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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

H & L NO. 1 MUNICIPAL LANDFILL
DANVILLE, VERMILION COUNTY, ILLINOIS


CONCLUSIONS

  1. The H&L No.1 Municipal Landfill site currently poses no apparent public health hazard because human exposure to contaminated media is not occurring at levels of health concern. In the past, the site was a potential public health hazard to residential well users east of the site and persons (particularly children) playing on the site. The completed pathway of exposure to contaminated drinking water was eliminated in 1987 when the municipal water supply was extended to residences east of the site. In addition, exposure to on-site seeps (soil, sediment, air) was eliminated in the fall of 1993 after a perimeter fence was installed and the leachate collection system began operating. Off-site leachate exposure may be possible after rain water overflows the site and its leachate collection system. However, this exposure is intermittent and overflow would likely contain contaminants at low concentrations.
  2. Data inadequacies include the following:

    There has been no groundwater monitoring conducted since the RI.

    Composite samples are collected from leachate quarterly and are analyzed for VOCs. This results in average contaminant concentrations that may dilute or mask particularly high concentrations of contaminants. Hence, these samples may not represent high concentrations of VOCs that may be present.


RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Complete Phase III work pursuant to the consent decree. This includes the cleanup of contaminated soils and sediment on two adjacent residential properties.
  2. Confirm that the water wells abandoned east of the site have been properly sealed according to the Illinois Water Well Construction Code. The county health department has the authority to enforce this code.
  3. Continue to restrict site access until remedial activities are completed. Some deed restrictions will be necessary to prevent future activities on the site that might damage the landfill cover.
  4. Prevent precipitation from percolating through the landfill cover.
  5. Prevent storm water runoff from overflowing the leachate collection system, co-mingling with site leachate, and carrying contaminants off the site.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

Because the site does not pose an apparent public health hazard, IDPH does not have a public health action plan for this site. However, recommendations made in this document should be implemented to prevent any future exposures. IDPH will work with USEPA and IEPA to encourage implementation of the recommendations.


PREPARERS AND REVIEWERS OF REPORT

Preparer

Cary L. Ware
Environmental Toxicologist
Illinois Department of Public Health

Reviewers

Ken Runkle
Bruce C. Barrow
Environmental Toxicologists
Illinois Department of Public Health

ATSDR Regional Representative

Louise Fabinski
Regional Operations
Office of the Assistant Administrator
ATSDR Technical Project Officers
Gail Godfrey
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Steve Inserra
Division of Health Studies

Grant Baldwin
Division of Health Education and Promotion



CERTIFICATION

This H&L No. 1 Municipal Landfill Public Health Assessment was prepared by the Illinois Department of Public Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

Gail D. Godfrey
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
ATSDR

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment and concurs with its findings.

Lisa C. Hayes for
Richard E. Gillig
Chief, State Programs Section
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
ATSDR


CITATIONS IN THE TEXT

  1. Piskin, R., and Nienkerk, M., A Hydrogeologic Investigation of the Old Danville Municipal (H&L) Landfill, Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Land/Noise Pollution Control, September 1980.
  2. IDPH. 1991. 1990 Census Population Data for Illinois Counties and Incorporated Places. Springfield, IL: Illinois Department of Public Health, Office of Health Statistics, Policy and Planning, Illinois Center for Health Statistics.
  3. Riggle, Kolby. 1994. Telephone communication (March 28) with Kolby Riggle, Director of Environmental Health, Vermilion County Health Department, regarding community health concerns and abandoned groundwater wells near the site.
  4. Wehran Engineering. Environmental Assessment for the Danville/H&L No. 1 Site, May 1986.
  5. Radian Corporation. Quantitative Results of the Ambient Air Samples at the IEPA Danville H&L #1 Landfill Site, September 24, 1986.
  6. Doubet, Sue. 1994. Telephone communications (April 14) with Sue Doubet, Environmental Specialist III, Division of Land Pollution, IEPA, regarding community health concerns and abandoned groundwater wells at residences located east of the site.
  7. TRI. 1993. Toxic Chemical Release Inventory. National Library of Medicine, Toxicology Data Network (Tox Net). Bethesda, MD. December 1993.
  8. ATSDR. February 1992. Draft Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
  9. ATSDR. April 1993. Toxicological Profile for Benzene. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
  10. ATSDR. February 1993. Draft Toxicological Profile for Carbon Tetrachloride. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
  11. ATSDR. February 1992. Draft Toxicological Profile for Chloroform. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
  12. ATSDR. February 1992. Draft Toxicological Profile for Trichloroethylene. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
  13. ATSDR. February 1994. Draft Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
  14. ATSDR. February 1993. Draft Toxicological Profile for Chlordane. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

REFERENCES

EPA. July 1989. Exposure Factors Handbook. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Health Assessment. EPA Document No. 600/8-89/043.

EPA. July 1989. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Solid Waste and Emergency Response.

EPA. 1986. Superfund Public Health Evaluation Manual. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. EPA Document No. 540/1/86/060.

ATSDR. March 1992. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

EPA. August 1991. Record of Decision for the H&L No. 1 Municipal Landfill, Danville. Springfield, IL: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Land Pollution.

ATSDR. April 1993. Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. April 1993. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

ATSDR. April 1993. Toxicological Profile for Lead. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.


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