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PUBLIC HEALTH ASSESSMENT

CAMILLA WOOD PRESERVING COMPANY
(a/k/a ESCAMBIA TREATING COMPANY INCORPORATED
CAMILLA, MITCHELL COUNTY, GEORGIA


CONCLUSIONS

ATSDR considers the proposed Escambia Treating Company NPL Site as No Apparent Public Health Hazard. This is based on sampling of the Bennett Street residential area just north of CWP which indicate that contaminants levels are too low to cause health effects. Residents could have been or are being exposed to contaminants in soil from a number of homes on or near Bennett Street.


ATSDR CHILD HEALTH INITIATIVE

ATSDR's Child Health Initiative recognizes that the unique vulnerabilities of infants and children demand special emphasis in communities faced with contamination of their water, soil, air, or food. Children are at a greater risk than adults from certain kinds of exposures to hazardous substances emitted from waste sites and emergency events. They are more likely to be exposed because they play outdoors and they often bring food into contaminated areas. They are more likely to come into contact with dust, soil, and heavy vapors close to the ground. Also, they receive higher doses of contaminant exposure because of their lower body weights. The developing body systems of children can sustain permanent damage if toxic exposures occur during critical growth stages.

The process by which ATSDR evaluates exposures to toxic substances is designed to carefully consider health effects in children. Based on this process, health effects in children exposed to site contaminants appears very unlikely because the known concentrations are too low.


PUBLIC HEALTH ACTIONS

A major purpose of a public health assessment is the identification of the actions needed to protect public health, evaluate whether exposure is occurring or could occur, or identify whether there are site-related health effects. The following public health actions were identified for the CWP site.

Completed Public Health Actions

  1. ATSDR, the GDPH, and EPA visited the CWP site on April 20, 1998, to verify site conditions and to gather pertinent information and data for the site.
  2. ATSDR, and the GDPH attended a public availability meeting conducted by the EPA on August 22, 1998. Educational activities about the clean-up activities at the site and the potential hazards of contaminants at the site were conducted.

Planned Public Health Actions

  1. ATSDR will review offsite soil environmental data from phase III of the EPA remedial investigation when it is completed.
  2. ATSDR or the GDPH will continue to inform the residents in the vicinity of the site about the health-related aspects of the CWP site.

Recommendations

  1. ATSDR recommends that the GDPH consider reviewing cancer mortality data for Camilla.

Public Comments

The Camilla Wood Preserving Company Public Health Assessment (PHA) was available for public review and comment in the DeSoto Trail Regional Library and the Office of the Camilla City Manager in Camilla, Georgia from October 29, 1999 to November 29, 1999. The public comment period was announced in local newspapers. In addition, the PHA was sent to federal, state, and local officials. No comments were received from the public.


PREPARERS OF REPORT

John Crellin, Ph.D.
Senior Environmental Epidemiologist
Superfund Site Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

Wayne Hall
Environmental Health Scientist
Superfund Site Assessment Branch
Division of Health Assessment and Consultation
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

Scott Harris
Toxicologist
Georgia Department of Human Resources
Division of Public Health
Toxic and Health Hazards Consultation Section


Regional Representative

Ben Moore
Regional Representative
ATSDR Region IV
Regional Operations


REFERENCES

  1. Georgia Department of Natural Resources, RCRA Facility Assessment Report for the Escambia Treating Company, EPA ID# GAD008212409. April 9, 1991.

  2. Ecology and Environment, Inc., Site Assessment Report for Escambia Treating Company and Former Camilla Drum Sites. July 1997.

  3. Harris S. Site Visit of Camilla NPL site on April 20-21, 1998. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of Human Resources (GDHR). April 1998.

  4. Harris S. Site Visit of Camilla NPL site on May 6 - 8, 1998. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of Human Resources (GDHR). May 1998.

  5. Hall W. Trip Report on Public Availability Sessions for Camilla NPL site on September 22, 1998 in Camilla, Georgia. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). September 1998.

  6. University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental Services, Cooperative Extension Service, The 1996 Georgia County Guide, Fifteenth Edition. 1996.

  7. Roy F. Weston, Inc. Escambia Wood - Camilla Site (Job #16013; D.O. #4003-F4-035), Off-Site Soils Dioxin Analysis Results Summary. November 11, 1994.

  8. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Remedial Investigation, Escambia Wood Treating Company, Camilla, GA, EPA Contract No. 68-03-3482. April 1998.

  9. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Response Team, Preliminary Assessment, Escambia Wood Treating Company, Camilla, GA, EPA Work Assignment No. 3-518, EPA Contract No. 68-03-3482. December 1991.

  10. Black and Veatch Waste Science, Inc. Expanded Site Inspection Report for Escambia Wood Treating - Camilla, EPA ID# GAD008212409, prepared under contract no. 68-w9-0055 for EPA. September 28, 1994.

  11. EPA. Toxic Chemical Release Inventory 1987-96. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Environmental Facts Warehouse. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). February 24, 1999. Can be accessed at http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/tris/.

  12. ATSDR. Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. March 1992. Can be accessed at http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/HAGM/.

  13. EPA. EPA Region III Risk-based Concentration Table - October 1998 Update. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region III. 1998. Can be accessed at http://www.epa.gov/reg3hwmd/risk/riskmenu.htm.

  14. EPA. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) file. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Office of Research and Development (ORD), National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA). February 1999. Can be accessed at http://www.epa.gov/iris/.

  15. Hill RN. Current EPA perspectives on animal selection and extrapolation. in (Roloff MV et al, eds) Human Risk Assessment. The Role of Animal Selection and Extrapolation. London: Taylor and Francis. 1987.

  16. Stallones RA. Epidemiology and Environmental Hazards. in (Gordis L and Libauer CH, eds) Epidemiology and Human Risk Assessment. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1988.

  17. Paustenbach DJ. A survey of health risk assessment. in (Paustenbach DJ, ed) The Risk Assessment of Environmental Hazards. A Textbook of Case Studies. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1989.


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