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HEALTH CONSULTATION

REVIEW OF THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF
RELEASED PARTICULATES FROM WILLAMETTE INDUSTRIES

MALVERN, HOT SPRINGS COUNTY, ARKANSAS


CONCLUSIONS

  1. The levels of formaldehyde (both gaseous formaldehyde and formaldehyde bound to wood fibers) hypothesized and documented by outside consultants and ADPC&E were below levels that produce human health effects.
  2. The levels of wood fibers measured by monitoring activities failed to produce levels above the USEPA, NAAQS standards or the ADPC&E enforced Air Code Regulation 18.
  3. No obvious exposures to the workforce, by way of inhalation or dermal pathways, were documented by the occupational health survey conducted by Willamette's medical consulting group working.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. An air monitoring program should be implemented to ensure that residents surrounding the site are protected from exposure to particulate matter and formaldehyde levels that could have associated health effects.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

Actions Undertaken

  1. In November of 1994 the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) personnel from the Division of Epidemiology conducted indoor air quality sampling for formaldehyde in response to a citizen's complaint.
  2. In 1995 ADH personnel worked with Willamette in an attempt to allow National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to evaluate the workplace.
  3. In July of 1997 ADH personnel from the Bureau of Health Resources toured the worksite.
  4. In August of 1997 ADH personnel from the Bureau of Health Resources held an interview with Mr. John Mitchell from ADPC&E. Mr. Mitchell conducted and reviewed the air sampling information concerning Willamette.
  5. In August of 1997 ADH personnel from the Bureau of Health Resources held an interview with the consulting group representing Willamette Industries and with the consultant representing the concerned citizens living near the site.

Actions Planned

  1. Health education action: Provide information to residents in the surrounding area regarding the investigation and results by the health department.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Arkansas Department of Health
Stan Evans
Tom McChesney
Michael Watts

Regional Representative, ATSDR Region 6
George Pettigrew
Jennifer Lyke
Bobbie Erlwein

Technical Project Officer, ATSDR
Tina Forrester


REFERENCES

  1. Introduction to Indoor Air Quality, A Reference Manual, USEPA, USPHS, National Environmental Health Association, EPA/400/3-91/003, July 1991.

  2. Willamette Industries, Inc., Report to the Arkansas Pollution Control and Ecology Commission, March 20, 1997.

CERTIFICATION

The Health Consultation for Willamette Industries was prepared by the Arkansas Department of Health under a Cooperative Agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the health consultation was initiated.

Tina Forrester
Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC), ATSDR, has reviewed this Health Consultation and concurs with it's findings.

Richard Gillig
Chief, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR


Table of Contents

  
 
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