PRELIMINARY PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT
METROPOLITAN MIRROR AND GLASS COMPANY, INCORPORATED
FRACKVILLE, SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
Based on the information reviewed, PADOH has concluded that this site is an indeterminate public health hazard. Available data do not indicate that humans are being or have been exposed to levels of contaminants that would be expected to cause adverse health effects. However, groundwater flow in the vicinity of the site has not been fully characterized. Private well users with low level contamination have access to the Pennsylvania-American supply wells which meet safe drinking water standards. There were no community health concerns raised beyond the safety of the public water supply. Air stripping at the supply well in the northern contamination area has provided safe drinking water and preparations are underway if similar technology would be found necessary in the southern supply wells to insure safe drinking water.
Lead was a contaminant of concern on-site, but there was no evidence that it was migrating in
groundwater. The only home well tested for lead had a lead level of 9.4 µg/L. The RI/FS
scheduled for 1993 will adequately characterize groundwater migration and determine the
source(s) of the groundwater contamination downgradient from the Frackville Industrial Park.
Cease/Reduce Exposure Recommendations
- Conduct residential well sampling on all wells sampled (organics and inorganics) in 1987 under the PADER investigation and determine their use. Encourage connection to the public water supply for any contaminated wells above health concern levels.
- Replace the 3-foot broken fence with higher and more sturdy fencing to prevent access to the lagoons.
Site Characterization Recommendations
- Investigate other potential contamination sources in the Frackville Industrial Park.
- Study the site hydrogeology and determine groundwater flow and the exact location of a suspected groundwater divide.
- Conduct subsurface soil testing at the residence for the source in the northern plume to determine if further remediation is necessary.
Health Activities Recommendation Panel (HARP) Recommendations
The data and information developed in the Metropolitan Mirror and Glass, Incorporated, Public Health Assessment have been evaluated for appropriate follow-up health actions. The ATSDR Health Activities Recommendation Panel (HARP) determined that people are not being exposed to contaminants from the site at levels that would be expected to cause illness. Therefore, no follow-up health actions are needed at this time. ATSDR will reevaluate this site for additional follow-up public health actions if new data become available that indicate a need to do so.
Public Health Action Plan
The public health action plan (PHAP) for the Metropolitan Mirror and Glass, Incorporated, site contains a description of actions to be taken by ATSDR and/or other governmental agencies at and in the vicinity of the site subsequent to the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. Included is a commitment on the part of PADOH and ATSDR to follow up on this plan to ensure that it is implemented.
PADOH and ATSDR will collaborate with appropriate federal, state, and local agencies to
pursue the implementation of the recommendations made in this public health assessment.
Pennsylvania Department of Health
Kandiah Sivarajah, Ph.D.
State Toxicologist and Project Director
Pennsylvania Department of Health
ATSDR Regional Representative:
Public Health Advisor
EPA Region III
Office of the Assistant Administrator
ATSDR Technical Project Officer:
Technical Project Officer
Remedial Program Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
The Metropolitan Mirror and Glass, Incorporated Site Public Health Assessment has been prepared by the Pennsylvania Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was initiated.
Gail D. Godfrey
Technical Project Officer, SPS, RPB, DHAC
The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment and concurs with its findings.
Robert C. Williams
Director, DHAC, ATSDR
- Listing Site Inspection of Metropolitan Mirror, TDD No. F3-8905-52, EPA No. PA-2305, Contract No. 68-01-7346, NUS Corporation, November 7, 1989.
- Preliminary Assessment of Metropolitan Mirror and Glass Company, TDD No. F3-8806-02, EPA No. PA-2305, Contract No. 68-01-7346, NUS Corporation, February 17, 1989.
- Pennsylvania Industrial Directory, Department of Commerce, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1991.
- HRS Documentation Record, Metropolitan Mirror and Glass Company, EPA Region III, July 18, 1990.
- Memorandum from Robert A. Gadinski, Hydrogeologist, PADER to Ronald S. Brezinski, Monitoring and Compliance Manager, PADER, November 13, 1987.
- Personal Communication with Robert A. Gadinski, Hydrogeologist, PADER, October 1992.
- Telephone conversation with Joseph Gallagher, October 1992.
- Summary of General Population Characteristics 1990, Census of Population and Housing 1990, Summary Tape File 1A, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, June 1991.
- Nursing Home Directory, State Health Data Center, Pennsylvania Department of Health, December 1990.
- Public Schools, Summary of Enrollments 1990-91, Pennsylvania Department of Education, 1991.
- Pennsylvania Hospital Directory, State Health Data Center, Pennsylvania Department of Health, December 1990.
- Telephone conversation with Randall Straub, Water Quality Supervisor, Pennsylvania-American Water Company, October 1992.
- Conversation on site visit with John McNeal III, Operations Superintendent, Pennsylvania-American Water Company, October 8, 1992.
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, January 1990. Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene, Atlanta, Georgia: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry; DHHS Publication No. (PHS) TP-88-22.
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 1990. Toxicological Profile for Lead, Atlanta, Georgia: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry; DHHS Publication No. (PHS) TP-88-17.
- Conversation with Walter W. Pilgar, Sanitarian, Bureau of Community Environmental Control, PADER, October 26, 1992.