroundwater. In addition, if site use changes, these media could become available for contactand result in human exposure to site contaminants.

  3. Groundwater contamination has migrated from the site to nearby off-site areas but has notaffected the water in the closest private wells. Although contamination may be greatly diluted,further migration of groundwater contamination could result in human exposures should it reachthese private wells.

  4. Shallow soil samples collected from several locations on-site contained elevated levels of lead. However, much of the site did not have shallow soil samples taken. Of particular concern areareas above and near the former sludge lagoons, where disturbance of the lagoons may havebrought contamination to the surface. In addition, some areas which collect seasonal surfacewater runoff have also not been adequately sampled.

  5. Local residents and news media have expressed concerns about possible health effects fromthe site. These concerns are addressed in the Public Health Implications section of this documentand by NYS DOH communication with the concerned individuals.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Shallow and subsurface soil and lagoon surface water and sediment contamination should beaddressed to: 1) reduce or prevent contamination in these media from acting as a source ofgroundwater contamination, and 2) prevent potential human exposures in the future should use ofthe site change and make these media available for human contact. These issues may beaddressed by site remediation and/or institutional controls. The US EPA has proposed aremedial plan to address the soils/sludges in the lagoon areas.
  2. Remediation should address the potential for on- and off-site groundwater contamination toreach private wells, resulting in human exposure to site contaminants.

HEALTH ACTIVITIES RECOMMENDATION PANEL (HARP)
RECOMMENDATIONS

The data and information evaluated for the public health assessment for the Carroll and Dubiessite, Deer Park, New York, have been reviewed by ATSDR's Health ActivitiesRecommendations Panel for appropriate follow-up with respect to health activities. The paneldetermined that the community health education is indicated. Moreover, the panel determinedthat the community health education already performed by the NYS DOH was appropriate. Noother follow-up health actions are indicated at this time.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

The Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) for the Carroll and Dubies site contains a description ofactions to be taken by the US EPA, ATSDR and/or the New York State Department of Health(NYS DOH) at and near the site subsequent to the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies publichealth hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse humanhealth effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. Included, is acommitment on the part of the ATSDR/NYS DOH to follow-up on this plan to ensure that it isimplemented. The public health actions to be implemented are as follows:

  1. The US EPA will direct further investigation to define contaminated areas for remedialpurposes.

  2. The US EPA will direct remedial work to assure that the potential for human exposures in thefuture are reduced or eliminated.

  3. The NYS DOH will periodically sample private wells to evaluate whether remedial measureshave adequately prevented human exposures.

  4. The NYS DOH will continue to provide community health education to the local communitythrough public meetings and personal contact.

  5. The ATSDR and NYS DOH will coordinate with the appropriate agencies regarding specificactions to be taken in response to those recommendations in this public health assessment.

  6. The ATSDR will provide follow-up to the PHAP, outlining the actions completed and those inprogress. This report will be placed in repositories that contain copies of this Public HealthAssessment, and will be provided to persons who request it.

CERTIFICATION

The Public Health Assessment for the Carroll and Dubies site was prepared by the New YorkState Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substancesand Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and proceduresexisting at the time the public health assessment was initiated.

Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC), ATSDR, has reviewed thisPublic Health Assessment and concurs with its findings.

Division Director, DHAC, ATSDR

PREPARERS OF THE REPORT

Donald W. R. Miles
Research Scientist II
Bureau of Environmental Exposure Investigation
New York State Department of Health

and

Thomas B. Johnson
Research Scientist I
Bureau of Toxic Substance Assessment
New York State Department of Health

ATSDR Regional Representative

Arthur Block
Regional Operations
Office of the Assistant
Administrator, ATSDR

ATSDR Technical Project Officer

Greg Ulirsch
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment
and Consultation, Remedial Programs Branch

REFERENCES

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  • 1990 Census Standard Tape File 1A. Census of Housing and Population, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 1991.

  • 1990 Census Standard Tape File 3A. Census of Housing and Population, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 1992.

  • Adriano, D.C. 1986. Trace Elements in the Terrestial Environment. Springer-Verlag, New York.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1990a. Toxicological Profile for cis-1,2-Dichloroethene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethene, and 1,2-Dichloroethene. ATSDR/TP-90/13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1990b. Toxicological Profile for Total Xylenes. ATSDR/TP-90/30. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1990c. Toxicological Profile for Ethylbenzene. ATSDR/TP-90/15. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991a. Toxicological Profile for Cresols. ATSDR/TP-91/11. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991b. Toxicological Profile for 1,4-Dichlorobenzene. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991c. Toxicological Profile for Benzene. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

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  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991e. Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

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  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991i. Toxicological Profile for Selected PCBs. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991j. Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991k. Toxicological Profile for Trichloroethylene. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1991l. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1992a. Toxicological Profile for Toluene. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

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  • New York State Department of Health (NYS DOH). Agency Files. 1993. Sampling reports and letters.

  • Shacklette, H.T. and J.G. Boerngen. 1984. Element concentrations in soil and other surficial materials of the conterminous United States. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1270. Washington, DC: U.S. Governmental Printing Office.

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