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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

FISHER CALO
KINGSBURY, LA PORTE COUNTY, INDIANA


CONCLUSIONS

  1. Based on the information reviewed, this site poses an indeterminate public health hazard. Although there are no data or evidence that indicates there are completed exposure pathways of public health concern, there is insufficient information about a number of potential pathways of exposure. These data gaps and other conclusions are listed below.
  2. The number and location of private wells within a 1-mile radius of the site is not known.
  3. Two residential areas, King's Court Trailer Park and another unnamed residential area, are in the path of the contaminated groundwater plume. These residential areas receive their drinking water from Kingsbury Industrial Development Park. These wells are currently safe to use for potable water, but there is a potential for possible exposure to contaminated groundwater if remediation is not continued at the site.
  4. Three groundwater plumes exist on site and are moving south-southwest. Several industries still operate on site, but are not using the groundwater for drinking.
  5. The on-site surface and subsurface soils are contaminated with heavy metals and VOCs at elevated levels.
  6. There is the potential for soil gas to migrate off-site and accumulate in basements. No in-door basement air sampling has been done.
  7. Contaminants have migrated off-site to the Kingsbury Creek, Travis Ditch, and the Kankakee River sediments.
  8. The facilities on One-Line and Two-Line Roads contain friable asbestos materials.
  9. Hantavirus is not a major health concern at the site. Proper notification of workers was made with regard to use of personal protective equipment while working in abandoned buildings.
  10. The munition bunkers at the Space Leasing Facility (area F) may contain unstable munitions or improperly dispersed chemical waste.
  11. Wildlife and nearby crops could potentially bioaccumulate site contaminants. There is no information as to whether contaminant uptake has occurred or whether human consumption of plants and wild game is frequent enough to pose a health concern.

RECOMMENDATIONS

The ISDH recommends the following:

  1. When indicated by public health needs and as resources permit, the evaluation of additional relevant health outcome data and community health concerns, if available.
  2. Conduct a well survey of a 1-mile radius around the site.
  3. Conduct groundwater monitoring to determine the extent of contamination and to ensure that all private and public water supplies remain unaffected by site contaminants.
  4. Evaluate the potential for soil gas migration into residential areas.
  5. Monitor the levels of contaminants in Kingsbury Creek, Travis Ditch, and the Kankakee River to ensure that site-related contaminants are not increasing.
  6. All workers wear appropriate personal protective equipment during on-site activities which may involve contact with contaminated surface soil, subsurface soil, groundwater, surface water, ambient air, Hantavirus-carrying white deer mice, and friable asbestos.
  7. Inspect the munition bunkers at the Space Leasing facility (area F) for unstable munitions or improperly disposed chemical waste.

Health Activities Recommendation Panel Recommendations

In accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 as amended, ATSDR and the state have evaluated the Fisher-Calo Chemical site for appropriate health follow-up activities. Due to the lack of human interaction with a pathway of exposure and the lack of any indications or allegations of adverse health outcomes, no follow-up activities are planned at this time. If data become available that suggest human exposure is occurring or has occurred in the past, additional follow-up activities will be considered.

Public Health Action

Based on the recommendations made in this public health assessment, the following public health actions have been or will be undertaken.

  1. The ISDH and ATSDR will cooperate with the appropriate state and federal agencies to pursue the implementation of the recommendations outlined in this public health assessment.


PREPARERS OF REPORT

Mr. Garry L. Mills
Environmental Manager
Environmental Epidemiology Section
Indiana State Department of Health

Ms. Dollis M. Wright
Toxicologist
Environmental Epidemiology Section
Indiana State Department of Health

Ms. Cheryl L. Thomas
Administrative Assistant
Environmental Epidemiology Section
Indiana State Department of Health

ATSDR Regional Representative:

Ms. Louise Fabinski
EPA Region V

ATSDR Technical Project Officer:

Mr. William Greim
Superfund Site Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment & Consultation


CERTIFICATION

The Fisher-Calo Chemical and Solvents Corporation public health assessment was prepared by the Indiana State Department of Health under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was begun.

William Greim, M.S., M.P.H
Technical Project Officer
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC)
ATSDR


The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessment, and concurs with its findings.

Richard Gillig
for Robert C. Williams, P.E., DEE
Director, DHAC, ATSDR


REFERENCES

  1. Environmental Protection Agency. August 1982. Consent Decree for U.S. v. Fisher-Calo Chemical and Solvents Corporation, Kingsbury Industrial and Development Corporation, and David B. Fisher.


  2. Environmental Protection Agency. February 1982. EPA Field Investigation Team Report.


  3. Environmental Protection Agency. July 1986. Work Plan for Fisher-Calo Chemical & Solvents, Kingsbury, Indiana, Vol. 1, REM II.


  4. Environmental Protection Agency. May 1989. Remedial Investigation Report for Fisher-Calo Chemical & Solvents Corporation.


  5. Environmental Protection Agency. March 1990. Proposed Plan for the Fisher-Calo Site, Kingsbury, Indiana.


  6. Environmental Protection Agency. February 1990. Feasibility Study Report for Fisher-Calo Superfund Site, Kingsbury, Indiana.


  7. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. August 1990. Declaration of Record of Decision.


  8. U.S. District Court, Northern District of Indiana. Consent Decree, Appendix A. February 1992.


  9. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. January 28, 1993. Memorandum regarding asbestos material on the Fisher-Calo Superfund Site, Kingsbury Industrial Park, LaPorte County, Indiana.


  10. Indiana Department of Environmental Management. May 1988. Office Memorandum.


  11. ATSDR. 1993. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  12. ATSDR. 1993. Toxicological Profile for Asbestos. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  13. ATSDR. 1989. Toxicological Profile for Benzene. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  14. ATSDR. 1993. Toxicological Profile for Di(2-ethylhexyl)Phthalate. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  15. ATSDR. 1989. Toxicological Profile for Carbon Tetrachloride. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  16. ATSDR. 1993. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  17. ATSDR. 1994. Toxicological Profile for 1,2-Dichloroethane. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  18. ATSDR. 1993. Toxicological Profile for Lead. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  19. ATSDR. 1989. Toxicological Profile for Methylene Chloride. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  20. ATSDR. 1989. Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  21. ATSDR. 1993. Toxicological Profile for 1,1,1-Trichloroethane. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  22. ATSDR. 1989. Toxicological Profile for Trichloroethylene. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia.


  23. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1983. U.S. Cancer Mortality Rates and Trends, 1950-1979. EPA, National Cancer Institute.

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