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HEALTH CONSULTATION

FRESH KILLS LANDFILL
STATEN ISLAND, RICHMOND COUNTY, NEW YORK



Figure 9. Monthly Variations in Ambient Benzene Concentrations for Selected Monitoring Stations


Figure 10. Emission Ratios for Selected Monitoring Stations


Figure 12. Monthly Variations in Ambient Formaldehyde Concentrations for All Monitoring Stations


Figure 13. Monthly Variations in Ambient Formaldehyde Concentrations for Selected Monitoring Stations


Figure 15. Monthly Arithmetic Means of PM10 Concentrations for Selected Monitoring Stations


Figure 16. Schedule of Ambient Air Monitoring Data Available from NYSDEC


Figure 16. (Continuted) Schedule of Ambient Air Monitoring Data Available from NYSDEC


Figure 16. (Continuted) Schedule of Ambient Air Monitoring Data Available from NYSDEC



APPENDIX A

Table 1 - Summary Findings for 1994 and 1995 Air Quality Data, Staten Island

Chemical Maximum Concentration a
Measured in a Residential
Area (Location)
ATSDR Comparison
Value
Type of CVc
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 0.55 (District 2 Garage) 180 AGC
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 0.02 (District 2 Garage, Intermediate School 75, Port Richmond, Public School 69) 0.01 CREG/AGC
1,2-Dichloroethane 0.6 (Port Richmond) 0.01 CREG/AGC
2-Butanone 5.71 (District 2 Garage) 100 AGC
Acetaldehyde 2.98 (Intermediate School 75) 0.27 CREG
Acetone 5.227 (District 2 Garage) 5800 AGC
Acrolein 0.017 (Port Richmond) 0.009 EMEG-i/AGC
Benzaldehyde 0.58 (Intermediate School 75) NAC NAC
Benzene 2.58 (District 2 Garage) 0.03 CREG
Carbon Tetrachloride 0.16 (Richmond Avenue) 0.01 CREG/AGC
Chlorobenzene 0.16 (District 2 Garage) 4.3 AGC
Chloroform 0.1 (Arthurkill Road) 0.008 CREG
Crotonaldehyde 0.24 (Intermediate School 75) 4.8 AGC
Ethylbenzene 2.07 (District 2 Garage) 226 AGC
Formaldehyde 12.84 (Intermediate School 75) 0.05 AGC
Hexanal 0.217 (Intermediate School 75) NAC NAC
m,p-Xylene 3.38 (District 2 Garage) 40 EMEG-a
m-Dichlorobenzene 0.33 (District 2 Garage) NAC NAC
Methacrolein 0.4 (Intermediate School 75) NAC NAC
Methylene Chloride 2.7 (Port Richmond) 0.85 CREG
n-Butyraldehyde 0.279 (Port Richmond) NAC NAC
o-Dichlorobenzene 0.46 (Public School 69) 3.3 AGC
o-Xylene 1.59 (District 2 Garage) 159 AGC
p-Dichlorobenzene 0.235 (District 2 Garage) 114 AGC
Propionaldehyde 5.47 (Intermediate School 75) 0.04 AGC
Tetrachloroethylene 0.523 (Port Richmond) 0.17 AGC
Toluene 7.76 (District 2 Garage) 104 AGC
Trichloroethylene 0.33 (District 2 Garage) 0.08 AGC
Valeraldehyde 0.382 (Intermediate School 75) 117 AGC
Vinyl Chloride 0.12 (District 2 Garage) 0.01 AGC
PM10 72 (Arthurkill Road, Public School 26) 50 AGC
PM10--Arsenic 0.0119 (Arthurkill Road) 0.0002 CREG
PM10--Cadmium <MDL b (Arthurkill Road, Public School 69) 0.0005 AGC
PM10--Chromium 0.0363 (Arthurkill Road) 0.00002 AGC
PM10--Lead 0.07 (Arthurkill Road, Public School 69) 0.75 AGC
PM10--Mercury 0.00015 (Arthurkill Road) 0.014 EMEG-c
PM10--Nickel 0.0839 (Arthurkill Road) 0.002 CREG/AGC
PM10--Vanadium 0.031 (Arthurkill Road) 0.2 EMEG-a/AGC
TSP 394 (District 2 Garage) NAC NAC
TSP--Arsenic 0.014 (District 2 Garage) 0.0002 CREG
TSP--Cadmium 0.004 (Public School 26) 0.0005 AGC
TSP--Chromium 0.0479 (Arthurkill Road) 0.00002 AGC
TSP--Lead 0.1 (District 2 Garage) 0.75 AGC
TSP--Mercury 0.0004 (Public School 26) 0.014 EMEG-c
TSP--Nickel 0.1616 (Intermediate School 75) 0.002 CREG/AGC
TSP--Vanadium 0.0542 (Susan Wagner High School) 0.2  
a Concentrations of organics, in plain font, are in units of parts per billion (ppb); concentrations of particulates, in italic font, are in units of micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3).
b <MDL: In all samples in residential locations, chemical concentrations did not exceed the minimum detection limit (MDL).


Table 2 - Port Richmond (107 total sampling dates)

Fresh Kills Landfill Air Monitoring Data, 1994-1995
Chemical Data Range a Minimum Detection Limit (MDL) a Comparison Value (CV) a Type of CV Total
Number of Samples
Number of Samples with Chemical Detected Number of Samples
above CV
1,1,1-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.3 0.03 180 AGC 54 47 0
1,1,2-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.02 0.03 0.01 CREG/AGC 64 1 --- b
1,2-Dichloroethane <MDL-0.6 0.01 0.01 CREG/AGC 50 17 11
2-Butanone 0.154-1.144 0.007 100 AGC 21 21 0
Acetaldehyde 0.669-2.838 0.018 0.27 CREG 21 21 21
Acetone 0.124-2.726 0.01 5800 AGC 21 21 0
Acrolein <MDL-0.017 0.007 0.009 EMEG/AGC 21 11 4
Benzaldehyde 0.027-0.123 0.004 None NA c 21 21 NA c
Benzene <MDL-2.2 0.04 0.03 CREG 62 57 --- b
Carbon Tetrachloride <MDL-0.08 0.02 0.01 CREG/AGC 54 34 --- b
Chlorobenzene <MDL-0.02 0.02 4.3 AGC 64 5 0
Chloroform <MDL-0.09 0.02 0.008 CREG 60 20 --- b
Crotonaldehyde 0.009-0.149 0.008 4.8 AGC 21 21 0
Ethylbenzene 0.087-1.29 0.02 226 AGC 57 57 0
Formaldehyde 1.706-7.518 0.008 0.05 AGC 21 21 21
Hexanal 0.019-0.125 0.016 None NA c 21 21 NA c
m,p-Xylene 0.02-2.7 d 0.04 40 EMEG 55 55 0
m-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.17 0.03 None NA c 60 28 NA c
Methacrolein <MDL-0.171 0.008 None NA c 21 18 NA c
Methylene Chloride <MDL-2.7 0.25 0.85 CREG 56 12 1
n-Butyraldehyde 0.041-0.279 0.01 None NA c 21 21 NA c
o-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.11 0.03 33 AGC 64 5 0
o-Xylene 0.03-1.58 0.03 159 AGC 57 57 0
p-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.04 0.04 114 AGC 60 5 0
Propionaldehyde 0.117-2.153 0.01 0.04 AGC 21 21 21
Tetrachloroethylene <MDL-0.523 0.04 0.17 AGC 61 51 16
Toluene 0.03-6.29 d 0.04 104 AGC 59 59 0
Trichloroethylene <MDL-0.17 0.02 0.08 AGC 61 42 7
Valeraldehyde <MDL-0.163 0.01 117 AGC 21 20 0
Vinyl Chloride <MDL-0.04 0.08 0.01 AGC 61 3 --- b
PM10 9-68 < 1 50 AGC 104 104 6

a Concentrations of organics, in plain font, are in units of parts per billion (ppb); concentrations of particulates, in italic font, are in units of micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3).
bMinimum detection limit (MDL) is not low enough to detect comparison value (CV) concentrations.
cNot applicable: chemical does not have a comparison value (CV).
d The sampling and analytical approach used in the monitoring study could quantify some chemical concentrations at levels below the minimum detection limit (MDL).


Table 3 - District 2 Garage (107 total sampling dates)
Fresh Kills Landfill Air Monitoring Data, 1994-1995
Chemical Data Range a Minimum
Detection
Limit (MDL) a
Comparison
Value (CV) a
Type of CV Total
Number
of
Samples
Number of
Samples with
Chemical
Detected
Number of
Samples
above CV
1,1,1-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.55 0.03 180 AGC 53 48 0
1,1,2-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.02 0.03 0.01 CREG/AGC 65 3 --- b
1,2-Dichloroethane <MDL-0.57 0.01 0.01 CREG/AGC 55 24 15
2-Butanone <MDL-5.71 0.007 100 AGC 9 8 0
Acetaldehyde 0.367-1.714 0.018 0.27 CREG 9 9 9
Acetone 0.036-5.227 0.01 5800 AGC 9 9 0
Acrolein <MDL-0.015 0.007 0.009 EMEG/AGC 9 2 1
Benzaldehyde 0.023-0.114 0.004 None NA c 9 9 NA c
Benzene <MDL-2.58 0.04 0.03 CREG 59 53 --- b
Carbon Tetrachloride <MDL-0.12 0.02 0.01 CREG/AGC 56 41 --- b
Chlorobenzene <MDL-0.16 0.02 4.3 AGC 56 34 0
Chloroform <MDL-0.05 0.02 0.008 CREG 63 18 --- b
Crotonaldehyde <MDL-0.116 0.008 4.8 AGC 9 7 0
Ethylbenzene 0.01-2.07 d 0.02 226 AGC 60 60 0
Formaldehyde 0.738-1.987 0.008 0.05 AGC 9 9 9
Hexanal 0.011-0.052 d 0.016 None NA c 9 9 NA c
m,p-Xylene 0.07-3.38 0.04 40 EMEG 58 58 0
m-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.33 0.03 None NA c 58 31 NA c
Methacrolein <MDL-0.045 0.008 None NA c 9 3 NA c
Methylene Chloride <MDL-1.797 0.25 0.85 CREG 61 28 3
n-Butyraldehyde 0.035-0.253 0.01 None NA c 9 9 NA c
o-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.07 0.03 33 AGC 65 8 0
o-Xylene 0.015-1.59 d 0.03 159 AGC 59 59 0
p-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.235 0.04 114 AGC 63 7 0
Propionaldehyde 0.117-2.219 0.01 0.04 AGC 9 9 9
Tetrachloroethylene <MDL-0.52 0.04 0.17 AGC 56 52 19
Toluene <MDL-7.76 0.04 104 AGC 60 59 0
Trichloroethylene <MDL-0.33 0.02 0.08 AGC 61 50 14
Valeraldehyde 0.01-0.034 0.01 117 AGC 9 9 0
Vinyl Chloride <MDL-0.12 0.08 0.01 AGC 59 4 --- b
TSP 21-394 < 1 None NA c 99 99 NA c
TSP--Arsenic <MDL-0.014 0.0014 0.0002 CREG 89 36 --- b
TSP--Cadmium <MDL 0.0028 0.0005 AGC 89 0 --- b
TSP--Chromium <MDL-0.0445 0.0095 0.00002 AGC 43 10 --- b
TSP--Lead <MDL-0.1 0.02 0.75 AGC 89 39 0
TSP--Mercury <MDL-0.0003 0.00003 0.014 EMEG 89 64 0
TSP--Nickel <MDL-0.0654 0.005 0.004 CREG/AGC 89 81 --- b
TSP--Vanadium <MDL-0.03 0.0047 0.2 EMEG/AGC 89 73 0
a Concentrations of organics, in plain font, are in units of parts per billion (ppb); concentrations of particulates, in italic font, are in units of micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3).
bMinimum detection limit (MDL) is not low enough to detect comparison value (CV) concentrations.
cNot applicable: chemical does not have a comparison value (CV).
d The sampling and analytical approach used in the monitoring study could quantify some chemical concentrations at levels below the minimum detection limit (MDL).

Table 4 - Public School 69 (69 total sampling dates)
Fresh Kills Landfill Air Monitoring Data, 1994-1995
Chemical Data Range a Minimum Detection Limit (MDL) a Comparison Value (CV) a Type of CV Total
Number
of
Samples
Number of
Samples with Chemical
Detected
Number of
Samples
above CV
1,1,1-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.35 0.03 180 AGC 48 42 0
1,1,2-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.02 0.03 0.01 CREG/AGC 58 7 --- b
1,2-Dichloroethane <MDL-0.12 0.01 0.01 CREG/AGC 48 16 10
Benzene <MDL-1.93 0.04 0.03 CREG 53 50 --- b
Carbon Tetrachloride <MDL-0.125 0.02 0.01 CREG/AGC 50 41 --- b
Chlorobenzene <MDL-0.03 0.02 4.3 AGC 56 15 0
Chloroform <MDL-0.05 0.02 0.008 CREG 55 16 --- b
Ethylbenzene 0.03-0.81 0.02 226 AGC 51 51 0
m,p-Xylene 0.02-2.01 d 0.04 40 EMEG 55 55 0
m-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.09 0.03 None NA c 53 23 NA c
Methylene Chloride <MDL-0.67 0.25 0.85 CREG 53 14 0
o-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.46 0.03 33 AGC 57 8 0
o-Xylene <MDL-0.93 0.03 159 AGC 53 52 0
p-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.04 0.04 114 AGC 55 10 0
Tetrachloroethylene <MDL-0.483 0.04 0.17 AGC 51 45 10
Toluene 0.06-5.36 0.04 104 AGC 50 50 0
Trichloroethylene <MDL-0.15 0.02 0.08 AGC 57 39 5
Vinyl Chloride <MDL-0.04 0.08 0.01 AGC 54 7 --- b
PM10 6-59 < 1 50 AGC 64 64 4
PM10--Arsenic <MDL-0.0113 0.0018 0.0002 CREG 63 6 --- b
PM10--Cadmium <MDL 0.004 0.0005 AGC 63 0 --- b
PM10--Chromium <MDL-0.0208 0.0095 0.00002 AGC 44 2 --- b
PM10--Lead <MDL-0.07 0.02 0.75 AGC 63 11 0
PM10--Mercury <MDL-0.0001 0.00003 0.014 EMEG 63 27 0
PM10--Nickel <MDL-0.0551 0.006 0.004 CREG/AGC 63 56 --- b
PM10--Vanadium <MDL-0.0296 0.0059 0.2 EMEG/AGC 63 36 0
TSP 17-120 < 1 None NA c 63 63 0
TSP--Arsenic <MDL-0.0036 0.0014 0.0002 CREG 62 19 --- b
TSP--Cadmium <MDL 0.0028 0.0005 AGC 62 0 --- b
TSP--Chromium <MDL-0.0132 0.0095 0.00002 AGC 44 3 --- b
TSP--Lead <MDL-0.07 0.02 0.75 AGC 62 18 0
TSP--Mercury <MDL-0.0003 0.00003 0.014 EMEG 62 39 0
TSP--Nickel <MDL-0.0734 0.005 0.004 CREG/AGC 62 57 --- b
TSP--Vanadium <MDL-0.039 0.0047 0.2 EMEG/AGC 62 49 0
a Concentrations of organics, in plain font, are in units of parts per billion (ppb); concentrations of particulates, in italic font, are in units of micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3).
bMinimum detection limit (MDL) is not low enough to detect comparison value (CV) concentrations.
cNot applicable: chemical does not have a comparison value (CV).
d The sampling and analytical approach used in the monitoring study could quantify some chemical concentrations at levels below the minimum detection limit (MDL).

Table 5 - Richmond Avenue (61 total sampling dates)
Fresh Kills Landfill Air Monitoring Data, 1994-1995
Chemical Data Range a Minimum
Detection
Limit (MDL) a
Comparison
Value (CV) a
Type of CV Total Number of Samples Number of Samples with Chemical Detected Number of Samples above CV
1,1,1-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.22 0.03 180 AGC 38 29 0
1,1,2-Trichloroethane <MDL-0.015 0.03 0.01 CREG/AGC 48 1 --- b
1,2-Dichloroethane <MDL-0.12 0.01 0.01 CREG/AGC 38 11 5
Benzene <MDL-1.19 0.04 0.03 CREG 39 36 --- b
Carbon Tetrachloride <MDL-0.16 0.02 0.01 CREG/AGC 42 28 --- b
Chlorobenzene <MDL-0.02 0.02 4.3 AGC 48 10 0
Chloroform <MDL-0.06 0.02 0.008 CREG 45 12 --- b
Ethylbenzene 0.01-0.72 d 0.02 226 AGC 42 42 0
m,p-Xylene 0.02-1.33 d 0.04 40 EMEG 42 42 0
m-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.07 0.03 None NA c 47 8 NA c
Methylene Chloride <MDL-0.39 0.25 0.85 CREG 44 7 0
o-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.02 0.03 33 AGC 48 1 0
o-Xylene <MDL-0.49 0.03 159 AGC 41 40 0
p-Dichlorobenzene <MDL-0.04 0.04 114 AGC 48 4 0
Tetrachloroethylene <MDL-0.3 0.04 0.17 AGC 41 36 4
Toluene <MDL-3.047 0.04 104 AGC 42 41 0
Trichloroethylene <MDL-0.245 0.02 0.08 AGC 47 28 3
Vinyl Chloride <MDL 0.08 0.01 AGC 46 0 --- b
TSP 19-100 < 1 None NA c 39 39 NA c
TSP--Arsenic <MDL-0.0093 0.0014 0.0002 CREG 38 7 --- b
TSP--Cadmium <MDL 0.0028 0.0005 AGC 38 0 --- b
TSP--Chromium <MDL-0.02064 0.0095 0.00002 AGC 38 5 --- b
TSP--Lead <MDL-0.03 0.02 0.75 AGC 38 6 0
TSP--Mercury <MDL-0.0001 0.00003 0.014 EMEG 38 15 0
TSP--Nickel <MDL-0.0291 0.005 0.004 CREG/AGC 38 34 --- b
TSP--Vanadium <MDL-0.0181 0.0047 0.2 EMEG/AGC 38 29 0
a Concentrations of organics, in plain font, are in units of parts per billion (ppb); concentrations of particulates, in italic font, are in units of micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3).
bMinimum detection limit (MDL) is not low enough to detect comparison value (CV) concentrations.
cNot applicable: chemical does not have a comparison value (CV).
d The sampling and analytical approach used in the monitoring study could quantify some chemical concentrations at levels below the minimum detection limit (MDL).



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