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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

WHEELING DISPOSAL SERVICE COMPANY LANDFILL
AMAZONIA, ANDREW COUNTY, MISSOURI


CONCLUSIONS

From the information reviewed, DOH and ATSDR conclude that the Wheeling Disposal site currently poses no apparent public health hazard. No exposures are known to be occurring at this time; although, there is potential for exposures to occur in the future.

  1. Shallow groundwater has been confirmed to be contaminated on site. Contamination of the deeper groundwater has not been confirmed.

  2. Pesticides have been found in the on-site ravine sediments.

  3. Site access is restricted and warning signs are posted, limiting access to on-site contaminants.

  4. On-site contaminants are covered with a geoliner, soil cover and vegetation, limiting exposures.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Monitor off-site and on-site shallow and deep groundwater to determine if contaminants are migrating from the site into groundwater.

  2. Monitor surface water and seeps, including the intermittent streams to determine if contaminants are migrating into surface water.

  3. Monitor vegetation, soil cover and geoliner in waste areas to assure that vegetative cover remains intact.

PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The Public Health Action Plan (PHAP) for the Wheeling Disposal Service Company, Inc., site contains a description of actions to be taken by ATSDR and/or DOH at and in the vicinity of the site subsequent to the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of the PHAP is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. The public health actions that have been or will be implemented are as follows:

  1. DOH will continue to monitor available private wells around the site as part of their legislatively-mandated responsibilities in monitoring waste sites throughout the state. The wells selected for monitoring will be those identified as most likely to become contaminated and those used for human water supplies.

  2. DOH/ATSDR will review new sampling data as they become available.

  3. DOH will continue to respond to reports and concerns expressed by the community or will refer the concerned person to the agency who can address the concerns.

PREPARERS OF REPORT

Sara Colboth
Environmental Specialist
Missouri Department of Health

Arthur Busch
Environmental Specialist
Missouri Department of Health

Scott Clardy
Environmental Section Chief
Missouri Department of Health

Lorena Anderson
Health Educator
Missouri Department of Health

Brian Quinn
Public Information Specialist
Missouri Department of Health

ATSDR Regional Representative:

Denise Jordan-Izaguirre
Senior Regional Representative
Region VII


ATSDR Technical Project Officers:

Roberta Erlwein
Environmental Health Scientist
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

Dee Williamson
Epidemiologist
Division of Health Studies

Teresa Nastoff
Health Educator
Division of Health Education and Promotion


CERTIFICATION

This Wheeling Disposal Service Company, Inc., Public Health Assessment has been prepared by the Missouri Department of Health, Section for Environmental Health, under cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was initiated.

Roberta Erlwein
Technical Project Officer, SSAB, DHAC,ATSDR


The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment, and concurs with its findings.

Richard Gillig
Section Chief, SPS, SSAB, DHAC, ATSDR


REFERENCES

  1. Black & Veatch. 1988. Agency Review Draft RI/FS Work Plan, Wheeling Disposal Site, Amazonia, Missouri. Black & Veatch, Kansas City, Missouri. U.S. EPA Contract No. 68-01-7251.

  2. Burns & McDonnell Engineering Co. 1990. Report on the Remedial Investigation of the Wheeling Disposal Site, Amazonia, Missouri. Burns & McDonnell Engineering Co., Kansas City, Missouri.

  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). September 1988. Preliminary Health Assessment, Wheeling Disposal Service. Atlanta, Georgia.

  4. Burns & McDonnell Waste Consultants Inc. September 1993. Design Document (Final Design) for Wheeling Disposal Site, Amazonia, Missouri. Burns & McDonnell Waste Consultants Inc., Overland Park, Kansas.

  5. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). July 1989. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. Atlanta, Georgia. Publication No. ATSDR/TP-88/10.

  6. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). October 1991 Toxicological Profile for Chloroform. Atlanta, Georgia.

  7. Amoore, John E., and Hautala, Earl. 1983. Odor as an Aid to Chemical Safety: Odor Thresholds Compared with Threshold Limit Values and Volatiles for 214 Industrial Chemicals in Air and Water Dilution. Journal of Applied Toxicology, Vol. 3, No. 6.

  8. ICF Technology, Inc., May 1988. Community Relation Plan for Wheeling Disposal Site, ICF Technology, Inc., EPA Contract No. 68-01-7251.

APPENDIX

Wheeling Disposal Site Location Map
Figure 1. Wheeling Disposal Site Location Map.

Wheeling Disposal Site Topography and Features Map
Figure 2. Wheeling Disposal Site Topography and Features Map.

Wheeling Disposal Remedial Area
Figure 3. Wheeling Disposal Remedial Area


TABLES

Table 1.

CONTAMINANT CONCENTRATION RANGE IN ON-SITE GROUNDWATER MONITORING WELLS Wheeling Disposal Service Company, Inc Site Sampling in 1983, 1987, 1989 All Levels in ppb(1,2)
Contaminant 1989 1987 1983 Comparison Value Level(ppb)/Source
Methylene Chloride* ND - 1,000 NR NR

5 MCL

Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate* NR ND - 170 ND

3 CREG

Chloroform* ND - 128 ND ND

100 MCL

Carbon Tetrachloride* ND - 3,100 ND - 67 NR

5 MCL

1,2-Dichloroethane* ND - 106 ND ND

5 MCL

Trichloroethylene (TCE)* ND - 1,200 ND - 650 ND - 1,200

5 MCL

Arsenic* 2 - 418 ND ND - 37

50 MCL

Aluminum <200 - 580,000 ND - 3,700 263 - 8,190

50 MCL

Barium <10 - 7,100 58 - 1,200 ND - 1,893

2000 MCL

Iron <14 - 557,000 ND - 13,000 445 - 26,300

300 SMCL

Lead* <2 - 203 ND ND - 69

- --------

Manganese <3 - 8,773 24 - 6,600 24 - 3,700

50 RMEG

Sodium 3,280 - 460,000 10,000 - 390,000 NA

-- -------

-- = Not Available
MCL= Maximum Contaminant Level
SMCL = Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level
NR = Not Reported
< = Less Than
ND=Non-Detect
CREG = Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide
RMEG = Reference Dose Media Evaluation Guide
* The National Toxicology Program, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and/or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency have/has evaluated this chemical and determined that there is evidence that it is carcinogenic in humans or animals.


Table 2.

MAXIMUM CONTAMINANT CONCENTRATION OF SEEP (SURFACE) WATER (1,2) Wheeling Disposal Service Company, Inc. Site All levels in ppb (1,2)
Contaminant Maximum Concentration (ppb) Comparison Value
ppb
        Source
ORGANICS
1,2-Dichloroethene (total)

201

7

MCL

Chloroform*

380

100

MCL

1,2-Dichloroethane*

23,000

5

MCL

Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate*

37

3

CREG

Carbon Tetrachloride*

3,600

5

MCL

Trichloroethylene (TCE)*

15,000

5

MCL

Ethylene Dibromide*

150

0.0004

CREG

Atrazine

7

3

MCL

Methylene Chloride*

510

5

MCL

 
INORGANICS Unfiltered Filtered  
Barium

400

142

2000

MCL

Manganese

1,100

522

50

RMEG

Arsenic*

26

ND

50

MCL

Aluminum

4,400

1,000

50

PSMCL

Iron

40,900

3,120

300

SMCL

Sodium

61,100

52,800

--

--

Lead*

25

11

--

--

* = possible carcinogen
-- = Not Available
MCL = Maximum Contaminant Level
SMCL = Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level
CREG = Cancer Risk Evaluation Guide
RMEG = Reference Dose Media Evaluation Guide
PSMCL = Proposed Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level


Table of Contents

  
 
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