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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

LINCOLN CREOSOTE
BOSSIER CITY, BOSSIER PARISH, LOUISIANA


CONCLUSIONS

  1. The Lincoln Creosote site in Bossier City, Louisiana, is an inactive, abandoned wood treatment facility. A number of remedial activities have cleaned up the site, surrounding ditches, and drainage pathways off site. Geoliners are in place in the ditches surrounding the site to prevent erosion. Currently and in the future, the site poses no public health threat.

  2. Completed exposure pathways occurred in the past due to contact with contaminated soil, sediment, and air on site. Off-site soil and sediment pathways also represented completed exposure pathways because of contamination in drainage ditches and residential yards.

  3. The Lincoln Creosote site posed a Public Health Hazard in the past. Before the site was cleaned up, levels of B(a)P equivalents and arsenic in soil were elevated enough to moderately increase the cancer risk for workers employed on site for many years (around 25 years) and who worked around site contaminants regularly. Residents living near the site who visited the site occasionally for recreational purposes may have a slightly increased risk of cancer. Skin rashes and irritations may have occurred in the past for residents that handled soil and sediments containing an elevated levels of B(a)P equivalents.

  4. Though most residents and municipalities of Bossier City obtain drinking water from the municipal water supply fed by the Red River, there are a few private wells within one mile of the site. The extent of on-site groundwater contamination was not defined.

  5. Community concerns included exposure to site contaminants, past flooding of the site, cancer and skin rashes in their community, contaminated ditches, the safety of drinking water, and food grown in local gardens.

  6. Cancer incidence data for the Census Block Groups surrounding and including the Lincoln Creosote Site compared to the Northwest Region indicates that the cancer incidence rates for the area are generally lower than those of the region, but the difference is not statistically significant. The only findings that were statistically significant include: lung cancer in females in the Block Groups was higher than expected and all cancers combined for white males was lower than expected. From this type of review, the reason for the differences cannot be determined.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. The ditch across form the Northpark Complex should receive regular maintenance to ensure that the integrity of the geotextile lining remains intact. Parents should also prevent their children from playing in the drainage ditches around the site.

  2. A further review of groundwater monitoring should be conducted to assess the potential migration of contaminated groundwater off-site.

THE HEALTH ACTIVITIES RECOMMENDATION PANEL

The Lincoln Creosote site Public Health Assessment for Lincoln Creosote site was reviewed bythe Health Activities Recommendation Panel on January 11, 1995. Based on the recommendationof the panel, it was proposed that the following statement be included in the public healthassessment.

The data and information developed in the Lincoln Creosote Public Health Assessment havebeen evaluated by the Health Activities Recommendation Panel for appropriate public healthactions. Several completed pathways existed at this site, including exposure to contaminated soiland sediments. These exposures, as discussed in the public health assessment, were a publichealth hazard and indicated the need for several follow up actions.

First community health education is recommended to those exposed. Community involvement isalso needed for presenting the findings in the public health assessment. Second, the panelrecommends health professional education. Third, characterize population demographics andnumber of exposed population near the Lincoln Creosote site, and then use this data to determinethe need for an exposure investigation. The panel also recommends that Louisiana Departmentof Health and Hospitals (LDHH) conduct biota sampling (crawfish) sampling from the drainageditches off site.


PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

The public health action plan for Lincoln Creosote site contains a description of actions taken by LDHH and other appropriate governmental agencies at and in the vicinity of the site subsequentto the completion of this public health assessment. For those actions already taken at the site,please see the background section of this public health assessment. The purpose of the publichealth action plan is to identify public health hazards, and provide a plan of action designed tomitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardoussubstances in the environment.

Actions completed:

  1. SEET provided environmental health education for local health professionals to help them in assessing possible adverse health outcomes associated with exposure to hazardous substances. Case Studies in Environmental Medicine that related to the contaminants of concern at Lincoln Creosote were mailed out to physicians in Caddo and Bossier Parishes in September 1995. A Grand-Rounds seminar for area physicians was conducted in November 1996, reviewing the health issues for two sites, Lincoln Creosote and Highway 71/72 Refinery site.

  2. SEET provided environmental health education for the community to assist residents in mitigating exposure to hazardous substances in residential yards soils and drainage ditches sediment off site. Signs were placed near one of the ditches warning people to stay out. SEET participated in numerous public meetings and community outreaches and communicated appropriate prevention measures.

  3. SEET conducted a public meeting to explain the findings of this public health assessment. The public health assessment was placed in repositories and was provided to persons upon request.

Actions Planned:

  1. SEET will coordinate with appropriate local, state, and federal agencies to implement the recommendations contained in the public health assessment.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals/Office of Public Health
Section of Environmental Epidemiology and Toxicology:

Jennifer Goodwin
Lina Balluz
Xia Gan
Laura Fadil
Ellen Blanker
Kimberly M. Gallo

REVIEWERS OF THE REPORT

Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals/Office of Public Health
Section of Environmental Epidemiology and Toxicology:

Lina Balluz
Barbara Cooper
Kabrina Smith

ATSDR Regional Representative:

George Pettigrew
Regional Representative
USEPA Region VI

ATSDR Technical Project Officer:
Division of Health Assessment & Consultation

William Greim
Tina Forrester
Tammie McRae

CERTIFICATION

This Lincoln Creosote Public Health Assessment was prepared by the Louisiana Department ofHealth and Hospitals under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances andDisease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and proceduresexisting at the time the public health assessment was begun.

Tammie McRae, MS
Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public healthassessment and concurs with the findings.

Richard Gillig
Chief, State Program Section, DHAC, ATSDR


REFERENCES

  1. Public Availability Outreach Session Summary Report, Lincoln Creosote Site, SEET and Southeastern Louisiana State University, Bossier City, Louisiana, June 1996.

  2. Remedial Investigation Report, Lincoln Creosote Site, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., November 15, 1989.

  3. Toxicon Laboratories, Inc., Soil and Surface Water Data Reports, Lincoln Creosote, December, 1985.

  4. Supplemental Investigation Report, Lincoln Creosote Site, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., August 17, 1993.

  5. Removal Action Report, Lincoln Creosote Site, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., March 18, 1994.

  6. Ground Water Monitoring Report, Lincoln Creosote, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., November, 1994.

  7. Toxicological Profile for Heptachlor/Heptachlor Epoxide, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, April 1993.

  8. Toxicological Profile for Benzene, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, September 1997.

  9. Expanded Site Inspection/Remedial Investigation, Lincoln Creosote, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., January, 1995.

  10. Department of Transportation and Development Registered Well List, October 1996.

  11. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic, Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, March, 1990.

  12. Toxicological Profile for Chromium, Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, May, 1990.

  13. Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, February, 1990.

  14. Toxicological Profile for Pentachlorophenol, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, December 1989.

  15. Updated Air Monitoring Results, ERM-Southwest, Inc., December 24, 1992, Written Communication to Louisiana Department of Quality.

  16. Off-site Areas Investigation Report, Lincoln Creosote, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., March 18, 1994.

References Not Cited

  1. C.K. Associates, Soil Data Reports, Lincoln Creosote, September, 1985.

  2. Removal Action Work Plan Lincoln Creosote Site, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., November 5, 1991.

  3. USEPA Hazard Ranking System, Update 16, Lincoln Creosote, Region 6, 1994.

  4. Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, Inactive and Abandoned Sites Division, 1991,Mrs. Bedingfields Residential Yard Soil Sampling Data, Lincoln Creosote Superfund Site files.

  5. Written Correspondence from Lewis Unglesby to Harold Etheridge, LDEQ, Hand delivered and received September 15, 1991. Data enclosed with chain of custody reports.

  6. Final Engineering Evaluation and Cost Analysis Removal Action for Offsite Areas, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., December 28, 1994.

  7. Pre-Excavation Sampling Report, Lincoln Creosote, Bossier City, Louisiana, ERM-Southwest, Inc., April 14, 1995.

  8. Klaassen, C.D., M.O. Admur, J. Doull, 1986, Casarett and Doull's Toxicology the Basic Science of Poisons, 3rd edition, Macmillan Publishing Company, NY.

  9. ATSDR Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual, 1992, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.

  10. ATSDR Health Consultation, Lincoln Creosote Site, Bossier City, Bossier Parish, Louisiana, June 1993; Roberta Erlwein.

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