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PETITIONED PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

OLDOVER CORPORATION
(A.K.A. VIRGINIA SOLITE)
CASCADE, PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA


CONCLUSIONS

On the basis of ATSDR's evaluation of available environmental information and discussions with local, state, and federal environmental and health officials, ATSDR concludes the following that the Virginia Solite facility is an indeterminate public health hazard.

  • ATSDR was unable to fully evaluate the public health hazard associated air emissions from the Virginia Solite facility. Since this document represents ATSDR's initial evaluation of the Virginia Solite facility, ATSDR has not evaluated all of the environmental data available for the facility.
  • The facility is regulated by VADEQ and EPA for air emissions. There have been no reported uncontrolled releases and the facility is currently in compliance with interim status conditions. Virginia Solite is equipped with emission testing equipment and the incinerator will automatically shut down in the event that emissions reach 90% of the allowable limit. No ambient air quality data are available to determine potential exposures to emissions for nearby communities.

  • The public health hazard associated with emissions from Virginia Solite in the past is unknown. Available environmental data are insufficient to determine if health concerns have a plausible link to site-related activities. No ambient air quality data or emission data exist. Cancer mortality studies, however, performed in Cascade, Virginia and cancer incidence studies performed in Ruffin, Pelham, and Eden, North Carolina do not indicate any increase in incidence of cancer which might have occurred from past exposure.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • ATSDR recommends that the EPA consider collecting ambient air samples in the vicinity of the Virginia Solite facility to validate the estimated ambient air concentrations derived from modeling.
  • ATSDR will evaluate all available environmental data in a future document.
  • As outlined in the Public Health Action Plan, ATSDR will work with EPA and VADEQ in reviewing upcoming documents related to Virginia Solite's permitting activities.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The purpose of the Public Health Action Plan is to ensure that this petitioned public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards but also provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. In the case of the Virginia Solite site:

  • ATSDR has reviewed an provided comments on Virginia Solite's trial burn plan, ambient air modeling plan, and the risk assessment.

SITE TEAM

William T. Going III, M.P.H.
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Exposure Investigations and Consultations Branch
Petition Response Section

Debra Gable
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Superfund Site Assessment Branch

John E. Kelly
ATSDR Regional Representative
Office of Regional Operations
ATSDR Region III

Cate McKinney
Community Involvement Specialist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Community Involvement Branch

Frank Schnell, Ph.D., D.A.B.T.
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Exposure Investigations and Consultations Branch
Petition Response Section


REFERENCES

1. Petitioners for the Virginia Solite facility. Petition letters (4) to ATSDR. February 28, 1996, February 28, 1996, February 29, 1996, and February 29, 1996.

2. Eastern Research Group. Report on the Virginia Solite site, Cascade, Pittsylvania County, Virginia. May 23, 1997.

3. Solite Corporation. 1995. Hazardous waste management facility permit application, Virginia Solite Company, Leaksville Plant, Cascade, Virginia, EPA I.D. No. VAD046970521. Revised April, 1995.

4. VADEQ. 1995. Final permit for the Oldover - Cascade facility (VAD077942266). December 29, 1995.

5. Scott, M. 1998. Personal communication with Mike Scott, Environmental Inspector, Senior, VADEQ. August 12, 1998.

6. Risk Communication International. 1995. Risk assessment work plan: Leaksville Plant. Prepared for Virginia Solite Company. North Bethesda, MD. April 1995.

7. Wagner, M. 1998. Personal communication with Margaret Wagner, Compliance Enforcement Specialist, VADEQ Air Quality Division. August 12, 1998.

8. VADEQ. 1997. National Corrective Action Prioritization System (NCAPS) Site Assessment Report and RCRA Facility Assessment and SWMU ID Review for Virginia Solite Company and Oldover Corporation, Cascade, Virginia. Division of Technical Services, Office of Waste Permitting. Revised December 23, 1997.

9. U.S. Census Bureau. Census of the population. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1990.

10. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public health assessment guidance manual. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 1992.

11. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Introduction to: boilers and industrial furnaces (40 CFR Part 266, Subpart H). July 1997 (update).

12. Koogler and Associates. Documentation of pre-compliance certification. 1993.

13. IEA. 1992. Emission test report: emission test results for no. 2 and no. 4 aggregate kilns, Solite Corporation, Leaksville Plant, Cascade, Virginia. August 8, 1992.

14. Entropy Environmentalists, Inc. 1994. Stationary source sampling report reference no. 12327, Virginia Solite Corporation, Cascade, Virginia, emissions testing for particulate, PCDD/PCDF, semivolatile POHC - trichlorobenzene, volatile POHC - tetrachloroethylene, kiln no. 1 stack. March 24, 1994.

15. Virginia Solite Corporation. Compliance certification forms for Kiln 1. August 15, 1995.

16. Virginia Solite Corporation. Compliance certification forms for Kiln 2. August 15, 1995.

17. Virginia Solite Corporation. Compliance certification forms for Kiln 3. August 15, 1995.

18. Virginia Solite Corporation. Compliance certification forms for Kiln 4. August 15, 1995.

19. Danville Health Department. 1996. Cancer Cluster Investigation, Cascade, Virginia. July 17, 1996.

20. Aldrich, T.E. 1996. Letter from Tim E. Aldrich, Director, Central Cancer Registry, State of North Carolina Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources, State Center for Health Statistics, to Glenn L. Martin, Health Director, Rockingham County Health Department. November 7, 1996.

21. Nelson, T. 1997. Personal communication with Ted Nelson, Environmental Health Supervisor, Rockingham County Health Department. May 9, 1997.

22. American College of Rheumatology. Fact sheet: Systemic lupus erythematous. 1992.

23. Hopkinson ND. Systemic lupus erythematous: epidemiological clues to aetiology. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 1991; 45: 291-293.

24. Lambertina WJ, LWJ Freni-Titulaer, DB Kelley, AC Grow, TW McKinley, FC Arnett, and MC Hochberg. Connective tissues disease in Southeastern Georgia: a case control study of etiological factors. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1989; 130:404-409.

25. Freni-Titulaer LWJ, DB Kelley, AC Grow, TW McKinley, MC Hochbery, FC Arnett. Clustering of connective tissues diseases (CTDs) in a small Georgia community: III. A search for environmental factors. Arthritis Rheum 1988; 31:S75.

26. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Interim guidance on including child health issues in Division of Health Assessment and Consultation Documents. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, July 1998.


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