ATSDR - Toxic Substances - Hydrogen Chloride
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Hydrogen Chloride

CAS ID #: 7647-01-0

Affected Organ Systems: None

Cancer Effects: None

Chemical Classification: Inorganic substances

Summary: At room temperature, hydrogen chloride is a colorless to slightly yellow, corrosive, nonflammable gas that is heavier than air and has a strong irritating odor. On exposure to air, hydrogen chloride forms dense white corrosive vapors. Hydrogen chloride can be released from volcanoes. Hydrogen chloride has many uses, including cleaning, pickling, electroplating metals, tanning leather, and refining and producing a wide variety of products. Hydrogen chloride can be formed during the burning of many plastics. Upon contact with water, it forms hydrochloric acid. Both hydrogen chloride and hydrochloric acid are corrosive.

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