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REFERENCES

  1. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Brownfields Redevelopment Work Plan for Kinross Manufacturing Corporation, Kinross, Michigan. October 21, 1997.

  2. Parsons Engineering Science, Inc., for U.S. Army CoE. Final Remedial Investigation Report for the Former Kinross Manufacturing Corporation, Michigan. May 1996.

  3. Ducsay, T., MDEQ. Personal communication. June 3, 1998.

  4. London, R., MDEQ Drinking Water and Radiological Protection Division. Personal communication. December 3, 1997.

  5. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Unpublished laboratory data. February 1998.

  6. Howard, A.J., MDNR ERD. Memorandum to ERD staff, subject: Environmental Response Division Operational Memorandum #14 Revision 2: Remedial Action Plans Using Generic Industrial or Generic Commercial Cleanup Criteria or Other Requirements. June 6, 1995.

  7. Howard, A.J., MDNR ERD. Memorandum to ERD staff, Subject: Interim Environmental Response Division Operational Memorandum #8, Revision 4: Generic Residential Cleanup Criteria. June 5, 1995.

  8. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Chromium, Update. ATSDR/TP-92/08. April 1993.

  9. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Lead, Update, Draft for Public Comment. September 1997.

  10. Howard, A.J., MDEQ ERD. Draft Memorandum to ERD staff, Subject: Interim Generic Utility Worker Contact Criteria: Addendum to Interim Operational Memoranda #8, Revision 4 (June 5, 1995) and #14, Revision 2 (June 6, 1995). April 12, 1996.

  11. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic, Update. ATSDR/TP-92/02. April 1993.

  12. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Cadmium, Update, Draft for Public Comment. September 1997.

  13. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Methylene Chloride, Update. ATSDR/TP-92/13. April 1993.

  14. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Thallium. ATSDR/TP-91/26. June 1992.

  15. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Asbestos, Update. August 1995.

  16. Ducsay, T., MDEQ. Personal communication. March 24, 1998.

FIGURE 1


Map of Kinross Manufacturing Corp.

 

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Michigan Department of Community Health

John Filpus, Environmental Engineer

Robin Freer, Resource Specialist

James Bedford, Environmental Toxicologist

Brendan Boyle, Principal Investigator

ATSDR Regional Representative

Louise Fabinski
Regional Services, Region V
Office of the Assistant Administrator
ATSDR Technical Project Officer

ATSDR Technical Project Officer

William Greim
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Superfund Site Assessment Branch

 

CERTIFICATION

The Kinross Manufacturing Corporation Health Consultation was prepared by the Michigan Department of Community Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the health consultation was initiated.

William Greim
Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC

 

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this health consultation and concurs with its findings.

 

Lisa C. Hayes
Chief, SPS, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR


TABLES

Table 1. Concentrations of chemicals found in surface soil samples collected from the Kinross Manufacturing property by the MDEQ, October 1997.

 

Chemical

Concentration

(ppm)

No. of samples above MDEQ Industrial/Commercial Criteria (Ref. 6)

No. of samples above MDEQ Residential Criteria (Ref. 7)

Maximum

Median

acetone

0.023

ND

0

0

antimony

11.8

ND

0

0

arsenic

5.2

0.725

0

0

barium

86.3

12

0

0

benzo(a)anthracene

0.099

ND

0

0

benzo(a)pyrene

0.09

ND

0

0

benzo(b)fluoranthene

0.2

ND

0

0

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

0.19

ND

0

0

benzo(k)fluoranthene

0.13

ND

0

0

beryllium

0.2

ND

0

0

bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

6.2

ND

0

0

butylbenzylphthalate

0.16

ND

0

0

cadmium

5.8

ND

0

0

carbon disulfide

0.005

ND

0

0

alpha-chlordane

0.053

ND

0

0

gamma-chlordane

0.0025

ND

0

0

chromium

2,900

13.1

0

1

chrysene

0.14

ND

0

0

cobalt

5.1

ND

0

0

copper

116

7.75

0

0

cyanide

0.4

ND

0

0

4,4'-DDD

0.0029

ND

0

0

4,4'-DDE

0.0045

ND

0

0

4,4'-DDT

0.044

ND

0

0

di-n-butylphthalate

3.1

ND

0

0

di-n-octylphthalate

0.2

ND

0

0

dieldrin

0.0018

ND

0

0

diethylphthalate

0.024

ND

0

0

2,4-dimethylphenol

0.019

ND

0

0

dimethylphthalate

0.017

ND

0

0

endosulfan sulfate

0.094

ND

0

0

endrin

0.035

ND

0

0

endrin aldehyde

0.0041

ND

0

0

fluoranthene

0.1

ND

0

0

heptachlor epoxide

0.62

ND

0

0

hexachlorobenzene

0.028

ND

0

0

lead

13,600

6.05

1

1

lithium

4

ND

0

0

manganese

581

103.5

0

0

mercury

0.6

ND

0

0

methoxychlor

0.036

ND

0

0

methylene chloride

0.033

0.011

0

0

nickel

26.3

ND

0

0

pyrene

0.14

ND

0

0

selenium

1.4

ND

0

0

silver

1.5

ND

0

0

strontium

25

1.8

0

0

tetrachloroethylene

0.016

0.01

0

0

titanium

358

159

0

0

toluene

0.007

ND

0

0

vanadium

19

9

0

0

xylenes (total)

0.006

ND

0

0

zinc

1,590

27.2

0

0

Reference: 5

ND - Not Detected in more than 50% of the samples

 

Table 2.Concentrations of chemicals found in subsurface soil samples collected from the Kinross Manufacturing property by the CoE contractor, April-May 1995, and by the MDEQ, October 1997.

 

Chemical

Date

Concentration

(ppm)

No. of samples above MDEQ Industrial/Commercial Criteria (Ref. 6)

No. of samples above MDEQ Residential Criteria (Ref. 7)

Reference

Maximum

Median

acenaphthene

1995

0.0023

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

acenaphthylene

1995

0.22

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

acetone

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.029

ND

0

0

5

aldrin

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.00023

ND

0

0

5

anthracene

1995

0.0016

0.000085

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

antimony

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

8.9

ND

0

0

5

arsenic

1995

1

0.39

0

0

2

1997

1.6

ND

0

0

5

barium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

18

6

0

0

5

benzo(a)anthracene

1995

0.01

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

benzo(a)pyrene

1995

0.013

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

benzo(b)fluoranthene

1995

0.016

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

1995

0.022

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.033

ND

0

0

5

benzo(k)fluoranthene

1995

0.0076

0.00008

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

beryllium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

0.4

0.015

0

0

5

gamma-BHC (Lindane)

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.0009

ND

0

0

5

bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.37

ND

0

0

5

butylbenzylphthalate

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.08

ND

0

0

5

cadmium

1995

0.33

0.034

0

0

2

1997

0.06

ND

0

0

5

gamma-chlordane

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.00035

ND

0

0

5

chromium

1995

14

3.7

0

0

2

1997

107

3.85

0

0

5

chrysene

1995

0.0075

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

cobalt

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

2.3

ND

0

0

5

copper

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

24.5

5.7

0

0

5

cyanide

1995

0.00024

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.3

ND

0

0

5

4,4'-DDD

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.0051

ND

0

0

5

4,4'-DDE

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.0077

ND

0

0

5

4,4'-DDT

1995

0.057

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.035

ND

0

0

5

di-n-butylphthalate

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.96

ND

0

0

5

dibenz(a,h)anthracene

1995

0.0059

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

dieldrin

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.00022

ND

0

0

5

diethylphthalate

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.021

ND

0

0

5

2,4-dimethylphenol

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.23

ND

0

0

5

endosulfan sulfate

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.0024

ND

0

0

5

endrin

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.00021

ND

0

0

5

endrin aldehyde

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.00041

ND

0

0

5

ethylbenzene

1995

0.001

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

fluoranthene

1995

0.035

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

fluorene

1995

0.0014

0.00022

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

heptachlor

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.00021

ND

0

0

5

hexachlorobenzene

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.082

ND

0

0

5

hexachloroethane

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.04

ND

0

0

5

indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene

1995

0.01

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

lead

1995

63

1.6

0

0

2

1997

10.7

0.4

0

0

5

lithium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

2.5

ND

0

0

5

manganese

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

150

45.5

0

0

5

mercury

1995

0.11

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

methoxychlor

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.0018

ND

0

0

5

methylene chloride

1995

0.031

0.013

0

0

2

1997

0.028

ND

0

0

5

naphthalene

1995

0.0059

0.00077

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

nickel

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

9

0.65

0

0

5

phenanthrene

1995

0.051

0.0011

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

pyrene

1995

0.022

0.00016

0

0

2

1997

0.043

ND

0

0

5

silver

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

0.6

ND

0

0

5

strontium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

6

0.6

0

0

5

tetrachloroethylene

1995

0.0015

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.013

ND

0

0

5

titanium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

269

44

0

0

5

toluene

1995

0.024

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.008

ND

0

0

5

vanadium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

16

6.1

0

0

5

vinyl chloride

1995

1.7

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

xylenes (total)

1995

0.0035

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

zinc

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

130

6.25

0

0

5

ND - Not Detected (for medians, in more than 50% of the samples)

NA CNot Analyzed for.

Table 3.Concentrations of chemicals found in groundwater samples collected from temporary monitoring wells on the Kinross Manufacturing property by the CoE contractor, April-May 1995.

Chemical

Concentration

(ppb)

No. of samples exceeding MDEQ Contact Criteria (Ref. 10)

No. of samples exceeding U.S. EPA Drinking Water Standards (Ref. 7)

Maximum

Median

acetone

24

17

0

0

anthracene

0.047

ND

0

0

arsenic

(total) (dissolved)

58

12

0

1

2

ND

0

0

benzo(a)anthracene

0.11

ND

0

0

benzo(a)pyrene

0.13

ND

0

0

benzo(b)fluoranthene

0.11

ND

0

0

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

0.11

ND

0

0

benzo(k)fluoranthene

0.039

0.001

0

0

cadmium

(total) (dissolved)

6.4

2

0

2

0.19

ND

0

0

chromium

(total) (dissolved)

1,200

200

0

14

ND

ND

0

0

chrysene

0.093

ND

0

0

cyanide

20

ND

0

0

dibenz(a,h)anthracene

0.023

ND

0

0

fluoranthene

1

ND

0

0

fluorene

0.53

0.007

0

0

lead

(total) (dissolved)

440

120

0

14

61

0.7

0

1

mercury

(total) (dissolved)

1.6

ND

0

0

ND

ND

0

0

methylene chloride

7.2

1.3

0

5

naphthalene

0

0.033

0

0

phenanthrene

0.64

0.022

0

0

pyrene

0.65

0.012

0

0

 

Reference: 2

ND - Not Detected in more than 50% of the samples

Table 4.Concentrations of chemicals found in groundwater samples collected from permanent monitoring wells on the Kinross Manufacturing property by the CoE contractor, April-May 1995, and by the MDEQ, October 1997.

 

Chemical

Date

Concentration

(ppm)

No. of samples exceeding MDEQ Contact Criteria (Ref. 10)

No. of samples exceeding U.S. EPA Drinking Water Standards (Ref. 7)

Reference

Maximum

Median

acenaphthene

1995

0.005

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

acenaphthylene

1995

1.8

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

anthracene

1995

0.003

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

arsenic    (total)
          (dissolved)
          (total)

1995

2.7

0.32

0

0

2

1.4

ND

0

0

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

barium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

15.4

10.7

0

0

5

benzo(a)anthracene

1995

0.004

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

benzo(a)pyrene

1995

0.01

0.0065

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

benzo(g,h,i)perylene

1995

0.093

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

benzo(k)fluoranthene

1995

0.004

0.002

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

cadmium   (total)
            (dissolved)
            (total)

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

ND

ND

0

0

1997

0.3

ND

0

0

5

chromium   (total)
            (dissolved)
            (total)

1995

16

ND

0

0

2

ND

ND

0

0

1997

7.6

2.8

0

0

5

copper

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

62.7

29.55

0

0

5

di-n-butylphthalate

1995

ND

ND

0

0

2

1997

2

0.35

0

0

5

dibenz(a,h)anthracene

1995

0.005

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

ethylbenzene

1995

1

0.66

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

fluorene

1995

0.006

0.005

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

lead           (total)
             (dissolved)
             (total)

1995

2.6

ND

0

0

2

ND

ND

0

0

1997

4.7

2.05

0

1

5

manganese

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

20

18

0

0

5

methylene chloride

1995

8.8

5.6

0

2

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

naphthalene

1995

0.18

0.06

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

nickel

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

2.2

2.05

0

0

5

phenanthrene

1995

0.036

0.025

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

pyrene

1995

0.067

0.0485

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

tetrachloroethylene

1995

1

ND

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

thallium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

3.8

1.65

0

2

5

toluene

1995

12

8.9

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

trichloroethylene

1995

0.34

ND

0

0

2

1997

0.5

ND

0

0

5

1,2,4-trimethylbenzene

1995

0.72

0.56

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

vanadium

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

2.6

1.05

0

0

5

xylenes (total)

1995

8

6.8

0

0

2

1997

ND

ND

0

0

5

zinc

1995

NA

NA

0

0

2

1997

23.5

17.45

0

0

5


ND - Not Detected (for medians, in more than 50% of the samples)

NA - Not Analyzed for.

Table 5.Concentrations of chemicals found in sediment samples collected from manholes on the Kinross Manufacturing property by the MDEQ, October 1997.

 

Chemical

Concentration

(ppm)

No. of samples above MDEQ Industrial/Commercial Criteria (Ref. 6)

No. of samples above MDEQ Residential Criteria (Ref. 7)

Sample A

Sample B

arsenic

1.1

1.7

0

0

barium

17

19

0

0

butylbenzylphthalate

ND

0.036

0

0

gamma-chlordane

ND

0.037

0

0

chromium

9

20

0

0

copper

11

39

0

0

4,4'-DDD

ND

0.0028

0

0

4,4'-DDE

ND

0.0029

0

0

4,4'-DDT

ND

0.013

0

0

di-n-butylphthalate

0.31

0.055

0

0

dieldrin

ND

0.0015

0

0

endosulfan sulfate

0.0005

0.0051

0

0

endrin

ND

0.0015

0

0

fluoranthene

ND

0.032

0

0

lead

15

30

0

0

manganese

73.8

75.5

0

0

pyrene

0.071

0.034

0

0

selenium

0.68

0.61

0

0

strontium

3.5

2.4

0

0

tetrachloroethylene

0.04

0.013

0

0

titanium

276

350

0

0

vanadium

11

14

0

0

zinc

2,400

210

0

0

Reference: 5

ND - Not Detected

 


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