Fluorides, Hydrogen Fluoride, and Fluorine
CAS ID #: 7782-41-4
Affected Organ Systems: Dermal (Skin), Musculoskeletal (Muscles and Skeleton), Ocular (Eyes), Respiratory (From the Nose to the Lungs)
Cancer Effects: None
Chemical Classification: Inorganic substances, Metals/Elements (the simplest forms of matter)
Summary: Fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine are chemically related. Fluorine is a naturally-occurring, pale yellow-green gas with a sharp odor. It combines with metals to make fluorides such as sodium fluoride and calcium fluoride, both white solids. Sodium fluoride dissolves easily in water, but calcium fluoride does not. Fluorine also combines with hydrogen to make hydrogen fluoride, a colorless gas. Hydrogen fluoride dissolves in water to form hydrofluoric acid. Fluorine and hydrogen fluoride are used to make certain chemical compounds. Hydrofluoric acid is used for etching glass. Other fluoride compounds are used in making steel, chemicals, ceramics, lubricants, dyes, plastics, and pesticides. Fluorides are often added to drinking water supplies and to a variety of dental products, including toothpaste and mouth rinses, to prevent dental cavities.
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The Oak Ridge Reservation is a US Department of Energy (DOE) facility that was established in Oak Ridge, Tennessee in 1942 as part of the Manhattan Project, the federal government's World War II effort to build the atomic bomb. There are three major installations at the Oak Ridge site: the Y- 12 weapons plant; the X-10 complex, now known as the Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and the gaseous diffusion plant, K-25, now known as the East Tennessee Technology Park.
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- Page last reviewed: March 3, 2011
- Page last updated: March 3, 2011
- Content source: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry