PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT
ELMIRA, CHEMUNG COUNTY, NEW YORK
The Facet Enterprises, Inc. site in the Village of Elmira and Town of Horseheads, Chemung County, New York was listed on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1981. Since the late 1890's, the site has been an active industrial facility and is currently operated by Purolator Products Company. The Facet facility is one of several industrial facilities and landfills in the Newtown Valley shown to have contributed to contamination of the Newtown Creek Aquifer with trichloroethene (TCE). Downgradient of this site and several other industrial facilities, the Newtown Creek Aquifer was used by the Elmira Water Board (EWB) as a source of potable water. In 1991, the EWB stopped using the Sullivan Street Wellfield because of low level contamination with TCE. It is likely that the Facet Enterprises Site and other possible sources have contributed to the Sullivan Street Wellfield contamination.
Since 1987, groundwater from the Sullivan Street Wellfield has consistently contained between 5.0 and 10.0 micrograms per liter (mcg/L) of TCE. Because of past contamination, the wellfield is currently not being used as a potable water source and before it is routinely used again, it will need to be fitted with a treatment system. This treatment system has been designed and approved by US EPA and is expected to be installed in the near future. However, in the event of an emergency, such as a drought, the EWB may need to bring the Sullivan Street Wellfield on-line before a treatment system is installed. Under these conditions, about 20,000 people would be served water from the Sullivan Street Wellfield. If the Sullivan Street Wellfield is used during an emergency situation, adverse health affects are not expected.
The 1990 remedial investigation examined 11 suspected sources of contamination on-site. In May of 1992, 469 buried drums, some of which contained liquid wastes, were excavated from four areas on-site. The 1992 proposed remedial action plan (PRAP) prepared by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), addresses public health concerns identified during the Remedial Investigation (RI). Source areas on-site will be remediated to prevent any off-site migration of contamination. Off-site sediments in May's Creek are to be excavated and removed for proper disposal. The area of May's Creek from which sediments will be removed is accessible to the public although it does not appear to be used.
Based on the fact that the entire site is fenced and patrolled by a 24-hour security force, there is little potential for the public to be exposed to contamination on-site. Institutional controls are to be implemented as part of the remedial action plan and are to be used to keep the Facet Enterprises, Inc. site as an industrial property. Groundwater seepage has been documented in three homes. Additionally, two potential human exposure pathways need further investigation. To evaluate these potential exposure pathways, samples of surface soils from yards and samples of groundwater seepage in the basements of 6 to 10 homes immediately south of the site on Route 14 and Eighteenth Streets, will be collected.
The Facet Enterprises, Inc. site posed an indeterminate public health hazard in the past. Exposures to TCE in the public drinking water supply occurred at levels above drinking water standards. The Sullivan Street wellfield is primarily contaminated with TCE, which may have originated from the Facet Enterprises site. Although the information presently available suggests that no human exposures to the contamination at the Facet Enterprises site is presently occurring,the site has the potential to contribute along with other possible sources in the region, to the TCE contamination at the Sullivan Street Wellfield. Currently, ingestion of contaminated drinking water is not occurring. However, the site poses a public health hazard because future exposures to contaminants in groundwater could occur at levels that are of public health concern. If remedial measures are not taken to address groundwater contamination at and near the site and the wellfield is reactivated, without treatment or other protective measures, users of the public water supply could be exposed to elevated levels of VOCs and metals from the Facet site, at concentrations above drinking water standards.
The data and information developed in the public health assessment for the Facet Enterprises, Inc. site has been reviewed by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's (ATSDR) Health Activities Recommendation Panel for appropriate follow-up with respect to health actions. The panel recommended this site for follow-up health activities. Specifically, those people who were exposed to TCE and related compounds in drinking water in the past should be considered for inclusion on the New York State Department of Health's (NYS DOH) Registry being developed for volatile organic compound (VOC) exposures from drinking contaminated water.
public health actions taken and/or planned include the following: (1) installation of a groundwater treatment system at the Sullivan Street wellfield, (2) excavation of contaminated surface soils from Areas 6, 7 and 8 and replacement with clean fill, (3) removal of contaminated sediment from May's Creek, Heights Drainage Swale, the North Drainage Ditch, and Area 10 lagoon, (4) institutional controls are planned to ensure that the Facet property is not developed in the future for residential use, (5) restriction of public access to the site through fencing, (6) further investigation is planned to determine the potential for contaminated groundwater originating from the site to enter basements of adjacent homes, (7) an investigation of soils in the yards of homes south of the site, and (8) persons exposed in the past to VOCs through use of their domestic water supplies will be considered on NYS DOH's registry being developed for VOC exposures from contaminated drinking water.
Facet Enterprises, Inc., is an active manufacturing facility occupying 31 acres in the Village of Elmira Heights, Town of Horseheads, Chemung County, New York (Figure 1, Appendix A). In 1981, the site was listed on the National Priorities List (NPL) of Hazardous Waste Sites maintained by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) because it was suspected of contributing trichloroethene (TCE) contamination to the Newtown Creek Aquifer. The Newtown Creek Aquifer is used as a potable water source by the City of Elmira and the Town of Horseheads. Facet Enterprises, Inc., now known as Purolator Products, manufactures automotive parts.
The Facet site is bounded on the east by Route 14 and a Conrail right-of-way, to the south and west by residential properties on Eighteenth Street and Robinwood Avenue, and on the north by the Mark Twain Community Golf Course (Figure 2, Appendix A). Past manufacturing occurred in two large plants on the eastern portion of the site; plant 1 was demolished in 1992-1993. The western portion of the site is grassy, intermittently treed, and hilly.
Residential areas south of the site are drained by either storm sewers or a drainage swale which originates at outfall 002 of the Facet facility (see Figure 2 , Appendix A). Residential areas to the southeast are drained by storm sewers. Residential areas west and southwest of the facility are drained by a storm sewer and a 24 inch diameter pressure main that is connected to the underground portions of Mays Creek. This connection is at the intersection of Miller Street and 18th Street.
The Facet Industries site was first used as a manufacturing facility in 1895 when the Eclipse Bicycle Company began operations at Plant 1 (Figure 2, Appendix A). Since then, various parts including engine starters, clutches, spark plugs, and bicycle brakes have been manufactured on-site. During World War II, time fuses, 20 millimeter guns, magnetos, aircraft cannons, and fuel pumps were manufactured on-site. Plant 2 was built at this time, with manufacturing beginning in 1941.
From 1929 to 1976, Bendix Corporation owned the facility and starter drives, carburetors, and fuel pumps were manufactured on-site. From 1960 to 1975, electric clutches and brakes were included in the product line. In 1976, Facet Enterprises assumed ownership of the facility.
Details of the manufacturing processes performed on-site prior to Facet Enterprises are not available. Manufacturing procedures normally associated with production of the above materials include cutting, lathing and grinding metals; heat treating, which is a process of heating and cooling metals to obtain desired properties; degreasing and washing; and metal plating. Drawings of facility buildings dating back to 1930 indicate the use of washers and degreasers, and the existence of dry wells under the floor of Plant 1. The dry wells were used for the disposal of liquid wastes. On-site incineration of wastes also occurred.
Facet manufacturing operations included machining metal; heat treating using quenching oils; washing parts; metal plating using cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel, tin and zinc; and possibly die casting using hydraulic molding machines. Plating operations ceased in 1983 except for the use of tin, which ended in 1990. Manufacturing in Plant 1 was scaled down in 1985 and Plant 1 has since been demolished. Facet changed its name to Purolator Products Company (Purolator) in 1989. Currently, Purolator manufactures automotive parts on-site.
On-site disposal of waste from the manufacturing processes occurred from at least as early as 1937 until 1979. Eleven different areas have been identified as potential disposal areas. These are known as areas 1 through 10 and Plant 2 Yard (Figure 2, Appendix A). The Remedial Investigation (RI) performed at the site describes that areas as follows:
Area 1 - Area 1 was used for the disposal of plating wastes, oil sludges, and grinding wastes between 1960 and 1971. Liquids and damaged drums were discarded in this area. Plant personnel reported that periodic attempts were made to neutralize the wastes with lime and caustic before covering the pit with soil. In May 1992, the US EPA supervised the excavation and removal of buried drums of waste materials from the area for proper off-site disposal.
Area 2 - Area 2 is an uncharacterized waste disposal area which may have been used from 1960 to 1971. Plating wastes have been disposed in this area. As for Area 1, Plant personnel reported that attempts were made to neutralize the wastes with lime and caustic before covering it with soil each spring. In May 1992, buried drums of waste materials were excavated and removed from the area for proper off-site disposal.
Area 3 - Area 3 is an uncharacterized liquid and solid waste disposal area used between the early 1940's and the middle 1960's. Plating waste, oil sludge, grinding waste and liquids may have been disposed in this area. From the mid 1960's to the late 1970's, this area was used for the disposal of wood, paper, cinder blocks, and metal debris. The area was periodically covered and graded with soils and the slope of the steep southern bank has been reduced by filling and grading. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC) reports indicate that colored leachate was once seen at the base of the slope. In May 1992, buried drums of waste materials were excavated and removed from the area for proper off-site disposal.
Area 4 - Area 4 is an inactive lagoon which was utilized for the disposal of oils and unknown plant wastes. Disposal began in this area sometime between the early 1920's and 1943 and continued until 1971. Liquids discharged to this lagoon included insoluble oils and oils from the hydraulic forming machines used in die casting. Formerly, a discharge pipe flowed from the Area 4 lagoon to the "north drainage way" located along the northern border of the site. Area 4 has since been filled, graded and seeded. In May 1992, buried drums of waste materials were excavated and removed from the area for proper off-site disposal.
Area 5 - Area 5 is an inactive sludge disposal area originally containing sanitary wastewater treatment units and filter beds. Metal hydroxide sludges from wastewater treatment systems were spread in the area between 1968 and 1978. The wastewater treatment operation included a sludge tank built just north of the drying beds in 1968. The area has since been filled with uncharacterized debris and soil and planted with grass.
Area 6 - Area 6 is a small pond which was constructed in the early 1970's and is east of Area 2. The pond previously received seepage and runoff from Areas 1 and 2. A ditch was excavated in 1972 extending from the pond to about 180 feet north of the pond; this ditch may have directed seepage and runoff to the pond. Also, plant personnel report that chromic acid was treated in an area immediately adjacent to the pond. A ditch was excavated upslope of Areas 1 and 2 in 1979, and has reportedly reduced the flow of leachate to Area 6. No leachate outbreaks were seen in the banks of the Area 6 pond during site visits by the Facet Enterprises, Inc. environmental consultant, ERM.
Area 7/Area 9 - Aerial photographs indicate that Areas 7 and 9 were used for ash storage from the early 1940's to mid 1960's. These stockpiled materials may have leached or contributed to surface water runoff.
Area 8 - Area 8 is a low area about 12 feet in diameter located just south of Area 4 at the mouth of a drain pipe. Sediment and oily soil have collected in this area.
Area 10 - Area 10 is a lagoon about 100 feet long by 60 feet wide. Water from heat treatment processes and non-contact cooling water was discharged to this lagoon. Additionally, oils may have been discharged to the lagoon from 1971 until 1978. Water from Area 10 was released through an oil/water separator to outfall 003.
Plant 2 Yard - The Plant 2 Yard is a large, flat area west and northwest of Plant 2. The area was used to store waste materials including grinding chips, oil machinery, and drummed waste. Aerial photos indicate ground scarring in this area as far back as 1944. The area has since been graded and seeded.
Wastes reportedly disposed of on the Facet Site include cyanide salt, heat treating waste, heavy metal sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, zinc, nickel, cadmium, chromium, polymer coagulating agents, chlorides, sulfides, solvents, and various quenching and cutting oils. All on-site waste disposal activities ended prior to 1976, except the disposal of metal hydroxide in Area 5. Disposal in Area 5 was stopped in 1978. Metal hydroxide sludges from various plating operations from 1978 to 1983 were disposed of off-site at approved facilities. Plating activities, except for tin on carbon steel, ended in 1983.
Solvent use and practices prior to 1979 are not well documented. However, trichloroethene (TCE) was used at this facility until 1982. TCE was used in a closed 150 gallon capacity degreaser in Plant 2 and a 50-gallon capacity degreaser in the fuel pump assembly area in Plant 1. The Plant 1 degreaser stopped operating in 1982 and the Plant 2 degreaser was converted to use 1,1,1-trichloroethane. In 1983, Facet Enterprises began using another 50 gallon capacity degreaser in Plant 2. This degreaser contained 1,1,1-trichloroethane and was used as part of clutch manufacturing activities until 1990.
In addition to the known on-site waste disposal areas, other practices on-site that are potential sources of contamination include:
- Heat treating water and non-contact cooling water was drained from Plant
2 to a pumphouse (west of Plant 2) via subsurface pipes. This water was pumped
through an oil/water separator to remove any free-phase oil prior to discharge;
- Discharge water from the plating shop in Plant 2 was pumped via underground
pipes to a large, open-topped concrete tank west of Plant 2. Heavy metals
were removed by precipitation prior to discharge of the waste stream to Mays
- Some non-contact cooling water was discharged to the municipal sanitary sewer lines.
Several preliminary environmental investigations of the Facet Site were conducted by the US EPA and the NYS DEC in the late 1970's and early 1980's. In 1979, several past disposal areas were covered with soil and graded. In addition, the capacity of a leachate collection pond was increased to collect leachate from the western portion of the property. In 1980, the US EPA sampled soils, sediments and surface water from areas throughout the site. The NYS DEC in 1981 inspected and sampled soil, sediment, surface water and air on-site. In 1982, aerial photographs were taken by the US EPA. Facet Enterprises, in 1983, contracted Radian Corporation to perform a hydrogeologic investigation of the site and groundwater monitoring wells were installed. Pursuant to US EPA Region II Consent Order II-CERCLA-60205, Radian Corporation conducted a RI at the site for Facet Enterprises in 1986. The 1986 RI was never accepted by the US EPA. The RI involved resampling of the groundwater monitoring wells installed in 1983, installation and sampling of five additional groundwater monitoring wells, and collection of soil, sediment and surface water samples. In 1990, ERM-Northeast, Inc. was contracted by Purolator Products Company to conduct an additional RI to summarize all the data from previous investigations and to collect additional samples of soil, sediment, groundwater, and surface water to address data gaps identified during the earlier investigations. A Feasibility Study (FS), which identified remedial alternatives was completed in April of 1992. In March and April 1992, 469 buried drums of waste and associated soils were excavated from Areas 1, 2, 3 and 4 of the site for proper disposal off-site. The work was completed in May 1992.
Regional Environmental Investigations
The Facet Enterprises site is one of the 20 sites originally identified as a potential source of the TCE contamination found at the City of Elmira's Water Board (EWB) Kentucky Avenue Wellfield. These 20 sites are located on Figure 3 (Appendix A). The Kentucky Avenue Wellfield was shut down in July of 1980, because of TCE contamination. In 1983, the wellfield was listed on the National Priorities List (NPL). In April 1989, a Preliminary Health Assessment was issued for the site; it was prepared by the NYS DOH under a cooperative agreement with the ATSDR. The contamination problem at Kentucky Avenue was investigated by the Chemung County Department of Health, NYS DOH and US EPA from 1980 to the present. In 1986 and 1990, Records of Decision were issued for this site by the US EPA.
In June 1986, a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) for the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield was conducted under the oversight of the NYS DEC. Results of this investigation showed TCE contamination throughout the Newtown Creek Aquifer. Additionally, it was determined that the Kentucky Avenue wellfield is hydraulically upgradient of the Facet Site and therefore, the Facet Enterprises site is not a source of the contamination found at the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield.
In 1989 and 1990, the NYS DEC and US EPA installed and sampled groundwater monitoring wells while investigating the Elmira Water Board's Sullivan Street Wellfield which draws water from the Newtown Creek Aquifer. The Sullivan Street Wellfield is hydraulically downgradient of the Facet site. In 1990, the US EPA determined that a treatment system (air stripper) was needed at the Sullivan Street Wellfield. The US EPA has completed design of the treatment system. The location of the Sullivan Street Wellfield is identified on Figure 1 (Appendix A).
The Facet Enterprises site has been inspected by local, state and federal government representatives investigating the site. In May 1986, Mr. Rick Tuers and Mr. Jacob Khaikin of the NYS DOH inspected the site. Data from this inspection were applied to NYS DOH's Human Potential Exposure Ranking Model (HEPRM) which evaluates the potential for human exposure. Out of the 962 inactive hazardous waste sites ranked New York, the HEPRM model found 350 sites with a higher potential for human exposure than the Facet Enterprises site.
In July 1991, Mssrs. Mike Rivara and Lloyd Wilson of the NYS DOH inspected the site. Access to all areas of the site is restricted by a fence and 24-hour security. A representative of Purolator Enterprises accompanied the NYS DOH staff during the 1991 visit. The entire site perimeter, each of the 10 suspected source areas, most of groundwater monitoring wells, and other significant features of the site were observed. The following is a description of the site conditions. Disposal Areas 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are covered with vegetation typical of "wild" fields consisting of grasses, wild flowers and shrubs. Area 3 has a steep slope on the east. NYS DEC personnel had previously noticed leachate at the bottom of Area 3. The grass in these areas contains weeds and wildflowers. In Area 4, concrete and other piles of debris were evident. Area 6 is a pond, with a diameter of about 15 feet containing 3 to 4 inches of standing water and had steep banks on all sides. Areas 7 and 9 are covered with "wild" fields, but are at the edge of woodlands. Area 8 has numerous 1-3 inch diameter trees. Area 10, a former waste lagoon, is filled with cattail (Typha lattafolia). An oil/water separator is at the corner of this lagoon and is no longer in operation. The Plant 2 area is grassy and maintained as a lawn. No leachate was noticed during this inspection.
At the time of the 1991 NYS DOH inspection, rainfall was below normal and many areas of New York State were dry. However, surface water exists on-site in Areas 6 (pond) and 10 (former lagoons), the North Ditch, Mays Creek, and the two oil/water separators.
The Northern Ditch is about six feet in width and contains water 1 to 2 inches deep. Cattails (Typhus sp) are growing in this bed and along edges of this ditch. Between the Facet site and the Mark Twain Municipal Golf Course, Mays Creek drops noticeably in elevation near Route 14, and contains some running water. At the western side of Route 14, Mays Creek is directed into a culvert which runs to the eastern side of Route 14. On the eastern side of Route 14, Mays Creek is joined by an unnamed creek/drainage ditch and then turns south (see Figure 2, Appendix B). It runs along Route 14 across from the eastern side of the site perimeter. At the southern end, Mays Creek is channeled through culverts to Newtown Creek.
The Heights Drainage Swale, which runs from north to south between Eighteenth and Seventeenth Street, does not contain water. Dredging of the swale is conducted by the Village of Elmira Heights and dredging spoils are stored adjacent to the swale and covered with plastic. Between June and July of 1991, the entire drainage swale area was fenced, as requested by the NYS DOH. The fence is chain linked and over five feet in height. The gates for this fenced area were still being secured. The drainage swale was widened by the Village of Elmira Heights Highway Department to increase potential groundwater recharge. No water was in this drainage swale during the inspection. Overflow from the drainage swale flows south to a recently constructed culvert. This culvert runs from Seventeenth Street south through the backyards of houses on Glenwood and Robinwood Avenues.
Representatives of the NYS DEC have visited the site on numerous occasions since the July 1991 visit. NYS DEC conducted their most recent site visit in 1993 and did not report any significant changes in site conditions.
Three population centers of the City of Elmira, Town of Elmira Heights, and Horseheads are located within a five mile radius of the Facet site. The total population of these three centers is estimated at 75,000. The 1980 Census reports 35,327 people reside in Elmira and 20,238 people reside in Horseheads. No data were given for Elmira Heights. About 1,000 people live within one quarter of a mile of the site. A total of 97,656 people live in Chemung County.
The Elmira area is industrial, residential, and commercial. Immediately adjacent to the site, on the east, is a manufacturing facility; on the south and west, residential neighborhoods; and on the north, a golf course. The nearest residence to the site is about 80 feet to the south. Nineteen other sources of environmental pollution identified by the US EPA during their 1986 investigation of contamination of the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield are within five miles of the site and are potential sources of contamination for the Newtown Creek Aquifer. All of these areas were studied as part of the RI conducted by the US EPA for the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield NPL site and many were dismissed as significant sources of groundwater contamination. Included in these potential sources are manufacturing facilities (Facet Enterprises, Westinghouse Corporation, U.S. Steel Bendix, and LRC Electronics), municipal landfills, and areas where uncharacterized wastes were disposed. Several landfills and areas such as gravel pits suspected of receiving uncharacterized wastes were also studied. One of the more noteworthy areas is the former lagoons and drum storage area used by Koppers Corporation. Westinghouse, LRC Electronics, Kentucky Avenue Wellfield, U.S. Steel Bendix, Koppers, and Horseheads Landfill are or were listed on the New York State Registry of Inactive Hazardous Waste Sites.
Natural Resource Use
Two of the most important natural resources in this area include the thick sand and gravel deposits in the Newtown Valley and the groundwater associated with these deposits. The sand and gravel is mined at several locations for use as fill and in the construction of roads and highways. The groundwater in the sand and gravel overburden is used as a source of potable water for the City of Elmira, Elmira Heights, and the Town of Horseheads. A survey of private wells conducted during the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield study, showed no private wells which were being used within one mile of the Facet site for potable water. However, a recent disclosure by a Village resident, revealed that there is a private well being used for potable water at the end of 16th Street, west of the site.
The Facet site lies in the Newtown Creek Valley at the base of the western valley wall. The Newtown Creek Valley runs north-south. The City of Elmira is at the southern end of the Valley and the Town of Horseheads is at the northern end of this valley. The walls of the valley generally consist of steep, wooded hills as high as 1,600 feet above mean sea level (MSL). The Newtown Creek Valley which is immediately east of the site is between 860 and 880 feet above MSL. About a 100 foot drop in elevation occurs from the west boundary to the east boundary of the site.
Surface drainage from the Facet site is part of the Mays Creek Basin. Mays Creek Basin consists of about 290 acres. Mays Creek flows west to east along the northwest side of the Facet site. At the northeast end of the Facet site, Mays Creek is contained in a culvert that is located under a portion of the Facet Site and continues under Route 14. The creek resumes open channel flow on the east side of Route 14.
Mays Creek joins the Newtown Creek about 1 mile southeast of the Facet Enterprises site. The Newtown Creek is a tributary of the Chemung River. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) maintains a gauge on the Newtown Creek about 1.5 miles upstream of where it joints the Chemung River. Average discharge of Newtown Creek over the 46 years of monitoring is 87.9 cubic feet per second. The only reported recreational use of the Newtown Creek is fishing.
The NYS DOH maintains several health outcome data bases which could be used to generate site specific data if warranted. These data bases include the cancer registry, congenital malformations registry, heavy metals registry, occupational lung disease registry, birth and death certificates, and hospital discharge records. To date the NYS DOH has not evaluated health outcome data for the Facet Enterprises site or the local population.
The CC DOH has been extensively involved in addressing public concerns about the contamination of the Newtown Creek Aquifer. This was especially true during the early 1980's when the contamination was first discovered at the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield. The CC DOH, with guidance from the NYS DOH, answered questions regarding the health effects associated with the exposures of drinking water contaminated with TCE.
In June 1992, the US EPA held a public meeting to discuss the proposed remedial action plan (PRAP) for the Facet Enterprises site. Twenty citizens attended. Citizens at this meeting expressed concern about the potential for health affects during the May 1992 drum removal. Additionally, the NYS DOH received telephone calls during 1991 regarding concerns with the drum removal. At a recent (November 1991) Public Availability Session sponsored by the NYS DOH and the NYS DEC for the U.S. Steel Bendix site, which is immediately adjacent to the Facet site, two private citizens attended. No health-related nor questions specific to either the U.S. Steel or the Facet site were asked by these two citizens. The availability session was held from 4:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Citizens and news media were notified of the availability session through mailings and public notifications in local newspapers. The limited public participation at these two meetings may reflect an overall decrease in concern about the contamination of the Newtown Creek Aquifer since the Kentucky Avenue Wellfield was closed and the Sullivan Street Wellfield will be equipped with a treatment system.
Several citizens expressed on-going concern about the emissions of black particles from the Facet site. These black particles appear to be soot emissions from the boiler or diesel engine operation at the Facet site and other area manufacturing facilities. NYS DOH is recommending that the NYS DEC investigate this complaint and initiate the appropriate corrective actions, if necessary.