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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

A & F MATERIALS RECLAIMING, INC.
GREENUP, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, ILLINOIS


CONCLUSIONS

  1. The A & F Materials site in Greenup, Illinois, poses no apparent public health hazard because, although human exposure to hazardous substances may have occurred, there is an absence of information indicating the exposure was at chronic health levels of concern. The potential exposure pathway of ambient air inhalation was eliminated during remediation activities. There are no data to indicate that chronic health effects or the incidence of cancer has increased as the result of site contaminants (see Health Outcome Data Evaluation Subsection).

    It can be concluded that the results discussed in the incidence of cancer study of the Health Outcome Data Evaluation subsection have little relevance to past exposure of residents to site contaminants since the latency period between the time of exposure and the onset of clinically-recognizable disease for most adult cancers is between 10 and 20 years. Hence, exposures in the last 10 years generally cannot be expected to be associated with current cancer incidence. In this situation, residents were potentially exposed to site contaminants during 1978-1985. The incidence of cancer study looked at data from 1985-1988. Although another evaluation of cancer incidence within the decade may be appropriate, inhalation exposure estimates indicated that no increase in cancer is expected for nearby residents as a result of past exposure from site contaminates.

  2. Data inadequacies include the following:
    1. Ambient air data do not adequately characterize the extent or amount of ambient air contamination off-site at receptor population locations during A & F Material's operation or cleanup activities.
    2. Existing ATSDR Toxicological Profiles for benzene, PNAs, and TCE lack information that would allow a better assessment of the site's public implications. Missing information includes: 1) an intermediate and chronic MRL for inhalation exposure to benzene, 2) MRLs for inhalation exposure to PNAs, and 3) an intermediate and chronic MRL for inhalation exposure to TCE.

RECOMMENDATIONS

No recommendations will be made at this time since remedial activities at the site eliminated the past potential exposure pathway (ambient air inhalation). In addition, future use of contaminated aquifers for drinking water supplies should be restricted by institutional controls. This will continue until contaminant levels decline below levels of health concern.

HEALTH ACTIVITIES RECOMMENDATION PANEL (HARP) STATEMENT

In accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, as amended, the A & F Materials Reclaiming, Inc. site has been evaluated for appropriate follow-up with respect to health activities. HARP has determined that no follow-up health activities are indicated at this time because there is no evidence to indicate that exposure to site contaminates has occurred in the past at levels of public health concern. As a means of educating the community about this site, the health assessment should be provided to appropriate community members. Additionally, a periodic review of vital records (birth and death certificates) and incidence of cancer in the area will be conducted by IDPH. If additional information suggests that human exposure to significant levels of site-related hazardous substances is occurring or has occurred in the past, ATSDR and IDPH will reevaluate this site for any indicated follow-up.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

As mentioned in the HARP statement, IDPH has already conducted a review of vital records and incidence of cancer pertaining to the site. In addition, a health study was conducted. Future actions planned are the following: 1) educating the community by providing the health assessment to appropriate community members, and 2) conducting periodic reviews of vital records and the incidence of cancer registry.

Actions Taken

  1. A site assessment study focused on two areas of interest: a) determination of what hazards were likely and what risks were involved in and around the site, and b) performing a health study on the residents of Greenup to determine the health status of the community. This site assessment study was completed in 1987.
  2. A vital records review of Greenup over the past 15-20 years was also performed in conjunction with the above mentioned site assessment study.
  3. A Cancer Cluster Investigation was conducted as a follow-up to these studies and the community's concern about the incidence or occurrence of cancer.

Actions Planned

  1. IDPH plans to conduct another cancer cluster study of the population in the Greenup area. This study will represent the time period (10-20 years) or latency period one might expect for cancers to develop after an exposure to a potential carcinogen. Specifically, it will represent more of the 1978-1985 time frame when some site contaminants may have come in contact with some residents.
  2. A periodic review of vital records (birth and death certificates) and incidence of cancer in the Greenup area will be conducted.
  3. IDPH and ATSDR have a continuing role to play as an advisor and source of information for the community surrounding the A & F Materials Reclaiming site. In continuing its efforts in educating the community about this site, IDPH will provide this health assessment and all future study and/or review results to appropriate community members, and will conduct public meetings as needed.



PREPARER AND REVIEWER OF THE REPORT


PREPARER

Cary L. Ware
Environmental Toxicologist
Illinois Department of Public Health



REVIEWER

Bruce C. Barrow
Environmental Toxicologist
Illinois Department of Public Health



ATSDR REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE

Louise Fabinski
Regional Operations
Office of the Assistant Administrator



ATSDR TECHNICAL PROJECT OFFICER

William Greim
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation



CERTIFICATION

The A & F Materials public health assessment was prepared by the Illinois Department of Public Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the health assessment was initiated.

William Greim
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
ATSDR


The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment, and concurs with its findings.

Robert C. Williams, P.E., DEE
Director, DHAC, ATSDR



REFERENCES
  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Draft Toxicological Profile for Benzene. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, February 1992; DHHS publication no. (PHS) TP-88-03.

  2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Draft Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, March 1992; DHHS, (PHS).

  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, December 1990; DHHS publication no. (PHS) TP-90-2.

  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Trichloroethylene. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, October 1989; DHHS publication no. (PHS) TP-88-24.

  5. Engineering - Science. Remedial Action Plan for the A&F Materials Site, Greenup, Il. August 1988.

  6. Engineering - Science. Remedial Investigation Report - A&F Materials, Greenup, Il. October 1984.

  7. Illinois Department of Public Health. A Study of Population Health Effects Following Exposure from a Hazardous Waste Site in Greenup, Illinois. Springfield, Il: Division of Environmental Health, Environmental Toxicology Program, December 1987.

  8. Illinois Department of Public Health. ncidence of Cancer in Zip Code 62428 of Greenup (Cumberland County), Illinois. Springfield, Il: Division of Epidemiologic Studies, Illinois State Cancer Registry Program, May 1990.

  9. Kelley M.H., Dale K. L. January 1984. Evaluation of Illinois Stream and Sediment Data. IEPA-WPC-84-01.

  10. Aluminum Company of America. Surface Water and Groundwater Monitoring Analytical Results - A&F Materials Co., Site, Greenup, Illinois. April 1991.

  11. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Superfund Exposure Assessment Manual. Washington, D.C.: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, 1986; USEPA publication no. (EPA) 540-1-86-060.

  12. United States Department of Commerce. Summary Characteristics for Governmental Units and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas - Illinois. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census, U.S. Governmental Printing Office, 1982; 1980 Census of Population and Housing.

  13. Evaluation of Illinois Stream Sediment Data 1974-1980. January 1984. IEPA/WPC/84-004.

  14. Engineering-Science, Inc. Monthly Status Report For The A&F Materials Company Site, Greenup, Illinois. November 1993.

  15. Engineering-Science, Inc. Monthly Status Report For The A&F Materials Company Site, Greenup, Illinois. November 1992.

  16. Schorle, Bernard. 1994. Telephone communication (March 14) with Bernard Schorle, Project Manager, United States Environmental Protection Agency, regarding community health concerns and groundwater monitoring results at the site.

  17. Wampler, Gail. 1994. Telephone communication (May 10) with Gail Wampler, Acting Director of Environmental Health, Cumberland County Health Department, regarding community health concerns near the site.

  18. Illinois Environmental Protection Agency. Guide To Eating Illinois Sport Fish. April 1992.

  19. Toxicity of Heavy Metals in the Environment, Part 1. 1978. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, NY. Page 11.


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