JP-5, JP-8, and Jet A
CAS ID #: 8008-20-6, HZ0600-26-T
Affected Organ Systems: Dermal (Skin), Hepatic (Liver), Immunological (Immune System), Neurological (Nervous System), Renal (Urinary System or Kidneys), Respiratory (From the Nose to the Lungs)
Cancer Classification: None
Chemical Classification: Hydrocarbons (contain hydrogen and carbon atoms)
Summary: Jet fuels JP-5 and JP-8 are substances used as aircraft fuels by the military. JP-5 and JP-8 is shorthand for jet propellants 5 and 8. JP-5 is the U.S. Navy's primary jet fuel, and JP-8 is one of the jet fuels used by the U.S. Air Force. Both of the substances are composed of a large number of chemicals, and both are colorless liquids that may change into gas vapor. They smell like kerosene, since kerosene is the primary component of both JP-5 and JP-8. They are made by refining either crude petroleum oil deposits found underground or shale oil found in rock.
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- Page last reviewed: March 3, 2011
- Page last updated: March 3, 2011
- Content source: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry