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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

BLOOMINGTON PCB SITES
BLOOMINGTON, MONROE COUNTY, INDIANA
SPENCER, OWEN COUNTY, INDIANA


APPENDICES

Appendix A - Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1. Site Locations and Haul Routes

Figure 2
Figure 2. Bloomington Incinerator Facility

Figure 3
Figure 3. Incinerator Train

Figure 4
Figure 4. Combuster Flows



Appendix B - Community Involvement Plan

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Bloomington Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Project

Community Involvement Plan

September 29, 1994

I. Introduction

ATSDR and the Bloomington PCB Project

The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is a federal public health agency. ATSDR's mission is toprevent exposure and adverse human health effects and diminished quality of life associated with exposure to hazardoussubstances from waste sites, unplanned releases, and other sources of pollution present in the environment.

ATSDR is undertaking a multi-phase project to address concerns related to the impact on public health of polychlorinatedbiphenyls (PCB) contamination in Bloomington, Indiana, and the nearby area. Appendix A to this community involvementplan (CIP) contains background information about this project.

II. Community Involvement

Purpose

The purpose of the CIP is to develop effective strategies for communication between ATSDR and the Bloomingtoncommunity throughout the project, to facilitate productive exchange of information, and to ensure that community concernsare adequately addressed.

Community Profile

Bloomington is on Highway 39, 45 miles southwest of Indianapolis. An industrial and college town, Bloomington has apopulation of approximately 61,000. The main campus of the University of Indiana is in Bloomington.

Community Involvement Activities

ATSDR uses the following methods of communication:

  • A Toll-Free Telephone Number (1-800-PCB-8904) This toll-free number was activated in June 1993 to ensure that each Bloomington community member could contact ATSDR for information about the project and discuss health concerns about the PCB contamination in Bloomington.
  • Fact Sheets At least every 90 days, the community receives updated information about the Bloomington PCB Project activities through fact sheets distributed either at public meetings or by mail.
  • Public Meetings Public meetings are held to update the Bloomington community and to obtain any additional data, information, or comments that might affect the public health assessment process.
  • Public Availability Sessions Public availability sessions are held separately or in conjunction with public meetings; the availability sessions provide opportunity for the public to meet with ATSDR staff privately or in small groups to discuss their health concerns.
  • Public Comment Periods Each PCB Project document produced by ATSDR or by the Indiana State Department of Health(ISDH) through a cooperative agreement with ATSDR will be distributed to the Bloomington community for comment.Public comment periods last between 45 and 60 days. All comments received by ATSDR will be addressed in the final reportfor each document.

Community Health Concerns

Community health concerns are one of three main types of site-specific information ATSDR uses when developing a publichealth assessment. Environmental data and health outcome data are the other two types. Community involvement activitiesof the Bloomington Project include gathering community health concerns that are related to environmental exposures andthat fall under ATSDR's scope of responsibilities and legal authority.

ISDH collected many health concerns from the Bloomington community during preparation of the Preliminary Report; theseconcerns are addressed in that document. ATSDR will provide opportunities for the community to inform the Agency aboutadditional community health concerns through public meetings, public availability sessions, and the toll-free telephonenumber.

Level of Community Concern

Environmental groups and the citizens of Bloomington are interested and actively involved in the activities associated withthe PCB contamination in the Bloomington area. The citizens have formed and/or joined several organizations to addresstheir concerns. These organizations are listed in the contact list in Appendix B.

Agency Coordination of Community Involvement

ATSDR Bloomington PCB Project personnel (Tables 1 and 2) meet biweekly to update one another about Division andISDH activities. Also, the project director will keep EPA Region V and interested congressional members informed.

III. Bloomington PCB Project Personnel - (CRS #L00 A171)

Table 1.

Community Involvement Personnel
PersonnelProject ResponsibilitiesATSDR
Office
Marie Patterson, Environmental
Health Scientist
1-800-PCB-8904
Community Involvement
Contact for Project
DHAC
Louise Fabinski
(312) 886-0840
Regional Representative (V)ORO
Jerry Pereira, MPAATSDR Community Involvement
Liaison
DHS


Table 2.

Directors, Co-Chairs, and Other Personnel
PersonnelProject ResponsibilitiesOffice
Maureen Lichtveld, MD, MPH
(404) 639-0566
Project DirectorPHPCG
Allan Susten, PhD, DABT
(404) 639-0631
Technical DirectorDHAC
Annette DoddProgram AnalystPHPCG
Cheri Ahern and Connie CutwrightSecretariesDHAC and PHPCG
Lee Sanderson, PhDHealth Panel Co-ChairDHAC
Obaid Faroon, PhD, DVMHealth Panel Co-ChairDT
Betty Willis, MSIncinerator Panel Co-ChairDHAC
Joe Carpenter, PENIRT Panel Co-ChairDHAC
Lynn Wilder, MSNIRT Panel Co-ChairDHAC
Diane Narkunas, MPHHealth Professions EducationDHE
Gary Mills and Dollis WrightPreparation of Preliminary Report throughcooperative agreement with ATSDRISDH

    DHAC: Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR
    ORO: Office of Regional Operations, ATSDR
    PHPCG: Public Health Practice Coordination Group, ATSDR
    DHE: Division of Health Education, ATSDR
    DHS: Division of Health Studies, ATSDR
    DT: Division of Toxicology, ATSDR
    ISDH: Indiana State Department of Health
    NIRT: Non-Incineration Remedial Technologies



IV. Community Involvement Activity Schedule

Date of Draft CIP: December 16, 1993       
Last Update: August 25, 1994
DateType of communicationMedia ReleaseLocation of PM or PASAttendees at PM or PASInformation Communicated
PMPASOther
Feb 93Yes
Mailout to 75communitymembers.YesBinfordElementarySchoolAuditoriumATSDR, ISDH
Community
Fact sheetdescribed projectand upcomingPM; informedcommunity aboutproject.
Mar 93

Mailout to 103communitymembers;received lettersfrom thecommunity.


Informedcommunity aboutproject and thepanel workshop;requested panelnominations.
Apr 93YesYesAttended CICMeeting.YesUnion HallATSDR, ISDHCommunityUpdatedcommunity;received CHCs;requested panelnominations;responded toquestions/comments fromcommunity.
May 93

Received lettersand panelnominations fromthe community.


Responded toquestions andcomments fromcommunity
Jun 93

Mailout to 120communitymembers.


Flier announcedtoll-free 1-800number.
Aug 93Yes
Handouts formeeting.Yes
ATSDR, ISDH
Community
Fact sheetdescribed project;updatedcommunity;discussedupcoming ExpertPanel Workshop.
Sep 93YesYesExpert PanelWorkshop;
eveningsummaries;handouts.
YesIndiana UniversityATSDR, ISDH,Panelists
Community
Expert PanelWorkshopconducted;ATSDR receivedCHCs duringpublic meetings.
Nov 93Yes (ISDH)

YesBloomington HighSchool SouthISDH
Community
Presented publiccomment draft ofthe Preliminaryreport.
Feb 94YesYesMailout to 134communitymembers-;Handouts,including businessreply cards.YesIndiana UniversityATSDR, NIOSH,ISDH
Community
Updatedcommunity;DHAC presentedPHA process;DHE presentedHealth ProfessionsEducation;NIOSH presentedtheir studies.
Mar 94

Responded tobusiness replycards fromcommunity.


Added names tomailing list;providedinformation.
May 94

90-day update;
mailout to 155communitymembers.



Updatedcommunity aboutHealth ProfessionsEducation, March1994; NIOSHstudy;Proceedings of theExpert PanelWorkshop; ISDHwork on twoadditional sites;and the PHA.
Aug 94

Mailout of 90-dayupdate to 166communitymembers.


Updatedcommunity aboutNIOSH study;ISDHconsultations ontwo additionalsites; the PHA;and the publicmeeting plannedin September1994.
Sep 94Yes
Mailout ofProceedings ofExpert PanelWorkshop andPHA; notificationof public meetingto 166 communitymembers.Yes
ATSDR, ISDH
Community
Mailed out theProceedings of theExpert PanelWorkshop and thePHA tocommunity andinterestedgovernmentofficials for publiccomment. Publicmeeting to obtainquestions/comments fromcommunity aboutreports; update onNIOSH study, andISDHconsultations.
Early 95Yes
Mailoutannouncing publicmeeting withagenda
(90-day update).
Yes
ATSDR, ISDH
Community
Public meeting topresent finaldocuments: PHAand Proceedingsof the ExpertPanel Workshop.

Note: Future community involvement activities are denoted by shaded area.

PM: Public Meeting
PAS: Public Availability Session
CIC: Citizens' Information Committee
CHC: Community Health Concern
PHA: Public Health Assessment

Appendix A

of the Community Involvement Plan

Background Information



ATSDR Bloomington PCB Project

Background Information

Westinghouse Electric Corporation in Bloomington, Indiana, manufactured electrical capacitors containing PCBs from 1958to 1977. Capacitors that did not meet specifications were discarded in area landfills and limestone quarries, resulting in morethan 650,000 cubic yards of PCB-contaminated materials.

Pursuant to the consent decree signed on May 25, 1985, by Westinghouse Electric Corporation, the U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management, the City of Bloomington, and Monroe County,Westinghouse is required to remove an estimated 650,000 cubic yards of PCB-contaminated soil, sludge, solid waste, andstream sediments from six sites in the Bloomington area. These six sites include four National Priorities List (NPL) sites:Bennett Stone Quarry, Lemon Lane Landfill, Neal's Landfill, and Neal's Dump, and two non-NPL sites: Anderson RoadLandfill and the Winston-Thomas Sewage Treatment Plant.

The first phase of the consent decree requires removal and remedial measures to contain the six sites until the extensiveexcavation of PCB-contaminated materials begins. The second phase of the consent decree covers the permitting,construction, and operation of a high-temperature incinerator that will use municipal solid wastes as fuel and will incineratethe PCB-contaminated materials excavated from all the consent decree sites.

Because of health concerns expressed by some Bloomington area residents, Sen. Richard Lugar and Rep. Frank McCloskeyrequested that the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) address any potential public healthimplications of incinerating PCB-contaminated soil associated with the six sites. ATSDR will determine the potential publichealth implications of incinerating the PCB-contaminated soil associated with the six sites and will identify and evaluatepertinent public health considerations associated with other technically feasible non-incineration remedial technologies.ATSDR's public health assessment contains the information developed through these evaluation efforts. The public healthassessment document presents the results of the ATSDR Bloomington PCB Project.

Several environmental and health studies about the PCB contamination in Bloomington were conducted before ATSDR'sinvolvement. Descriptions of those studies and their results can be found in the Bloomington PCB Project Description,which is included in the Proceedings of the Expert Panel Workshop To Evaluate the Public Health Implications of theTreatment and Disposal of Polychlorinated Biphenyls-Contaminated Waste. (ATSDR, 1994).

    Bloomington PCB Project - Purposes and Tasks

    The Bloomington PCB Project has three purposes:

    To conduct a comprehensive public health assessment of the public health impact of six hazardous waste sites containingPCB-contaminated soil;

  • To determine any potential public health implications of incinerating the PCB-contaminated soil; and
  • To identify and evaluate pertinent public health considerations of other technically feasible non-incineration remedialstrategies.

To fulfill those purposes, ATSDR has defined four tasks that are being conducted concurrently:

Task 1: Develop a preliminary evaluation of all past, present, and future human exposure pathways; available healthoutcome data; and community health concerns associated with the six sites. This evaluation was conducted by the IndianaState Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with ATSDR. Comments received from the community duringthe public comment period were addressed in the final preliminary report, which was completed in April 1994.

Task 2: Conduct a comprehensive review of past PCB-related health studies.

Task 3: Perform an evaluation of the public health implications of incinerating the PCB-contaminated waste.

Task 4: Evaluate the public health considerations of other technically feasible non-incineration remedial strategies.

Three panels of national experts assisted ATSDR in conducting tasks 2, 3, and 4. In September 1993, ATSDR convened thepanels at a workshop in Bloomington. The panels were charged with identifying and evaluating all pertinent data andinformation related to the public health implications of human exposure to PCBs. The overall workshop proceedings reportwas made available for public comment in September 1994. The public health assessment document is also being madeavailable for public comment in September 1994.


Appendix B

of the Community Involvement Plan

Repositories and Contact Lists


Repositories
Monroe County Public Library
Erin Cornish, Reference Librarian
303 East Kirkwood Avenue
Bloomington, IN 47401

(812) 339-2271
Monroe County Public Library
Documents Department
600 West Temperance
Ellettsville, IN 47429

(812) 876-1272
Spencer Owen Public Library
110 East Market
Spencer, IN 47460

(812) 829-3392
Monroe County Board of Health
Steve Creech, Administrator
119 W. 7th Street
Bloomington, IN 47401

(812) 333-3543
Indiana University
School of Public and Environmental Affairs
Mike Parrish, Reference Librarian
10th and Fee Lane
Bloomington, IN 47405

(812) 855-1385
Indiana University
Main Library
Government Publications Department
Bloomington, IN 47405
(812) 855-8028


Community Contacts, Local Civic Organizations, and Indiana University

Dr. Debara A. Backhus,
IU School of Public and
Environmental Affairs

Mr. Mike Baker
Coalition Opposed to PCB Ash Landfill

Ms. Margo Blackwell
People Against The Incinerator

Mr. Lee Caulfield
Bloomington Rotary Club

Mr. Lynn Coyne
Chamber of Commerce

Mr. John R. Foster
Bloomington Environmental Commission

Ms. Linda Greene
People Against the Incinerator

Dr. Sally Hageman
League of Women Voters

Dr. Diane Henshel
IU School of Public and
Environmental Affairs

Ms. Dawn Hewitt
Audubon Society

Ms. Sarah Hodgdon
Director, Student Environmental
Action Coalition
Indiana University Student Assoc.

Dr. Michael List, Chairperson
Citizen's Information Committee

Ms. Rachael Loop
Indiana Public Interest Research Group

Dr. Leland Matthews
President, Monroe County Medical Society

Dr. Rob Stone
Physicians for Social Responsibility

Mr. Tom Tokarski
Sassafras Audubon Society

Mr. John Watkins
Indiana University Medical Sciences

City Officials

Hon. Tomilea J. Allison
Mayor, City of Bloomington
220 E. Third Street
Bloomington, IN 47401-3513

Ms. Iris Kiesling
Bloomington Common Council
Municipal Building, 200 East Third
P.O. Box 100
Bloomington, IN 47402

Mr. Kirk White
Bloomington Common Council
Municipal Building, 200 East Third
P.O. Box 100
Bloomington, IN 47402

Mr. Geoffry Grodner
City Attorney
P.O. Box 5787
Bloomington, IN 46407-5787

Mr. John Langley
City Utilities Service Board
P.O. box 1216
1969 S. Henderson
Bloomington, IN 47402

U.S. Congressional Delegation

Ms. Sue Anne Gilroy
State Director, Senator Richard Lugar
Suite 1180 Market Tower
10 West Market Street
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2906

Mr. Curt Smith
State Director, Senator Dan Coats
Suite 1180 Market Tower
10 West Market Street
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2906

Rep. Frank McCloskey's
District Office
501 South Madison
Bloomington, IN 47403

State Officials

Senator Vi Simpson
District 40, Indiana State Senate
State House
Indianapolis, IN 46204

Rep. Wendell L. Tincher
District 46, Indiana State Senate
State House
Indianapolis, IN 46204

Rep. Jerry Bales
District 60, Indiana State Senate
State House
Indianapolis, IN 46204

Rep. Mark Kruzan
District 61, Indiana State Senate
State House
Indianapolis, IN 46204

County Officials

Mr. Timothy Tilton
Monroe County Board of Commissioners
119 W. 7th Street, County Building
Bloomington, IN 47401

Ms. Joyce Poling
Monroe County Board of Commissioners
119 W. 7th Street, County Building
Bloomington, IN 47401

Mr. David Hamilton (Dist 1)
Monroe County Council
119 W. 7th Street, County Building
Bloomington, IN 47401

Mr. Warren Henegar (Dist 2)
Monroe County Council
119 W. 7th Street, County Building
Bloomington, IN 47401

Mr. Walter McClung (Dist 4)
Monroe County Council
119 W. 7th Street, County Building
Bloomington, IN 47401

Mr. Morris Binkley, At-Large Member
Monroe County Council
119 W. 7th Street, County Building
Bloomington, IN 47401

Mr. Steve Creech, Administrator
Monroe County Health Department
119 W. Seventh Street
Bloomington, IN 47404-3989

Dr. Richard Owens
President, Monroe County Board of Health
3600 Ramp Creek Road
Bloomington, IN 47401-9650

Mr. James Trulock
County Attorney
Monroe County Courthouse, Room 220
Bloomington, IN 47404

Mr. Jesse Robinson
Civil Defense Director
Monroe County, County Building
119 W. 7th Street
Bloomington, IN 47401



Indiana State Department of Health
Dr. Greg Steele
Environmental Epidemiology Section
Epidemiology Resource Center
1330 West Michigan Street
Indianapolis, IN 46206
(317) 633-0808

Indiana Department of Environmental Management
Mr. Rex Osburn
Superfund Site Management
IN Dept. of Environmental Management
P.O. Box 6015
Indianapolis, IN 46206

Federal Agencies
Ms. Sona Chambers
EPA Community Relations Office
022 Fountain Square
Bloomington, IN 47404
(812) 333-5372

Mr. Dan Hopkins
EPA, Region V (HSRL-6J)
77 W. Jackson Street
Chicago, IL 60604

Mr. Dan Sparks
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
718 W. Walnut
Bloomington, IN 47404

(812) 876-2082
Westinghouse Contact
Mr. Jim Patrick
Site Project Manager
Westinghouse
P.O. Box 997
Bloomington, IN 47402-0997

(812) 334-0030
Media Contacts
Newspapers/Newswires
The Herald-Times
P.O. Box 909
1900 S. Walnut
Bloomington, IN 47402
Jackie Sheckler
Bill Strother, City Editor

(812) 331-4369
fax (812) 331-4285
Indiana Daily Student
Ernie Pyle Hall Room 120
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47405

(812) 335-0763
Indianapolis Star
P.O. Box 145
307 N. Pennsylvania
Indianapolis, IN 46206-0145
Attn: Ed Bond or Kyle Niederpruem

(317) 633-1240
The Louisville Courier Journal
525 W. Broadway
Louisville, KY 40202
Indian Section Bureau Chief
419 W. First Street
New Albany, IN 47150

(502) 582-4011
Ellettsville Journal
P.O. Box 98
Ellettsville, In 47429

(812) 876-2254
Spencer Evening World
114 E. Franklin
Spencer, IN 47460

(812) 829-2255
The Times-Mail
P.O. Box 849
Bedford, IN 47421

(812) 275-3355
The Martinsville Reporter
60 S. Jefferson
Martinsville, IN 46151

(317) 342-3311
Paoli News-Republican
P.O. Box 190
Paoli, IN 47451

(812) 723-2572
Television
WTTV, Channel 4
3490 Bluff Road
Indianapolis, IN 46217

(317) 787-2211
WRTV, Channel 6
1230 N. Meridian
Indianapolis, IN 46206

(317) 635-9788
WISH-TV, Channel 8
1950 N. Meridian
Indianapolis IN 46206

(317) 924-4381
CATV, Channel 3/29
303 E. Kirkwood
Bloomington, IN 47401
Michael White, Director

(812) 339-2271 x20
Radio
WBWB Radio
304 State Road 446
Bloomington, IN 47401
Jeannine Shannon, News Editor

(812) 336-8000
WTTS/WGTC Radio
400 One City Center
Bloomington, IN 47401

(812) 332-3366
WFIU Radio
Radio/TV Building
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47408
Margaret Joseph, News Director

(812) 855-1357
WLSO Star 93 Radio
P.O. Box 388
Spencer, IN 47460

(812) 332-6229
WBIW-WQRK Radio
P.O. Box 388
Spencer, IN 47460

(812) 275-7555
WCBK Radio
1639 Burton Lane
Martinsville, IN 46151

(317) 342-3394


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