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PETITIONED PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

MARINE SHALE PROCESSORS, INC.
AMELIA, ST. MARY PARISH, LOUISIANA

CONCLUSIONS

  1. Using the findings of this public health assessment and identified data gaps, ATSDR considers this site an indeterminate public health hazard. This conclusion is primarily based on the data gaps pertaining to the safety of the aggregate under conditions of chronic exposure, and its use in areas where dust generation and subsequent inhalation may occur.
  2. A review of ambient air data does not indicate a present threat to human health via this pathway. Because of the lack of data on air during early operations at MSP, it is not possible to assess exposure to past reported emissions. The state now has in place adequate measures to monitor the air quality at the site. There are no provisions for off-site air monitoring.
  3. Levels of mercury found in the 1986 fish sample may indicate potential risk to human health. Follow-up data were not available to allow comparison of the mercury levels during other periods. Environmental information for the site does not indicate that mercury is a significant contaminant.
  4. The leachability of heavy metals from the aggregate at environmental pH should not pose a threat to public health. Exposure to metals by ingestion of the aggregate does not appear to result in acute toxicity. There are indications that metals in the aggregate are bioavailable. There is an information gap on body burden resulting from chronic ingestion of the aggregate. There is also a data gap on the fibrogenic potential of small particles released during crushing of the aggregate. Inhalation of the particles could be an important route of exposure for workers who place the product on roadways and other sites where crushing can occur. There is insufficient information to conclude that the aggregate is or is not a potential threat to human health if it is used in areas where crushing and dust generation occur. Available information on the aggregate at one residence has been evaluated; it suggests there may be a potential threat to public health at the residence. Aggregate at the Amelia Community Health Center is under a concrete slab and should not pose a threat to public health. Other sites where aggregate has been placed have not been individually evaluated. The mixed nature of the aggregate makes it difficult to address the public health implications of its general use. Until more is known about the bioavailability of the metals in, and the friability of, the aggregate, its use in areas where children might contact it should be discouraged.
  5. Sampling has indicated on-site soil contamination and a contaminated groundwater plume under the site. Control measures have been instituted and monitoring of those areas should continue. Given the apparent migration path toward Bayou Boeuf and subsequent mitigation measures, the contamination is not expected to affect human health.
  6. There does not appear to be a significant potential for contamination of peaches and pecans by aggregate in nearby yards. Leachability is not significant at environmental pH, and migration through the soil should not occur.
  7. An excess number of neuroblastomas was reported in St. Mary parish from 1986 to 1987. Neuroblastoma has not been consistently linked to any single environmental agent. In the absence of a specific exposure to test, it is not possible to either link or rule out a link between the cases and any single facility.
  8. St. Mary and surrounding parishes have higher than expected reported rates of congenital malformations. Those rates were elevated before the facility went on line. A sharp increase in the number of malformations in these parishes was reported in 1986. However, several other parishes in northern Louisiana experienced similar increases, so it is difficult to determine whether that information is site specific.
  9. There are many parameters of health concern in this area, such as the excess rate of spina bifida. It is not possible to link those problems to the MSP facility.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Further study of the aggregate is needed to determine the body burden resulting from chronic exposure and the fibrogenic potential of small particles. Chronic, bioavailability studies are needed to determine the safety of the aggregate for use in areas where children might have chronic exposure to the aggregate. Fine scanning electron microscope studies would help characterize the type and shape of particles formed from crushing of the aggregate.
  2. Monitoring of on-site soil and groundwater contamination should continue until the existing plume has been eliminated. Monitoring helps ensure that those sources of contamination are evaluated for possible changes that could affect human health.
  3. To allay concerns about the peaches and pecans, the edible portions of those two crops should be assayed for heavy metals, particularly lead and cadmium.
  4. Further area-wide assays for heavy metals of the fish in the Bayou are indicated to follow up on the mercury contamination found in the 1986 fish sample. If significant contamination is found, further action, such as posting warning signs about potential health hazards associated with the fish, must be considered.
  5. A carefully planned off-site air monitoring program should be considered to detect possible major releases associated with emergency or other non-routine events at MSP. Such a program, if implemented, should include a local meteorology monitoring system to help provide additional insights on air emission migration patterns in the area.
  6. In accordance with CERCLA, as amended, this site has been evaluated by the ATSDR Health Activities Recommendations Panel for appropriate public health actions. While it has not been possible to link adverse health outcomes to exposures from the MSP site, there is an indication that the population has experienced adverse health conditions. Therefore, the Panel has determined that follow-up public health activities are indicated for the community. Those activities will include a community health investigation and professional health education.

Public Health Actions:

Actions already undertaken - At the request of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, the Louisiana State University Medical School conducted a case-control study of the neuroblastoma cases that occurred in St. Mary Parish in 1986 - 1987.

Actions planned - The Public Health Action Plan resulting from this health assessment contains a description of actions to be taken by ATSDR and/or the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals in the community surrounding the site subsequent to the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of this Public Health Action Plan is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies possible public health hazards, but also provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. The public health actions to be implemented are as follows:

    ATSDR will coordinate with the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals to undertake a community health investigation to better assess the community's concerns about adverse health outcomes that could be associated with exposures to hazardous substances in the environment. A Community Assistance Panel (CAP) will be established to ensure that the community has opportunity to contribute to the investigation. Specifically, the CAP will allow for information exchange during the planning and conduct of the investigation.

    The Division of Health Education, ATSDR, will coordinate with the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals to conduct an education program that is proposed to advise public health professionals and the local medical community of the nature and possible consequences of exposure to contaminants in the environment.

    ATSDR is currently working with the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals and the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality on the Louisiana Database Development Project. That project would link health and environmental databases through a Geographical Information System (GIS). The project is not specific for the community around the Marine Shale Processors facility, but may assist in developing innovative ways to evaluate the relationships between environmental exposures and adverse health outcomes that could be applicable in the Morgan City/Amelia communities.

    ATSDR is discussing implementation of recommendations 1 through 5 with the appropriate federal and state agencies.

PREPARERS OF THE REPORT


Harvey W. Rogers, MS
Environmental Engineer
Remedial Programs Branch

Virginia Lee, MD, MPH
Medical Officer
Federal Programs Branch

ATSDR Regional Representative:

George L. Pettigrew
ATSDR, EPA Region VI
Dallas, Texas


DOCUMENTS REVIEWED

ATSDR Documents:

D-1. Record of Communication: Health Consultation of Two Surface Soil Samples from Amelia Community Center. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI) to George Buynoski (Chief, Field Operations Branch, ATSDR), April 1, 1988.

D-2. Notes from meeting with Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals regarding Marine Shale Processors, Inc., August 29, 1989.

D-3. Memorandum: Response to health related questions regarding Marine Shale Processors for Al Davis' testimony before the Synar Subcommittee. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to Sam Coleman, September 14, 1989.

D-4. Memorandum: Review of Data Package on Marine Shale Processors. From Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, Region VI), to Randy Brown (Chief, Hazardous Waste Enforcement Branch), July 13, 1989.

D-5. Record of Communication: Meeting with EPA RCRA Enforcement Staff on sampling at the site. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to George Buynoski (Chief, Field Operations Branch, ATSDR), July 17, 1989.

D-6. Memorandum: Health Consultation - Air Monitoring Data from Marine Shale Processing Site, Morgan City, Louisiana. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to Randall Brown (Chief, RCRA Enforcement Branch), November 7, 1989.

D-7. Facsimile Transmission: Offsite locations of Marine Shale Aggregate and sampling results from these areas. From Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, Region VI), to Cynthia Harris (Toxicologist, DHAC, ATSDR), December 4, 1989.

D-8. Memorandum: Property, Amelia, Louisiana. From Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, Region VI) to Sam Coleman (EPA RCRA, Region VI), December 4, 1989.

D-9. Record of Communication: Blood lead results from Children at Residence. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to George Buynoski (Chief, Field Operations Branch, ATSDR), December 7, 1989.

D-10. Memorandum: Property, Amelia, Louisiana. From Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, Region VI), to Sam Coleman (EPA RCRA, Region VI), December 14, 1989.

D-11. Record of Communication: Property. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to George Buynoski (Chief, Field Operations Branch, ATSDR), January 11, 1900; January 11-12, 1990; January 16, 1990; January 18, 1990.

D-12. Memorandum: Review of Environmental and Biological Sampling Data of Blood Lead Levels and the Aggregate at the Residence. From Cynthia Harris (Toxicologist, DHAC, ATSDR), to George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), February 9, 1990.

D-13. Notes from Meeting: Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality. March 1, 1990.

D-14. Notes from Meeting: George Harlow (Director of Environmental Compliance, MSP) and Bill George (Toxicologist). March 2, 1990.

D-15. Memorandum: Transmittal of Additional Data on Marine Shale Site regarding TAT reports from 1990, 1986, etc. with attachments. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to Cynthia Harris (Chief, Community Health Branch, ATSDR), April 17, 1990.

D-16. Notes from Meeting: Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals. April 24, 1990.

D-17. Notes from Meeting: Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality. April 24, 1990.

D-18. Notes from Public Meeting: Morgan City, Louisiana. April 25, 1990.

D-19. Memorandum: Health Consultation - Residence, Stevensville, La. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to Charles Gazda (Chief, Emergency Response Branch), May, 1990.

D-20. Memorandum: Transmittal of Additional Data on Marine Shale Processors including results of OSHA inspection and superfund waste clarification. From George Pettigrew (Regional Representative, Region VI), to Harvey Rogers (Environmental Engineer, ATSDR), May 8, 1990.

D-21. Record of Communication: Telephone consultation regarding SEM analysis of Marine Shale aggregate. From Virginia Lee (Medical Officer, DHAC, ATSDR), to Debbie Bendaly (Electron Microscopy Laboratory, LaDEQ), June 7, 1990.

D-22. Record of Communication: Telephone consultation regarding link of Dinoseb to neuroblastoma in California. From Virginia Lee (Medical Officer, DHAC, ATSDR), to Richard Jackson (Chief, Environmental Health Hazard Section, California Department of Health), May 8, 1990.

D-23. Toxic Release Inventory Data Retrieval, St. Mary's Parish for 1987 & 1988, Conducted August 9, 1990.

D-24. Sediment Data for Bayou Boeuf at Amelia, Army Corps of Engineers, 1976.

D-24A. Health Consultation follow-up: Residence, Lafayette, Louisiana. From Allan Susten (Chief, TSS, ERCB, DHAC, ATSDR) to Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, Region 6/ATSDR), July 18, 1991.

EPA Documents:

D-25. Technical Direction Document - Assessment of Marine Shale Processors, Inc. for EPA Region VI. Prepared by Roy F. Weston, Inc. (control no. 06 8601 -16) with attachments, January 14, 1986.

D-26. Letter from Allyn Davis (Director, Hazardous Waste Management Division), to Patricia Norton (Secretary, LDEQ), October 3,1986. Review of LDEQ enforcement deficiencies against Marine Shale Processors, Inc.

D-27. Memorandum: Ash, soil, sediment, water data from project 71W with data attached. From Douglass Kendall (Chemist) to Joe Lowry (Chief, Environmental Chemistry Branch), March 19, 1987.

D-28. Data Packet: Soil, sediment, aggregate, monitoring well and water sample results, on and off site for Marine Shale Processors. From EPA Compliance Inspection conducted July 1989.

D-29. Memorandum: UPDATE of Activities. From Peggy Knight (Director, Office of Community & Intergovernmental Relations, Office of External Affairs) to Addressees, August 4, 1989.

D-30. Memorandum: Laboratory Results for Marine Shale Processors. From David Stockton (Acting Chief, Inorganic Lab Section), to Diana Ayers (Chief, Houston Branch), August 8, 1989. Results were included.

D-31. Report: RCRA Compliance Inspection Report. Analytical data (inorganic) for water samples, August 10, 1989.

D-32. Letter from Allyn Davis (Director, Hazardous Waste Management Division), to David Ramsey (Secretary, LaDHH), August 15, 1989. Information on the public tours of Marine Shale Facility.

D-33. Memorandum: RCRA Compliance Inspection Report. From Michale Michaud (Acting Chief, Hazardous Waste Section), to Sam Coleman (Chief, Texas Section), August 16, 1989.

D-34. Memorandum: Review of Analytical Results from Marine Shale Processors, Morgan City, Louisiana. From Samuel Coleman (Chief, Texas Section, RCRA Enforcement Branch), to Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, ATSDR), August 16, 1989.

D-35. Memorandum: Transmittal with attachments of Air Compliance Monitoring Results. From Phil Schwindt (Inspector, Region VI), to Robert Clark (Chief, Facilities Compliance Section), August 16, 1989.

D-36. Report: RCRA Compliance Inspection Report. Analytical Data (organic) for water and soil samples, August 16, 1989.

D-37. Data Packet: Air Data Analytical Results, Marine Shale Processors. Prepared by IT Analytical Services for EPA, September 1989.

D-38. Report: Field Sampling Report, Marine Shale Processors. Prepared by PEI Associates, September 1989.

D-39. Memorandum: Transmittal with attachments of RCRA Compliance Inspection Report. From Michael Michaud (Acting Chief, Hazardous Waste Section, Region VI), to Sam Coleman (Chief, Texas Section), September 15, 1989.

D-40. Memorandum: Review of off-site samples of Marine Shale "ash", with data attached. From Randall Brown (Chief, RCRA Enforcement Branch), to Carl Hickam (ATSDR, Region VI), September 19, 1989.

D-41. Report of Hearing of Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. Subject: EPA's Handling of the Marine Shale Case, September 21, 1989.

D-42. Letter from Allyn Davis (Director, Hazardous Waste Management Division), to Louis Trachtman (Acting State Health Officer, LaDHH), November 21, 1989.

D-43. Letter from Robert Hanneschlager (Acting Director, Pesticides and Toxics Division), to Jack Kent (President, Marine Shale Processors, Inc.), Notice of Violation (Clean Air Act), January 17, 1990.

D-44. Memorandum: Laboratory results for Residence. From David Stockton (Chief, Inorganic Lab Section), to Diana Ayers (Chief, Houston Branch), March 12, 1990.

D-45. Report: Site Assessment report of Residence... , with attachments. Prepared by Ecology and Environment for EPA Region VI, March 20, 1990.

D-46. Memorandum: Revised Dioxin Toxicity Equivalence Factors. From F. Henry Habicht II (Chair, Risk Assessment Council) to EPA Administrators and Regional Administrators, March 21, 1990.

D-47. Memorandum: Houston Laboratory results for Residence. From Robert Forrest (Chief, Office Quality Assurance), to Russell Rhoades (Director, Environmental Services Division), March 22, 1990.

D-48. EPA Technical Evaluation of the Combustion System of the Marine Shale Processors, Inc. Facility in Amelia, Louisiana. EPA/530-SW-90-08. October 1990.

D-48a. USEPA Sampling Events at Marine Shale Processors - Metals Analysis. Unpublished data summary. May 7, 1992.

Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality:

D-49. Memorandum: Inspection of a Marine Shale Processors, Inc. facility on Bayou Boeuf in Amelia, LA (Complaint Log #2-86-0112). From Bruce Baird (EPS III), to Michael Schurtz (Program Manager), April 2, 1986.

D-50. Letter from John Koury (Assistant Secretary) to John Kent (President, Marine Shale Processors, Inc.), Status as a recycling facility, June 9, 1986.

D-51. Memorandum: Analytical results of Bayou Bouef sediment (near MSP). From Bruce Baird (EPS III) to Michael Schurtz (Program Manager), June 18, 1986.

D-52. Memorandum: Marine Shale Emissions Modeling. From Doug Walters to Ben Potier, April 23, 1986.

D-53. Memorandum: June 24, 1986 inspection of Marine Shale Processors, Inc. From Kerry St. Pe (EPS V), to Michael Schurtz (Program Manager), July 16, 1986.

D-54. Water Quality Report (MSP): Morse, Adams, Luizza, October 3, 1986.

D-55. Memorandum: Marine Shale Processors, Inc.. From Ben Potier (Air Quality Regional Coordinator, Acadian Region--Lafayette, La., Air Quality Division), to John R. Newton (Program Manager), August 20, 1987.

D-56. Memorandum: Site Visit to Marine Shale Processors. From Thomas Patterson (Enforcement Program Manager), to John Koury (Assistant Secretary), August 26, 1987.

D-57. Memorandum: Marine Shale Processors, Inc.. From Ben Potier (Air Quality Regional Program Coordinator, Acadian Region--Lafayette, La., Air Quality Division), to John Newton (Program Manager), November 11, 1987.

D-58. Letter from Dale Givens (Assistant Secretary) to Representative John Siracusa (District 51, Louisiana House of Representatives), December 2, 1987, regarding laboratory analytical results of fish samples from Bayou Boeuf.

D-59. Memorandum: Marine Shale Processors Facility Inspection Report with data. From Marion Fannaly (Permit Program Manager, Office of Water Programs), to J. Dale Givens (Assistant Secretary), February 10, 1988.

D-60. Memorandum: Review of June 1986 sediment samples (near MSP) with attachments. From Bruce Baird (WQASI) to Louis Johnson (Program Manager), March 24, 1988.

D-61. Memorandum: Review of plant upset, opacity excursions at MSP. From Ben Potier (Air Quality Division), to Bernie Chesler (Air Quality Division), March 25, 1988.

D-62. Facility Inspection Form, St. Pe', March 29, 1988.

D-63. Memorandum: Fish tissue monitoring in Bayou Bouef. From Michael Schurtz (Program Manager), to Maureen O'Neill (Assistant Secretary), April 13, 1988.

D-64. Water data. St. Pe', April 14, 1988.

D-65. Report: Inspection of MSP radiation screening provisions. Michael Henry, October 24, 1988.

D-66. Penalty Notice: LAD981057706. Compliance Order of January 13, 1989.

D-67. Memorandum: Dinoseb review (MSP) with attachments. From Ben Potier (Air Quality Regional Program Coordinator), to Chris Roberie (Program Manager), February 14, 1989.

D-68. Memorandum: MSP Performance test review with attachments. From Jim Courville (State Engineer), to Chris Roberie (Enforcement Program Manager), February 27, 1989.

D-69. Letter from James Monfries (Vice President, METCO Environmental), to Jim Courville (State Engineer), regarding MSP dioxins and furans emissions with data attached. March 7, 1989.

D-70. Fish tissue data. St. Pe', April 7, 1989.

D-71. Letter from Chris Roberie (Enforcement Program Manager), to Patrick Cloutier (Citizen, Morgan City, La.), regarding MSP stack test results for chromium and nickel in 1988. April 14, 1989.

D-72. Letter from Jack Daggett and Raymond Allen (Groundwater Technology, Inc.), to Dr. Michael McDonald (Office of Air Quality and Nuclear Energy), regarding calculation of MSP DRE's. June 1, 1989.

D-73. Letter from Thomas Coerver (LDEQ), to Jim Renfroe (MSP), regarding oxygen and carbon monoxide monitor audit results. October 16, 1989.

D-74. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Study of Particle Size Distribution Study Marine Shale Processors' Aggregate.

Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals:

D-75. 1986 Vital Statistics of Louisiana. Prepared by Public Health Statistics.

D-76. 1987 Vital Statistics of Louisiana.

D-77. U.S. Bureau of the Census. County and City Data Book 1988.

D-78. Report: Chemical Laboratory Analysis of Fish Samples from Bayou Boeuf. Collected June 3, 1987.

D-79. Statistical Analysis of Fetal Deaths in St. Mary Parish and the state of Louisiana for years 1983-1986.

D-80. Report of Spina Bifida Births by Parish, Calendar Year, and Region: 1983, 1984, and 9 months of 1985.

D-81. Comparison of Spina Bifida Births to Live Births by month and by parish in Louisiana: 1983, 1984, and 1985.

D-82. Report: Resident Stillbirth and Livebirth Ratios, Louisiana Residents, by Parish of Residence: 1977-1981 and 1982-1986.

D-83. Statistical Analysis of Live Births with Congenital Anomalies specified on Birth Certificate for St. Mary President Births occurring in 1986. (Not unduplicated count).

D-84. Letter from Jacquelyn Clarkson (Environmental Epidemiology), to Joe Germany (Administrator, Lakewood Hospital), December 17, 1987. Results of the review of the statistical analysis of births with congenital anomalies.

D-85. Report of Congenital Anomalies reported for Louisiana Resident Live Births, 1981-1987 with parish breakdown for parishes in the area of St. Mary.

D-86. Report of Live Births occurring in Louisiana, by Institution of Birth showing total number of Live Births and number with Congenital Anomaly listed on Certificate: 1986.

D-87. Letter from Louis Trachtman (Acting State Health Officer), to Monica Mancuso (Citizen in Morgan City), April 27, 1989 discussing Spina Bifida rates for St. Mary parish.

D-88. Letter from Patrick Cloutier (Citizen, Morgan City), to David Ramsey (Secretary, Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals), May 28, 1990 discussing LDHH handling of health concerns.

D-89. Letter from William Woods (Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota), to Georgia Bryant (Director, Environmental Epidemiology, LDHH), December 2, 1988 discussing neuroblastoma and etiological factors that have been identified.

D-90. Report from SEER database on neuroblastomas in individuals under age 15: 1973-1984.

D-91. Memorandum: Reports of pediatric cancers in Morgan City provided by Dr. Anthony Saleme. October 26, 1987.

D-92. Report: A Case-Control Study of Neuroblastoma in St. Mary Parish. Prepared by Epidemiology Section, Department of Pathology, Louisiana State University Medical School and Louisiana Tumor Registry, Office of Public Health, Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals.

D-93. Study Instrument for Case-Control Study of Neuroblastoma in St. Mary Parish.

D-94. Letter from Joel Nitzkin (Director, Louisiana Office of Public Health), to Cedric LaFleur (Mayor, Morgan City, Louisiana), November 8, 1989. Results of screening of cancer cases in Morgan City.

D-95. Epidemiology Section of Louisiana State University Medical Center in New Orleans. Cancer in Louisiana. Volume VI: Cancer Incidence in South Louisiana, 1983 - 1986/July 1990.

D-96. Cancer Statistics, 1984 from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program (1973 - 1979).

Marine Shale Processors Documents:

D-97. Information Pamphlet and Corporate History and Organization.

D-98. Report: Plant Tour Press Conference, May 26, 1987.

D-99. Data Packet: U.S. Coast Guard Bayou Sediment Study (June 1987) with review of study results by Philip West (West Paine Laboratories, Inc.) with attachments. August 21, 1987.

D-100. Data Packet: MSP Stack test results from 1985 and 1988.

D-101. Affidavit from Frank Lawrence (President and Medical Director of Envirologic Data, Portland, Maine), submitted to Bruce Bolin (Chairman, House Natural Resources Committee, Louisiana Legislature), June 8, 1988.

D-102. Memorandum: Incidence of neuroblastoma among children within a 25 mile radius of Amelia, La. From Maxine Domino (President, Domino Advertising & Public Relations Services, Inc.), to George Harlow (Director of Environmental Compliance, MSP), March 11, 1988.

D-103. Letter from George Eldredge (Vice President/General Counsel), to Manny Fernandez (Assistant Chief of Staff for Health, Welfare, & the Environment), June 16, 1988.

D-104. Data packet: MSP Workplace Air Monitoring Data, January - May, 1989.

D-105. Data packet: MSP Ambient Air Monitoring Data, January - December, 1989.

D-106. Data packet: MSP Aggregate Analytical Results, Comprehensive 1989.

D-107. Data packet: MSP Industrial Hygiene Monitoring Data, 1988 and 1989 miscellaneous months.

D-107a. 1988 Annual Groundwater Report, Marine Shale Processors, Inc., Amelia, Louisiana. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, February, 1989.

D-108. Bioassay Report for MSP Runoff. Prepared by Biotox Environmental Services, May 1989.

D-109. Data packet: Emissions Inventory, MSP. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, May 5, 1989.

D-110. Application for Approval of Emissions for MSP. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, May 5,1989.

D-111. Report: Process Study - Aggregate Manufacturing Process, MSP. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, May 1989.

D-112. Report: Air Emissions Control Systems Cost Estimate for MSP. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde consultants, June 19, 1989.

D-113. Letter from Jim Renfroe (Plant Environmental Manager, MSP), to Robert Freeman (Acadia Region LDEQ), regarding oxygen and carbon dioxide certification inspection. June 22, 1989.

D-114. Data packet: Toxic Chemical Release Inventory, MSP, Report Year 1988. June 30, 1989.

D-115. Data packet: Summary of 1988 Groundwater Report, MSP. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, June 1989.

D-116. Data packet: Stormwater discharge monitoring results. July 1989.

D-117. Interoffice Transmittal: Ambient air data from West Paine Laboratories, overlaps EPA sample period summer 1989. From George Eldridge to George Harlow, July 25, 1989.

D-118. Letters from Fred Dowling (President, Emissions Testing Services, Inc.), to Jim Renfroe (Plant Environmental Manager), regarding gas cylinder audits. August 3 and August 24, 1989.

D-119. Interoffice Memorandum: Review of EPA Region VI Site Visits in July and August 1989; split sampling etc. From Jim Renfroe (Plant Environmental Manager) to George Eldridge, August 9, 1989.

D-120. Letter from George Harlow (Director of Environmental Compliance, MSP), to George Pettigrew (ATSDR, Region VI), September 6, 1989.

D-121. Interoffice Memorandum: Solids, slags split sample results for sampling conducted by EPA, July 20-29, 1989. From Jim Renfroe to George Eldridge, September 7, 1989.

D-122. Letter from Jim Renfroe (Plant Environmental Manager), to Thomas Coerver (Air Quality Division, LDEQ), regarding oxygen and carbon dioxide monitors, November 1, 1989.

D-123. Letter from George Harlow (Director of Environmental Compliance, MSP) to Louis Trachtman (Acting State Health Officer, LaDHH), January 9, 1990 regarding odors at the facility.

D-124. Description: MSP Recyclable Materials Analysis Plan. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, effective February 15, 1990.

D-125. Letter from George Harlow (Director of Environmental Compliance, MSP), to Cynthia Harris (ATSDR), transmitting information requested by ATSDR during April 25, 1990 site visit. May 1, 1990.

D-126. Data packet: MSP Stormwater discharge monitoring data. 1989, 1990.

D-127. Data packet: MSP Groundwater monitoring data. 1988, 1989, 1990.

D-128. Data packet: MSP Ambient air monitoring data. April - June, 1990.

D-129. Data packet: MSP Aggregate Review and EPA Test Results from Summer, 1989, Harlow to Rogers - August 2, 1990.

D-130. Data packet: Preliminary MSP Comprehensive Stack Tests Results from June 1990, Harlow to Rogers - August 14, 1990.

D-131. Description: MSP Regulatory status. No author or date listed.

D-132. Description: MSP Contingency Plan. No author or date listed.

D-133. Description: The MSP Vitrification Process. No author or date listed.

D-134. Description: Radiation screening for incoming waste. No author or date listed.

D-135. Description: Continuous emissions monitoring system. No author or date listed.

D-136. Description: Corporate history and organization. No author or date listed.

D-137. Report: Air Compliance Stack Test Report - Vol.1. Prepared by Woodward-Clyde Consultants, September 1990.

D-137A. Cheng Y, et al. "Solubility and Bioavailability of Lead Following Oral Ingestion of Vitrified Slagged Aggregate." Submitted for publication.

D-137B. Marine Shale Processors, Inc. Submission of Relevant Information to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Volumes I and II. December 5, 1991.

Citizens' Documents:

D-138. Report: Air Quality Impact Assessment of MSP's Incinerator. Prepared by Dr. Shau-Nong Chang (Tulane Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine), undated.

D-139. Report: Health Concerns: Tumors, Defects, and other Anomalies. Undated.

D-140. Report: Results of unusually high concentrations in other water samples in St. Mary parish. Undated.

D-141. Memorandum: Preliminary report on the Marine Shale Processors Facility at Amelia, LA. From Oliver Houck to Alfred Lippman and St. Mary's Industrial Group, November 20, 1986.

D-142. Letter and information packet regarding Marine Shale Processors from Patrick Cloutier to Evan Pearson (Assistant Region Council, EPA Region VI), December 14, 1987.

D-143. Letter from Patrick Cloutier to Georgia Bryant (Director, Environmental Epidemiology, LaDHH), February 6, 1989.

D-144. Letter from Miriam Price to Carl Hickham (Senior Regional Representative, Region VI), February 27, 1990.

D-145. Letter from Melanie O'Neill to Cynthia Harris (Toxicologist, DHAC, ATSDR), March 17, 1990.

D-146. Letter from Danny Gaudet to Cynthia Harris (Toxicologist, DHAC, ATSDR), April 26, 1990. Attachment of Previous letters with information regarding the facility dated April 25, 1985; 1988; 1989.

D-147. Letter from Carla Loupe to Cynthia Harris (Toxicologist, DHAC, ATSDR), May 7, 1990.

D-148. Letter from Melanie O'Neill to Diane Dugas (Environmental Epidemiology, LaDHH), May 21, 1990. Included was a copy of the McFarland Cancer Study Executive Summary.

D-149. Letter from Wilma Suber to Oliver Houck (Tulane Law School), September 23, 1986.

REFERENCES

R-1. ATSDR. Toxicological Profile for Mercury. December 1989.

R-2. ATSDR. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. March 1989.

R-3. ATSDR. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. July 1989.

R-4. ATSDR. Toxicological Profile for Nickel. December 1988.

R-5. ATSDR. Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. March 1989.

R-6. ATSDR. Draft Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. October 1989.

R-7. ATSDR. Draft Toxicological Profile for Creosote. October 1989.

R-8. ATSDR. Draft Toxicological Profile for Lead (Update). October 1991.

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