Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content

PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

FACET ENTERPRISES
ELMIRA, CHEMUNG COUNTY, NEW YORK


APPENDIX A


Figure 1. Topographic Map of the Facet Area


Figure 2. Facet Enterprises Site Map


Figure 3. Locations of Suspected Sources of Contamination in the Newtown Creek Aquifer


Figure 4. 1989 Toxic Chemical Release Inventory (TRI) Facilities Near the Facet Enterprises Site.



APPENDIX B

Table 1.
Waste Material Sampling Facet Enterprises Site.
Elmira, Chemung County, New York
Data Summary


 
  Dry Well
Liquid*
1991 (mcg/L)
Dry Well
Sludge**
1991 (mg/kg)
Sludges
1981 Data
(mg/kg)

 

Metals

     

antimony

ND ND <6.0

arsenic

5.0-12 ND 2.9

beryllium

ND-6.0 7.0-9.7 <0.8

cadmium

ND-16 22-660 130,000

chromium

ND-2,700 110-450 130,000

copper

25-1,800 1,200-1,300 13,000

lead

200-9,900 750-5,500 180

mercury

ND-4.5 ND-0.73 ND

nickel

ND-240 16-130 880

selenium

ND-7.0 0.34-0.38 <0.2

silver

20-40 3.7-32 <0.8

thallium

ND 9.7-15 <16

zinc

410-4,000 2,300-2,900 35,000
       

Halogenated Volatile Organics

   
methylene chloride ND <25 NA

trichloroethene

ND-3 <25-60 NA

tetrachloroethene

ND-1.0 ND-320 NA
       

PCB's

     

PCB 1016

ND ND-14 NA

PCB 1221

ND ND NA

PCB 1232

ND ND NA

PCB 1248

ND-28 ND-26 NA

PCB 1254

ND ND NA

PCB 1260

ND-31 ND-20 NA

 

Table 1.

Waste Material Sampling Facet Enterprises Site.
Elmira, Chemung County, New York
Data Summary (page 2)

  Dry Well
Liquid*
1991 (mcg/L) Dry Well
Sludge**
1991 (mg/kg)

Aromatic Volatile Organics
   

benzene ND 0.82-1.39

toluene ND 0.2-3.05

chlorobenzene/m-xylene <1 2.19-9.26

ethylbenzene <1 ND-3.33

p-xylene <1 0.5-3.78

o-xylene <1 0.7-6.05

1,3-dichlorobenzene ND ND-4.94



 
Sludges
1981 Data
(mg/kg)
 
 
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
 

 

Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

*Water samples are measured in mg/L or mcg/L.
**Soil samples are measured in mg/kg or mcg/kg.

mcg/L - micrograms per liter
mg/kg - milligrams per kilogram
mcg/kg - micrograms per kilogram

ND - not detected
NA - not analyzed
< - detected but less than contract laboratory reporting limit


Table 2. On-Site Soil Sampling Data and Health Comparison Values.
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(All values in milligrams per kilogram, mg/kg)

Compound Shallow Soils (0-2 feet) Deep Soils (>2 feet) Background
Samples
Typical
Background
Range**
Comparison|
Values
Source****
Range Geometric
Mean
Frequencyb Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency Range Frequency

Volatile Organic Chemicals
               
cis-1,2-dichloroethene

ND-0.022

<5.0 2/28 ND-0.110 <5 9/90 ND 0/3 ND 2 NYS RfG

methylene chloride

ND-0.022 <5.0 2/27 ND-0.015 <5.0 1/90 ND 0/3 ND 0.07 NYS CREG
1,1,1-trichloroethane ND-0.048 0.079 9/27 ND-0.048 <5.0 12/90 ND 0/3 ND 76.0 NYS RfG

*trichloroethene

ND-0.253 ~10.0 12/28 ND-0.253 ~10.0 34/90 ND 0/3 ND 0.200 NYS CREG

trichlorofluoromethane

0.016-0.029   2/2 ND-0.029 <5.0 2/73 ND 0/3 ND 264.0 NYS RfG

vinyl chloride

ND ND 0/2 ND ND 0/90 ND 0/3 ND 0.003 NYS CREG
                       

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

               
*Aroclor 1248 ND-11

0.76

5/7 ND-31.5 62.04 6/71 ND 0/3 0.010-0.40a 0.03a NYS CREG

*Aroclor 1254

ND-1 0.20 1/7 ND-0.31 95.98 2/70 ND 0/3 0.010-0.40a 0.03a NYS CREG

*benzo(a)anthracene

ND-43 0.89 5/6 ND-2.8 193.74 5/70 ND-0.14 *** *** NA  

*benzo(a)pyrene

ND-33 0.93 4/6 ND-1.7 193.26 1/69 ND-0.13 1/3 <1.0-1.3 0.005 NYS CREG

*benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND-17 0.75 3/6 ND-0.685 190.73 1/69 ND-0.06 1/3 *** NA  

*chrysene

ND-32 0.78 5/6 ND-2.15 200.8 7/71 ND-0.12 0/3 *** NA  

*dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND-5.2 0.39 3/6 ND-0.36 188.96 1/69 ND 0/3 *** NA  

*dibenzofuran

ND-4.9 0.42 3/6 ND-0.58 190.27 1/69 ND 0/3 ND NA  

*2-methylnaphthalene

ND-3.0 0.24 5/6 ND-1.55 197.17 3/70 ND 0/3 ND NA  

*naphthalene

ND-7.6 0.41 4/6 ND-1.2 192.29 3/70 ND 0/3 ND 1.43 NYS RfG

*indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND-16.0 0.76 3/6 ND-0.69 109.75 1/69 ND-0.053 0/3 *** NA  

pentachlorophenol

ND-0.054 - 2/4 ND-0.066 - 1/68 ND 0/3 ND 630.0 NYS RfG

phenanthrene

ND - 0/4 ND - 0/68 ND-0.120 1/3 *** NA  
                       

Inorganics

                     

*arsenic

5.4-247 17.39 7/7 ND-32.4 5.82 70/71 4.0-7.4 3/3 10-20 15 EPA RfD

*cadmium

ND-78.9 5.75 5/7 ND-3,390 2.52 29/71 ND 0/3 <0.5-1 10 NYS EMEG

*chromium

10.6-1,220 85.66 7/7 12.5-13,000 53.83 71/71 18-42 3/3 10-40 250 EPA RfD

lead

14.1-292 41.7 7/7 3.6-161.5 14.78 71/71 12.9-33.4 3/3 10-300 NA  

*nickel

ND-224 41.8 6/7 16.9-516 36.09 71/71 16-30.6 3/3 <5-20 1,000 ATSDR EMEG

*thallium

ND-16.7 0.43 1/7       ND 0/3 3000-50,000 4.0 EPA RfD

cyanide

ND-10.7 1.4 5/7 ND-167 0.75 27/71 ND 0/3 NA 1,000 EPA RfD

 

Table 2. On-Site Soil Sampling Data and Health Comparison Values (page 2).
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(All values in milligrams per kilogram, mg/kg)


Compound Plant Yard 2
Shallow Soils (<2.0 feet)
Plant Yard 2
Subsurface Soils (>2.0 feet)
Oil/Water Separator Soils
Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency Range

Geometric
Mean

Frequency

Volatile Organic Chemicals

         
cis-1,2-dichloroethene ND ND 0/20 ND - 0/21 ND ND 0/3

methylene chloride

ND-0.016 0.002 1/20 ND - 0/21 ND ND 0/3

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND-0.048 0.010 9/20 ND-0.024 9.07 10/21 ND ND 0/3

*trichloroethene

ND-0.253 0.012 11/20 ND-0.118 17.33 18/21 ND ND 0/3

trichlorofluoromethane

ND     0.014 14.2 1/1 ND ND 0/3

vinyl chloride

ND ND 0/20 NA NA NA ND ND 0/3
                   

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

             

Aroclor 1248

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND   0/3

Aroclor 1254

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND   0/3

*benzo(a)anthracene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-160.0 1.17 2/3

*benzo(a)pyrene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-130.0 1.72 1/3

*benzo(g,h,i)perylene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-34.0 1.10 1/3

*chrysene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-130.0 1.72 1/3

*dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-160.0 1.17 2/3

*dibenzofuran

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-13.0 0.797 1/3

*2-methylnaphthalene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-5.60 0.602 1/3

*naphthalene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-1.50 0.836 1/3

*indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-35.0 1.11 1/3

pentachlorophenol

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

*phenanthrene

NA NA NA NA NA NA ND-1.28 1.11 2/3
                   

Inorganics

                 

arsenic

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

cadmium

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

chromium

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

lead

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

nickel

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

thallium

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

cyanide

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

*Contaminant for further evaluation in soil.
**References - Adriano (1986); Clarke et al. (1985); Connor et al. (1957); Davis and Bennett (1983) ; Frank et al. (1976); McGovern (1988); Shacklette and Boerngen (1984)
***Reported background levels for total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of <1-13 milligrams per kilogram in soil (Edwards, 1983).
****NYS CREG = New York State Cancer Risk Evaluation Guideline
NYS RfG = New York State Risk Reference Guideline
NYS EMEG = New York State Environmental Media Evaluation Guide
ATSDR EMEG = ATSDR Environmental Medical Evaluation Guide
EPA RfD = EPA Risk Reference Dose

ND - not detected
NA - not available
mcg/kg - micrograms per kilogram
mg/kg - milligrams per kilogram
- can not be computed
Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

aTotal PCBs
bFrequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant out of the total number of samples analyzed.


Table 3. On-Site Groundwater Sampling Data and Public Health Assessment Comparison Values for Contaminants Found in Sources of Drinking Water.
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(All values in micrograms per liter, mcg/L)


Compound Unfiltered Samples2 Filtered Samples2 Background Samples
(upgradient well)2
New York State U.S. EPA Comparison
Values
Source**
Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency1 Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency Range Frequency Ground-water Surface
Water
Drinking
Water

Drinking
Water


Volatile Organic Chemicals
                     
*cis-1,2-dichloroethene ND-160 5.7 11/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 5 NA 5 70 70 EPA LTHA

*methylene chloride

ND-69

1.91 2/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 5 5g 5 5 4.7 ATSDR CREG

*1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND-11 1.09 4/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 5 5g 5 200 200 EPA LTHA

*trichloroethene

ND-190 9.69 9/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 5 3g 5 5 3 NYS CREG

*trichlorofluoromethane

ND-19 0.82 4/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 5 5g 5 NA 2,200 EPA RfD

*vinyl chloride

ND-28 0.86 3/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 2 0.3g 2 2 0.02 EPA CPF
                             

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

                       

Aroclor 1248

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 0.1c 0.01c 0.5c 0.5 0.0045 ATSDR CREG

Aroclor 1254

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 0.1c 0.01c 0.5c 0.5 0.0045 ATSDR CREG

benzo(a)anthracene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 0.002g 0.002g 50 0.1    

benzo(a)pyrene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 ND 0.002g 50 0.2 0.0048 ATSDR CREG

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 50 NA 50 NA NA  

chrysene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 0.002g 0.002g 50 0.2 NA  

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 50 NA 50 0.3 NA  

dibenzofuran

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 NA NA 50 NA NA  

2-methylnaphthalene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 50 50g 50 NA NA  

naphthalene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 10g 10 50 NA 20 EPA LTHA

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 0.002g 0.002g 50 0.4 NA  

pentachlorophenol

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 1 1 50 1 0.29 ATSDR CREG

phenanthrene

ND - 0/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 50g 50g 50 NA   NA
                             

Inorganics

                           

arsenic

ND-20.4 5.25 12/13 ND-5.10 2.2 3/3 ND 0/1 25 50 50 50 11 EPA RfD

*cadmium

ND-55.8 5.28 5/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 10 10 5 5 5 EPA LTHA

*chromium

17.2-1540 104.24 13/13 ND-145 25.5 2/3 18.1 1/1 50 50 100 100 100 EPA LTHA

*lead

6.2-146 36.19 12/12 ND - 0/3 10.1 1/1 25 50 50 15+ NA  

*nickel

ND-602 4.3 10/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 NA NA NA 100 100 EPA LTHA

thallium

ND - - ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 4g 4g NA 2 0.4 EPA LTHA

cyanide

ND-99.4 9.82 4/13 ND - 0/3 ND 0/1 100 100 100+++ 200 200 EPA LTHA
*Contaminant selected for further evaluation.
**ATSDR CREG = ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide
EPA LTHA = EPA Drinking Water Lifetime Health Advisory
EPA CPF = EPA Cancer Potency Factor
EPA RfD = EPA Reference Dose
NYS CREG = New York State Cancer Risk Evaluation Guideline
+A maximum contaminant level goal (MCLG) of zero for lead and an action level of 15 mcg/L at the tap.
++no designated limit; water containing more than 20,000 mcg/l should not be used for drinking by people on severely restricted sodium diets; water containing more than 270,000 mcg/l should not be used for drinking by moderately restricted sodium diets.
+++10NYCRR Part 170 Sources of water supply
g - guidance value
p - proposed maximum contaminant level (MCL)
ND - not detected
NA - not available
- can not be computed
1
Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant (a) out of the total number of samples analyzed (a/b).
2Data Adapted from: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.



Table 4. On-Site Sediment Sampling Data and Health Comparison Values (page 1 of 2).
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(See Table 4A for Comparison Values, all values in milligrams per kilogram)


Compound Heights Drainage Swale
Shallow Sediment (0-2 feet)
Heights Drainage Swale
Deep Sediment (>2 feet deep)
North Drainage Way
Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency1 Range Geometric
Mean
Frequency Range

Geometric
Mean

Frequency

Volatile Organic Chemicals
               
cis-1,2-dichloroethene ND - 0/9 ND - 0/12 ND - 0/3

methylene chloride

ND - 0/9 ND - 0/12 ND-0.008 0.008 1/3

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND - 0/9 ND0.008 0.003 2/12 ND - 0/3

trichloroethene

ND-0.006 0.004 5/9 ND - 0/12 ND - 0/3

trichlorofluoromethane

ND - 0/9 ND - 0/12 ND - 0/3

vinyl chloride

ND - 0/9 ND - 0/12 ND - 0/3
                   

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

               
Aroclor 1248 ND         0/12 1.1 0.253 1/3

*Aroclor 1254

ND-6.8 0.859 7/9 ND-3.4 0.158 2/12 ND ND 0/3
benzo(a)anthracene 0.1-11.0 1.112 9/9 ND-0.53 0.175 4/12 ND-4.0 2.445 2/3

*benzo(a)pyrene

0.087-11.0 0.855 9/9 ND-0.44 0.161 4/12 ND-3.9 2.560 2/3

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND-6.3 0.554 8/9 ND-0.16 0.175 2/12 ND-1.8 1.570 2/3

chrysene

0.074-11.0 0.940 9/9 ND-0.48 0.166 4/12 ND-4.8 2.874 2/3

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND-1.5 0.309 5/9 ND-0.062 0.182 1/12 ND - 0/3

dibenzofuran

ND-0.54 0.210 7/9 ND-0.16 - 1/12 ND - 0/3

2-methylnaphthalene

0.045-0.69 0.269 9/9 ND-0.54 - 2/12 ND - 0/3

naphthalene

ND-0.55 0.236 8/9 ND-0.33 - 2/12 ND - 0/3

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND-6.0 0.484 8/9 ND-0.13 - 2/12 ND-2.0 1.679 2/3

pentachlorophenol

ND-0.44 - 1/7 ND - 0/12 ND - 0/3

phenanthrene

0.084-8.3 1.083 9/9 ND-0.56 0.172 4/12 0.58-1.564 1.564 3/3
                   

Inorganics

                 
arsenic ND-15.7 5.38 8/9 ND-23 2.87 8/12 7.5-13.2 10.19 3/3

*cadmium

4.7-213.8 33.8 9/9 ND-81.5 3.57 7/12 96.2-883 225.51 3/3

*chromium

32.7-2035 188.06 9/9 16.8-208 36.12 12/12 225-4340 863.35 3/3

lead

25.8-218 103.37 9/9 11-126 21.3 12/12 10.3-111 60.46 3/3

nickel

30.3-803.25 75.68 9/9 20.9-60.1 30.37 12/12 47.1-202 115.27 3/3

thallium

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

cyanide

0.82-61.0 4.16 9/9 ND-16.7 0.65 5/12 7.1 1.09 1/3

 

Table 4. On-Site Sediment Sampling Data and Health Comparison Values (page 2).
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(See Table 4A for Comparison Values, all values in milligrams per kilogram)


  Sediment - Area 6 Sediment - Area 10 Sediment - Oil/Water Separator
Compound Range Frequency Range Frequency

Range

Frequency

Volatile Organic Chemicals

         
cis-1,2-dichloroethene 0.002-0.043 2/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

methylene chloride

ND 0/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND-0.011 1/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

trichloroethene

ND-0.13 1/2 ND-0.009 1/2 ND 0/1

trichlorofluoromethane

ND 0/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

vinyl chloride

ND ND - ND -  
             

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

         
Aroclor 1248 ND-0.54 1/2 3.3-11.45 2/2 ND 0/1
Aroclor 1254 ND 0/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

benzo(a)anthracene

0.283-0.43 2/2 ND-3.4 1/2 ND 0/1

benzo(a)pyrene

0.205-0.35 2/2 ND 0/2 1.3 1/1

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND-0.099 1/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

chrysene

0.195-0.34 2/2 ND-2.045 1/2 ND 0/1

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND 0/2 ND 0/2 0.4 1/1

dibenzofuran

ND 0/2 ND 0/2 0.18 1/1

2-methylnaphthalene

ND 0/2 ND 1/1 1.0 1/1

naphthalene

ND 0/2 ND 0/2 0.4 1/1

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND-0.99 1/2 ND 0/2 0.89 1/1

pentachlorophenol

ND 0/2 ND 0/2 ND 0/1

phenanthrene

0.17-0.45 2/2 ND 0/2 3.1 1/1
             

Inorganics

           
arsenic 4.9-11.3 2/2 4.1-7.25 2/2 256 1/1

*cadmium

25.1-34 2/2 622-813 2/2 44 1/1

*chromium

732-1280 2/2 3940-8735 2/2 153 1/1

lead

17.8-19.6 2/2 110-298.5 2/2 158 1/1

nickel

106-128 2/2 198-486 2/2 73.5 1/1

thallium

NR NR NR NR NR NR

cyanide

0.74-1.75 2/2 25.5-39.4 2/2 2.7 1/1

Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

*Contaminant selected for further evaluation in sediment.
mcg/kg - micrograms per kilogram
mg/kg - milligrams per kilogram
ND - not detected
NA - not available
NR - not reported
- can not be computed

1Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant (a) out of the total number of samples analyzed (a/b).


Table 4A.
Public Health Assessment Comparison Values for Contaminants in Sediment at and Near the Facet Enterprises Site,
Elmira, Chemung County, New York [All values in milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg)]


Compound Typical
Background*
Comparison Values

Incidental Soil
Ingestion**

Source***

Volatile Organic Compounds

     
cis-1,2-dichloroethene ND 7,150 EPA RfD

methylene chloride

ND 1,329 EPA CPF

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND 64,350 EPA RfD

trichloroethene

ND 929 EPA CPF

trichlorofluoromethane

ND 214,500 EPA RfD

vinyl chloride

ND 5.7 EPA CPF
       

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

     

Aroclor 1248

0.010-0.40a 1.3a EPA CPF

Aroclor 1254

0.010-0.40a 1.3a EPA CPF

benzo(a)anthracene

+ NA  

benzo(a)pyrene

<1.0-1.3 1.7 EPA CPF

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

+ NA  

chrysene

+ NA  

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

+ NA  

dibenzofuran

ND NA  

2-methylnaphthalene

ND NA  

naphthalene

ND 2,860 EPA RfD

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

+ NA  

pentachlorophenol

ND 83 EPA CPF

phenanthrene

+ NA  
       

Inorganics

     

arsenic

10-20 215 EPA RfD

cadmium

<0.5-1 143 NYS RfG

chromium

10-40 3,575 EPA RfD

lead

10-300 NA  

nickel

<5-20 14,300 EPA RfD

thallium

3,000-50,000   EPA RfD

cyanide

NA 14,300 EPA RfD

*References: Adriano (1986); Clarke et al. (1985); Connor et al. (1957) ; Davis and Bennett (1983); Frank et al. (1976); McGovern (1988) ; Shacklette and Boerngen (1984)
**Comparison value for noncancer risk determined for a 10kg child who ingests 200 mg soil per day, 2 days a week for 3 months out of a year; comparison value for cancer risk determined for a 70 kg adult who ingests 100 mg soil per day, 2 days a week for 3 months out of a year.
***EPA CPF = EPA Cancer Potency Factor
EPA RfD = EPA Reference Dose
NYS RfG = New York State Risk Reference Guideline
+Reported background levels for total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of <1-13 milligrams per kilogram in soil (Edwards, 1983).
NA - not available         aTotal PCBs


Table 5. On-Site Surface Water Sampling Data.
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(See Table 3 for Comparison Values, all values in micrograms per liter)


Compound Area 10 Heights Drainage Swale Oil/Water Separator
Range Frequency1 Range Frequency

Range

Frequency

Volatile Organic Chemicals

         

cis-1,2-dichloroethene

0.5-5.0 2/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

methylene chloride

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1
trichloroethene ND-2.0 1/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

trichlorofluoromethane

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1
vinyl chloride

ND

0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1
             

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

         

*Aroclor 1248

1.3-3.0 2/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

Aroclor 1254

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

benzo(a)anthracene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 21.0 1/1

benzo(a)pyrene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 18.0 1/1

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

chrysene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 32.0 1/1

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

dibenzofuran

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

2-methylnaphthalene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

naphthalene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

pentachlorophenol

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

phenanthrene

ND 0/2 ND 0/3 29.0 0/1
             

Inorganics

           
arsenic   2/2 ND-3.0 1/3 ND 0/1

*cadmium

76.6-77.8 2/2 ND-5.4 1/3 11.5 1/1

*chromium

1290-2190 2/2 ND-11.6 1/3 16.2 1/1

*lead

11.3-28.1 2/2 ND-15.7 2/3 51.9 1/1

nickel

ND-62.2 1/2 ND 0/3 ND 0/1

thallium

NR NR ND 0/3 ND 0/1

cyanide

ND-12.7 3/2 ND-41.3 1/3 ND 0/1

Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

*Contaminant selected for further evaluation in surface water.
ND - not detected
NR - not reported
- can not be computed

1Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant (a) out of the total number of samples analyzed (a/b).


Table 6. Off-Site Groundwater Quality.
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(See Table 3 for Comparison Values, all values in micrograms per liter)


Compound
Range

Frequency**


Volatile Organic Chemicals

   

*cis-1,2-dichloroethene

0.3-47 2/2

methylene chloride

ND 0/2

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND-0.8 0

*trichloroethene

6.0-110 2/2

trichlorofluoromethane

ND 0/2

vinyl chloride

ND 0/2
     

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

   

Aroclor 1248

ND 0/2

Aroclor 1254

ND 0/2

benzo(a)anthracene

ND 0/2

benzo(a)pyrene

ND 0/2

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND 0/2

chrysene

ND 0/2

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND 0/2

dibenzofuran

ND 0/2

2-methylnaphthalene

ND 0/2

naphthalene

ND 0/2

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND 0/2

pentachlorophenol

ND 0/2

phenanthrene

ND 0/2
     

Inorganics

   

arsenic

3.9-6.7 2/2

cadmium

ND 0/2

*chromium

20.5-1540 2/2

*lead

50.1-56.8 2/2

*nickel

ND-602 1/2

thallium

ND 0/2

cyanide

ND 0/2

 

Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

*Contaminant selected for further evaluation in groundwater.
ND - not detected
- can not be computed

**Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant out of the total number of samples analyzed.


Table 7. Sediment Off-Site.
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(See Table 4A for Comparison Values, all values in milligrams per kilogram)


Compound May's Creek

Range

Frequency**

Volatile Organic Chemicals

   

cis-1,2-dichloroethene

ND 0/1

methylene chloride

ND 0/1

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND 0/1

trichloroethene

ND 0/1

trichlorofluoromethane

ND 0/1

vinyl chloride

ND 0/1
     

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

   

Aroclor 1248

- 0/1

Aroclor 1254

- 0/1

*benzo(a)anthracene

29,000 1/1

*benzo(a)pyrene

22,000 1/1

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

5,900 1/1

*chrysene

26,000 1/1

*dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

29,000 1/1

dibenzofuran

4,900 1/1

2-methylnaphthalene

2,500 1/1

*naphthalene

3,600 1/1

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

6,300 1/1

pentachlorophenol

ND 0/1

*phenanthrene

55,000 1/1
     

Inorganics

   
arsenic 22 1/1

*cadmium

24.1 1/1

chromium

8.4 1/1
lead 53.8 1/1

nickel

23.9 1/1

thallium

ND 0/1

cyanide

ND 0/1

Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

*Contaminant selected for further evaluation in sediment.
ND - not detected
- can not be computed

**Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant out of the total number of samples analyzed.


Table 8. Off-Site Surface Water Sampling Data.
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(See Table 3 for Comparison Values, all values in micrograms per liter)  


Compound May's Creek
Range Frequency**

Volatile Organic Chemicals

   

cis-1,2-dichloroethene

0.65 1/1

methylene chloride

ND 0/1

1,1,1-trichloroethane

4.5 1/1

*trichloroethene

10.5 1/1

trichlorofluoromethane

ND 0/1

vinyl chloride

ND 0/1
     

Semi-Volatiles, Base Neutrals, PCBs

   

Aroclor 1248

ND 0/1

Aroclor 1254

ND 0/1

benzo(a)anthracene

ND 0/1

benzo(a)pyrene

ND 0/1

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

ND 0/1

chrysene

ND 0/1

dibenzo(a,h)anthracene

ND 0/1

dibenzofuran

ND 0/1

2-methylnaphthalene

ND 0/1

naphthalene

ND 0/1

indeno-1,2,3-pyrene

ND 0/1

pentachlorophenol

ND 0/1

phenanthrene

ND 0/1
     

Inorganics

   

arsenic

ND 0/1

cadmium

ND 0/1

chromium

ND 0/1

lead

ND 0/1

nickel

ND 0/1

thallium

ND 0/1

cyanide

20.4 1/1

Source: ERM (1990a), Remedial Investigation Report; November 1990.

*Contaminant selected for further evaluation in surface water.
ND - not detected
- can not be computed

**Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant out of the total number of samples analyzed.


Table 9. Sullivan Street Wellfield Data
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York
(see Table 3 for standards)


 

Chemical Range of
Contaminants
(micrograms
per liter)
Frequency

trans-1,2-dichloroethene

ND-1.0 4/6

1,1,1-trichloroethane

ND-2.1 8/14

*trichloroethene

5.0-10.3 14/14

 

Source: New York State Department of Health, Facet Enterprises, Inc. Site Files (808001); 1981-1992.
*Contaminant selected for further evaluation.
**Frequency represents the number of samples found to have the contaminant out of the total number of samples analyzed.


Table 10. Completed Exposure Pathway
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York


Pathway
Name
Exposure Pathway Elements
Source

Environmental Media

Point of
Exposure
Route of
Exposure
Exposed
Population
Time

Public Supply Facet Enter-
prises via
Sullivan
Street
Wellfield
Municipal
Water
Residences
& Businesses
Served by
Sullivan
Street
Wellfield
Ingestion
Inhalation
Skin (dermal)
Contact
Users of
Sullivan
Street
Wellfield
Past



Table 11. Potential Exposure Pathways
Facet Enterprises Site, Elmira, Chemung County, New York  


Pathway
Name
Exposure Pathway Elements
Source

Environmental
Media

Point of
Exposure
Route of
Exposure
Exposed
Population
Time

Heights Drainage
Swale
Facet
Site
Sediment
Swale
Heights
Drainage
Skin (dermal)
Contact
Residents
Including
Children
Trespassers
Past

May's
Creek

Facet
Site
Surface
Water
May's
Creek
Skin (dermal)
Contact
Residents
Including
Children
Trespassing
Past

May's
Creek

Facet
Site
Surface
Water
May's
Creek
Skin (dermal)
Contact
Residents
Including
Children
Past
Present

 

APPENDIX C

RESPONSE TO PUBLIC COMMENTS

Facet Enterprises

Response to Public Comments

This summary responds to the public's comments on the draft Public Health Assessment for the Facet Enterprises site. The public comment period ran from June 18, 1993 to July 23, 1993. Some comments were consolidated or grouped together to incorporate similar concerns raised by more than one person. If you have any questions about this summary, contact the NYS DOH's Health Liaison Program at the toll-free number 1-800-458-1158, extension 402.

Comment #1

In the summary and other parts of the assessment, it is implied that the Facet Enterprises site has contributed to the contamination of the Sullivan Street wells. There is insufficient data to conclude that the Facet site has contaminated the Sullivan Street wells.

Response #1

These sections of the report have been revised to indicate other possible sources of groundwater contamination in the affected area.

Comment #2

Several factual errors in the report were pointed out by citizens familiar with past activities at the site. In addition, factual errors and corrections were also received from the Purolator Products Company. Examples of such errors include proper identification of company names, dates, current conditions, manufacturing activities, quantities, and measurements.

Response #2

Corrections were made which added accuracy and correctness to the report.

Comment #3

Hold Bendix/Facet accountable to the people exposed to their hazards.

Response #3

Facet Enterprises, Inc. is remediating contamination from past activities at the site and has paid for the remedial investigation and removal of hazardous waste from this site.

Comment #4

The discussions of long term health effects from exposure to the groundwater imply that this site is a source of the contamination. While there may be a concern over the effects of long term exposure to volatile organic compounds, the problem is regional and the Facet site should not be considered as the sole source. The risk Assessment for this site, prepared by the US EPA in June, 1991, did not identify a potential risk due to groundwater contamination under existing site conditions.

Response #4

As discussed in NYS DOH's response to comment #1, the health assessment has been revised to indicate other possible sources of groundwater contamination in the area. The purpose of the health assessment is to evaluate known and possible human exposures to contaminants in environmental media, whether these exposures occurred in the past, are occurring in the present or are likely to occur in the future. The risk assessment that is completed as part of the remedial investigation and feasibility study process generally only evaluates known and possible human exposures associated with baseline (i.e., current) site conditions.

Comment #5

I'm definitely concerned about the present and future effects. You mention non-cancer health effects, what about the cancer health effect?

Response #5

Discussions of both carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects associated with past and potential exposures to site contaminants are discussed in the Public Health Implications section of the document (Subsection A, Toxicological Evaluation).

Comment #6

I would like to be informed about the results of your further testing and how and when you will be testing in my area.

Response #6

A specific time frame and plan to sample residential soils and evaluate soil gas and groundwater seepage in potentially affected residences has not been developed yet. As discussed in the Public Health Actions section of this public health assessment, the NYS DOH will coordinate collection of surface soils from residential properties south of the site as well as further investigation of possible contaminant migration into basements adjacent to the site. Selection of the homes to sampled as part of these investigations has not been completed. Any residents whose homes will be used for these evaluations will be contacted prior to any sampling.

Comment #7

As a child living next to the creek along West 16th Street, we often played near the contaminated water - no warnings were given. We always had a swimming pool and each morning our water would be covered with black soot. From 1955 to 1975 I was exposed to various contaminants in many ways from the Bendix/Facet factory.

Response #7

As discussed in the Exposure Pathways Analysis section and the Public Health Implications section (Subsection A, Toxicological Implications) of the public health assessment, completed and potential exposure pathways to site contaminants were evaluated for the past, present and future. The public health significance of past exposures to contaminants originating at the site can not be fully evaluated for all past exposure scenarios as there are limited sampling data prior to the 1986 remedial investigation.

Comment #8

Airborne particles have not been dealt with in your report. Our home is between Area 3 and Area 9 on Robinwood Avenue. Air quality is of concern to me. Black particles on the house proves to me something is floating around in the air. Is it possible it is from the ash disposal area - Area 9?

Response #8

The contaminant of concern in surface soils at inactive waste disposal areas such as Area 9 at the Facet site are VOCs, specifically trichloroethene. Emissions of such compounds evaporate rapidly from surface soils, over an extended period of time. Since these waste disposal areas have not been used since 1971 and have been covered and graded, it is unlikely that these surface soils are contributing to volatile or particulate emissions from the site. Possible sources of the black particles referred to in your correspondence are more likely to be from the diesel engine used in present manufacturing operations at the site, boiler emissions or emissions from other nearby industrial facilities. As discussed in the recommendations, particulate emissions from the site will be addressed as part of site remediation activities.

Comment #9

The discussion of the groundwater exposure pathway should clarify the fact that the 30 years of potential exposure occurred while the well was producing water that was within the drinking water standards at that time.

Response #9

The discussion of the groundwater exposure pathway includes a reference to those years during which the wellfield was operating and contaminant levels were within acceptable drinking water standards (1986-1989).



Table of Contents

 
 
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341
Contact CDC: 800-232-4636 / TTY: 888-232-6348

A-Z Index

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #