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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

OUTBOARD MARINE CORPORATION
WAUKEGAN, LAKE COUNTY, ILLINOIS


APPENDIX A: FIGURES


Figure 1. General Location Map


Figure 2. Location of Outboard Marine Corporation
Plant and PCB Outfalls in Relation to Slip 3 and the
North Ditch


Figure 3. Waukegan Manufactured Gas and Coke Plant Site


Figure 4a. North Ditch Area Extent of PCB Contamination
Over 20 PPM


Figure 4b. North Ditch Area Extent of PCB Contamination
Over 50 PPM


Figure 4c. North Ditch Area Extent of PCB Contamination
Over 500 PPM


Figure 4d. North Ditch Area Extent of Contamination
Over 5000 PPM


Figure 5. Proposed remedial action


Figure 6. The vicinity around Waukegan


Figure 7. Extent of PCB Contamination in Waukegan
Harbor by Concentration


Figure 8. PCB Analysis of Slip No. 3 Core Borings B1-B6


Figure 9. Extent of PCB Contamination in Sediment in
Waukegan Harbor by Amount


Figure 10. Location of Stations Sampled in Waukegan Harbor.


Figure 11. Calculated water column total PCB
concentrations Present condition


Figure 12. Fatty areas of fish which should be
removed to minimize personal exposure to PCB's and
other contaminants



APPENDIX B: TABLES

Table 1.

PCB levels in fish from Waukegan Harbor (Harris, 1982).
Year Concentration (ppm)
Group
A B C D
1976 -- -- -- 7.0-8.0
1978 -- 3.5-38.8 1.8 3.6-29.0
1979 -- 18.9 7.0 8.2-38.5
1980 2.0-4.2 34.0-187 -- 131
1981 0.5 trace-1.41 2.0 1.4-27.9
Median 2.0 18.9 2.0 18.2
Health
Criterion
----------------------------
0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02

-- = Data not available.
ppm = Parts per million, wet weight.
Group A = Coho salmon and rainbow trout.
Group B = Black and white crappie, largemouth bass, shiners, sunfish, and yellow perch.
Group C = Alewife.
Group D = Brown and black bullhead, carp, and white suckers.


Table 2.

Median PCB levels in Lake Michigan fish (Harris, 1982).
Concentration (ppm)

Group

Year A E F
1972 4.6 -- --
1973 9.1 -- --
1974 4.85 -- 10.5
1975 3.7 -- 5.2
1976 6.5 2.5 6.0
1977 1.65 2.2 7.8
1978 5.5 2.0 3.9
1979 4.3 1.7 4.1
1980 4.4 -- 4.9
1981 2.3 1.7 --
Health
Criterion
0.02 0.02 0.02
----------------------------

Group A = Coho and chinook salmon, brown and rainbow trout.
Group E = Bloater chub, lake herring, whitefish.
Group F = Lake trout.
ppm = Parts per million, wet weight.
-- = Data not available.


Table 3.

Concentrations of PCB's in whole fish from Waukegan Harbor (Clark, 1981).
Concentration
Species
Group Percent
Lipids (whole
fish)
PCB

(ppm)
Rainbow trout

A

5.1 2.0

Carp

D 4.8 131

Largemouth bass

B 12.0 187

White Crappie

B 11.1 163

Yellow perch

B 5.8-8.2 20.2-34.0

Health Criterion

0.02 0.02
------------------------
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 4.

PCB contamination in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor, the North Ditch, andthe Parking Lot Area (Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Company, Inc., 1981). Locations areshown in Figures 2 and 9.
Location Average PCB
Concentration
(ppm)
Volume
Contaminated
(cubic yards)
Total
PCB's
(pounds)
Waukegan Harbor
Muck
A1 54,960 1,261 116,822a
A2 54,796 789 79,359a
A3 11,020 508 11,104a
A4 2,028 553 2,173
A5 773 1,125 1,064
A6 341 2,939 1,299

Total A1-6 -- 7,275 211,831
B1 256 5,510 1,672
B2 143 11,550 3,188
B3 100 14,825 1,529
B4 103 3,792 470
B5 47.1 1,897 122
Total B1-5 -- 37,574 6,981

C1 16.4 11,855 169
C2 15.7 15,219 354
C3 12.2 25,253 454
C4 33.0 23,351b 402
C5 19.4 34,958b 589
C6 14.1 9,815b 199
Total C1-6 -- 120,451b 2,167

D2 9.7 2,200b 39
D2 7.5 7,637b 102
D3
-- 8,533b 144
Total D1-3 -- 18,370b 255

Total for muck -- 183,670b 221,234a

(continued)

aThe pounds of PCB's may vary by an order of magnitude depending on how the core borings are grouped and averaged.
bEstimated value.
ppm = Parts per million.
-- = Data not available.


Table 4, continued.

PCB contamination in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor, the North Ditch, and the Parking Lot Area (Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Company, Inc., 1981). Locations are shown in Figures 2 and 9.
Location Average PCB
Concentration
(ppm)
Volume
Contaminated
(cubic yards)
Total
PCB's
(pounds)

Waukegan Harbor
Sand
A1 -- 800-20000 20,0000-
50,000
North Ditch
Crescent Ditch
Sediment,
0-6.5 feet deep
38,360 -- 184,591
Soil, 6.5-25 feet
deep, 275 feet
long, 13 feet
wide, near B32
31,073 -- 183,658
Soil, 6.5-25 feet
deep, 13 feet
wide, 340 foot
section at two
ends

4,714 -- 34,448
Soil around ditch
122,324 cubic
feet

90 -- 1,012
Total Crescent
Ditch
--

28,900

403,709
Oval Lagoon
Sediments 0-5 feet 26,207 -- 72,247
Sediments 5-27
feet
-- -- --
Soil around
lagoon
688 -- 13,223
Total Oval
Lagoon
-- 14,600 over
85,470

(continued)

aThe pounds of PCB's may vary by an order of magnitude depending on how the core borings are grouped and averaged.
bEstimated value.
ppm = Parts per million.
-- = Data not available.


Table 4, continued.

PCB contamination in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor, the North Ditch, and the Parking Lot Area (Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Company, Inc., 1981). Locations are shown in Figures 2 and 9.


Location
Average PCB
Concentration
(ppm)
Volume
Contaminated
(cubic yards)
Total
PCB's
(pounds)
North Ditch
East-West
portion
Sediments 0-6 feet 235 7,000 4,273
Die Storage Area
Soil 0-4 feet
3 inches,
21,000 square
feet
242 -- 1,992
Soil 4 feet
3 inches to
24 feet
3 inches,
21,000 square
feet

1 -- 41
Total Sediments -- -- 261,111
Parking Lot
Area
Bore hole 16 1,375 300 1,023
Bore hole B8,
120 foot
diameter circle,
9 feet,
3 inches deep
7,897 -- 75,881
Bore holes B4,
B5, 10, 12,
31,782 square
feet, 4 feet
deep
900 -- 10,513
Bore hole B9,
23,791 square
feet, 9.5 feet
deep
82 -- 3,778

(continued)

aThe pounds of PCB's may vary by an order of magnitude depending on how the core borings are grouped and averaged.
bEstimated value.
ppm = Parts per million.
-- = Data not available.


Table 4, continued.

PCB contamination in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor, the North Ditch, and the Parking Lot Area (Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Company, Inc., 1981). Locations are shown in Figures 2 and 9).
Location Average PCB
Concentration
(ppm)
Volume
Contaminated
(cubic yards)
Total
PCB's
(pounds)
Parking Lot
Area
Bore hole B18,
20,000 square
feet, 3 feet
deep
17 -- 94
Bore holes 2, 2A,
25, 26, 27,
58,812 square
feet, 5 feet
deep
6,069

--

163,920
Bore hole B15
21,120 square
feet, 30 feet
deep
360 -- 20,950
Total Parking
Lot Area

--

105,000

227,688

Total North Ditch
+ Parking Lot
Area
-- -- 773,173

aThe pounds of PCB's may vary by an order of magnitude depending on how the core borings are grouped and averaged.
bEstimated value.
ppm = Parts per million.
-- = Data not available.


Table 5.

Concentrations of inorganic chemicals in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor. Sample locations are shown in Figure 10 (Risatti et al., 1990).
Concentration (ppm)
Location Aluminum
(%)
Barium Beryllium Calcium
(%)
Cadmium
WH-1 1.88 230 1.6 7.1 N.D.
WH-2 2.11 260 1.8 6.4 N.D.
WH-3 2.46 280 1.7 7.1 N.D.
WH-4 2.34 280 1.6 6.3 N.D.
WH-5 3.70 290 1.8 5.6 3.8
WH-6 3.54 290 1.8 5.5 4.0
WH-7 3.99 290 1.8 5.4 4.9
WH-8 3.87 290 1.7 5.7 4.9
WH-9 3.93 280 1.9 5.7 5.5
WH-10 3.59 290 1.8 6.1 4.0
WH-11 3.64 290 1.8 6.0 6.5
WH-12 3.04 280 1.8 6.6 23.0
WH-13 3.67 280 2.2 6.7 50.0
WH-14 3.56 290 1.8 6.9 38.0
WH-15 3.77 280 1.8 6.5 4.4
WH-16 3.92 280 1.8 6.4 2.1
WH-17 3.39 280 1.8 6.3 14.0
WH-18 2.67 290 1.8 6.9 N.D.
WH-19 3.69 280 1.8 6.7 2.2
WH-20 3.38 320 1.8 7.2 1.7
WH-21 2.68 270 1.7 8.7 N.D.
WH-22 2.85 280 1.8 8.2 N.D.
WH-23 3.30 300 1.8 8.0 5.7
All (range) 1.88-
3.99
230-
300
1.6-
2.2
5.4-
8.7
N.D.-
50.0
Average 3.26 283 1.8 6.6 8.0
Lake
Michigan
(average)
-- -- -- -- 0.9
Criterion
for
heavily
polluted1
-- -- -- -- over
6.0

(continued)

1Ecological critera and not health-based.
-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 5, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic chemicals in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor. Sample locations are shown in Figure 10 (Risatti et al., 1990).
Concentration (ppm)
Location Cobalt Chromium Copper Iron
(%)
Potassium
(%)
WH-1 10.0 9 120 4.0 1.0
WH-2 4.8 2 86 2.2 1.1
WH-3 4.8 3 178 1.8 1.2
WH-4 3.1 1 57 1.3 1.2
WH-5 9.0 7 210 2.5 1.7
WH-6 6.2 6 230 2.4 1.7
WH-7 9.8 9 150 2.7 1.9
WH-8 9.4 8 120 2.4 1.7
WH-9 10.0 8 120 2.3 1.8
WH-10 7.1 6 100 2.1 1.7
WH-11 7.5 7 96 2.1 1.7
WH-12 7.5 1 76 1.9 1.4
WH-13 10.0 2 120 2.4 1.7
WH-14 9.2 2 100 2.2 1.6
WH-15 8.4 7 78 2.5 1.6
WH-16 7.6 6 86 2.1 1.8
WH-17 N.D. 1 93 2.1 0.8
WH-18 N.D. 9 48 1.6 0.6
WH-19 N.D. 1 86 1.2 1.0
WH-20 N.D. 1 72 1.8 0.9
WH-21 N.D. 9 40 1.5 0.8
WH-22 N.D. 9 45 1.5 0.8
WH-23 N.D. 1 89 2.0 0.9
All (range) N.D.-
10.0
1-9 40-
230
1.3-
4.0
0.7-
1.9
Average 5 5 104 2.2 1.3
Lake
Michigan
(average)
-- 46.0 22.0 2.0 --
Criterion
for
heavily
polluted1
-- over
75.0
over
50.0
over
2.5
--

(continued)

1Ecological criteria and not health-based.
-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 5, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic chemicals in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor. Sample locations are shown in Figure 10 (Risatti et al., 1990).
Concentration (ppm)
Location Lanthanum Magnesium
(%)
Manganese Molybdenum
WH-1 27 4 840 24
WH-2 20 3 530 28
WH-3 21 4 460 18
WH-4 20 3 440 22
WH-5 30 3 460 18
WH-6 28 3 460 20
WH-7 32 4 470 17
WH-8 31 4 500 19
WH-9 32 4 490 15
WH-10 30 4 480 19
WH-11 30 4 510 18
WH-12 27 4 540 25
WH-13 32 4 580 20
WH-14 31 4 560 26
WH-15 32 4 610 18
WH-16 33 4 590 13
WH-17 31 4 480 22
WH-18 24 4 440 31
WH-19 32 4 550 17
WH-20 29 4 540 30
WH-21 28 5 570 32
WH-22 28 5 540 36
WH-23 31 5 580 24
All (range) 20
-33
3-5 440-
840
13-
36
Average 29 4 531 22
Lake
Michigan
(average)
-- -- -- --
Criterion
for
heavily
polluted1
-- -- over
500
--

(continued)

1Ecological criteria and not health-based.
-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 5, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic chemicals in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor. Sample locations are shown in Figure 10 (Risatti et al., 1990).
Concentration (ppm)
Location Sodium Nickel Lead Silicon
(%)
Strontium
WH-1 5800 8 54 49 110
WH-2 3300 8 36 53 120
WH-3 3100 8 150 46 110
WH-4 3600 11 99 57 120
WH-5 3100 26 260 39 100
WH-6 3400 24 240 42 100
WH-7 1000 19 330 40 100
WH-8 7300 25 290 40 110
WH-9 1200 23 280 40 110
WH-10 1600 16 210 40 100
WH-11 1500 24 270 40 110
WH-12 2200 24 280 44 120
WH-13 1200 32 420 38 110
WH-14 2500 27 370 40 120
WH-15 2500 19 190 40 120
WH-16 2100 13 200 38 110
WH-17 2900 13 280 43 110
WH-18 3700 8 140 48 110
WH-19 3000 19 130 42 110
WH-20 3000 16 100 42 130
WH-21 3300 19 60 41 110
WH-22 2900 13 110 41 110
WH-23 2500 16 150 39 110
All (range) 1000-
7300
8-32 36-
420
38-
53
100-
130
Average 2900 17 202 43 111
Lake
Michigan
(average)
-- 24.0 40.0 -- --
Criterion
for
heavily
polluted1
-- over
50.0
over
60.0
-- --

(continued)

1Ecological criteria and not health-based.
-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 5, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic chemicals in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor. Sample locations are shown in Figure 10 (Risatti et al., 1990).
Concentration (ppm)
Location Vanadium Zinc Titanium
WH-1 180 210 5400
WH-2 83 130 2600
WH-3 45 300 2100
WH-4 42 81 1750
WH-5 90 270 2200
WH-6 85 260 2000
WH-7 83 330 2200
WH-8 82 280 2200
WH-9 43 270 2100
WH-10 83 210 2200
WH-11 41 210 2000
WH-12 83 200 2000
WH-13 84 370 2100
WH-14 73 290 2100
WH-15 84 200 2100
WH-16 73 200 2100
WH-17 77 240 2100
WH-18 63 110 1700
WH-19 94 200 2100
WH-20 52 160 1800
WH-21 58 90 1600
WH-22 52 98 1800
WH-23 74 220 1900
All (range) 41-
180
81-
370
1600-
5400
Average 75 214 2180
Lake
Michigan
(average)
-- 97.0 --
Criterion
for
heavily
polluted1
-- over
200
--

1Ecological criteria and not health-based.
-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 6.

Concentrations of organic priority pollutants in the sediments of Waukegan Harbor. Sample locations are shown in Figure 10 (Risatti et al., 1990).
Concentration (ppm)
Chemical Station J Station K
Arochlor 1221 140 220.0
Arochlor 1248 36 44.0
Arochlor 1260 7 9.0

Benzo(a)anthracene

23 0.4
Benzo(b)fluoranthene 22 N.D.
Benzo(k)fluoranthene 14 N.D.
Benzo(a)pyrene 22 N.D.
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate 1400 N.D.
Chrysene 23 0.9
Di-m-octyl phthalate 7 N.D.
Fluoranthrene 64 1.0
Pentachlorophenol 7 N.D.
Phenanthrene 29 N.D.
Pyrene 25 0.5
Total xylenes 4.7 N.D.
N.D. = Not detected.


Table 7.

Results of groundwater sampling at the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Concentration (ppb)
Depth (feet) Health Criteria
Chemical 12.5-17.5 23-28 (ppb) Source
Acenaphylene N.D. N.D. -- --
Acenaphthene N.D.-25 N.D. none --
Anthracene N.D. N.D. 25 RfD
Benzo(a)anthracene N.D. N.D. -- --
Benzo(b)fluoranthene N.D. N.D. -- --
Benzo(k)fluoranthene N.D. N.D. -- --
Benzo(a)pyrene N.D. N.D. -- --
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene N.D. N.D. -- --
Benzoic acid N.D. N.D. -- --
Bis(2-chlorodiisopropyl
ether
N.D. N.D. -- --
Bis(2-chloroethoxy)
methane
N.D. N.D. -- --
Bis(2-chloroethyl ether N.D. N.D. -- --
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
phthalate
N.D. N.D. -- --
4-Bromophenyl phenyl
ether
N.D. N.D. -- --
Butyl alcohol N.D. N.D. -- --
Butyl benzyl phthalate N.D. N.D. -- --
4-Chloroaniline N.D. N.D. -- --
p-Chloro-m-cresol N.D. N.D. -- --
2-Chloronaphthene N.D. N.D. -- --
2-Chlorophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
4-Chlorophenyl phenyl
ether
N.D. N.D. -- --
Chrysene N.D. N.D. -- --
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene N.D. N.D. -- --
Dibenzofuran N.D. N.D. -- --
1,2-Dichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
1,3-Dichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
1,4-Dichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine N.D. N.D. -- --
2,4-Dichlorophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
Diethyl phthalate N.D. N.D. -- --
2,4-Dimethylphenol N.D. N.D.-9,000 6 RfD
Dimethyl phthalate N.D. N.D. -- --
Di-N-butyl phthalate N.D. N.D. -- --
Di-N-octyl phthalate N.D. N.D. -- --
4,6-dinitro-2-methyl
phenol
N.D. N.D. -- --

(continued)

N.D. = Not detectable.
ppb = Parts per billion.


Table 7, continued.

Results of groundwater sampling at the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Chemical Concentration (ppb)
Depth (feet) Health Criteria
12.5-17.5 23-28 (ppb) Source
2,4-Dinitrophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
2,4-Dinitrotoluene N.D. N.D. -- --
2,6-Dinitrotoluene N.D. N.D. -- --
Fluoranthene N.D. N.D. -- --
Fluorene N.D. N.D. -- --
Hexachlorobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
Hexachlorobutadiene N.D. N.D. -- --
Hexachlorohexane N.D. N.D. -- --
Hexachloropentadiene N.D. N.D. -- --
Ideno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene N.D. N.D. -- --
Isophorone N.D. N.D. -- --
2-Methylnaphthalene N.D.-52 N.D. none --
2-Methylphenol N.D. 7,300-27,000 500 RfD
4-Methylphenol N.D. 44,000-100,000 none --
Naphthalene N.D.-1100 N.D. -- --
2-Nitroaniline N.D. N.D. -- --
3-Nitroaniline N.D. N.D. -- --
4-Nitroaniline N.D. N.D. -- --
Nitrobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
2-Nitrophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
4-Nitrophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
N-Nitrosodiphenylamine N.D. N.D. -- --
N-Nitroso-di-N-
propylamine
N.D. N.D. -- --
Pentachlorophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
Phenanthrene N.D. N.D. -- --
Phenol N.D. 76,000-160,000 2100 RfD
Pyrene N.D. N.D. -- --
1,2,3,4-Tetrachlorobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. -- --
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol N.D. N.D. -- --
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol N.D. N.D. -- --

 

N.D. = Not detectable.
ppb = Parts per billion.


Table 8.

Concentrations of organic compounds in the soil of the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Chemical Concentration (ppm)
Depth (feet)
5 15-16 23.5-26
Acenaphthylene N.D.-340 N.D.-8.5 N.D.-0.54
Acenaphthene N.D.-1100 N.D.-460 N.D.-3.3
Anthracene N.D.-880 N.D.-210 N.D.-0.82
Beta-benzene
hexachloride
N.D.-0.15 N.D. N.D.
Benzo(a)anthracene N.D.-770 N.D.-0.42 N.D.-0.96
Benzo(b)fluoranthene N.D.-770 N.D. N.D.-0.71
Benzo(k)fluoranthene N.D.-770 N.D. N.D.-0.69
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene N.D.-120 N.D. N.D.
Benzo(a)pyrene N.D.-370 N.D. N.D.
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
phthalate
N.D. N.D.-0.6 N.D.-0.43
4-Chloroaniline N.D. N.D. N.D.
Chrysene N.D.-800 N.D. N.D.-0.8
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene N.D.-4.1 N.D. N.D.
Dibenzofuran N.D.-960 N.D.-360 N.D.-2.5
2,4-Dimethylphenol N.D. N.D.-7.9 N.D.-14
Fluoranthene N.D.-2900 N.D.-680 N.D.-4.4
Fluorene N.D.-1600 N.D.-460 N.D.-3.4
Ideno(1,2,3-c,d)
pyrene
N.D.-130 N.D. N.D.
2-Methylnaphthalene N.D.-2300 N.D.-510 N.D.-3.3
2-Methylphenol N.D. N.D.-11 N.D.-34
4-Methylphenol N.D. N.D.-42 N.D.-79
Naphthalene N.D.-7600 N.D.-1200 N.D.-15
Phenanthrene N.D.-2900 N.D.-1400 N.D.-9
Phenol N.D. N.D.-71 2.8-210
Pyrene N.D.-2200 N.D.-420 N.D.-2.5

N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 9.

Concentrations of inorganic and organic compounds in the soil of the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Concentration (ppm)
Depth (feet)
Chemical
Inorganic
Boring
S-39
3.0-4.5
Boring
S-41
6.0-7.5
Boring
S-36
8.0-9.5
Boring
S-2
20-22
Boring
S-41
23.5-25
Arsenic -- -- -- 14 --
Barium -- -- -- 2.5 --
Cadmium -- -- -- 0.5 --
Chromium -- -- -- 2.1 --
Lead -- -- -- 2.9 --
Mercury -- -- -- N.D. --
Selenium -- -- -- N.D. --
Silver -- -- -- N.D. --
Organic
Acenaphthene N.D. 840 9.5 200 1200
Acenaphthylene N.D. 260 N.D. 65 440
Aldrin -- -- -- N.D. --
Anthracene N.D. N.D. N.D. 120 N.D.
Benzene -- -- -- 0.002 --
Benzene hexachloride,
alpha
-- -- -- N.D. --
Benzene hexachloride,
beta
-- -- -- 8.8 --

Benzene hexachloride,
delta

-- -- -- N.D. --
Benzene hexachloride,
gamma (lindane)
-- -- -- 49 --
Benzidine N.D. N.D. N.D. -- N.D.
Benzo(a)anthracene N.D. 610 N.D. 140 700
Benzo(a)pyrene N.D. N.D. N.D. 760 N.D.
Benzo(b)
fluoranthene
N.D. 110 N.D. 85 110
Benzo(g,h,i)
perylene
N.D. N.D. N.D. 23 N.D.
Benzyl alcohol -- -- -- N.D. --
Benzo(k)fluoranthene N.D. N.D. N.D. 74 N.D.
Benzyl butyl
phthalate
N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Bis(2)chloroethoxy
methane
N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.

(continued)

-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.



Table 9, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic and organic compounds in the soil of the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Concentration (ppm)
Depth (feet)
Chemical
Organic
Boring
S-39
3.0-4.5
Boring
S-41
6.0-7.5
Boring
S-36
8.0-9.5
Boring
S-2
20-22
Boring
S-41
23.5-25
Bis(2-chloroethyl)
ether
N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Bis(2-chloroisopropyl)
ether
N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
phthalate
N.D. 97 N.D. N.D. 86
Bromoform -- -- -- N.D. --
4-Bromophenyl
ether
N.D. 5.5 N.D. -- N.D.
Carbon tetrachloride -- -- -- N.D. --
Chlordane, alpha -- -- -- N.D. --
Chlordane, gamma -- -- -- N.D. --
4-Chloroaniline -- -- -- N.D. --
Chlorobenzene -- -- -- N.D. --
Chlorodibromomethane -- -- -- N.D. --
Chloroethane -- -- -- N.D. --
2-Chloroethylvinyl
ether
-- -- -- N.D. --
Chloroform -- -- -- N.D. --
4-Chloro-3-
methylphenol
-- -- -- N.D. --
2-Chloronaphthalene N.D. N.D. N.D. -- N.D.
4-Chlorophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
4-Chlorophenyl
phenyl ether
N.D. 280 N.D. N.D. 430
Chrysene N.D. 520 N.D. 110 540
4,4'-DDD (p,p') -- -- -- N.D. --
4,4'-DDE (p,p') -- -- -- N.D. --
4,4'-DDT (p,p') -- -- -- N.D. --
Dibenzo(a,h)
anthracene
N.D. N.D. N.D. 5.7 N.D.
Dibenzofuran -- -- -- 190 --
1,2-Dichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
1,3-Dichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
1,4-Dichlorobenzene N.D. 34 N.D. N.D. N.D.
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Dichlorobromomethane -- -- -- N.D. --

(continued)

-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.



Table 9, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic and organic compounds in the soil of the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Concentration (ppm)
Depth (feet)
Chemical
Organic
Boring
S-39
3.0-4.5
Boring
S-41
6.0-7.5
Boring
S-36
8.0-9.5
Boring
S-2
20-22
Boring
S-41
23.5-25
Dichlorodifluoromethane -- -- -- N.D. --
1,1-Dichloroethane -- -- -- N.D. --
1,2-Dichloroethane -- -- -- N.D. --
1,1-Dichloroethylene -- -- -- N.D. --
1,2-trans-
Dichloroethylene
-- -- -- N.D. --
1,2-Dichloropropane -- -- -- N.D. --
Dichloropropylene -- -- -- N.D. --
Dieldrin -- -- -- N.D. --
Diethylphthalate N.D. 55 N.D. N.D. 100
2,4-Dimethylphenol -- -- -- 6.9 --
Dimethylphthalate N.D. 95 N.D. N.D. 120
2,4-Dinitro-2-
methylphenol
-- -- -- N.D. --
2,4-Dinitrophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
2,4-Dinitrotoluene N.D. N.D. N.D. 2.5 N.D.
2,6-Dinitrotoluene N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. 200
Di-N-butylphthalate N.D. 180 N.D. N.D. 230
Di-N-octylphthalate N.D. 380 N.D. N.D. 400
1,2-Diphenylhydrazine N.D. N.D. N.D. -- N.D.
Endosulfan I -- -- -- N.D. --
Endosulfan II -- -- -- N.D. --
Endosulfan sulfate -- -- -- N.D. --
Endrin -- -- -- N.D. --
Endrin aldehyde -- -- -- N.D. --
Endrin Keytone -- -- -- N.D. --
Ethylbenzene -- -- -- 0.003 --
Fluoranthene N.D. 1900 N.D. 390 2200
Fluorene N.D. 1200 N.D. 290 1700
Heptachlor -- -- -- N.D. --
Heptachlor epoxide -- -- -- N.D. --
Hexachlorobenzene N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Hexachloro-
cyclopentadiene
N.D. 5700 N.D. N.D. N.D.

Hexachloroethane

N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Indeno(1,2,3,c,d)
pyrene
N.D. N.D. N.D. 23 N.D.

(continued)

-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 9, continued.

Concentrations of inorganic and organic compounds in the soil of the New Slip (Barr Engineering Company, 1991).
Concentration (ppm)
Depth (feet)
Chemical
Organic
Boring
S-39
3.0-4.5
Boring
S-41
6.0-7.5
Boring
S-36
8.0-9.5
Boring
S-2
20-22
Boring
S-41
23.5-25
Isophorone N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
Methoxychlor -- -- -- 51 --
Methyl bromide -- -- -- N.D. --
Methyl chloride -- -- -- N.D. --
2-Methylnaphthalene -- -- -- 280 --
2-Methylphenol
(O-Cresol)
-- -- -- 16 --
4-Methylphenol
(O-Cresol)
-- -- -- 61 --
Methylene chloride -- -- -- N.D. --
Naphthalene N.D. 8200 N.D. over
1000
12000
2-Nitroaniline -- -- -- N.D. --
3-Nitroaniline -- -- -- N.D. --
4-Nitroaniline -- -- -- N.D. --
Nitrobenzene N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
2-Nitrophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
4-Nitrophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
N-Nitrosodiphenylamine N.D. 200 N.D. N.D. 270
N-Nitroso-Di-N-
propylamnine
N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
N-Nitrosodimethylamine N.D. N.D. N.D. -- N.D.
Pentachlorophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
Phenanthrene N.D. 5300 N.D. 710 6400
Phenol -- -- -- 73 --
Pyrene N.D. 1500 N.D. 430 1700
1,1,2,2-
Tetrachloroethane
-- -- -- N.D. --
Tetrachloroethylene -- -- -- N.D. --
Toluene -- -- -- 0.008 --
Toxaphene -- -- -- N.D. --
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
1,1,1-Trichloroethane -- -- -- N.D. --
1,1,2-Trichloroethane -- -- -- N.D. --
Trichloroethylene -- -- -- N.D. --
Trichlorofluoromethane -- -- -- N.D. --
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol -- -- -- N.D. --
Vinyl chloride -- -- -- 0.055 --

-- = Data not available.
N.D. = Not detected.
ppm = Parts per million.


Table 10.

Compounds emitted by the OMC facility in reportable quantities (TRI, 1991).
Compound Emitted
To
Pounds Per Year
1987 1988 1989
Aluminum oxide air 250 250 --
Aluminum (fumes or
dust
air 5800 3850 3870
1,1,1-Trichloroethane air 5700 1546 32,570
Trichloroethane air 356,000 143,340 103,435
water 87 21 116

-- = Data not available.



Table 11.

Concentrations of PCBs in the filets of Lake Michigan Fish, 1989 (Flentge, 1991)
PCB Concentration (ppm)
Area Brown
Trout
Rainbow
Trout
Lake
Trout
Alewife Coho
Salmon
"Harbor areas" 0.92-
2.5
0.44-
1.6
-- -- --
S. Waukegan
Harbor1
-- 0.13 -- -- --
Lake Michigan off
Waukegan, 12-16
fathoms in depth
-- -- 0.66-
3.4
-- --
S. Waukegan1 +
Great Lakes
Harbors
-- -- -- -- 0.39-
0.66
S. Waukegan1 +
Great Lakes +
Jackson Harbors
-- -- -- -- --

Lake Michigan off
North Ave.,
Chicago

-- -- -- 0.52 --

S. Waukegan1 +
Great Lakes +
Diversey Harbors

-- -- -- -- 0.78
Group A A F C A
Health Criterion 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02

-- = Data not available.
ppm = parts per million
1New harbor.


Table 12.

Off-site chemicals emitted into the air in reportable quantities, Waukegan zip code 60085, 1987-9 (TRI, 1991).
Chemical Number
of
Sources
Pounds Per Year
1987 1988 1989
Acetone 1 114,898 32,690 11,360
Ammonia 1 -- -- 750
Butyl acrylate 1 500 1500 --
N-Butyl alcohol 1 7800 7600 6300
Chromium compounds 1 -- -- 500
Cresols (mixed isomers) 1 -- 500 1000
1,2-Dichloroethane 1 40,453 3350 11,965
Dimethyl phthalate 1 -- 250 --
Ethyl acrylate 1 500 500 --
Formaldehyde 1 -- 500 --
Freon-113 1 -- 87,000 58,800
Glycol ethers 2 43,700 24,700 20,500
Hydrochloric acid 3 -- 500 1000
Hydrogen fluoride 1 500 500 500
4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol 1 500 3900 500
Methyl alcohol 2 822,988 306,833 46,984
Methyl ethyl keytone 1 31,200 9000 2500
Methyl isobutyl keytone 1 6600 -- 5000
Methyl methacrylate 1 500 500 --
Methylene bis
(phenylisocyanate)
1 -- -- 500
Methylene chloride 2 15,100 233,760 91,446
Nitric acid 1 500 500 500

Phenol

1 500 3800 3700
Phosphoric acid 1 500 500 500
Phthalic anhydride 1 -- -- 1000
Sodium hydroxide 3 505 755 --
Styrene 1 500 -- --
Sulfuric acid 3 500 750 1000
Terephthalic acid 1 -- 250 1000
Toluene 3 8200 14,320 6600
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 3 -- 30,500 30,250
Xylenes 1 44,000 22,500 9000
Zinc compounds 2 500 500 500

-- = Data not available.



Table 13.

Chemicals of concern, contaminated media, exposure pathways1, and possible receptors for the various OMC/Waukegan Harbor areas.
Chemical
of Concern
Contaminated
Media
Exposure
Pathways
Possible
Receptors
Time
1. Waukegan Harbor
PCB's Air Inhalation Boaters
Fisherpersons
Children
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future

(Ingestion)
(possible
for aerosols)

Boaters
Fisherpersons
Children
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future

Fish

Ingestion Fisherpersons
and their
families
Past
Present
Future
Sediments Dermal contact Remediation
workers
Anglers
Past
Present
Future

Ingestion Remediation
workers
Anglers
Past
Present
Future
Surface Water Dermal contact Boaters
Fisherpersons
Children
Past
Present
Future
Ingestion
(probably
infrequent)
Boaters
Fisherpersons
Children
Past
Present
Future
2. North Ditch

PCB's

(Air)
(possible)
(Inhalation) Beach-goers
Trespassers
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future
(Ingestion)
(dust)
Beach-goers
Trespassers
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future
(Groundwater)
(probable)
(Dermal
(contact)
Remediation
workers
Future
Soil Dermal contact Trespassers
On-site workers
Beach-goers
Past
Present
Future
Ingestion Trespassers
On-site workers
Beach-goers
Past
Present
Future

(continued)

1Potential pathways in parentheses.



Table 13, continued.

Chemicals of concern, contaminated media, exposure pathways1, and possible receptors for the various OMC/Waukegan Harbor areas.
Chemical
of Concern
Contaminated
Media
Exposure
Pathways
Possible
Receptors
Time
2. North Ditch
PCB's Surface Water Dermal contact Beach-goers
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future
Ingestion Beach-goers
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future
3. Parking Lot Area
PCB's (Air)
(possible)
(Inhalation) Trespassers
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future
(Groundwater)
(possible)
(Dermal
contact)
Remediation
workers
Future
Soil Ingestion
(primarily
children)
Trespassers
On-site workers
(Past)
(Present)
Future
Dermal
contact
Trespassers
On-site workers
(Past)
(Present)
Future
(Vegetation)
(possible)
(Dermal
contact)
On-site workers
Trespassers
Past
Present
Future
4. New Slip

Phenol

(Air)
(possible)
(Inhalation) On-site workers
Trespassers
Past
Present
Future
(Ingestion)
(dust)
On-site workers
Trespassers
Past
Present
Future
Groundwater Dermal contact Remediation
workers
Future
Soil Ingestion
(primarily
children)
Trespassers
On-site workers
(Past)
(Present)
Future
Dermal
contact
Trespassers
On-site workers
(Past)
(Present)
Future

(continued)

1Potential pathways in parentheses.



Table 13, continued.

Chemicals of concern, contaminated media, exposure pathways1, and possible receptors for the various OMC/Waukegan Harbor areas.
Chemical
of Concern
Contaminated
Media
Exposure
Pathways
Possible
Receptors
Time
4. New Slip
PAH's (Air)
(possible)
(Inhalation) On-site workers
Trespassers
Past
Present
Future
(Ingestion)
(dust)
On-site workers
Trespassers
Past
Present
Future

Groundwater

Dermal contact Remediation
workers
Future
Soil Ingestion
(primarily
children)
Trespassers
On-site workers
Past
Present
Future
Dermal
contact
Trespassers
On-site workers
(Past)
(Present)
Future
5. Off-site Contamination
a. Lake Michigan
PCB's (Air)
(possible)
(Inhalation) Boaters
Beach-goers
Fisherpersons
Past
Present
Future
(Ingestion)
(possible
for aerosols)
Boaters
Beach-goers
Fisherpersons
Past
Present
Future
Fish Ingestion Fisherpersons
and their
families
Past
Present
Future
(Surface
water)
(Ingestion) Boaters
Beach-goers
(including
swimmers)
Fisherpersons
Past
Present
Future
(Dermal
contact)
Boaters
Beach-goers
(including
swimmers)
Fisherpersons
Past
Present
Future

(continued)

1Potential pathways are in parentheses.



Table 13, continued.

Chemicals of concern, contaminated media, exposure pathways1, and possible receptors for the various OMC/Waukegan Harbor areas.
Chemical
of Concern
Contaminated
Media
Exposure
Pathways
Possible
Receptors
Time
b. Waukegan
PCB's (Air)
(possible)
(Inhalation) People in
Waukegan
Past
Present
Future
(Ingestion)
(dust)
People in
Waukegan
Past
Present
Future
(Surface
water)
(via
municipal
water
supply)
(Dermal
contact)
People in
Waukegan
Past
Present
Future
(Inhalation) People in
Waukegan
Past
Present
Future
(Ingestion) People in
Waukegan
Past
Present
Future
c. North Ditch
(Air) (Inhalation) Beach-goers
Maintenance
workers
Remediation
workers
Past
Present
Future
Sediments Dermal contact Beach-goers
Maintenance
workers
Remediation
workers
Past
Present
Future
Ingestion Beach-goers
Maintenance
workers
Remediation
workers
Past
Present
Future
Soil Dermal contact Beach-goers
Maintenance
workers
Remediation
workers
Past
Present
Future

(continued)

1Potential pathways are in parentheses.



Table 13, continued.

Chemicals of concern, contaminated media, exposure pathways1, and possible receptors for the various OMC/Waukegan Harbor areas.
Chemical
of Concern
Contaminated
Media
Exposure
Pathways
Possible
Receptors
Time
c. North Ditch
PCB's Soil Ingestion Beach-goers
Maintenance
workers
Remediation
workers
Past
Present
Future
Surface
water
Dermal contact Beach-goers
Maintenance
workers
Remediation
workers
Past
Present
Future
Ingestion Beach-goers Past
Present
Future

1Potential pathways are in parentheses.


Table 14.

Bioconcentration and depuration studies of Group B fish exposed to the water or suspended sediment of Waukegan Harbor or the North Ditch (Harris, 1982).
Fish PCB
Concentration (ppm)
Study conditions Species Day Control Experimental
Waukegan Harbor Water
7 Day laboratory
exposure to suspended
Waukegan Harbor
sediments at 380 mg/l,
26.8 ppm of PCB's
(dry weight).
Yellow|
perch
7 0.48 2.04
28 Day exposure to water
in Waukegan Harbor
Slip 3, October-
November, 1978.

Yellow
perch
0
28
--
--
0.156
29.9
Bluegill 0
28
--
--
0.207
19.7
30 Day exposure to water
in Waukegan Harbor
Slip 3, followed by
80 day depuration in
Lake Michigan water,
June-October, 1979
Yellow
perch
0
30
114
--
0.26
0.46
0.14
12.1
8.6
Bluegill 0
30
114
--
0.35
0.64
0.11
21.6
8.3
North Ditch Water
28 Day laboratory
exposure to North
Ditch Water
Flathead
minnow
(adults)

28 1.82 419
Flathead
minnow
(embryo-
larvae)
28 0.79 183

Health Criterion

0.02 .02
-- = Data not available.


Table 15.

Chemicals monitored in fish from Lake Michigan by the State of Illinois (Modified from IEPA, 1992).
Chemical Status USDA
Standard
(ppm)

Aldrin

Pesticide, most uses
cancelled since 1975
0.3
Benzene hexachloride
(BHC)
Pesticide, all uses
cancelled in 1978
0.5
Chlordane Pesticide, voluntarily
withdrawn in 1989 by
the manufacturer
0.3
DDT & similar chemicals Pesticide, most uses
cancelled since 1971
5.0
Dieldrin Pesticide, most uses
cancelled since 1975
0.3
Endrin Pesticide, uses are
restricted
0.3
Heptachlor Pesticide, most uses
cancelled in 1983
0.3
Heptachlor epoxide One degradation product
of heptachlor
0.3
Hexachlorobenzene
(HCB)
Pesticide, still in use --
Lindane Pesticide, uses are
restricted
--
Methoxychlor Pesticide, still in use --
Methyl mercury Heavy metal 1.0
Mirex Pesticide and component
of a fire retardant,
most uses cancelled
in 1977
0.1
PCB's Industrial lubricant,
hydraulic fluid,
cooling fluid,
electrical insulator,
production halted
in 1970.
2.0
Toxaphene Pesticide, most uses
cancelled in 1982
5.0

-- = Not available.


Table 16.

Fish advisories for sport fish from Lake Michigan (IEPA, 1992). Fish not listed are not under any advisory.
Qualitative Level of Contamination
Group 1-Low Group 2-Moderate Group 3-High
Lake trout
up to 20 inches
Lake trout
20 to 23 inches
Lake trout
over 23 inches
Coho salmon
up to 26 inches
Coho salmon
over 26 inches
Chinook salmon
over 32 inches
Chinook salmon
up to 21 inches
Chinook salmon
21 to 32 inches
Brown trout
over 23 inches
Brook trout Brown trout
up to 23 inches
Carp
Catfish
Rainbow trout
Pink salmon
Smelt
Perch

Group 1 = Lowest level of contaminants.
Group 2 = Moderate levels of contamination; children, pregnant women, women who may become pregnant, and nursing mothers should not eat Group 2 fish; all others should limit their consumption of these fish to one meal per week.
Group 3 = High levels of contamination; no one should eat Group 3 fish.
(3) possible dioxin formation during remediation by the high temperature extraction process proposed for removing PCBs from the most contaminated sediments and soils, (4) the lack of incentives to more efficiently dispose of the wastes in the future, (5) the off-site transportation of wastes, and (6) Slip 2 (nature of concern unknown).


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