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HEALTH CONSULTATION

JACO PLATING
JACKSON, MICHIGAN


SUMMARY

The J.A.C.O. Plating property is an abandoned metal plating facility located in the southern part of Jackson, Michigan. The property was abandoned in 1991, and is currently owned by the City of Jackson. In 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) carried out an emergency removal of plating-related fluids and other material from the property. After the removal, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) assessed the property and found that the surface soil contains elevated concentrations of various metals and PCBs. The shallow groundwater at the property contains elevated concentrations of various metals and volatile organic chemicals (VOCs), including trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene.

The elevated concentrations of metals in the surface soil on the property might pose health hazards to children playing on the property. The City plans to redevelopment the property for industrial or commercial use, which would pose no health hazard. Any development of the property for residential use should include appropriate action to minimize the health hazard from exposure to the surface soil. The metals and VOC concentrations in the shallow groundwater on the property would pose health hazards if the groundwater was used for household uses. There are no records of past or current use of the shallow groundwater in the property area.


BACKGROUND AND STATEMENT OF ISSUES

The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) has asked the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) to evaluate the health risks associated with the J.A.C.O. Plating property as part of an Integrated Assessment of the property.

The J.A.C.O. Plating property is located at 502 Mansion Avenue, Jackson, Michigan, at the corner of Mansion Avenue and Airline Drive (also known as Business Loop U.S. Highway 127 and Michigan Route 50) (see Figure 1). On this 1.3-acre property, the J.A.C.O. Plating Company operated a metal plating operation from 1982 until 1991. The Company abandoned the property in 1991, and is currently reported to be bankrupt. Title to the property has reverted to the State in lieu of unpaid taxes. In June 1996, title was conveyed to the City of Jackson, whose Business Development Center has expressed an interest in redeveloping the property (1, 2).

In November 1996, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) requested that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) evaluate the J.A.C.O. Plating property for emergency or expedited response action. In January 1997, the U.S. EPA assessed the property, and found four complete plating lines, approximately 300 55-gallon drums, and approximately 200 5-gallon containers in the building. The U.S. EPA collected samples from the barrels and other containers on property, and analysis revealed corrosive and caustic materials and high concentrations of various metals (Table 1) (1). In May 1997, the U.S. EPA began a time-critical removal action at the property, including sampling and disposal of all plating-related fluids, solids, debris, and contaminated soils (1). The removal was complete in July 1997. Also in July 1997, the MDEQ carried out field work for an Integrated Assessment (IA) of the property (2).

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