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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

STARR PROPERTY
ENFIELD, HARTFORD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT



CONCLUSIONS
  1. This site represents an indeterminant public heath hazard. Odors present at the site have been associated with headaches, however, ambient air testing has not identified contaminants at levels likely to elicit this response. It is possible that headaches may be associated with an odor-mediated mechanism. In addition, activities at the site including dirt bike riding may expose trespassers to levels of contamination not quantified during site investigations. (i.e., inhalation exposure to dust generated during dirt bike riding)
  2. Surface soils have been contaminated with PAHs, lead and cyanide.
  3. The most significant exposures are to those who trespass on the site and disturb contaminated soils. These individuals are exposed to site contaminants through dermal contact, incidental ingestion and inhalation of dust.
  4. Migration of contamination off-site appears to be limited to ambient air and surface water run-off. Groundwater may serve as a potential route for migration of contaminants offsite.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  1. Site access should be restricted.
  2. Additional well sampling should be done for homes located in East Windsor who had low levels of cyanide in their water.
  3. Citizens living around the site should be educated about the site and the findings of this public health assessment.
  4. Remediation should occur as soon as possible to further reduce the potential for exposure to the contamination found at the site.

Health Activities Recommendation Panel

The data and information evaluated in the public health assessment for the Starr Property, Enfield, Connecticut has been reviewed by ATSDR's Health Activities Recommendation Panel for appropriate follow-up with respect to health activities. The panel determined that community health education is indicated for this site. The panel also determined that this site should be considered for inclusion in ATSDR's multi-site study of PAHs. This study would evaluate rare health outcomes in populations that were exposed to PAHs.


PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION PLAN

The Public Health Action Plan for the Starr site contains a description of actions to be taken by ATSDR and the Connecticut Department of Public Health and Addiction Services at and in the vicinity of the site subsequent to the completion of this public health assessment. The purpose of the Public Health Action Plan is to ensure that this public health assessment not only identifies public health hazards, but provides a plan of action designed to mitigate and prevent adverse human health effects resulting from exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. Included, is a commitment on the part of ATSDR and CT DPHAS to follow up on this plan to ensure that it is implemented. The public health actions to be implemented are as follows:

  1. The North Central Health District will sample private wells near the site in East Windsor. The results will be evaluated by the CT DPHAS.
  2. The CT DPHAS will conduct community health education for communities living near the site. A fact sheet on the site and the findings of this public health assessment will be developed and distributed to citizens living near the site.

ATSDR will reevaluate and expand the Public Health Action Plan when needed. New environmental, toxicological, or health outcome data, or the results of implementing the above proposed actions may determine the need for additional actions at this site.


CERTIFICATION

The public health assessment for the Starr Property site was prepared by the Connecticut Department of Public Health and Addition Services under a cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is in accordance with approved methodology and procedures existing at the time the public health assessment was initiated.

Gregory V. Ulirsch
Technical Project Officer, SPS, SSAB, DHAC

The Division of Health Assessment and Consultation (DHAC), ATSDR, has reviewed this public health assessemnt and concurs with its findings.

Robert C. Williams
Division Director, DHAC, ATSDR


PREPARERS OF REPORT

Jennifer Carnes Kertanis
Environmental Epidemiologist
Environmental Epidemiology and Occupational Health
Connecticut Department of Health Services

ATSDR TECHNICAL PROJECT OFFICER

Gregory Ulirsch
Environmental Health Engineer
State Programs Section
Remedial Programs Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

ATSDR REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE

Louise House
Senior Regional Representative
Office of Regional Operations


REFERENCES

  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, October 1991 DRAFT.

  2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Benzene. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, October 1991 DRAFT.

  3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Benzene. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, October 1991 DRAFT.

  4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Cyanide. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, October 1991 DRAFT.

  5. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Lead. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, October 1991 DRAFT.

  6. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Naphthalene. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, December 1990.

  7. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, December 1990.

  8. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Tetrachloroethylene. Atlanta, Georgia: ATSDR, October 1991 DRAFT.

  9. Botti, T.R., August 28, 1989. Written Memo to File-Starr Property Sampling Trip Report. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  10. Botti, T.R., September 14, 1989. Written Memo to File-Starr Property Sampling Trip Report. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  11. Botti, T.R., October 10, 1989. Written Memo to File-Starr Property Sampling Trip Report. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  12. Botti, T.R., June 29, 1990. Written Memo to File-Starr Property Sampling Trip Report. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  13. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. Decision Document, Starr Property, Enfield, CT, Use of State Funds and Accounts to Remediate a Hazardous Waste Disposal Site.

  14. Ground Water Inc., Preliminary Assessment Starr Property, February 1991.

  15. Malcolm Pirnie, Ambient Air Quality Sampling and Analysis, April 1992. Prepared for Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  16. Malcolm Pirnie, Ambient Air Quality Study Starr Property Site, September 1992. Prepared for Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  17. Malcolm Pirnie, Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study, Starr Property, January 1993 DRAFT. Prepared for the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

  18. Malcolm Pirnie, Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Starr Property, July 1991. Prepared for Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.


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