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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

GCL TIE AND TREATING
SIDNEY, DELAWARE COUNTY, NEW YORK


CONCLUSIONS

Based on the information reviewed, the GCL Tie & Treating site posed a public health hazard in thepast. Currently, the site poses no apparent public health hazard although additional investigations andpossibly remediation are needed to ensure that future exposures do not occur. Prior to March 1991, anexplosion hazard existed at the site; however, this physical hazard was eliminated when the US EPAremoved the creosote tank farm and related piping. Additionally, workers and people who walkedacross the site were likely exposed to contaminants in on-site surface soils, air and on-site wastes.

Past remedial measures have minimized the potential for people to be exposed to contaminants on-site. Elevated levels of PAHs are in the soil north of the GCL property fenceline. Although access by thepublic is currently limited in this area, future use of the site is likely. The change in use of the site mayincrease the potential for people to be exposed to high levels of site contaminants at the surface in thefuture. Groundwater is contaminated at the site. However, private wells downgradient of the site arenot affected by site contaminants. As part of the remedial actions, the extent of the contaminant plume will be defined and alternatives for groundwater remediation will be evaluated.


RECOMMENDATIONS

  • The US EPA should remediate the contaminated soil on-site.

  • The US EPA should define the extent of surface soil contamination north of the GCL property fenceline and south of the railroad tracks, and remediate it to prevent significant exposures from occurring in the future.

  • The US EPA should proceed with its plans to define the extent of the groundwater contaminant plume originating at the site during site remedial design, and to remediate the groundwater, if feasible.

  • Measures should be considered to prevent future use of the site that could result in exposures to site contaminants.

  • The US EPA will determine the extent of groundwater contamination. If warranted, additional private water supply sampling will be done and actions taken to minimize exposures.

HEALTH ACTIVITIES RECOMMENDATION PANEL (HARP) RECOMMENDATIONS

The data and information developed in the Public Health Assessment for the GCL Tie and Treating site,Village of Sidney, New York have been reviewed by ATSDR's HARP to determine appropriate follow-up actions. The panel determined that community health education is indicated; however, the state hasperformed and is continuing to perform community health education in relation to possible exposures from the site. The panel determined that no other follow-up health actions are indicated at this time.


PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) for the GCL Tie & Treating site contains a description ofactions to be taken by ATSDR and/or the NYS DOH following completion of this public healthassessment. For those actions already taken at the site, please refer to the Background section of thispublic health assessment. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that this public health assessment notonly identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and preventadverse human health effects resulting from past, present and/or future exposures to hazardoussubstances at or near the site. Included is a commitment on the part of ATSDR and/or the NYS DOHto follow up on this plan to ensure that it is implemented. The public health actions to be implemented by ATSDR and/or the NYS DOH are as follows:

  1. The NYS DOH will evaluate additional groundwater and soil data that become available. If necessary, follow-up private water supply sampling will be done.

  2. The NYS DOH and ATSDR will provide follow up to this PHAP as needed, outlining the actions completed and those in progress. The follow-up report will be placed in repositories that contain copies of this public health assessment and will be provided to persons who request it.

  3. The NYS DOH will continue community health education activities, as needed, regarding possible exposures to contaminants originating at the site.

  4. ATSDR and the NYS DOH will coordinate with the appropriate environmental agencies to develop plans to implement the recommendations contained in this public health assessment.

ATSDR will reevaluate and expand the PHAP when needed. New environmental, toxicological, orhealth outcome data, or the results of implementing the above proposed actions may determine the need for additional actions at this site.


PREPARERS OF REPORT


Robert E. Griffiths
Public Health Specialist II
Bureau of Environmental Exposure Investigation
New York State Department of Health

and

Michael MacCabe
Environmental Engineer
Bureau of Environmental Exposure Investigation
New York State Department of Health

and

Joel Kaplan
Research Scientist
Bureau of Toxic Substance Assessment
New York State Department of Health

ATSDR Regional Representative

Arthur Block
Regional Services
Office of the Assistant Administrator

ATSDR Technical Project Officers

Greg Ulirsch and David Hutchins
Superfund Site Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation


CERTIFICATION

The Public Health Assessment for the GCL Tie and Treating Corporation site was prepared by the NewYork State Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substancesand Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the health consultation was begun.


Gregory V. Ulirsch
Technical Project Officer
Superfund Site Assessment Branch (SSAB)
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
ATSDR


The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this Public Health Assessment, and concurs with its findings.


Lisa C. Hayes
Acting Chief, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR


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Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1992k. Toxicological Profile forVanadium. ATSDR/TP-91/29. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia:U.S. Public Health Service.

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Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1993b. Toxicological Profile forArsenic. ATSDR/TP-92/02. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia:U.S. Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1993c. Toxicological Profile forChloroform. ATSDR/TP-92/07. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta,Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1993d. Toxicological Profile forChromium. ATSDR/TP-92/08. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta,Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1993e. Toxicological Profile forDi(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate. ATSDR/TP-92/05. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1993f. Toxicological Profile forHeptachlor/Heptachlor Epoxide. ATSDR/TP-92/11. U.S. Department of Health and HumanServices. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

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Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1994. Toxicological Profile forCreosote. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S.Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995a. Toxicological Profile forBenzene. Update. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. PublicHealth Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995b. Toxicological Profile forNaphthalene. Update. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S.Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995c. Toxicological Profile forNickel. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S.Public Health Service.

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Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995e. Toxicological Profile for1,1,1-Trichloroethane. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta,Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995f. Toxicological Profile forTrichloroethylene. Update Draft. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta,Georgia: U.S. Public Health Service.

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1992. Extent of Contamination Sampling Report: GCL Tie& Treating, Inc. - Sidney, New York; August.

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APPENDIX A: FIGURES

Site Location Map
Figure 1. Site Location Map

Historic GCL Tie and Treating Site
Figure 2. Historic GCL Tie and Treating Site

Site Diagram
Figure 3. Site Diagram

Sampling Locations
Figure 4. Sampling Locations

Trench Sampling Orientation
Figure 5. Trench Sampling Orientation

1988-1992 Toxic Chemical Release Facilities
Figure 6. 1988-1992 Toxic Chemical Release Facilities

Surface Soil Sampling Locations Non-GCL Property and Off-Site North of GCL Property
Figure 7. Surface Soil Sampling Locations Non-GCL Property and Off-Site North of GCL Property



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