PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT
ROCKFORD, WINNEBAGO COUNTY, ILLINOIS
The Pagel's Pit Landfill currently poses no apparent public health hazard since there is presently no indication of exposure to contaminants at levels of health concern. The site could pose a health threat due to the potential for future exposure to groundwater, however, the locations of the private wells and the direction of groundwater flow make this exposure unlikely. The installation of the gas extraction system and the existence of the leachate collection system also reduces the potential for contaminant transport off-site. Furthermore, remedial actions planned for the site should eliminate the potential for future exposure to groundwater. Past exposures to contaminants in air and surface soils may have occurred at this site, however, it is impossible to characterize these potential exposures because of limited data.
Residents living upgradient from the site have concerns about groundwater contamination from
the Acme Solvents site. These concerns are addressed in the Acme Solvents Health Assessment.
IDPH will continue monitoring data from the WRL and assess future exposures if contaminants
migrate to off-site media that may result in exposure.
IDPH recommends the following actions at the WRL to monitor contaminants and to assess future exposures:
- Annual sampling of surface water and sediments in Killbuck Creek.
- Annual sampling of appropriate monitoring wells in the area of the site to determine the extent of migration o the contaminant plume. IDPH also recommends installing more monitoring wells west of the landfill to accurately define the groundwater plume and to monitor its migration off-site. Private wells in the area of the plume migration should also be sampled for possible site-related contamination.
- Sampling of on-site surface soils to better characterize potential past and present exposures to contaminated soil.
- Continued operation of the gas extraction system and the leachate collection system as long as necessary to deter migration of contaminants.
In accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 as amended, the Pagel's Pit site has been evaluated for appropriate follow-up with respect to health activities. Area residents with known exposure to chlorinated solvents are participating in ATSDR's TCE Exposure Registry. As part of the ATSDR Physician Education Cooperative Agreement, IDPH has developed and given a seminar for health professionals and area residents regarding the potential health effects associated with exposure to contaminants found at this site and others in the area. Additional educational and informational offerings are being developed. No other follow-up health activities are being planned at this time. If additional information suggests that exposure to significant levels of site-related hazardous substances is occurring or has occurred in the past, ATSDR and the IDPH will re-evaluate this site for any indicated follow-up.
Based on the recommendations made in this health assessment, the following public health actions have been or will be undertaken.
- Residents around the WRL site have been included on ATSDR's TCE Registry. Educational workshops for area health professionals and area residents have also been conducted in the area of this site by IDPH in conjunction with ATSDR. Workshops have focused on groundwater contamination with chlorinated solvents.
- No further actions are being planned at this time. When more data becomes available, IDPH, in conjunction with ATSDR, will re-evaluate the site.
Preparers of Report:
- Kenneth G. McCann
C. Michael Moomey
Illinois Department of Public Health
Reviewer of Report:
- Bruce Barrow, M.A.
Illinois Department of Public Health
ATSDR REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE
- Louise Fabinski
Office of the Assistant Administrator
ATSDR TECHNICAL PROJECT OFFICER
- William Greim
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
The Pagel's Pit Landfill Public Health Assessment was prepared by the Illinois Department of Public Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment, and concurs with its findings.
Robert C. Williams, P.E., DEE
Director, DHAC, ATSDR
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Preliminary Health Assessment for Pagel's Pit. Atlanta, GA. January, 1989.
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Atlanta, GA. March, 1992.
- Ecology and Environment, Inc. Acme Solvents Superfund Site, Winnebago County, Illinois, Remedial Investigation. July, 1985.
- Illinois Department of Public Health. Draft Public Health Assessment for Acme Solvents, Inc., Winnebago county, Rockford, Illinois, CERCLIS NO. ILD053219259. Springfield, IL. July, 1992.
- Illinois Environmental Protection Agency. Division of Land Pollution Files. Springfield, IL. 1992.
- United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. Soil Survey of Winnebago and Boone Counties, Illinois. March, 1980.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency. Toxic Chemical Release Inventory. National Library of Medicine, National Toxicology Information Program, Bethesda, MD. August, 1992.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1991. Record of Decision Summary for Pagel's Pit Site. Washington D.C. June, 1991.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1991. Declaration for the Record of Decision for Pagel's Pit Site. Washington D.C. June 28, 1991.
- Warzyn Inc., Feasibility Study Report, Winnebago Reclamation Landfill, Rockford, Illinois. March, 1991.
- Warzyn Inc., Interim Groundwater Quality Evaluation, Winnebago Reclamation Landfill, Rockford, Illinois. March, 1990.
- Warzyn Inc., Remedial Investigation Report, Winnebago Reclamation Landfill, Rockford, Illinois, Vol. 1-2. March, 1991.
- Winnebago County Health Department. Private Well Water Analyses, Acme Solvents. Rockford, IL. 1981.