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PETITIONED HEALTH CONSULTATION
BREWTON SITES

FALCON INDUSTRIES
TIMBERLANDS LANDFILL
BREWTON IRON WORKS
ALLIED FOUNDRY,
TR MILLER MILL,
CONTAINER CORPORATION,
BREWTON, ESCAMBIA COUNTY, ALABAMA


CONCLUSIONS

  1. The municipal groundwater serviced by Brewton Water Works is a No Apparent Public Health Hazard in the past and present. This finding is based on the levels of bromodichloromethane and dibromochloromethane being below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), and the short duration of potential exposure to ethylene dibromide detected in the municipal wells. Brewton Water Works falls under the Safe Drinking Water Act in which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates this municipal water supply.
  2. The privately owned public well at Container Corporation (Jefferson Smurfit) that services their employees is a No Apparent Public Health Hazard in the past and present based on the short duration of potential exposure to ethylene dibromide detected in this well. This potable well falls under the Safe Drinking Water Act in which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates this water supply.
  3. The municipal groundwater serviced by McCall Water System is a No Public Health Hazard in the past and present based on review of municipal groundwater monitoring data. McCall Water System falls under the Safe Drinking Water Act in which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates this municipal water supply.
  4. The private well water quality impact from the surrounding six facilities mentioned in this document is currently a No Apparent Public Health Hazard based on no current groundwater contamination from five of the six facilities and the on-site localization of groundwater contamination from TR Miller Mill.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Contact ADEM if future private well drilling practices are planned in the immediate vicinity of TR Miller Mill to check TR Miller Mill's remediation status and groundwater contaminant plume location.
  2. Continue quarterly monitoring of groundwater around the TR Miller Mill facility to monitor contaminant migration
  3. Continue groundwater remediation at TR Miller Mill according to ADEM's site clean-up specifications.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The actions described in this section are designed to ensure that this public health consultation identifies public health hazards and provides a plan of action to mitigate and prevent adverse health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment.

Actions Completed:

  1. As part of a corrective action plan, T R Miller Mill has implemented a groundwater recovery pump and treat system on-site to contain and remediate contaminated groundwater. The Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) is regulating the groundwater remediation taking place at TR Miller Mill under a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Post-Closure Permit. The remediation is currently ongoing and will continue until TR Miller Mill meets the corrective action groundwater standards set by ADEM.

Actions Planned:
No further action planned.


Preparers of Report:

Kimberly K. Chapman, MSEH
Environmental Health Scientist
ATSDR/EICB/PRS

Susan M. Moore
Senior Environmental Health Scientist
ATSDR/EICB/PRS

Reviewers of Report:

Doug Gouzie, PhD, PG
Senior Environmental Health Scientist
ATSDR/EICB/PRS

Donald Joe, PE
Section Chief
ATSDR/EICB/PRS

Review and Approval of Health Consultation for the Brewton Alabama Sites

Concurrence:

Kimberly Chapman
Environmental Health Scientist, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Susan M. Moore
Senior Environmental Health Scientist, PRS, EICB, DHAC

Donald Joe
Section Chief, PRS, EICB, DHAC

John E. Abraham
Branch Chief, EICB, DHAC


REFERENCES CITED

  1. Letter from Petitioner to John Steward, ATSDR. November 23, 1993.
  2. Eastern Research Group, Incorporated. 1997. Report on the Timberlands Landfill Site, Brewton, Escambia County, AL. Prepared for ATSDR Contract No. 0901-12.
  3. BFI Waste Systems. 1993. Escambia Sanitary Landfill Operational Plan.
  4. BFI Waste Systems. 1992. Timberlands Landfill Water Well Survey: Alabama Disposal District Permit Application.
  5. Ground Water Services Data Services. September 1997. Statistical Analysis of Ground Water Quality Sampling Event 1997 for Timberlands Landfill Brewton, AL.
  6. Letter from Tracie Norwood of Jefferson Smurfit Corporation to Kimberly Chapman, ATSDR. Content: Overview and groundwater monitoring results. March 9, 1998.
  7. Shipman, T. of Alabama Department of Environmental Management. 1998. Personal communication. 1751 W.L. Dickinson Drive, Montgomery, Alabama, 36109.
  8. McMillan, R.C. and T. Schmittou. 1998. RFI Progress Report for July-September 1997 Quarter, TR Miller Mill. Williams Engineering, Birmingham, Alabama 35244.
  9. Introduction to Lupus Fact Sheet. 1997. Lupus Foundation of America, Inc. Rockville, MD.
  10. Hughes, B.J. of Alabama Department of Public Health. 1998. Personal communication. 572 E. Patton Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama, 36111.
  11. United States Geological Survey. 1989. Geohydrology and Susceptibility of Major Aquifers to Surface Contamination in Alabama; Area 11. Water Resources Investigations Report 88-4107. Montgomery, AL.
  12. Cagle, J.W. and J.G. Newton. 1963. Geological Survey of Alabama: Geology and Groundwater Resources of Escambia County, Alabama. University of Alabama. Bulletin 74.
  13. Salvato, J.A. 1992. Environmental Engineering and Sanitation. 4th edition. Chapter 3: Water Supply.
  14. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Drinking water regulations and health advisories, Office of Water. EPA 822-B-96-002. October 1996.
  15. ATSDR. July 1992. Toxicological Profile for 1,2-dibromomethane. US Department of Health and Human Services.
  16. Pignatello, J.J. and S.Z. Cohen. 1990. Environmental Chemistry of Ethylene Dibromide in Soil and Ground Water. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 112:1-47.
  17. Kloos, H. 1996. 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) and ethylene dibromide (EDB) in well water in the Fresno/Clovis metropolitan area, California. Archives of Environmental Health. 51(4):291-299.
  18. Alexeeff, G.V., W.W. Kilgore, and M.Y. Li. 1990. Ethylene Dibromide: Toxicology and Risk Assessment. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 112:49-122.

DOCUMENTS REVIEWED

  1. Alabama Department of Environmental Management. 1990-1997. State Compliance File on Falcon Industries, Escambia County, Alabama.
  2. Bull, R.J., L.S. Birnbaum, K.P. Cantor, J.B. Rose, B.E. Butterworth, R. Pegram, and J. Tuomisto. 1995. Water Chlorination: Essential Process or Cancer Hazard? Symposium Overview. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology. 28: 155-166.
  3. Letter from Claude (Buddy) Thomas of the City of Brewton to Kimberly Chapman of ATSDR. January 2, 1998. Content: Groundwater sampling data from 1990 to present.
  4. Letter from Pam Hambrick of McCall Water System, Inc. to Kimberly Chapman of ATSDR. December 24, 1997. Content: Groundwater sampling results 1995 to present.
  5. Maxwell, N.I., D.E. Burmaster, and D. Ozonoff. 1991. Trihalomethanes and Maximum Contaminant Levels: The Significance of Inhalation and Dermal Exposures to Chloroform in Household Water. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. 14: 297-312.
  6. Smith, R.P. and C.C. Willhite. 1990. Chlorine Dioxide and Hemodialysis. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmocology. 11: 42-62.
  7. Weisel, C.P. and W.J. Chen. 1994. Exposure to Chlorination By-Products from Hot Water Uses. Risk Analysis. 14(1): 101-106.
  8. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Land Division. 1984. Potential Hazardous Waste Site Preliminary Assessment: TR Miller Mill. Atlanta, Georgia, 30333.

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