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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

Bloomington PCB Sites
Bloomington, Monroe County, Indiana
and
Spencer, Owen County, Indiana


CONCLUSIONS

Anderson Road Landfill

  1. Based on the environmental data reviewed, this site is judged as being a past public health hazard to trespassers and scavengers due to levels of PCBs present in the on-site soil.
  2. An indeterminate health hazard is posed by private well use. Two wells northeast of the site are potentially still in use. Private wells in this area have been sampled for PCBs but not other site-related contaminant.
  3. Community-specific health outcome data do not indicate that the site has had an adverse health impact on human health. Elevated PCB body burdens were found in specific sub-groups from the Bloomington area, i.e.; scavengers and fish eaters. These sub-groups may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of adverse health outcome due to site-related exposures that would not be identified through analysis of county-wide databases.
  4. Sampling data for methane gas was not found in the data reviewed for this report.

Bennett Stone Quarry

  1. Based on the environmental data reviewed, this site is judged as being a past public health hazard to trespassers, scavengers, subsistence fishermen, and mud bathers due to levels of PCBs that were found in on-site soil and off-site sediment samples.
  2. Fish caught from Stout's Creek pose a present public health hazard if eaten on a regular basis. The levels of PCBs found in fish taken from Stout's Creek are above the FDA recommended level.
  3. An indeterminate health hazard is posed by private well use. These wells are the only source of potable water in this area. Private wells within 5,000 feet have been sampled for PCBs, but no other site-related contaminants.
  4. The INDOT has responded to the EPA, and IDEM's concern about the creation an interchange for S.R. 46 and S.R. 37, which will traverse within 250 feet of this site. The construction of this interchange could pose a public health hazard through the excavation of potentially PCB-contaminated soil. The INDOT has hired an environmental consultant to develop a PCB sampling plan for this project. This plan has been submitted to the IDEM and EPA for review. A report has not been prepared as to the potential human exposure.
  5. Community-specific health outcome data do not indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health. Elevated PCB body burdens were found in specific sub-groups from the Bloomington area, i.e.; scavengers and fish eaters. These sub-groups may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of adverse health outcome due to site-related exposures that would not be identified through analysis of county-wide databases.

Lemon Lane Landfill

  1. Based on the environmental data reviewed, this site is judged as being a past public health hazard to trespassers and scavengers due to levels of PCBs that were found in on-site soil.
  2. There is a past indeterminate health hazard posed by past private well use. All residences have been connected to the municipal water supply. Private wells within 5,000 feet have been sampled for PCBs. Sampling data for other site-related contaminants such as TCE and dioxins were not found.
  3. High levels of PCBs were found in the wooded depressions near this site. Data are not available as to whether actions have been taken to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of PCBs found in this area.
  4. Community-specific health outcome data do not indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health. Elevated PCB body burdens were found in specific sub-groups from the Bloomington area, i.e.; scavengers and fish eaters. These sub-groups may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of adverse health outcome due to site-related exposures that would not be identified through analysis of county-wide databases.
  5. High levels of PCBs were found in the associated springs and streams for this site and may pose a health risk to individuals who came into contact with them primarily through dermal contact.
  6. There is a data gap concerning dioxins and furans in the site-associated springs and streams.

Neal's Dump

  1. Based on the environmental data reviewed, this site is judged as being a past public health hazard to trespassers and scavengers due to levels of PCBs that were found in on-site soil.
  2. An indeterminate health hazard is posed by private well use. Samples from private wells within 5,000 feet were all below the detection limit. Due to the on-site groundwater contamination, there is the potential for private wells to be contaminated.
  3. High levels of PCBs were found in a ditch leaving (south-southwest) Neal's Dump. Data are not available as to whether actions have been taken to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of PCBs found in this area.
  4. Community-specific health outcome data do not indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health. Elevated PCB body burdens were found in specific sub-groups from the Bloomington area, i.e.; scavengers and fish eaters. These sub-groups may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of adverse health outcome due to site-related exposures that would not be identified through analysis of county-wide databases.

Neal's Landfill

  1. Based on the environmental data reviewed, this site is judged as being a past public health hazard to trespassers, scavengers, and subsistence fishermen due to levels of PCBs found in on-site soil and off-site sediment samples.
  2. This site was a public health hazard to individuals who ate more than one meal per week of fish caught in Richland Creek or Conard's Branch. The levels of PCBs found in fish taken from Richland Creek are currently below the FDA recommended level.
  3. There is one private well connected hydrogeologically to the site. Although PCBs were found at very low levels, the on-site groundwater contamination presents a potential for this well to become contaminated.
  4. The current National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit level may not be protective of human health and the environment.
  5. The current collection and treatment systems may not be protective of health during high water flow conditions, thus presenting the potential for recontamination of Richland Creek.
  6. Cattle drinking from Conard's Branch may become contaminated with PCBs due to the problems identified in conclusions 4 and 5 listed above. This would pose a public health hazard to individuals consuming these cattle.
  7. Community-specific health outcome data do not indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health. Elevated PCB body burdens were found in specific sub-groups from the Bloomington area, i.e.; scavengers and fish eaters. These sub-groups may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of adverse health outcome due to site-related exposures that would not be identified through analysis of county-wide databases.

Winston-Thomas Facility

  1. Based on the environmental data reviewed, this site is judged as being a past and present public health hazard to individuals who used sewage sludge for gardening purposes and subsistence fishermen due to levels of PCBs that were found in sewage sludge, and off-site sediment samples.
  2. An indeterminate health hazard is posed by private well use. Samples from private wells within 5,000 feet were all below the detection limit of 98 ppt. Due to the on-site groundwater contamination, there is a potential for private wells to become contaminated.
  3. The sediment and surface water of Clear Creek are contaminated with PCBs at levels of health concern. The levels of PCBs found in fish taken from Clear Creek are above the FDA recommended level.
  4. Community-specific health outcome data do not indicate that the site has had an adverse impact on human health. Elevated PCB body burdens were found in specific sub-groups from the Bloomington area, i.e.; scavengers and fish eaters. These sub-groups may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of adverse health outcome due to site-related exposures that would not be identified through analysis of county-wide databases.

All Sites

  1. Due to the number of sites and parties involved in sampling occurring over such a long period of time, it is possible that pertinent environmental data may have been inadvertently left out of this document.
  2. Existing ATSDR toxicological profiles for aluminum, boron, chloroethane, cobalt, heptachlor, lead, 1,1,1,-trichloroethane, vanadium, and zinc lack a MRL, which would allow a better assessment of the site's public health implication. There is a need for a toxicological profile for sodium.
  3. Physicians may lack information regarding the toxicity of exposure to PCBs.
  4. Significant exposures may have occurred at sites of former scavenger activities and where PCB-contaminated sewage sludge was used in private gardens.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Site-specific recommendations:

Anderson Road Landfill

  1. Periodic sampling of MW-1 and MW-6 should be performed to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of site-related substances.
  2. Soil gas sampling for methane gas needs to be done.

Bennett Stone Quarry

  1. The Fish Advisory for Stout's Creek should be continued.
  2. Periodic private well sampling should be performed to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of hazardous substances in the future. A well survey should be done for the area due to the unknown number of private wells still in use.
  3. Communications should be maintained with the INDOT to ensure that the potential health risk involved in creating the interchange across potentially contaminated soils is addressed appropriately. Close attention should be given to groundwater contamination as well as contamination of environmental media with other chemicals.

Lemon Lane Landfill

  1. Individuals using private wells for any purpose should have their well tested for PCBs and other site-related contaminants such as TCE and dioxin.
  2. Information should be obtained regarding private well sampling for other chemicals besides PCBs.
  3. Additional information should be obtained concerning the PCB-contaminated wooded depression area as to whether remediation has occurred in a manner protective of public health.
  4. Actions should be implemented to prevent human exposures to the contaminated streams and springs associated with this site.
  5. To reduce the potential for incidental ingestion and dermal exposures, children should not be allowed to play around and in the streams and springs associated with this site. Any persons performing activities in and around these areas should wash all exposed parts of the body as soon as possible.
  6. Fill the data gap concerning dioxins and furans in the springs and streams associated with this site.

Neal's Dump

  1. Periodic private well sampling should be performed to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of hazardous substances in the future.
  2. Additional information should be obtained concerning the documented contaminated ditch as to whether remediation has occurred in a manner protective of public health.
  3. Actions should be implemented to prevent human exposures to the ditch until the data gap in number two is obtained.

Neal's Landfill

  1. Periodic sampling should be performed on all private wells to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of hazardous substances in the future.
  2. A re-evaluation of the water collection and treatment system should be made to ensure that the NPDES permit level for this site is at a level which will not result in the accumulation of PCBs in aquatic species, wildlife, and domestic animals, and is also protective of public health.
  3. Additional sediment sampling should be performed at Richland Creek and Conard's Branch to ensure that PCB recontamination is not occurring.

Winston-Thomas Facility

  1. Periodic sampling should be performed at the private wells within 5,000 feet of the site to ensure that humans are not exposed to significant concentrations of hazardous substances in the future.
  2. The Fish Advisory should be continued for Clear Creek.
  3. All vegetables grown in sludge-treated gardens must be washed thoroughly and peeled before eating.
  4. Actions should be implemented to prevent human exposures to the contaminated sediment and surface water found in Clear Creek.

All Sites

  1. When indicated by public health needs, and as resources permit, the evaluation of additional relevant environmental data, health outcome data, and community health concerns, if available, is recommended.
  2. It is also recommended that substance-specific applied research be conducted to identify a chronic MRL for ingestion exposure to aluminum, boron, chloroethane, cobalt, heptachlor, lead, 1,1,1,-trichloroethene, vanadium, and zinc. In addition, a toxicological profile should be written for sodium.
  3. Community health education programs should be developed and implemented for local nurses and primary care physicians.
  4. State and Federal environmental agencies should perform surface soil analysis for PCBs at sites where scavenging activities were known to occur, as well as at sites where PCB-contaminated sewage sludge was thought to have been used.
  5. A full characterization of the sewage sludge taken from the Winston-Thomas Sewage Treatment Plant is needed so that calculations can be made of the potential health impact of using sludge in vegetable gardens.

Studies

The following types of studies are recommended to further evaluate the impact of PCB contamination on human health.

  1. Since little information is available regarding the specific congeners present and the half-life of PCBs in human serum, it is recommended that a study of individuals in the Bloomington area who have previously had their blood tested for PCBs be used in a congener-specific serum PCB study.
  2. Workers at the Westinghouse/ABB plant may currently be exposed to PCBs. Additional studies of the PCB levels present in the plant, and their effect on the health of the workers, may be warranted.
  3. Former workers have expressed concerns that their health has deteriorated. Re-evaluation of these workers by NIOSH and the ISDH should be performed using the same methods as were used in earlier investigations so that changes in the signs or symptoms of disease can be determined.

REFERENCES

  1. A-1 Disposal Corporation. Letter to Monroe County Commissioner regarding PCB Contamination, Monroe County Landfill. December 16, 1981.

  2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Interim Procedures for Estimating Risks Associated with Exposure to Mixtures of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxin and Dibenzofurans. 1989 Update.

  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for Aluminum. Atlanta: ATSDR, July 1992; DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-91-01.

  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  5. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for Boron. Atlanta: ATSDR, July 1992. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-91-05.

  6. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Cadmium. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  7. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for Cobalt. Atlanta: ATSDR, July 1992. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-91-10.

  8. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for Chloroethane. Atlanta: ATSDR, December 1989. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-89-07.

  9. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Chromium. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  10. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Heptachlor/Heptachlor Epoxide. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  11. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Lead. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  12. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for Naphthalene/2-Methyl Naphthalene. Atlanta: ATSDR, December 1990. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-90-18.

  13. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Selected PCBs (Aroclor-1260, -1254, -1242, -1232, -1221, and -1016). Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  14. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Atlanta: ATSDR, June 1989. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-88-23.

  15. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  16. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for 1,1,1-Trichloroethane. Atlanta: ATSDR, December 1990. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-90-27.

  17. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Trichloroethylene. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  18. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile for Vanadium. Atlanta: ATSDR, July 1992. DHHS publication no. (PHS)TP-91-29.

  19. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  20. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Draft Toxicological Profile for Zinc. Atlanta: ATSDR, October 1991.

  21. Analytical Services Inc. Analysis of Samples for Dioxins and Furans Tetrachloro through Octachloro Congener Groups, Water Samples #S-1 and S-2. January 16, 1987.

  22. Baker EL, et al. Metabolic Consequences of Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) in Sewage Sludge. American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 112, pp 553-563, 1980.

  23. Blasland & Bouck Engineers, P.C. Letter to U.S. Department of Justice regarding laboratory analysis of Lemon Lane refuse samples. 5/2/84.

  24. City of Bloomington Utilities Lab. Laboratory report on surface water and residential well water samples for Lemon Lane Landfill site. June 1981.

  25. Daly, MB. The Epidemiology of Ovarian Cancer. Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America, Vol. 6, No. 4, August 1992.

  26. Environmental Protection Agency Technical Assistance Team. February 19, 1981. Memorandum to Ross Powers regarding inspection of Neal's Dump and Neal's Landfill.

  27. Environmental Protection Agency Remedial Project Manager. Letter to Westinghouse Bloomington Project Manager regarding analytical data for Anderson Road Landfill and sulfide data from Lemon Lane Landfill. April 10, 1987.

  28. Environmental Protection Agency. Transmittal information to H. Beard regarding field data. October 22, 1984.

  29. Environmental Protection Agency. Memorandum from Phyllis A. Reed regarding data results for Neal's Landfill, Environmental Emergency Investigation Branch. February 24, 1981.

  30. Environmental Protection Agency. Remedial Alternative Assessment for Neal's Landfill by Daily and Assoc, Engineers, Inc. July 1983.

  31. Environmental Protection Agency. Field Investigations of Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites Task Report, Interim Report of the Neal's Landfill Facility Near Bloomington, Indiana. November 1982.

  32. Environmental Protection Agency. Final report on dioxin sampling at Neal's Landfill and Lemon Lane Landfill. April 1986.

  33. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft project summary - ambient monitoring for PCBs after remedial cleanup of two landfills in the Bloomington, Indiana area. 1985.

  34. Environmental Protection Agency. Site Assessment and Emergency Action Plan for Bennett's Quarry. May 1983.

  35. Environmental Protection Agency. Final report on Bennett Stone Quarry dioxin sampling. March 1986.

  36. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Cancer Mortality Rates and Trends, 1950-1979.

  37. Environmental Protection Agency. Memorandum to Chief of Engineering Section of Water and Hazardous Materials Enforcement Branch regarding data results from Lemon Lane Landfill in Bloomington, Indiana. September 9, 1981.

  38. Environmental Protection Agency. Memorandum to File regarding Lemon Lane Landfill groundwater sampling. December 11, 1983.

  39. Environmental Protection Agency. Ambient Monitoring for PCB After Remedial Cleanup of Two Landfills in the Bloomington, Indiana Area. March 1986.

  40. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft Remedial Action Master Plan for Lemon Lane Landfill. June 6, 1983.

  41. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft Preliminary Report on Extent of Contamination at Neal's Dump. Task Report to the Environmental Protection Agency. November 1982.

  42. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft Final Report on Ambient Monitoring for PCB Near Three Landfills in the Bloomington, Indiana Area. June 1983.

  43. Grodner & Fore, Atty. Letter regarding Winston-Thomas Sewage Treatment Plant Lagoon Samples. November 10, 1982.

  44. Grodner & Fore, Atty. Letter to O'Brien & Gere Engineers Inc. regarding Winston-Thomas Treatment Plant core sludge sample results. February 3, 1983.

  45. Gulf Coast Laboratories Inc. Analytical Report of data on soil samples.

  46. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Memorandum to Westinghouse CERCLA file regarding Indicator Stream Area Sampling, Bennett's Dump - Stout's Creek. June 30, 1988.

  47. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Memorandum to Westinghouse CERCLA File regarding PCB sampling of Stout's Creek. June 30, 1988.

  48. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. General Overview of Consent Decree Sites. July 1992.

  49. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Memorandum to Rex Osborn, Superfund Section, regarding Lemon Lane Landfill sampling collected June 17, 1991. September 23, 1991.

  50. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. Memorandum to Rex Osborn, Superfund Section, regarding review of laboratory results for Lemon Lane Landfill. February 25, 1992.

  51. Indiana State Board of Health. Indiana Fish Advisory, 1989.

  52. Indiana State Board of Health. Memorandum to O. Hert regarding PCB levels in water sediment and fish from Clear Creek, Salt Creek, Pleasant Run, and the East Fork of White River (Monroe and Lawrence Counties, Indiana) in 1980. February 23, 1981.

  53. Indiana State Board of Health. Memorandum regarding fish samples from Bennett's Dump. March 5, 1984.

  54. Indiana State Board of Health. January 1982. Memorandum from C.L. Bridges to D. Lamm regarding Richland Creek Fish Survey.

  55. Indiana State Department of Health Birth Problems Registry, March 1993.

  56. Indiana State Department of Health. Memorandum from C. Bridges to O. Hert regarding PCB levels in water sediment and fish from Clear Creek, Salt Creek, Pleasant Run, and the East Fork of White River (Monroe and Lawrence Counties, Indiana) in 1980. February 23, 1981.

  57. Indiana University, School of Public Health and Environmental Affairs. Collection and Analysis of Drinking Water Well Samples for PCB Content. November 1986.

  58. Kleinman, JC. Infant Mortality, Healthy People 2000 Statistical Notes, Winter 1991, Vol. 1, No. 2.

  59. Monroe County Commissioners. Geologic and Hydrogeologic Evaluation of the Monroe County Anderson Road Landfill. August 8, 1988.

  60. Monroe County Health Department. Letter regarding test results for Monroe County Landfill. 12/2/83.

  61. Monroe County Health Department. Letter to Mr. Lamb regarding Consent Decree.

  62. Monroe County Health Department. Letter to ISDH Division of Land Pollution Control regarding November 1983 results of water quality monitoring program for Monroe County Landfill. 2/29/84.

  63. Monroe County Health Department. Letter to Purdue University regarding test results for Monroe County Landfill, 12/83.

  64. Monroe County Solid Waste Management District. Groundwater data at the Monroe County Landfill. March 1993.

  65. Monroe County Solid Waste Management District. Letter to Indiana State Department of Health regarding groundwater and leachate data. 2/16/94.

  66. Monroe County Solid Waste Management District. Permit Application for Anderson Road Landfill 1990 Expansion, Revised 9/92.

  67. National Cancer Institute Map Program. State Cancer Control Map and Data Program; Cancer Mortality by Pentad: 1953-57 to 1982-87. Bethesda, Maryland: NCI, November 1991.

  68. National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health (NIOSH) and Indiana State Board of Health. Health Hazard Evaluation Report. HETA 84-339. April 1990.

  69. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and Indiana State Board of Health. Westinghouse Electric Corporation Health Hazard Evaluation. HETA 89-116-2094. January 1991.

  70. O'Brien & Gere. Letter to Blasland regarding Winston-Thomas Tertiary Lagoon sludge and clay core sample results. June 23, 1983.

  71. O'Brien & Gere. Report on Neal's Dump and Neal's Landfill Investigation. December 1982.

  72. Phillips, D., G. Steele, A. Smith, V. Burse, L. Needham, W. Hannon. Half-Life of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Occupationally Exposed Workers. Archives of Environmental Health, Vol. 44, No. 6, November/December 1989.

  73. Sara Technologies. Anderson Road Landfill, June 1987 through August 1987, personnel, site and perimeter air monitoring results during remediation. January 1988.

  74. Sara Technologies. Lemon Lane Landfill, June 1987 through September 1987, personnel, site, and perimeter air monitoring during remediation. January 1988.

  75. Schilling, R.J., G.K. Steele, A.E. Harris, J. F. Donahue, and R.T. Ing. 1988. Canine serum levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): a pilot study to evaluate the use of animal sentinels in environmental health, Archives of Environmental Health, 43:218-221.

  76. Sinks, T., G. K. Steele, A.B. Smith, K. Watkins, and R. A. Shults. 1992. Mortality among workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls, American J. of Epidemiology, 36:389-398.

  77. Smith, A.B., J. Schloemer, L.K. Lowry, A. W. Smallwood, R.N. Ligo, S. Tanaka, W. Stringer, M. Jones, R. Hervin, and C. J. Glueck, 1982, Metabolic and health consequences of occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls, British J. of Industrial Medicine, 39:361-369.

  78. Sommers, LE. Memorandum to ISDH Municipal Wastewater Section. Agronomy, Purdue University. July 7, 1976.

  79. Steele, G.K., B.S. Richter. 1992. Final report: Community exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls, Bloomington, Indiana, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry,Division of Health Studies, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, 30333.

  80. Steele, G.K., P.A. Stehr-Green, and E. Welty, 1986, Estimates of the biologic half-life of polychlorinated biphenyls in human serum, New England J. of Medicine, 314:14:926-927.

  81. Stehr, P., E. Welty, G. K. Steele, and K. Steinberg. 1986. Evaluation of potential health effects associated with serum polychlorinated biphenyl levels. Environmental Health Perspectives, 70:255-259.

  82. Stehr-Green, P.A., E. Welty, and G.K. Steele, 1986. A pilot study of serum polychlorinated biphenyl levels in persons at high risk of exposure in residential and occupational environments, Archives of Environmental Health, 41:4:240-244.

  83. Steinberg, K.K., L.W.J. Freni-Titulaer, T.N. Rogers, V.W. Burse, P.W. Mueller, P.W. Stehr, G. K. Steele, and D.T. Miller. 1986. Effects of polychlorinated biphenyls and lipemia on serum analytes. Journal Toxicology and Environmental Health, 19:369.

  84. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, Indianapolis Division. Consent Decree. 1985.

  85. U.S. Fish & Wildlife. Analyses of PCBs in Neal's Landfill Drainage, Richland Creek, Fish, Snapping Turtles, Plants, and Caged Fish. 1983.

  86. Westinghouse Corporation. Letter to Environmental Protection Agency regarding Lemon Lane Soil Vapor Testing and Results. October 1987.

  87. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pennsylvania. Surface Water and Ground-Water Analytical Information, Bloomington Sites, 1976-1983. October 1986.

  88. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pennsylvania. Bloomington Sites Soils Information. June 1986.

  89. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Phase I Progress Report on Winston-Thomas Facility and Bennett's Dump. January 1987.

  90. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Phase I Report Supplemental Hydrogeologic Investigation, Lemon Lane Landfill. November 1989

  91. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Quarterly inactive status air sample results for the Interim Storage Facility, 1988-1992.

  92. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. 1990 Lemon Lane High Flow Tracer Test Report. March 1991.

  93. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. On-site Groundwater Monitoring Plan, Neal's Landfill. August 1987.

  94. Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Memorandum to M. Pompelia regarding IDEM sediment sample results from Richland Creek and Conard's Branch. December 7, 1992.

  95. Westinghouse. Letter regarding residential well sampling. August 8, 1991.

  96. Westinghouse. Ground Water Monitoring Report, Neal's Dump. December 1992.

  97. Westinghouse Environmental Services. Quarterly Groundwater Sampling Results, December 5-7, 1988, for Bennett's Dump and Winston-Thomas Facility Supplemental Hydrogeologic Investigation, Bloomington, Indiana. January 1989.


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