ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Acetone
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Acetone

CAS ID #: 67-64-1

Affected Organ Systems: Hematological (Blood Forming), Neurological (Nervous System)

Cancer Effects: None

Chemical Classification: Volatile organic compounds

Summary: Acetone is a manufactured chemical that is also found naturally in the environment. It is a colorless liquid with a distinct smell and taste. It evaporates easily, is flammable, and dissolves in water. It is also called dimethyl ketone, 2-propanone, and beta-ketopropane.

Acetone is used to make plastic, fibers, drugs, and other chemicals. It is also used to dissolve other substances.

It occurs naturally in plants, trees, volcanic gases, forest fires, and as a product of the breakdown of body fat. It is present in vehicle exhaust, tobacco smoke, and landfill sites. Industrial processes contribute more acetone to the environment than natural processes.

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  • Toxicological Profile

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  • Addendum to the Profile (PDF, 396KB*)

    Addendum to the Toxicological Profile for Acetone (August 2011)

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