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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

SOLVENT SAVERS
LINCKLAEN, CHENANGO COUNTY, NEW YORK


CONCLUSIONS

  1. Based on the information reviewed, the Solvent Savers site posed a public health hazard in the past. Between 1978 and 1988, on-site residents were exposed to elevated levels of PCBs and VOCs in on-site soils via dermal contact and inhalation and incidental ingestion of contaminated soil particulates. In addition, workers at the former recycling facility which operated between 1967 and 1974 were also exposed to contaminants in on-site soils. Residents who lived at the site were also exposed to low levels of VOCs in drinking water; however, these past exposures are not likely to result in adverse health affects. Currently, the site poses a no apparent public health hazard as exposure to contaminants in drinking water and on-site soils is not occurring as the on-site house has been abandoned and the site is fenced. Furthermore, no residential wells are currently within the boundaries of the contaminant plume. However, if remedial measures are not taken to address groundwater contamination at and near the site, contaminants in groundwater could migrate towards downgradient residential wells and exposure to VOCs in drinking water could occur at levels that are of public health concern.
  2. A ROD was signed in 1990 and includes provisions for the excavation and on-site treatment of VOC-contaminated soils, excavation and on-site treatment of contaminated groundwater, backfilling of excavated areas with treated soils and clean fill, reinjection or discharge to surface water of treated groundwater, and off-site disposal of residual wastes at a permitted facility. Additionally, treatability studies will be performed to evaluate appropriate treatment and/or off-site disposal methods for PCB-contaminated soils and soils contaminated with low levels of VOCs. The ROD also provided for the excavation, removal and off-site disposal of 300 buried drums from the site, and this remedial measure has been completed.
  3. During site remediation activities involving excavation of surface and subsurface soils, there will be an increased potential for exposure to site contaminants via inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption for on-site workers and nearby residents. These exposures may be minimized by the use of appropriate personal protective equipment and work practices, including erosion and dust control measures, as well as applicable regulatory standards and guidance.
  4. Although the site is generating a significant groundwater contaminant plume, ingestion of site-related contaminated groundwater is not occurring. Groundwater from the site discharges to Mud Creek. However, the proposed remediation measures identified in the record of decision for the site, once implemented, should effectively control migration of the groundwater contaminant plume.
  5. Although site-related contamination is being released to Mud Creek, dilution and volatilization substantially reduce the concentrations present in the surface water. There is no evidence to indicate that site contaminants will affect drinking water supplies along the Otselic River, of which Mud Creek is a tributary stream. Additionally, the proposed remediation measures identified in the record of decision should effectively eliminate the potential for site contaminants to enter Mud Creek, once implemented.
  6. It is possible that exposure to VOCs from soil gas may haveoccurred in the past. However, on-site residence no longerexists and there is no indoor air data to evaluate pastexposures.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. The sources of contamination on-site should be remediated to prevent further contamination of groundwater.
  2. Appropriate measures to control migration of the groundwater contaminant plume should be evaluated and actions taken to prevent migration of contaminated groundwater.
  3. During remediation activities, appropriate work practices, including dust control measures, should be followed and appropriate monitoring should be performed at the site boundary to minimize exposures of airborne contaminants to nearby residents.
  4. Appropriate protective clothing should be worn by workers performing remedial tasks at the site and appropriate work practices should be followed to minimize worker exposure to site contaminants.
  5. Private wells near the site should be monitored until the site is remediated to ensure that the public is not exposed to contaminants through use of their drinking water.
  6. No remedial actions to control exposure to soil gas arenecessary at this time.

HEALTH ASSESSMENT RECOMMENDATIONS PANEL (HARP) RECOMMENDATION

The data and information evaluated in the public health assessmentfor the Solvent Savers site in Lincklaen, New York have beenreviewed by ATSDR's Health Activities Recommendations Panel (HARP)for appropriate follow-up with respect to health actions. Becauseof past exposure to contaminated drinking water, the panelrecommends this site for follow-up health actions. Specifically,the panel determined that those persons exposed in the past shouldbe added to NYS DOH's registry being developed for VOC exposuresfrom contaminated drinking water. In addition, the paneldetermined that community health education is needed for thepersons who were exposed to contaminants in their drinking water.


PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

The Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) for the Solvent Savers sitecontains a description of actions to be taken by ATSDR and/or theNYS DOH at and near the site following completion of this publichealth assessment. For those actions already taken at the site,please see the Background section of this Public Health Assessment. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that this health assessmentnot only identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan ofaction designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human healtheffects resulting from past, present and/or future exposures tohazardous substances at or near the site. Included, is acommitment on the part of ATSDR and or the NYS DOH to follow up onthis plan to ensure that it is implemented. The public healthactions to be implemented by ATSDR and/or the NYS DOH are asfollows:

  1. ATSDR and NYS DOH will coordinate with the appropriate environmental agencies to develop plans to implement the recommendations contained in this Public Health Assessment.
  2. ATSDR will provide an annual follow up to this PHAP, outlining the actions completed and those in progress. This report will be placed in repositories that contain copies of this Public Health Assessment, and will be provided to persons who request it.
  3. NYS DOH is developing a registry of persons exposed to VOCs in drinking water. Residents who were exposed in the past to VOCs through use of contaminated drinking water will be considered for inclusion to this registry.
  4. The proposed elements of the ROD that will eliminate thepotential for human exposure to site contaminants, onceimplemented, include excavation and on-site treatment of VOC-contaminated soils, extraction and on-site treatment ofgroundwater, and off-site disposal of residual wastes. Additionally, excavated areas will be backfilled with treatedsoils and clean fill, treated groundwater will be reinjectedto the subsurface and treatability studies will be performedto evaluate appropriate treatment and/or disposal methods forPCB-contaminated soils and soils contaminated with low levelsof VOCs.

ATSDR will reevaluate and expand the PHAP when needed. Newenvironmental, toxicological, or health outcome data, or theresults of implementing the above proposed actions may determinethe need for additional actions at this site.


CERTIFICATION

The Public Health Assessment for the Solvent Savers site wasprepared by the New York State Department of Health under acooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances andDisease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approvedmethodology and procedures existing at the time the publichealth assessment was initiated.

Gregory V. Ulirsch
Technical Project Officer, SPS, RPB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC),ATSDR, has reviewed this Public Health Assessment and concurswith its findings.

Robert C. Williams
Division Director, DHAC, ATSDR


PREPARERS OF THE REPORT

Henriette M. Hamel, Robert Montione, Claudine Jones Rafferty
Bureau of Environmental Exposure Investigation
New York State Department of Health

and

Joel Kaplan
Research Scientist I
Bureau of Toxic Substance Assessment
New York State Department of Health


ATSDR REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE

Arthur Block
Regional Operations


ATSDR TECHNICAL PROJECT OFFICER

Greg Ulirsch
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment
and Consultation, Remedial Programs Branch


REFERENCES

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