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APPENDIX A - FIGURES

LIST OF FIGURES

/HAC/PHA/reports/duell_08251994mi/images/due_f1tn.jpg (8576 bytes)  Figure 1. Site Location

/HAC/PHA/reports/duell_08251994mi/images/due_f2tn.jpg (9088 bytes) Figure 2. Residential Well Locations

/HAC/PHA/reports/duell_08251994mi/images/due_f3tn.jpg (8120 bytes)  Figure 3. Horizontal GroundwaterPlume Map -- N,N-Dimethylaniline and Chloroform (Reference 1,Figure 4-8)

APPENDIX B - TABLES

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1. Contaminants of concern at the Duell & Gardner Landfill Site
Table 2. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in water from residential wells on the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, 1981 and from the RI
Table 3. Monitoring well installation and sampling information
Table 4. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in groundwater from monitoring wells at the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI
Table 5. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in shallow soil samples (0-2 feet) at the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI
Table 6. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in subsurface soils (deeper than 2 feet) at the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI
Table 7. Residential well sampling information
Table 8. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in water from residential wells near the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI
Table 9. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in surface water samples collected from a tributary to Bear Creek near the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI
Table 10. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in sediment samples collected from a tributary to Bear Creek near the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI
Table 11. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in sediment samples collected from the agricultural drainage ditch south of the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, February 1993
Table 12. Cancer Deaths for Dalton, Fruitland, and Muskegon Townships 1983-1987


Table 1.  Contaminants of concern at the Duell & GardnerLandfill Site

VOLATILE ORGANIC CHEMICALS

carbon tetrachloride
chloroform
1,1-dichloroethane
1,2-dichloroethane
methylene chloride
tetrachloroethylene

ANILINES AND DYES

aniline
crystal violet
N,N-dimethylaniline

POLYNUCLEAR AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS

benzo(a)anthracene
benzo(a)pyrene
benzo(b)fluoranthene
benzo(g,h,i)perylene
benzo(k)fluoranthene
chrysene
dibenzo(a,h)anthracene
indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
2-methylnaphthalene
naphthalene
phenanthrene
PESTICIDES AND PCBS

aldrin
beta-BHC
gamma-BHC (lindane)
gamma-chlordane
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDT
heptachlor
polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)


METALS

antimony
arsenic
beryllium
cadmium
chromium
cobalt
copper
lead
mercury
silver
thallium
tin
vanadium
zinc

 

Table 2. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in water from residential wells on the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, 1981 and from the RI

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppb)
Comparison Values
(ppb)
1981 1988-9
zinc NR

472

3,000R

Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are not listed

NA -- Not Available

NR -- Analysis Not Reported

Comparison Value Sources:

R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) by Ingestion(RfD), assuming child exposure


Table 3. Monitoring well installation and samplinginformation

Well1 Date Installed2 Depth
(ft.)
RI Sampling Round3
1 2 3
MW-1 7/82 11 × × ×
MW-2 7/82 11.5 × × ×
MW-3 7/82 11.5 × × ×
MW-4 7/82 11.5 × × ×
MW-5D RI(I) 59.6 × × ×
MW-5S RI(I) 12.6 × × ×
MW-6D RI(I) 62 × × ×
MW-6S RI(I) 12.2 × × ×
MW-7 RI(I) 12.5 × × ×
MW-8 RI(I) 12.5 × × ×
MW-9 RI(I) 12.5 × × ×
MW-10 1/86 8.2 -- × --
MW-11 1/86 7.9 × × --
MW-11R RI(I) 12.5 × × ×
MW-12 RI(I) 12.5 × × --
MW-13 RI(I) 22.6 × × ×
MW-14D RI(I) 68.3 × × ×
MW-14E RI(II) 98 -- -- ×
MW-14I RI(II) 45 -- -- ×
MW-14S RI(I) 15.5 × × ×
MW-15 RI(I) 10.5 × × ×
MW-16 RI(I) 11 × × ×
MW-17 RI(I) 10.5 × × ×
MW-18 RI(I) 10.5 × × ×
MW-18I RI(II) 45.5 -- -- ×
MW-19 RI(I) 12 × × ×
MW-20 RI(I) 10.5 × × --
MW-21D RI(I) 72.4 × × ×
MW-21S RI(I) 12 × × ×
MW-22D RI(I) 50.4 × × ×
MW-22S RI(I) 12.5 × × ×
MW-23D RI(I) 52.5 × × ×
MW-23S RI(I) 12.5 × × ×
MW-25D RI(II) 66 -- -- ×
MW-25I RI(II) 48 -- -- ×
MW-25S RI(II) 16.5 -- -- ×
MW-26D RI(II) 70 -- -- ×
MW-26I RI(II) 45.6 -- -- ×
MW-26S RI(II) 15.6 -- -- ×

Reference: 1

× Sampled
-- Not Sampled

1. See Figure 2 for locations

 

Table 4. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in groundwater from monitoring wells at the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppb)
Comparison Values
(ppb)
carbon tetrachloride 110 0.3C
chloroform 270 100E, 6C
1,2-dichloroethane 4 0.4C
methylene chloride 7 600E, 5C
tetrachloroethylene 10 0.7C
aniline 6.3 6C
crystal violet 3 0.04C
N,N-dimethylaniline 186 20R
beta-BHC 0.04 0.02C
gamma-BHC (lindane) 0.05 3R, carcinogen
antimony 44 4R
arsenic 12.7 3E, 0.2C
beryllium 3.3 0.008C
cadmium 5.5 7E, carcinogen
chromium 50 10,000R (III)
carcinogen (VI)
cobalt 10.3 NA
copper 41.7 1,300MG
lead 18.3 15PL, carcinogen
silver 12 50R
thallium 1.1 0.4A
vanadium 81.9 20A
zinc 8,270 3,000R

Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are notlisted

Shaded chemicals exceed comparison values.

NA -- Not Available

(III) -- For Chromium(III)
(VI) -- For Chromium(VI)

Comparison Value Sources:

E -- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG)
C -- ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG)
R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) byIngestion (RfD), assuming child exposure
A -- U.S. EPA Drinking Water Lifetime Health Advisory
MG -- U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Act Maximum Contaminant Level Goal
PL -- U.S. EPA Proposed Action Level for Lead in Drinking Water

carcinogen -- Carcinogen (Known, Probable, or Possible) but no CREG is available

The CREGs for crystal violet were calculated from the potency factor citedin Reference 1, Appendix E.

Table 5. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in shallow soil samples (0-2 feet) at the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppm)
Comparison Values
(ppm)
chloroform 0.021 20E, 100C
1,1-dichloroethane 0.006 carcinogen
aniline 4.9 100C
crystal violet 182 7C
N,N-dimethylaniline 1.59 4R
4,4'-DDD 180 3C
4,4'-DDT 7.3 0.8Ei
polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 2.4 0.04E, 0.09C
arsenic 1.5 0.6E, 0.04C
chromium 11 2,000R (III)
carcinogen (VI)
copper 52 NA
lead 131 carcinogen
mercury 0.56 NA
tin 38 NA
vanadium 11 NA
zinc 499 600R

Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were never detected in this medium are notlisted

Shaded chemicals exceed comparison values.

NA -- Not Available

(III) -- For Chromium(III)
(VI) -- For Chromium(VI)

Comparison Value Sources:

E -- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG)
Ei-- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG), intermediateduration
C -- ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG)
R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) byIngestion (RfD), assuming child exposure and pica behavior

carcinogen -- Carcinogen (Known, Probable, or Possible) but no CREG isavailable

The CREGs for crystal violet were calculated from the potency factor citedin Reference 1, Appendix E.


Table 6. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in subsurface soils (deeper than 2 feet) at the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppm)
Comparison Values
(ppm)
chloroform 0.021 20E, 100C
1,1-dichloroethane 0.008 carcinogen
tetrachloroethylene 0.02 10C
aniline 1.89 100C
crystal violet 188 7C
N,N-dimethylaniline 0.81 4R
polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 1.23 0.04E, 0.09C
benzo(a)anthracene 0.91 carcinogen
benzo(a)pyrene 0.66 0.1C
benzo(b)fluoranthene 0.77 carcinogen
benzo(g,h,i)perylene 0.036 NA
benzo(k)fluoranthene 0.49 carcinogen
chrysene 0.097 carcinogen
dibenzo(a,h)anthracene 0.2 carcinogen
indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene 0.35 carcinogen
2-methylnaphthalene 0.044 NA
naphthalene 0.075 NA
phenanthrene 2.1 NA
arsenic 13 0.6E, 0.04C
beryllium 4.5 0.2C
cadmium 4.1 1E, carcinogen
chromium 20 2,000R (III)
carcinogen (VI)
cobalt 49 NA
copper 29 NA
lead 54 carcinogen
mercury 0.32 NA
silver 179 10R
tin 302 NA
vanadium 21 NA
zinc 124 600R


Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are notlisted

Shaded chemicals exceed comparison values.

NA -- Not Available

(III) -- For Chromium(III)
(VI) -- For Chromium(VI)

Comparison Value Sources:

E -- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG)
C -- ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG)
R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) byIngestion (RfD), assuming child exposure and pica behavior

carcinogen -- Carcinogen (Known, Probable, or Possible) but no CREG isavailable

The CREGs for crystal violet were calculated from the potency factor citedin Reference 1, Appendix E.

Table 7. Residential well sampling information

Well1 RI Sampling Round2 2/16/93
1 2 3
PW-1 × -- × --
PW-2 × -- -- --
PW-3 × × × --
PW-4 × -- × --
PW-5 × -- × ×
PW-6 × × × ×
PW-7 × × × ×
PW-8 × × × ×
PW-9 × -- × --
PW-10 × × × ×
PW-11 × -- × ×
PW-12 × × × ×
PW-13 × -- × --
PW-14 × -- -- --
PW-15 × -- -- --
PW-16 × -- × ×
PW-17 × × × ×
PW-18 × -- -- --
PW-19 × -- × --
PW-20 × -- × --
PW-21 -- -- × --
PW-22 -- -- × --
PW-23 -- -- × --
PW-24 -- -- -- ×


Reference: 1, 7

× Sampled
-- Not Sampled

1. See Figure 2 for locations

2. Round 1 -- October 1987
Round 2 -- February 1989
Round 3 -- October 1989

 

Table 8. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in water from residential wells near the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppb)
Comparison Values
(ppb)
1,2-dichloroethane 0.9 0.4C
aniline 0.03 6C
N,N-dimethylaniline 1.44 20R
aldrin 0.02 0.3E, 0.002C
gamma-chlordane 0.04 0.03C
heptachlor 0.11 0.008C
cadmium 0.24 7E, carcinogen
copper 147 1,300MG
mercury 0.3 NA
vanadium 5 20A
zinc 378 3,000R


Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are not listed

Shaded chemicals exceed comparison values.

NA -- Not Available

ND -- Not Detected
NR -- Analysis Not Reported

Comparison Value Sources
:

E -- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG)
C -- ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG)
R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) by Ingestion (RfD),assuming child exposure
A -- U.S. EPA Drinking Water Lifetime Health Advisory
MG-- U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Act Maximum Contaminant Level Goal

carcinogen-- Carcinogen (Known, Probable, or Possible) but no CREG is available

Table 9. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in surface water samples collected from a tributary to Bear Creek near the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppb)
Comparison Values
(ppb)
copper 41 1,300MG
zinc 11 3,000R


Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are not listed

NA -- Not Available

Comparison Value Sources:

A -- U.S. EPA Drinking Water Lifetime Health Advisory
MG-- U.S. EPA Safe Drinking Water Act Maximum Contaminant Level Goal

Table 10. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in sediment samples collected from a tributary to Bear Creek near the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, from the RI

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppm)
Comparison Values
(ppm)
benzo(a)pyrene 0.27 0.1C
arsenic 16 0.6E, 0.4C
cadmium 710 1E, carcinogen
chromium 20 2,000R (III)
carcinogen (VI)
cobalt 6.8 NA
copper 24 NA
lead 153 carcinogen
vanadium 58 NA
zinc 247 600R


Reference: 1

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are not listed

Shaded chemicals exceed comparison values.

NA -- Not Available

(III)-- For Chromium(III)
(VI)-- For Chromium(VI)

Comparison Value Sources
:

E -- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG)
C -- ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG)
R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) by Ingestion (RfD),assuming child exposure and pica behavior

carcinogen -- Carcinogen (Known, Probable, or Possible) but no CREG is available

Table 11. Concentrations of contaminants of concern in sediment samples collected from the agricultural drainage ditch south of the Duell & Gardner Landfill site, February 1993

 

Chemical Maximum Concentration
(ppm)
Comparison Values
(ppm)
beta-BHC 0.0033 0.4C
arsenic 1.8J 0.6E, 0.4C
beryllium 3.2J 0.2C
chromium 9.8 2,000R (III)
carcinogen (VI)
cobalt 2.5J NA
copper 9.8J NA
lead 39 carcinogen
mercury 0.32 NA
vanadium 24.3J NA
zinc 48.6 600R


Reference: 7

Contaminants of concern that were not detected in this medium are not listed

J -- Chemical detected at concentration below contract required detection limit (CRDL).

Shaded chemicals exceed comparison values.

NA -- Not Available
(III)-- For Chromium(III)
(VI)-- For Chromium(VI)

Comparison Value Sources
:

E -- ATSDR Environmental Media Evaluation Guide (EMEG)
C -- ATSDR Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide (CREG)
R -- Concentration calculated from U.S. EPA Reference Dose (Chronic) by Ingestion (RfD),assuming child exposure and pica behavior
carcinogen -- Carcinogen (Known, Probable, or Possible) but no CREG is available

Table 12. Cancer Deaths for Dalton, Fruitland, and Muskegon Townships 1983-1987

Township # Deaths Observed # Deaths Expected1 SMR*
Dalton 37 47 0.79
Fruitland 27 31 0.87
Muskegon 130 148 0.88

1. Calculated from 1985 State of Michigan cancer death data, adjusted for theTownship's age distribution

* p = 0.05 for statistical significance

 

RESPONSIVENESS SUMMARY

A draft of this public health assessment for the Duell and Gardner Landfill site wasreleased for public comment on February 16, 1994. The public comment period lasted untilMarch 18, 1994. No comments were received by the MDPH in this period. Additional commentsand new information on the site will be considered by MDPH and ATSDR for futureassessments of, or consultations on, the site.

FOOTNOTES

1. Pica behavior is an abnormal consumption of non-food materials,such as soil, most often seen in children under 5 years of age.

2. The numbering used in this Public Health Assessment follows thatused in Reference 1, except that the round 3 locations forPW-2, -14, and -15 have been renumbered PW-21, -22, and -23, respectively. The welllabeled PW-21 in Reference 7 is here labeled PW-24.


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