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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

FORT WAINWRIGHT
FORT WAINWRIGHT, FAIRBANKS NORTH STAR BOROUGH, ALASKA
EPA FACILITY ID: AK6210022426

September 30, 2003

Prepared by:

Federal Facilities Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF APPENDICES

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

I. SUMMARY

II. BACKGROUND

III. SOURCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION

IV. EVALUATION OF EXPOSURE PATHWAYS

V. COMMUNITY HEALTH CONCERNS

VI. CHILDREN'S HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS

VII. CONCLUSIONS

VIII. RECOMMENDATIONS

IX. PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

X. PREPARERS OF REPORT

XI. REFERENCES


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1. Primary Releases/Hazards of Concern at Fort Wainwright Source Areas

Table 2. Potential Sources of Contamination and Operable Units, Fort Wainwright

Table 3. Evaluation of Public Health Hazards Associated with Sources of Contamination

Table 4. Exposure Pathways

Table 5. Maximum Contaminant Concentrations in Off-Site Private Drinking Water Wells


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1. Site Location

Figure 2. Fort Wainwright-Main Containment and Maneuver Area

Figure 3. ATSDR Exposure Pathway Evaluation


LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A. Permafrost

Appendix B. Glossary

Appendix C. List of Comparison Values

Appendix D. ATSDR's Methods for Determining If a Health Hazard Exists

Appendix E. Response to Comments


LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

1,1,1-TCA 1,1,1-trichloroethane
1,2-DCA 1,2-dichloroethane
4,4'-DDE 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethylene
4,4'-DDT 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADEC Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
bgs below ground surface
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
cfs cubic feet per second
CO2 carbon dioxide
Co-60 Cobalt-60
CREG ATSDR's cancer risk evaluation guide
CRP community response plan
CVs comparison value
DCA dichloroethane
DCE dichloroethylene
DOD Department of Defense
DRMO Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office
EMEG ATSDR's environmental media evaluation guide
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EQC Equilibrium Criterion Model
FEP Fairbanks-Eielson Pipeline
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IRP installation restoration program
LD learning disabilities
MCL EPA's maximum contaminant level
MP military police
NFA no further action
NPL EPA's National Priorities List
OB/OD open burn/open detonation
OU Operable Unit
NOx nitrogen oxides
PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
PCE tetrachloroethylene
PHA public health assessment
PHAP Public Health Action Plan
POLs petroleum, oils, lubricants
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
PSC potential source of contamination
QFS Quartermaster's Fueling System
RAB restoration advisory board
Ra-226 radium-226
RBC EPA's risk-based concentration
RfD EPA's reference dose
RI remedial investigation
RMEG ATSDR's reference dose media evaluation guide
ROD record of decision
ROLF Railcar Off-Loading Facility
SO2 sulfur dioxide
SSL EPA's soil screening level
SVE/AS soil vapor extraction/air sparge
SVOCs semi-volatile organic compounds
Tc-99 Technetium
TCE trichloroethylene
TCLP toxicity characteristic leaching procedure
USACE-AK U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Alaska District
USGS United States Geological Survey
USTs underground storage tanks
VOCs volatile organic compounds
WHPA wellhead protection area


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