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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT
BELVIDERE MUNICIPAL LANDFILL #1
BELVIDERE, BOONE COUNTY, ILLINOIS

CONCLUSIONS

The Belvidere Municipal Landfill site in Belvidere, Illinois, poses no apparent public healthhazard at this time. Estimates of past and present exposures from site-related contaminants donot exceed any health-based reference values. Furthermore, there are no community-specifichealth outcome data, to date, to indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health.

Several private wells in the area of the site have demonstrated past contamination with nitrite,however, this contamination has not been verified. Recent sampling demonstrated no nitritecontamination and nitrate concentrations below levels of health concern. Potential health effectsassociated with consumption of this water may have had a minor impact on infants up to 6months of age in the affected homes if the water was used to mix baby formula. No cases ofmethemoglobinemia in Belvidere, however, have been reported to the Boone County HealthDepartment. No long-term health effects would be expected from consumption of this water andchildren older than 6 months and adults would not be expected to experience any health effectsfrom consumption of the water.

IDPH has determined that sufficient data are available for all environmental media to whichhumans are being exposed to accurately evaluate possible public health implications associatewith this site. If data becomes available in the future that suggests human exposure to site-related contaminants has increased, IDPH will re-evaluate the health concerns for theseexposures. The remedial activities that have been performed at the site have reducedcontaminant migration and the potential for future human exposures. IDPH will continue toevaluate monitoring data for this site and, assess public health if contaminant migration increasesin off-site media.

RECOMMENDATIONS

IDPH recommends continued monitoring of on- and off-site environmental media at theBelvidere Landfill site. This monitoring should include the following:

  1. Annual sampling of on-site monitoring wells to monitor migration of groundwater contamination,
  2. Annual sampling of residential wells within a 1-mile radius of the site to monitor levels of nitrates, and
  3. Annual inspections of the landfill to ensure the cap has not been compromised.

Health Activities Recommendation Panel (HARP) Recommendations

In accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and LiabilityAct of 1980 as amended, ATSDR and the state of Illinois have evaluated the BelvidereMunicipal Landfill Site for appropriate health follow-up actions. The panel has recommendedthat IDPH provide information to area residents about the potential adverse health effectsassociated with drinking water from private wells containing elevated levels of nitrites. Nofurther actions were recommended at this time.

Public Health Actions

No public health actions are being undertaken at this time since the Boone County HealthDepartment is actively informing Boone County residents of the potential adverse health effectsassociated with drinking water contaminated with nitrates/nitrites. Should more data becomeavailable, IDPH will re-evaluate this site and public health actions.

PREPARERS OF REPORT



    Preparers: Kenneth G. McCann
    C. Michael Moomey
    Environmental Toxicologists
    Illinois Department of Public Health

    Reviewer: Bruce C. Barrow
    Environmental Toxicologist
    Illinois Department of Public Health

    ATSDR REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE


    Louise Fabinski
    Regional Operations
    Office of the Assistant Administrator

    ATSDR TECHNICAL PROJECT OFFICER


    William Greim
    Environmental Health Scientist
    Division of Health Assessment and Consultation


CERTIFICATION

The Belvidere Municipal Landfill #1 Public Health Assessment was prepared by the IllinoisDepartment of Public Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for ToxicSubstances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology andprocedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

William Greim, M.S., M.P.H
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
ATSDR

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public healthassessment, and concurs with its findings.

Richard Gillig
for Robert C. Williams, P.E., DEE
Director, DHAC, ATSDR

REFERENCES

1) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Draft Toxicological Profile forPolychlorinated Biphenyls. Atlanta, GA. October, 1991.
2) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Case Studies in Environmental Medicine, Nitrate/Nitrite Toxicity. Atlanta, GA. October, 1991.
3) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Draft Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. Atlanta, GA. October, 1991.
4) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Draft Toxicological Profile forTrichloroethylene. Atlanta, GA. October, 1991.
5) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Health Assessment for BelvidereMunicipal Landfill No. 1 National Priorities List (NPL) Site; Belvidere, Boone County, Illinois. Atlanta, GA. August, 1988.
6) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public Health Assessment GuidanceManual. Atlanta, GA. March, 1991.
7) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Revised Draft, Decision Statements for Reviewing Health Assessments. (QAA Review Guidance). Atlanta, GA. October, 1991.
8) Golder Associates, Inc. Final Report on Operation and Maintenance Plan for RemedialAction, Belvidere Municipal No. 1 Landfill, Belvidere, Illinois. Naperville, IL. February, 1990.
9) Golder Associates, Inc. Final Report on Remedial Action Belvidere Municipal No. 1 Landfill, Belvidere, Illinois. Naperville, IL. February, 1990.
10) Golder Associates, Inc. Remedial Action Report Belvidere Municipal No. 1 Landfill,Belvidere, Illinois. Naperville, IL. May, 1992.
11) Illinois Environmental Protection Agency. 1990, Illinois Annual Air Quality Report. Springfield, IL. 1990.
12) Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Land Pollution Control. FileInformation. Springfield, IL. 1992.
13) Matthew J. Ellenhorn, MD, Donald G. Barceloux, MD, FACEP. Medical Toxicology,Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Poisoning. Elsevier, New York. 1988.
14) Ray F. Weston, Inc. Feasibility Study for Belvidere Municipal No. 1 Landfill Site,Belvidere, Illinois. Bannockburn, IL. March 1988.
15) Ray F. Weston, Inc. Quality Assurance Project Plan, Addendum for Residential Wells,Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Belvidere Landfill; Belvidere, Illinois. Bannockburn,IL. February 1987.
16) Ray F. Weston, Inc. Remedial Investigation Report for Belvidere Municipal No. 1 Landfill Site, Belvidere, Illinois. Bannockburn, IL. March, 1988.
17) Ray F. Weston, Inc. Risk Assessment for Belvidere Municipal No. 1 Landfill. Westchester, PA. March, 1988.
18) Safe, S. et.al. Environmental Toxic Series 1: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Mammalian and Environmental Toxicology. Springer-Verlag. 1987.


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