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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

MIAMI COUNTY INCINERATOR
TROY, MIAMI COUNTY, OHIO


CONCLUSIONS

The Miami County Incinerator site posed a public health hazard in the past because of exposure to chemicals through drinking water and surface soil. At one time, there were at least twelve private wells contaminated with site-related chemicals. The concentration of chemicals in a couple of the wells were at levels which could pose a risk of noncancer health effects for sensitive members of the population. By 1992, public water had been supplied the majority of area residents, effectively eliminating the exposures from these 12 wells. It is not known how long exposures actually occurred. In addition, surface soils on-site contained elevated levels of lead. People on-site, primarily on-site workers, could have been exposed to the lead in the soil. The site was only partially fenced, and it is possible that other people may have been exposed to surface soil contamination.

MCI site currently poses an indeterminate public health hazard because of the possibility of exposure to site-related chemicals. While current data does not indicate exposure to hazardous materials at the site, additional data are needed to characterize the hazard potential of the site, particularly of the groundwater. There are still about thirteen private wells still in use. These thirteen wells were free of contamination when last sampled. However, they have not been sampled since 1985. There may still be people using private wells that could be impacted by movement of contaminants off-site through the groundwater.

RECOMMENDATIONS

1. Perform a private well survey to determine the number of private, public, and commercial wells within a 1-mile area of the site.

2. Confirm when public water was supplied to the residents living along Route 25A.

3. Sample any wells that are in use near the site, especially those in the direction of groundwater flow.

4. Evaluate any new private well sampling data to determine if persons are being exposed to contaminants at levels of concern.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

The purpose of the Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards but also provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. The Ohio Department Of Health will perform the following actions at the Miami County Incinerator site:

ODH will complete a private well survey to determine how many residents in the area are still using private wells.

ODH will sample those wells at risk of becomming contaminated if it is determined that there are private wells still in use.

ODH will evaluate any new data to determine if persons are being exposed to contamination at levels of concern.

ODH will also provide health education materials as needed.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Tracy Shelley, M.S.
Chief, Health Assessment Branch
Bureau of Epidemiology and Toxicology
Ohio Department of Health

Robert Frey, Ph.D
Geologist, Health Assessment Branch
Bureau of Epidemiology and Toxicology
Ohio Department of Health

Irena Scott, Ph.D
Researcher, Health Assessment Branch
Bureau of Epidemiology and Toxicology
Ohio Department of Health


ATSDR Regional Representative

Louise Fabinski
Regional Operations
Senior Health Scientist
Region V

ATSDR Technical Project Officer
Richard Kauffman, M.S.
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment
and Consultation, Superfund Site Assessment Branch

CERTIFICATION

This Miami County Incinerator site public health assessment was prepared by the Ohio Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

Richard R. Kauffman, M.S.
Technical Project Officer
State Programs Section (SPS)
Superfund Site Assessment Branch (SSAB)
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
ATSDR

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment, and concurs with its findings.

Richard E. Gillig, MCP
Chief, SPS, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR

REFERENCES

ATSDR Health Assessment for Miami County Incinerator Site, Troy, Ohio, Cerclis No. ODH980611800, February 5, 1987

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Toluene. ATSDR, 1993.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Draft Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. ATSDR, 1996.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. ATSDR, 1992.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for 1,1-Dichloroethene. ATSDR, 1992.

Barnes et al., 1985; as seen in, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for 1,2-dichloroethene. ATSDR, 1996.

Bove, F., M. Fulcomer, and J. Klotz. Population-Based Surveillance and Etiological Research of Adverse Reproductive Outcomes and Toxic Wastes, Phase IV-A and Phase IV-B New Jersey State Department of Health. November 1992.

Brenniman and Levy, 1985; as seen in Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Barium. ATSDR, 1991.

Byers, V., A. Levin, D. Ozonoff, and R. Baldwin. Association between clinical symptoms and lymphocyte abnormalities in a population with chronic domestic exposure to industrial solvent-contaminated domestic water supply and a high incidence of leukaemia. Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 27:77-81. 1988.

Census of Population and Housing STF1B and STF3A, 1990.

CH2M Hill, 1986. Draft Endangerment Assessment for the Miami County Incinerator Site. Miami County, Ohio.

CH2M Hill, 1989. Public Comment Feasibility Study Report, Miami County Incinerator site, Troy, Ohio.

CH2M Hill, 1989. Remedial Investigation Report. Vols. I and II. Miami County Incinerator Site, Troy, Ohio.

Goldberg, S., M. Lebowitz, E. Graver, and S. Hicks. An association of human congenital cardiac malformations and drinking water contaminants. JACC Vol. 16:155-164. July, 1990.

Lagakos, S., B. Wessen, and M. Zelen. An analysis of contaminated well water and health effects in Woburn, Massachusetts. Jr. Am. Statist. Assoc. 81:583-596. 1986.

McCauley et al., 1990; as seen in, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for 1,2-dichloroethene. ATSDR, 1996.

Ohio Department of Health File on Contaminated Wells at Miami County Incineration Site, Miami County, Ohio. R. Indian.

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. Volume 1, Water Quality Standards-Regulations. 1986.

Til et al., as seen in ATSDR, 1993. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. ATSDR 1993.

Tseng, W.P., 1977, as seen in Heast Table, 1994.

U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1989. Record of Decision: Remedial Alternative Selection, Miami County Incinerator Site, Troy, Ohio, U. S. Public Health Service.

Wones et al., 1990; as seen in, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Barium. ATSDR, 1991.


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